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ENGINEERING UNITS CONVERTOR - READ ME

Overview
This spreadsheet provides conversions for commonly used engineering units.
The data table and lookup formulae are the same as used in all my engineering spreadsheet tools

Liability
No warrantees are made with respect to the accuracy or applicability of the calculations in this spreadshee
The onous is on the user to verfiy that any results obtained are correct and appropriate for the work being

Copyright
This spreadsheet is the intellectual property of the author, Andrew Hooks.
You are free to use it and distribute it however, you may not make it available for download from any websi
without prior written consent and you must not remove or obscure any notices regarding authorship. (Basi
don't steal or take credit for my work). Thanks.
Contact
email:
for other tools visit:

feedback@firstprincipleseng.net
www.firstprincipleseng.net

eering spreadsheet tools

e calculations in this spreadsheet.


d appropriate for the work being carrying out.

able for download from any website


ices regarding authorship. (Basically

UNIT CONVERSION

Input
Output
Unit Type

100 cal/(g'C)
100.0001 BTU/(lb'F)
Input unit

Output unit

418680 J/(kg.K)
100.0001 BTU/(lb'F)

Selection
Selected Type ID
Selected Type Lookup Ref
Two param equation?

22
unitSpecHeatCap
0

Input unit ID
Input unit ID (min applied)

5
4

Output unit ID
Output unit ID (min applied)

3
3

Long Nam Lookup Name


AcceleratiounitAcceleration
Area - larg unitAreaLarge
Area - smalunitAreaSmall
CGR
unitCGR
Density
unitDensity
Energy
unitEnergy
Energy rat unitEnergyRate
Force
unitForce
GLR
unitGLR
GOR
unitGOR
Heat capacunitHeatCapacity
Heating va unitHeatingValMass
Heating va unitHeatingValVol
Heat transf unitHeatTransfCoeff
Length
unitLength
LGR
unitLGR
Mass
unitMass

Mass rate unitMassRate


Power
unitPower
Pressure unitPressure
Pressure deunitPressureDelta
Specific he unitSpecHeatCap
Surface te unitSurfTension
TemperaturunitTemperature
Thermal con
unitThermalConductivity
Time - larg unitTimeLarge
Time - smalunitTimeSmall
Velocity
unitVelocity
Viscosity - unitViscosityDyn
Viscosity - unitViscosityKin
Volume rat unitVolRate
Volume rateunitVolRateAct
Volume rateunitVolRateLiq
Volume
unitVolume

CONSTANTS & UNIT LOOKUP TABLES

DETAILS
Andrew Hooks
11/15/2007
Version 1

www.firstprincipleseng.net

PREFIXES
Metric
Prefix
m
c
k
M
B
T
P

long form
milli
centi
thousand
million/mega
billion
tera
peta

value
0.001
0.01
1000
1E+06
1E+09
1E+12
1E+15

Imperial
Prefix
M
MM

long form
thousand
million

value
1000
1E+06

BASIC CONSTANTS
Gas constant, R
Grav. accel.
MW (air)

8.31451 kPa.m3/(kmol.K)
9.80665 m/s2
28.964 kg/kmol

Standard T, P

15oC, 1atm

2
101.325 kPa
288.15 K
23.645 m3/kgmol

Std Pressure
Std Temperature
Molar Volume
Common definitions for Standard T, P

0oC, 1atm
15oC, 1atm
60oF, 1atm
0oC, 100kPa
15oC, 100kPa
60oF, 14.73psia

Temp
K
273.15
288.15
288.71
273.15
288.15
288.71

Abs Pres
kPa
101.325
101.325
101.325
100
100
101.560

Molar Vol
m3/kgmol
22.414
23.645
23.691
22.711
23.958
23.636

UNITS
Example
Click the unit cell then select required unit from the dropdown list

(273.15K = 0'C
(288.15K = 15'C
(288.71K = 60'F

(100.232kPa =

that appears
Length

10 in
0.254 m
0.000 mile

Temperature

15 'C
288.15 K
15 'C

Length
Base conversions
inches/foot
feet/metre
feet/mile

12 in/ft
3.281 ft/m
5280 ft/mi

Lookup table
Unit
mm
cm
m
km
in
ft
mile

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0.001
0.01
1
1000
0.0254
0.3048
1609.3

