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You are on page 1of 1

** Ratio ‒ is a comparison of two numbers.
**

Proportion ‒ is an equation with a ratio on each side. It

is a statement that two ratios are equal.

The 1st and 4th terms are called the extremes of the

proportion

The 2nd and the 3rd terms are called the means.

means

a:b=c:d

extremes

The measures of the three angles of a triangle are in

the ratio 3:4:5. Find their measures.

Solution:

Let 3x, 4x, and 5x be the measures of the angles.

3x + 4x+ 5x = 180

12x = 180

x = 15

Hence,

3x = 3(15)=45 is the measure of the 1st angle.

4x = 4(15)=60 is the measure of the 2nd angle.

5x = 5(15)=75 is the measure of the 3rd angle.

Converse of the Proportionality Theorem

---If a line divides two sides of a triangle

proportionally, then the line is parallel to the third

side.

Basic Proportionality Theorem

--- If a line is parallel to one side of a triangle and

intersects the other two sides in distinct points, then it

divides the two sides proportionally.

Similar Polygons

--- These are polygons in which the corresponding

angles are congruent and the ratio of the lengths of the

corresponding sides are equal.

AA Similarity Theorem

--- If two angles of a triangle are congruent to two

angles of the second triangle, respectively, then the

triangles are similar.

** AAA Similarity Theorem
**

--- If there exists a correspondence between the

vertices of two triangles such that three angles of one

triangle are congruent to the corresponding angles of

the second triangle, respectively, then the two triangles

are similar.

SSS Similarity Theorem

--- If all three pairs of corresponding sides of two

triangles are proportional, then the two triangles are

similar.

SAS Similarity Theorem

--- If two pairs of corresponding sides of two triangles

are proportional and the included angles are

congruent, then the two triangles are similar.

Pythagorean Theorem

---In a right triangle, the square of the length of its

hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the

lengths of its legs.

Circle--- defined as the set of all points that are at the

same distance from a given point in the plane.

Circumference --- The distance around the circle.

Center --- The fixed point (equidistant) inside a circle

Chord --- A segment whose endpoints lie on the circle

Diameter---A chord that passes through the center.

Congruent Circles--- These are circles that have

congruent radii

Concentric Circles--- These are coplanar circles

having the same center.

Central Angles--- It is an angle whose vertex is the

center of the circle.

Secant--- It is a line that intersects the circle in two

points.

Tangent--- It is a line that is coplanar with the circle

and intersects the circle in exactly one point.

Radius--- A line segment that joins any point on the

circle to its center

Arc--- It is the distance between any two points on the

circumference of a circle.

** Minor Arc---. It is the union of points A and B and all the
**

points of the circle in the interior of central

AOB or

which we call the smaller arc.

** Major Arc--- It is the union of points A and B and all the
**

points of the circle in the exterior of central

AOB or

which we call the larger arc.

** Semicircle--- It is the union of the endpoints of a
**

diameter and all points of the circle that lie on one side

of the diameter.

Inscribed Angle--- It is an angle whose vertex lies on

the circle and whose sides contain chords of the circle.

The measure of an inscribed angle is equal to one-half

the measure of its intercepted arc.

x

The inscribed angle is equal to 600 .

**The central angle is equal to 45 0 and the
**

intercepted arc is also 450.

ABC

DEF.

2

A

E

B

DEF. Find the perimeter of

4

6

C

D

Step2:

Solution:

Step 1:

BC AC

=

EF DF

AB AC

=

DE DF

4

6

=

DE 12

2

6

=

DE 12

4

1

=

DE 2

F

12

Step3:

Perimeter of

4 +8 +12 = 24

DEF.

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