Code No: R05010104

Set No. 1

I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 APPLIED CHEMISTRY (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Describe the various stages involved in the treatment of water for drinking purposes. (b) What are the important sources of water? [12+4] 2. (a) What is boiler corrosion? (b) What are the causes of boiler corrosion? (c) How can the boiler corrosion be prevented? 3. Give reasons for the following statements. (a) Water filled steel tank corrodes below the water line. (b) A steel screw in a brass marine hardware corrodes fastly. 4. Explain what happens and why it happens (a) (b) (c) (d) When When When When [8] [8] [4x4=16]

[6+4+6]

a zinc plate is attached below a ship. steel is alloyed with chromium homogeneously. there are crevices between the adjacent parts of the structure. there is no uniform flow of a corrosion liquid. [6] [5] [5]

5. (a) Describe the free-radical polymerization of ethylene to polyethylene. (b) Write a note on i. Polymethyl methacrylate ii. Urea − Formaldehyde resins.

6. (a) What are refractories ? How are they useful in metallurgical industries ? [8] (b) Write a note on various types of gaseous dielectrics. [8] 7. (a) Write short notes on: i. Saponification value ii. Flash and fire points. (b) Explain the mechanism involved in extreme pressure lubrication. [8+8]

8. With the help of a neat diagram and chemical equations explain the calcinations of limestone. Why should calcinations of limestone must be carried out at 10001200 C? [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1 of 1

Code No: R05010104

Set No. 2

I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 APPLIED CHEMISTRY (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What is bleaching powder ? What is the mechanism of its action in sterilization of drinking water? (b) What are the disadvantages in its use? (c) Calculate the concentration of CaSO4 in solution in moles/litres if its hardness was found to be 50 ppm. [8+4+4] 2. (a) Explain the phenomena of scale and sludge formation in boilers. (b) Discuss the lime-soda process for softening of hard water. 3. (a) Classify the different types of corrosion by quoting one example each. [8+8] [8]

(b) Explain the various types of dry corrosion processes taking place in metals.[8] 4. (a) What is the process for chromium plating? Explain the main objectives and uses. Give reasons why chromium plating has nickel undercoat. [10] (b) Write a brief account on sherardizing. 5. (a) What are silicone resins ? How are they made and what are their uses ? (b) Discuss the preparation, properties and uses of bakelite resins. 6. (a) How do you classify refractories ? Explain with suitable examples. (b) Write a note on electrical insulators. 7. (a) What are the criteria for the selection of lubricants? (b) Give the important applications of lubricants. [8+8] [6] [8] [8] [10] [6]

8. With the help of flow diagram explain the manufacture of Portland cement by wet process. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1 of 1

Code No: R05010104

Set No. 3

I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 APPLIED CHEMISTRY (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Write a note on sterilization of drinking water. (b) Calculate the total hardness of a sample of water in o Fr and o Cl having the following salts: CaCl2 =11.1 mg/litre; Mg (HCO3 )2 = 7.3 mg/litre; Mg (N03 )2 = 14.8mg/litre and Ca(HCO3 )2 = 5.lmg/litre . [6+10] 2. (a) What is caustic embrittlement? (b) How can it be avoided? (c) Describe the Zeolite process for softening of water. [6+2+8]

3. Give an account of the various factors influencing corrosion by giving suitable examples. [16] 4. (a) What is pickling ? Write down the composition of pickling bath used for Zn and Fe. [4] (b) Write a brief account on Sherardizing, coloring and chromizing. 5. (a) What is Vulcanisation ? Why is this done ? (b) Write a note on polyurethane rubber. (c) Discuss the compounding and engineering uses of rubber. 6. (a) Outline the important characteristics of refractories. (b) Differentiate between the different types of insulating materials. (c) Explain the use of silicone fluids as insulating materials. [12] [8] [5] [5] [8] [4] [4]

7. (a) Define viscosity of a lubricant and explain the meaning of viscosity index of lubricating oil. (b) What are greases? Classify them with examples. [8+8]

8. With the help of flow diagram explain the manufacture of Portland cement by wet process. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05010104

Set No. 4

I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007 APPLIED CHEMISTRY (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What is bleaching powder ? How is it useful in removal of microorganisms from water? (b) What are the drawbacks of using bleaching powder? (c) Determine the total hardness of a sample of water in o Fr and o Cl which showed the following analysis: MgCl2 = 19 ppm; MgSO4 = 12 ppm; Ca(N03 )2 = 16.4 ppm; NaOH = 40 ppm; KOH = 56 ppm; suspended matter = 100 ppm; Ca(HCO3 )2 = 16.2 ppm. [6+2+8] 2. (a) Explain the process demineralization of brackish water. (b) Calculate the quantities in Kgs of lime-soda needed to soften 50,000 litres of water having the following composition:- Determine the quantities (in Kgs) of lime and soda required for softening 10,000 liters of water having the following salts: NaCl = 58.5 mg/liter; KCl = 74.5 mg/litre; Ca(HCO3 )2 = 40.5 mg/litre; Mg(HCO3 )2 = 14.6 mg/litre; Mg(NO3 )2 = 14.8 mg/litre; CaSO4 = 13.6 ppm. [8+8] 3. Taking rusting of iron as an example explain the electrochemical theory of corrosion by alighting the various corrosion reactions involved. [16] 4. Differentiate the following with suitable examples. (a) Cathodic coatings with anodic coatings. (b) Metal cladding and metal spraying. 5. (a) How are polymers classified based on i. tacticity and ii. nature of monomer. (b) Discuss the manufacture and uses of i. Buna-S rubber ii. Buna-N rubber. 6. (a) Write briefly on any three types of common refractories. (b) How does porosity affect refractoriness of a refractory? (c) Summarize the important applications of thermal insulators. 7. Write brief notes on the following:1 of 2 [5] [5] [8] [4] [4] [8] [8] [8] [8]

Code No: R05010104 (a) Cloud and pour point. (b) Viscosity and viscosity index (c) Flash and fire points of lubricants. 8. Write a brief account of the following:(a) Fat limes (b) Lean limes (c) Hydraulic limes. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

Set No. 4
[5+6+5]

[5] [6] [5]

2 of 2

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