SI unit
m
m
m
m
m
m
m

Area_small
Lookup table
Unit
mm2
in2
m2
ft2

=
=
=
=

0.000001
0.000645
1
0.0929

SI unit
m2
m2
m2
m2

Area_large
Base conversions
hectare/km2
ft2/acre
Lookup table
Unit
km2
mi2
hectare
acre

Volume
Base conversions
barrels/cubic meter

100 hct/km2
43559.66 ft2/acre

=
=
=
=

1
0.6214
0.01
0.0040468

Metric Unit
km2
km2
km2
km2

6.283 bbl/m3

1 hectare is 100m x 100m

in3/US gallon
Litres/Imperial(UK) gallon
Lookup table
Unit
mL
cm3
L
m3
in3
ft3
bbl
gallon (US)
gallon (UK)

231 in3/gallon
4.54609 L/gallon(UK)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Mass
Base conversions
pounds/kilogram
pound/ton (short)
pound/ton (long)
Lookup table
Unit
mg
g
kg
tonne (metric)
lbl
ton (short)
ton (long)

(35.31 ft3/m3)
(264.2 gallon/m3)
(220 gallon/m3)

2.20462 lbl/kg
2000 lbl/tn
2240 lbl/ton

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Force
Base conversions
Force = mass * acceleration
Dyn
Lookup table
Unit
N
mN
kg(f)
lbl(f)
Dyn

0.000001
0.000001
0.001
1
1.639E-05
0.0283
0.1592
0.00379
0.00455

SI unit
m3
m3
m3
m3
m3
m3
m3
m3
m3

0.000001
0.001
1
1000
0.454
907.2
1016.0

SI unit
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

1.00E-05 N

=
=
=
=
=

1
0.001
9.80665
4.44823
0.00001

SI unit
N
N
N
N
N

1kg * gravitational acceleration

Pressure
Base conversions
Pressure is force per unit area
Pa = N/m2 = kg.(m/s2)/m2 = kg/(m.s2)
kPa/Atmosphere

101.325 kPa(A)/atm(A)

Atmospheric pressure at sealevel in

kPa/bar
bara/Atmosphere
barg/Atmosphere
psia/Atmosphere
psi/bar

100
1.01325
0
14.696
14.504

kPa/bar
bara/atm
barg/atm
psia/atm(A)
psi/bar

The atmospheric pressure in bar at

The atmospheric pressure in psi at

Lookup table
!!! Order is important - multiply first then add the constant !!!
Unit
Pa(A)
kPa(A)
kPa(G)
MPa(A)
MPa(G)
bara
barg
psia
psig
atm(A)
atm(G)
kg/cm2(A)

Pressure difference
Lookup table
Unit
Pa
kPa
mbar
bar
psi
atm
kg/cm2
mH2O

Multiplier
0.001
1
1
1000
1000
100
100
6.895
6.895
101.325
101.325
98.0665

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Constant
0
0
101.325
0
101.325
0
101.325
0
101.325
0
101.325
0

SI unit
kPa(A)
kPa(A)
kPa(A)
kPa(A)
kPa(A)
kPa(A)
kPa(A)
kPa(A)
kPa(A)
kPa(A)
kPa(A)
kPa(A)

0.001
1
0.100
100
14.504
101.325
98.0665
9.80665

SI unit
kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa

Temperature
Base conversions
Deg Celcius / Kelvin
Fahrenheit
Rankine/Kelvin

1.8

Constant
273.15 oC/K
459.67 Rankine
0 R/K

Lookup table
!!! Order is important - multiply first then add the constant !!!
Unit
'C
K
'F
R

Multiplier
1
1
0.556
0.556

Constant
273.15
0
255
0

SI unit
K
K
K
K

X barg = X barg + atm P = Y bara;


1 bar = 100kPa --> X barg = [100*
X bara = (X - 1.013)barg * 100kPa/

Converting to psia first would give t


[X psig + (14.5*1.013=14.7)] psia *
or
X psig * (100/14.5=6.895) kPa(G) +
[kg/cm2 * (100cm/m)

