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Petrogal

MANUAL DE PROCEDIMENTOS

ESPECIFICAES DE ENGENHARIA

BES 0800-104

Edio: 01
Data: 00.01.28
Reviso: 00
Data: 00.01.28
Pg. 1 de 9

BASIC PRESSURE VESSEL SPECIFICATION

Elaborou:
R. Westerop

Verificou:

Aprovou:

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MANUAL DE PROCEDIMENTOS

ESPECIFICAES DE ENGENHARIA

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BES 0800-104
INDEX
SECTION

PAGE

1.

SCOPE AND DEFINITIONS

2.

DESIGN PRESSURE

3.

DESIGN TEMPERATURE

4.

MATERIALS

5.

CORROSION ALLOWANCE

6.

MINIMUM THICKNESS

7.

INSPECTION AND ACCESS OPENINGS

8.

SUPPORTS

9.

FLANGE FACINGS AND BOLTING

10.

REQUISITION

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BES 0800-104
1.

SCOPE AND DEFINITIONS

1.1

SCOPE
This specification covers the minimum requirements for the basic design of pressure
vessels and supplements the specifications and requirements of the code under which the
vessels are to be designed. This specification is intended as a guide for engineers of the
principal and contractors, and not for issuing to suppliers.

1.2

DEFINITIONS

1.2.1

The term vessels used in this specification shall be considered as a collective name for
the category equipment to be in accordance with this specification.
Under this category is considered, but not limited to, the following equipment:
Description

1.2.2

Fractionation towers.

Reactors, coke and soaking drums.

Process and utilities tanks (drums).

Product and utilities storage tanks.

Filters, coalescers.

Hoppers and storage bins.

The following are the definitions of certain terms used in this specification:
Principal

Petrleos de Portugal S.A. (Petrogal) or the company acting on


principals behalf.

Contractor

The party which carries out engineering (if applicable), supply of


materials, fabrication and installation/construction.

Supplier

Any manufacturer or supplier who is appointed by the principal or


contractor and responsible for the supply of materials or equipment
or services.

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BES 0800-104

1.3

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Shall

Is to be understood as mandatory.

Should

Is to be understood as strongly recommended.

May be

Is to be understood as giving a freedom of choice.

CODE
The term code used in this specification covers the following codes:
!

ASME VIII, Division 1, Pressure Vessels

ASME VIII, Division 2, Alternative Rules

AD MEKBLATT

CODAP

BS5500

The applicable code shall be agreed with Principal and specified on the vessel on the
vessel data sheet.

2.

DESIGN PRESSURE

2.1

The design pressure shall be as indicated on the process data sheet for which following
guidelines are given:
a.

The design pressure is the maximum set pressure of safety valve(s).

b.

Vessels subject to internal pressure shall generally be designed for a pressure


equal to the maximum anticipated operating pressure, plus 2 barg or equal to the
safety valve setting.

c.

Vessels operating under vacuum shall be designed for full vacuum.

d.

Vessels subjected to an incidental partial vacuum condition only need to be


designed on the maximum external pressure anticipated, unless code requirements
are more stringent.

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BES 0800-104
2.2

The external design pressure of inner shells of jacketed vessels shall be the design
pressure of the jacket. For vessels in vacuum service, an additional 1 bar shall be added to
this design pressure.

3.

DESIGN TEMPERATURE

3.1

The design temperature shall be as indicated on the process data sheet for which
following guidelines are given:
a.

Vessels which will operate at temperatures between 0C and 400C shall be


designed for a temperature at least 15C above the maximum anticipated operating
temperature.

b.

Vessels which will operate at temperature above 400C shall be designed for a
temperature that is at least equal to the maximum anticipated operating
temperature.

c.

Vessels which will operate at temperatures 0C and below shall normally be


designed for the minimum anticipated operating temperature.

d.

When different metal temperatures can definitely be predicted to occur for


different zones of a vessel during operation, these different temperatures may be
taken into account in the design of the zones affected unless the design code is
more stringent.

e.

Vessels requiring steam flushing provision shall be additionally designed for a


temperature equivalent to flushing steam operating temperature with a minimum
of 150C.

f.

Vessels requiring drying air/gas provision shall be additionally designed for


operating temperature of drying air/gas plus 15C.

4.

MATERIALS

4.1

Materials of construction for vessel parts subject to internal or external pressure shall be
in accordance with the code.

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BES 0800-104
4.2

Material selection shall be based on the corrosion resistance of the material to the process
medium. In addition, the material selection must consider the effect of design
temperature, welding, forming and heat treating operations on the mechanical properties
and fabrication of the material.

4.3

Minimum quality of carbon steel shall be ASTM A285 C.

4.4

Where strength is the major consideration, higher grade CS or low alloy steel shall be
selected.

4.5

Where 12/13% Cr or type 410 is required, use type 405 or 410S for better weldability.

