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AIM :- To Design Armature-Winding and core of 500kW,600V, Lap wound DC Machine (PartII).


With windows Operating system


THEORY:-The armature winding and core of lap wound DC machine heating is the main
criterion for design. Electrical machines are designed and manufactured with a selected class of
insulation which can withstand a certain temperature. If overheating occurs, insulation will get
weakened and results in short circuits leading to the damage of the machine.
PROGRAM:% Design of 500KW, 600V, Lap wound DC Machine (Part-II)-Armature-Winding and core
%% input data
D = 800;
q = 36500;
P = 6;
ATaPmax = 8500;
dVp = 3;
V = 600;
IFL = 833.33;
Zh = 2;
InsWs = 1.8;
InsHs = 3.2;
Hw =3;
HL =1;
Li = 234;
L = 300;
PAbPP = 0.7;
PP =418.88 ;

Bc = 1.3;
hz =35;
KW = 500;
vA = 29.32;
%% Assumptions
Ishl =3;
%% Armature-Winding and core
ATaP =pi*D/1000*q/(2^P);%Arme AT per Pole
if ATaP >= ATaPmax continue;
E=(1+dVp/100)*V;%Induced Emfon NO load
A = P; %For Lap wound Machine, No. of parallel paths
Z1=E*60*A/(P*FI1*N); %Total no. of Conductors
S =SpP*P;
sp = pi*D/S; %Slot pitch
if sp < 25 || sp > 35 continue;
Zs1 = Z1/S;
Zsf= floor(Zs1/2)*2;
Zsc = ceil(Zs1/2)*2;
Zs = Zsf;
if Zs1 - Zsf > 1
Zs = Zsc; end; %Conductors/Slot
Z=S*Zs; %Corrected no of conductors
FI =E*60*A/(P*Z*N); %Corrected value of Flux/Pole
CV =IFL/A*Zs; %Current Volume/slot
if CV < 1000 || CV > 1500 continue; end;
Ia =IFL + Ishl; %Annature Current
Aca1= Ia/A/cda1;
hca1= Aca1/wca;
hca= ceil(hca1);%Conductor ht
if hca >= 16 continue; end;
Aca= 0.98*hca*wca; %Assuming a factor of 0.98 for rounding at the conductor edges, Revised
Area of conductor
cda = Ia/A/Aca; %Corrected current density
if cda >= 5.01 continue; end;
Zw =Zs/Zh;%No of cond width-wise in slot
Ws = Zw*(wca+0.4) + InsWs; %Slot Width
Hs=Zh*(hca+0.4)+InsHs + Hw+HL; %Oia of Aml. teeth at Ih height from root
D1b3 = D - 2*(2/3*Hs);%Oia of Aml. teeth at Ih height from root
sp1b3 = pi*D1b3/S; %Slot PItch at above dla
Wt1b3 = sp1b3 - Ws; %Width of tooth at above dia
At1b3= Wt1b3*Li*S/P;%Area ofCS of tooth at above dia
Btav = FI*1e6/At1b3; %Flux densIty m the tooth
Ks = sp1b3*L/Wt1b3/Li;%Carter Coeff

if Ks >= 2.2 continue; end;

Btm=Btav/PAbPP;%Max tooth Flux densIty
if Btm >= 2.1 continue; end;
Lfr=140 + 1.15*PP; %Free Length (Overhang) of conductor
Lac = (L + Lfr)/1e3; %Length of Arme-Conductor
Ra = 0.021*Lac/Aca*Z/A^2;%Anne Wdg Res
Pcua=1.2*Ia^2*Ra;% Assuming 20% Eddy Current Losses ,Arm Copper Loss
Wcua = Lac*Aca*Z*8.9e-3; %Wt of Anne-Copper
FIc = FI/2; %Flux in core
Ac = FIc*1e6/Bc; %
Hc1 = Ac/Li;%Height of Core
Di1 = D-2*(Hs + Hc1);
Di= ceil(Di1/10)*10; %Inner diameter of Core
Hc=(D-Di)/2- Hs;%Correeted height of Core
Dmc =D-2*Hs - Hc;%Mean dia ofeore
Wc = 7.8e-6*pi*Dmc*Ac; %Weight of Core
HysPkgc=(2.9/30)*hz; % Hysterisis loss in core/kg (Emperial Formula )
Physc = Wc*HysPkgc; %Hysterisis loss in eore
Peddyc = 0.0045*(Bc*hz*0.5)^2*Wc; % Using 0.5 mm thiek Laminations for core, Eddy
current Loss in core
Pic = (Physc + Peddyc) *1.25; % considering 25% more on loaded conditiion, Iron loss in core
Wt = 7.8e-6*Wt1b3*Li*S*Hs; % weight of teeth
HysPkgt = (8/30)*hz; % Hysteresis loss in teeth /kg
Physt = Wt*HysPkgt;% hysterisi loss in teeth
Peddyt = 0.007*(Btm*hz*0.5)^2*Wt; % for 0.5mm thick laminations, eddy current loss in teeth
Pit =(Physt + Peddyt)*1.25; % considering 25% more on loaded condition, iron loss in teeth
Pi = (Pic+ Pit); % Total iron loss
PibKW =Pi/(KW*1e3)*100;% Iron loss percentage
Pa=Pcua+Pi;%losses in armature
Larme= L+70+0.3*PP; % overall length of armature
SA =pi*D*Larme/100; % cooling surface of Armature
Pd=Pa/SA; % loss per sq cm of cooling surface
Tra=270*Pd/(1 + 0.09*(vA^1.3))% temp rise of armature
PROCEDURE:1.Open the computer.
2. Open MATLAB software.
3. Type the entire coding of the program.
4. Run & See whether any error is present.
5. If not copy the result.

The temperature rise of Armature is found out .

Tra = 42.6268
PRECAUTION:1.Type the correct code.
2. Save the program while typing.

CONCLUSION:- Hence the temperature rise of armature is with in specified limit for better
performance of machine