Time_small
Lookup table
Unit
ms
s
min
hour
day

=
=
=
=
=

0.001
1
60
3600
86400

SI unit
s
s
s
s
s

Time_large
Lookup table
Unit
hour
day
month
year

=
=
=
=

0.0417
1
30.4
365.25

"SI Unit"
day
day
day
day

Volume rate - Gas (standard conditions)


Lookup table
Select standard T, P from the in-cell drop down list
Unit
sm3/s
Nm3/h
Mm3/d
Mscf/d
MMscf/d
Bscf/y
kgmol/h
lbmol/h

Std T, P
15oC, 1atm
0oC, 100kPa
15oC, 1atm
60oF, 1atm
60oF, 1atm
60oF, 1atm

Volume rate - Gas (actual conditions)


Lookup table
Unit
am3/s
=
3
am /h
=
Mm3/d
=
Mcf/d
=
MMcf/d
=

Volume rate - Liquid


Lookup table
Unit
L/s
L/min
L/h
L/d
m3/s
m3/h

=
=
=
=
=
=

Multiplier
1
0.000267
11.574
0.000328
0.328
0.900
0.00657
0.00298

"SI Unit"
sm3/s
sm3/s
sm3/s
sm3/s
sm3/s
sm3/s
sm3/s
sm3/s

1
0.000278
11.574
0.000328
0.328

"SI Unit"
am3/s
am3/s
am3/s
am3/s
am3/s

1000
16.67
0.278
0.01157
1
0.002738

"SI Unit"
m3/s
m3/s
m3/s
m3/s
m3/s
m3/s

m3/d
bbl/d
k.bbl/d
gph (US)
gpd (US)
gph (UK)
gpd (UK)

Liquid - Gas Ratio


Lookup table
Unit
m3/Mm3
bbl/MMscf

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1.1574E-005
1.842E-06
0.001842125
1.0515E-006
4.3813E-008
1.2628E-006
5.2617E-008

m3/s
m3/s
m3/s
m3/s
m3/s
m3/s
m3/s

=
=

"SI unit"
1 m3/Mm3
5.6207 m3/Mm3

Gas - Liquid Ratio


Lookup table
Unit
m3/m3
scf/bbl

=
=

"SI unit"
1 m3/m3
0.178 m3/m3

Mass rate
Lookup table
Unit
kg/s
kg/h
t/d
t/y
lbl/s
lbl/h

=
=
=
=
=
=

1
0.000278
0.011574
3.17E-05
0.454
5.25E-06

SI unit
kg/s
kg/s
kg/s
kg/s
kg/s
kg/s

Velocity
Lookup table
Unit
m/s
km/h
ft/s
mi/h

=
=
=
=

1
0.278
0.3048
0.4470

SI unit
m/s
m/s
m/s
m/s

Acceleration
Lookup table
Unit
mm/s2
m/s2
km/s2
in/s2
ft/s2
mi/(h.s)

=
=
=
=
=
=

0.001
1
1000
0.025
0.305
0.447

SI unit
m/s2
m/s2
m/s2
m/s2
m/s2
m/s2

gallons/hour

mi/s2

Density
Lookup table
Unit
g/cm3
kg/m3
lbl/ft3

=
=
=

Energy
Base conversions
Joules/(kgm2/s2)
Joules/Calorie
Joules/BTU
Lookup table
Unit
J
kJ
Cal
kCal
BTU

Energy rate
Lookup table
Unit
TJ/d
PJ/y

SI unit
1.00E-09 kg/m3
1 kg/m3
16.018 kg/m3

1 J/(kgm2/s2)
4.1868 J/Cal
1055.056 J/BTU

=
=
=
=
=

=
=

Power
Base conversions
(BTU/h) / kW
Lookup table
Unit
W
kW
MW
Hp
BTU/h

1609 m/s2

0.001
1
0.0041868
4.1868
1.055056

SI unit
kJ
kJ
kJ
kJ
kJ

"SI unit"
1 TJ/d
1000 TJ/d

3412.1 (BTU/h)/kW

=
=
=
=
=

Heating value (volume basis)


