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Energy Value in food

Raw Data Table


Group (Fruit
Loop)
Initial
temperature (
0.01 C)
Final
Temperature
(0.01 C)
Temperature
Change (0.01
C)
Mass of Food
( 0.01 g)
Energy Value
( 0.01 Kj/g)

Group
(Sunflower
Seed)
Initial
temperature
( 0.01 C)
Final
Temperature
(0.01 C)
Temperature
Change
(0.01 C)
Mass of Food (
0.01 g)
Energy Value
( 0.01 Kj/g)

10

24.00

25.00

24.00

24.00

21.50

22.00

23.00

25.00

23.00

23.00

38.00

40.00

38.00

34.00

32.00

29.00

40.00

42.00

37.00

35.50

14.00

15.00

14.00

10.00

10.50

7.00

17.00

17.00

14.00

12.50

0.29

0.24

0.31

0.20

0.31

0.22

0.30

0.31

0.26

0.24

1.18

1.26

1.18

0.84

0.88

0.59

1.43

1.43

1.18

1.05

10

24.00

23.50

23.50

22.00

22.00

22.00

22.00

23.00

24.00

23.00

29.00

30.00

29.00

30.00

33.00

27.00

30.00

31.00

28.00

28.00

5.00

6.50

5.50

8.00

11.00

5.00

8.00

8.00

4.00

5.00

0.06

0.05

0.07

0.09

0.08

0.13

0.11

0.10

0.09

0.10

0.63

0.82

0.69

1.01

1.39

0.63

1.01

1.01

0.50

0.63

Sample Calculation:
- Energy Value in KJ: (Mass of water [1g water is equivalent to 1ml] x temperature rise x 4.2 J)/1000
[since 1KJ = 1000J)
Ex) Energy Value of Group 1s sunflower seed: (30 x 5 x 4.2 )/1000 = 0.63 KJ
Qualitative Data
- The texture of sunflower seed and fruit loop
- Firepower of burning food
Quantitative Data
- The temperature after/ Initial temperature of water
- Mass of Food (in grams)

Processed Data Table: Average Energy Values of Fruit Loop and Sunflower with percentage errors
Name of Food
Temp of water before ( 0.01 C)

Average Values
Fruit Loop
23.45

Average Values
Sunflower
22.90

Temp of water after ( 0.01 C)

36.55

29.50

Temperature change ( 0.01 C)


mass of food ( 0.1g)
Energy Value (0.01 KJ/g)

13.10
0.27
1.10

6.60
0.09
0.83

Standard Deviation (Energy Value)

0.27

0.27

Average Temp.
Change for two
food
9.85
P Value
0.04

Theoretical values( KJ/g)


Percentage Error (%)

4.07
-72.96

9.22
-90.98

Sample Calculations
- Average Energy Value:

Add up 10 seperate energy values


10

Ex) Fruit Loop:

1.18+1.26 ++1.05
10

1.10 KJ /g

Standard Deviation: Done by Excel

Percentage Error:

( Final Result Original Value)


Original Value

100

Ex) Fruit Loop:

1.10 4.07
4.07

*100 = -72.96764 = -72.96%

T-Test Value (P Value): Done by Excel

Graph:

Energy Value (0.1 KJ) of two food and percentage error values
1.201.10 -90.00
1.00
0.80
0.60

Energy Value ( 0.1 KJ)

0.40

-91.00
f(x)
= - 0.27x + 1.37
0.83
R-92.00
=1
-92.85
-93.00
Percentage
-94.00

-95.00

0.20

-96.00
-96.60
0.00
-97.00
Fruit Loop
Name of Food

Energy Value (0.1 K J/g)

Error Value (%)

Exponential (Energy Value (0.1 K J/g))


Linear (Energy Value (0.1 K J/g))
Percentage DIfference

TheNullHypothesisgenerallymeansthatthereisnorelationshipbetweentwomeasureddatathatcanonlyberejectedifthe
datasPvalueislessthan0.05.Accordingtothisexperiment,thenullhypothesisisthereisnoenergyvaluedifferencebetweenfruit
loopandsunflowerseedwhenmeasuredthroughburning.ThePvalueofthedataofthisexperimentwas0.04;thismeansthatthenull
hypothesiscanbedeniedsincethenumberissmallerthan0.05.Therefore,itisnottruethattheresultofthisexperimentoccurredby
theluckorchance.Consequently,asthenullhypothesisisrejected,analternativehypothesisisthereisaenergyvaluedifference
betweenfruitloopandsunflowerseedwhenmeasuredthroughburning
Evaluation:

Error

Improvement

Different Heat spread ability

When heating the can, the heat might not only heat up
the can but also might heat up the air, wasting its
energy. Therefore, in order to trap the heat well, the
experiment must be progressed sealed place (for
example, the water and the can should be in the plastic
box while getting heated up)

Different condition of can

When cans are in different condition, for instance its old


or its colder than other cans, it might give effect on heat
conducting on water. Therefore, the can should be in the
same room, at the exact same condition. For instance,
cans can be placed in the room with 37 C room
temperature