The Problem…

THE PROBLEM
2.1 Rationale of the Study
Science education is conceived as the need of the hour, which has been reflected in the report of most of educational commissions right from 1952-53 to 1986 the NPE. Such exigencies are due to the technological revolution as observed and experienced in the present century. Further exponential growth of knowledge and revolution in the field of information technology has also substantiated such a need. The individuals of present century need to possess a scientific out-look in their day to day thinking style, as well as activities, simply for their effective adjustment. In his context various state governments with collaborations of NGOs’ are trying to popularize the study of science especially at the senior secondary stage. In view of the importance of science education in the life of an individual; the investigator has thought to focus his attention on Mandi District of Himachal Pradesh. It has been decided to study the attitude of students to opt for science as a subject at the senior secondary level.

28

The Problem…

2.2 Statement of Problem
In view of above considerations the study has been entitled as, “An attitude study of students of 10th class of Mandi District towards opting science as a subject at senior secondary level.”

2.3 Operational Definitions
Operational definitions simply highlight the functional meaning of the different terminologies as used in the statement of problem as well as in the research process. As such, the various terms utilized in the study have been defined operationally in the following:Attitude:An attitude is defined as a tendency to react in certain way towards a designated class of stimuli or an object. An attitude is a variable which is directly observed, but it is informed from behaviour, both verbal and non-verbal. An attitude as a psychological construct refers to the degree of favourable or unfavourable reaction of the individuals towards any phenomenon and consideration. In the present study the attitude i.e. interest or inclination of the learners towards opting science as a subject will be assessed. 10th Class:10th class in the present study refers to the 10th class under the recognition of H.P.B.S.E. and C.B.S.E. Students:‘Students’ in the present study refers to the children study in class 10th.

29

The Problem…

Senior Secondary Level :‘Senior Secondary Level’ refers to +1 and +2 education under the pattern of 10+2+3 system.

2.4 Objectives
The study as conducted by the investigator was carried out on the guide posts of following objectives: 1. To study the attitude of 10th grade students towards opting science as an optional subject at senior secondary level. 2. To study the different attitude of Govt. and Pvt. Students towards opting science at senior secondary level. 3. To compare the attitude of Boys and Girls towards opting science at senior secondary level. 4. To compare the attitude towards opting science at senior secondary level between rural and urban students.

2.5 Hypothesis
After selection and definition of problem, derivation of hypothesis is the most important step in the research process. Etymologically ‘hypothesis’ means less than or less certain than a thesis. Hypotheses are formulated only as the suggested solution to the problem. Keeping in view the objectives formulated the following null hypothesis were stated:
H0
1

The attitude of the Government school students and Private school students do not differ significantly.

H0 H0

2

The attitude of boys and girls do not differ significantly. The attitude of the Urban students and Rural students do not differ significantly.

3

H0

4

The attitude of the Private school boys and Private school girls do not differ significantly.
30

The Problem…

H0

5

The attitude of the Private-Urban students and PrivateRural students do not differ significantly.

H0

6

The

attitude

of

the

Government-school-Boys

and

Government-school-Girls do not differ significantly.

H

07

The attitude of students of the Urban-Government school and Rural-Government school do not differ significantly. The attitude of the Urban-Boys and Rural-Boys do not differ significantly. The attitude of the Urban-Girls and Rural-Girls do not differ significantly. The attitude of the Private school boys and Government school boys do not differ significantly. The attitude of the Private school girls and Government school girls do not differ significantly. The attitude of the Urban Private students and Urban Government students do not differ significantly. The attitude of the Urban-Girls and Urban-Boys do not differ significantly. The attitude of the Private-Rural students and

H H

08

09

H

010

H

011

H0
H
H

12

013

014

Government-Rural students do not differ significantly. The attitude of the Rural-Boys and Rural-Girls do not differ significantly. The attitude of the CBSE students and HPBSE students do not differ significantly.

H

015

H0

16

2.6 Scope and Limitations of Study
Every study has some peripheral circumvents which define the coverage area of its piece of work. The present study deals with Mandi district only out of 12 districts of Himachal Pradesh.

31

The Problem…

Due to the time and material restrictions, the sample included only one school each from the four categories viz. Government-Urban, Government-Rural, Private-Urban and PrivateRural. The study could have included more districts and school samples from each category of school. The total sample of the study is 200, comprising of 25 boys and 25 girls from each category of school. The attitude scale developed by the investigator could have been standardized and the dimensions upon which the items of the scale are framed could have been increased. More statistical techniques giving more clear and extensive results could also have been used.

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