Lookup table
Unit
MJ/m3
=
MJ/kgmol
=
MJ/scf
=
BTU/m3
=

0.001
1
1000
0.746
0.00029

1
0.042292
35.315
0.001055

SI unit
kW
kW
kW
kW
kW

"SI unit"
MJ/m3
MJ/m3
MJ/m3
MJ/m3

0.037259 MJ/m3
0.000098 MJ/m3
0.000390 MJ/m3

BTU/scf
BTU/lbmol
kcal/lbmol

=
=
=

Heating value (mass basis)


Lookup table
Unit
MJ/kg
BTU/kg
BTU/lb
kcal/lb
kcal/kg

=
=
=
=
=

Heat capacity
Lookup table
Unit
J/K
BTU/'F
cal/'C

=
=
=

"SI unit"
1 J/K
1899 J/K
4.187 J/K

Specific heat capacity


Lookup table
Unit
J/(kg.K)
J/(g.K)
BTU/(lb'F)
cal/(g'C)

=
=
=
=

1
1000
4187
4187

"SI unit"
J/(kg.K)
J/(kg.K)
J/(kg.K)
J/(kg.K)

Thermal conductivity
Lookup table
Unit
W/(m.K)
BTU/(h.ft'F)
BTU.in/(h.ft2'F)
cal/(sm'C)

=
=
=
=

1
1.731
0.144
4.187

"SI unit"
W/(m.K)
W/(m.K)
W/(m.K)
W/(m.K)

Heat transfer coefficient


Lookup table
Unit
W/(m2K)
BTU/(h.ft2'F)
cal/(s.cm2K)
kcal/(h.m2K)

=
=
=
=

1
5.678
4.19E-04
1.163

"SI unit"
W/(m2K)
W/(m2K)
W/(m2K)
W/(m2K)

Dynamic (Absolute) Viscosity


Base conversions
Pa.s
=

1
0.00106
0.00233
0.00923
0.00419

"SI unit"
MJ/kg
MJ/kg
MJ/kg
MJ/kg
MJ/kg

1 kg/m/s

Poise

Lookup table
Unit
cP
Poise
Pa.s

=
=
=

Kinematic Viscosity
Base conversions
Stoke

1 g/cm/s

(Water has viscosity of ca. 1cP at 2

"SI unit"
0.001 Pa.s
0.1 Pa.s
1 Pa.s

Kinematic viscosity = Dynamic visc


=

Lookup table
Unit
m2/s
St
cSt

=
=
=

Surface tension
Lookup table
Unit
T
N/m
mN/m
lbl(f)/in
dyn/cm

=
=
=
=
=

1 cm2/s

"SI unit"
1 m2/s
0.0001 m2/s
0.000001 m2/s

1
1
0.001
175.13
0.001

"SI unit"
N/m
N/m
N/m
N/m
N/m

73.15K = 0'C = 32'F; 101.325kPa = 1atm = 14.696psia)


88.15K = 15'C = 59'F)
88.71K = 60'F = 15.56'C)

00.232kPa = 14.73psia)

hectare is 100m x 100m

64.2 gallon/m3)
20 gallon/m3)

g * gravitational acceleration

mospheric pressure at sealevel in kPa

e atmospheric pressure in bar at sealevel is 1.01325 bar

e atmospheric pressure in psi at sealevel is 14.696 psi

barg = X barg + atm P = Y bara; eg. 1barg + 1.013 = 2.013bara


bar = 100kPa --> X barg = [100*(X barg + 1.013bar/atm)] kPa(A), or = [100*X + 101.325] kPa(A)
bara = (X - 1.013)barg * 100kPa/bar + 101.3kPa/atm = X*100kPa(A)

onverting to psia first would give the same result, ie.the following are equivalent:
psig + (14.5*1.013=14.7)] psia * (1kPa / 14.5psi) = kPa(A)

psig * (100/14.5=6.895) kPa(G) + 101.3 kPa/atm = kPa(A)

g/cm2 * (100cm/m)2] * (grav accel) = N/m2 = kg * (grav accel) /m2

ater has viscosity of ca. 1cP at 20'C (1.002))

nematic viscosity = Dynamic viscosity / Density for a Newtonian fluid