4.6

The upper part of a skirt and wear plates of supports or other attachments welded to the
shell or heads shall be similar to the vessel material for vessels made of alloy steel and
low temperature steel.

5.

CORROSION ALLOWANCE

5.1

The corrosion allowance shall be as indicated on the process data sheet.

5.2

For carbon steel and low alloy steel in corrosive service the corrosion allowance shall be
in general 3 mm and for noncorrosive service 1.5 mm.

5.3

For vessels in services for which it can be predicted that no corrosion or only negligible
corrosion will occur, no corrosion allowance shall be used unless required by the code.

5.4

For vessels in services for which severe corrosion can be predicted, corrosion resistant
alloy or epoxy type linings may be considered in the design.

5.5

When alloy linings or solid stainless steels are employed, corrosion allowance shall be 0
mm, unless otherwise specified.

5.6

When the service conditions are such that corrosion of the alloy lining or solid stainless
steel can be anticipated, a corrosion allowance shall be considered in the design.

5.7

Minimum thickness of a clad layer shall be 3 mm. When extra thickness of cladding for
corrosion is required, the specified thickness of the layer shall be the corrosion allowance
plus 1.5 mm, but never less than 3 mm.

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BES 0800-104
5.8

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Corrosion allowance, as specified, shall be added to the calculated thicknesses of shells


and heads, and the necks of connections. No additional corrosion allowance will be
provided on flange facings.
In specific cases, additional corrosion allowance may be required on the necks of nozzles.
Where this is required, it will be specified in the requisition. If blind flanges are used for
cover plates, corrosion allowance is required to be added to the ANSI thickness only in
the amount that the specified vessel corrosion allowance exceeds 6 mm.

6.

MINIMUM THICKNESS

6.1

The minimum shell and head plate thickness for vessels before addition of corrosion
allowance shall be as required by stress analysis but not less than 3 mm unless code
requirements are more stringent.

6.2

The minimum nozzle neck thickness shall be standard wall plus corrosion allowance. If
code requirements are more stringent, code requirements shall be adhered to.

6.3

The minimum skirt thickness before adding corrosion allowance shall be as required by
stress analysis with a minimum of 3 mm.

6.4

Support legs shall be standard size of the country of origin.

6.5

Support lug plate thickness shall generally be the same as the shall plate thickness.

6.6

For transport, the minimum thickness including all allowances may be chosen from
formula: T = 0.003 * D.
T is thickness in mm.
D is diameter in mm.
Vessels with stiffeners may be excluded from this requirement.

7.

INSPECTION AND ACCESS OPENINGS

7.1

Quantity and size of manholes over and above the minimum requirements of the code
shall be provided if required for installation and removal of vessel internals such as
fractionating trays, moisture separators, etc.

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BES 0800-104
7.2

For trayed columns, manholes shall be provided above top tray, below bottom tray and at
intermediate points so that maximum spacing of manholes is approximately 20 tray
spaces. If required for mechanical reasons, manholes shall be provided at the feed tray
and at other trays at which removable internals are located.

7.3

The minimum size of manholes shall be 18. Vessels having removable internals shall be
provided with 20 manholes to permit ease of installation, removal and replacement of
the internals or 24 if more economical, unless a larger size of process nozzle is available.

7.4

For horizontal vessels with vertical baffle(s), a hatchway shall be provided in the baffle or
an additional manhole shall be provided for inspection purposes.

7.5

The minimum size of handholes shall be 6.

8.

SUPPORTS

8.1

Vertical vessels shall be supported on cylindrical skirts, legs or lugs, depending on size
and location in the plant.

8.2

Horizontal vessel shall be supported on steel saddles.


Concrete saddles shall only be used if more economical and accepted by the Principal.

9.

FLANGE FACINGS AND BOLTING

9.1

Flange facing finish shall be in accordance with the relevant pipe specification.

9.2

Type of gaskets shall be in accordance with the relevant pipe specification.

9.3

For bolt sizes 2 and above, bolt tensioning equipment may be considered.

10.

REQUISITION

10.1

Each requisition shall state the following data in order to allow Supplier to perform detail
design:
!

Code of design and construction.

Diameter(s).

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BES 0800-104
!

TL-TL length.

Minimum plate thickness.

Skirt/leg height, lugs or saddles.

Design pressure and temperature.

Material of construction.

Corrosion allowance.

Cladding or lining for shell, heads and nozzles.

Type of head(s).

Type of flanges, rating ,flange facing and finish.

Reinforcing pad requirements for nozzle loads.

Knuckle requirements for conical transitions.

Type of gaskets.

Davit or hinges for manholes and handholes.

Minimum nozzle neck thickness if these are over the minimum requirements.

Design wind load.

Seismic conditions.

Surface preparation and painting requirements.

Demister type (I or II).

Nozzle sizes and locations.

Nozzle schedule for sizes above 24.

Internals.

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