You are on page 1of 50

WR_BT06_E1_1

Interface protocol and signaling flow

ZTE University
TD&W&PCS BSS Course Team

Objectives

At the end of this course, you will be able to:


Master Network interfaces protocol
Master signaling flow

Content

Network Interfaces
UE State transition
Signaling flow

Network Interfaces

UTRAN Architecture

Network Interfaces

Iu Interface

Core Network (CN)

UTRAN

CS
Domain

Node B
RNC

Iu-CS

Node B

PS
Domain
Iu-PS

Node B
RNC

BC
Domain

Node B

Iu-BC

Iu Interface

Network Interfaces

Iu-CS Interface Stack Structure

Iu-CS Interface Stack Structure


n

RANAPRAB management
Iu signaling management
data throughput report
Paging
Security
location report

SCCP Support connection and connectionless


service. Used to realize routing function.

Iu-CS Interface Stack Structure


n

M3UASupport for the transport of MTP3-User messages.


Native management functions (Error report)
Interworking with MTP3 network management functions
Support for the Management of SCTP associations
Address mapping

SCTPEstablishment and release of association


User data segmentation
Verification and avoidance of congestion
Data block binding
Packet validity verification
Path management

Iu-CS Interface Stack Structure


RTP( Real time transport protocol)
Provide time information and implement stream synchronization for P to
P(M) multimedia data streams service over internet,.
Established on UDP,TCP or ATM.
n

RTCP
Managing transmission quality
Exchange control message between current applications

Network Interfaces

Iu-PS Interface Stack Structure

Network Interfaces

Iu interface Functions
n

RAB management

RAB setup, modification and release


mapping of RAB characteristics to the Uu bearer
mapping of RAB characteristics to the Iu transmission bearer
RAB queuing, preemption and priority

Iu radio resource management


radio resource acceptance control

Iu connection management
Iu signaling connection management

Iu-UP (RNL) management


Iu-UP frame protocol mode selection and protocol initialization

Mobility management (IMSI ATTACH/DETACH, location update etc)

Security management (Authentication and encryption )


Service and network access
Paging coordination

n
n

Network Interfaces

Iur Interface Stack Structure

Network Interfaces

Iur interface Functions


Iur interface has the following functions:
n

Inter-RNC mobility management


SRNC relocation, inter-RNC cell and UTRAN registration area update,

inter-RNC paging, and protocol error report.


n

Dedicated channel data transmission


used to transmit dedicated channel data between two RNCs.

Common channel data transmission


setup and release of the transmission connection needed in common

channel data stream transmission of the Iur interface,


n

Global resource management


transmission of inter-RNC cell measurement information.
transmission of inter-RNC Node B timing information.

Network Interfaces

Iub Interface Stack Structure

Network Interfaces

Iub interface Functions


n

Management of the Iub interface transmission resources.

Logic operation maintenance of Node B, including:


the cell configuration management
radio network performance measurement
common transmission channel management
radio resource management

Transmission of application-related operation & maintenance data.

System information management.

Channel traffic management.

Timing and synchronization management, including:


Node B synchronization
transmission channel synchronization between the RNC and Node B

Network Interfaces

Uu Interface Stack Structure


G
C

N
t

D
C

Duplication
avoidance
D
N
C
t

G
C
C-plane
signalling

L3

control

Radio
Bearers

control
contro

control

RRC
control

UuS
boundary

U-plane
information

PDCP

PDCP

L2/PDCP
BMC

RLC

RLC

RLC

RLC

L2/

BMC

L2/RLC

RLC

RLC

RLC

RLC
Logical
Channels

MAC

L2/MAC
Transport
Channels

PHY

L1

Network Interfaces

Uu Interface Stack Structure(1)


n

Physical Layer Protocol

MAC Protocol (Media Access Control)

provides the MAC sublayer with transmission channel services.


provides the RLC sublayer with logic channel services. (Data correction and
flow control)

RLC Protocol (Radio Link Control)

on the control plane, provides the RRC sublayer with signaling radio bearer
services.
on the user plane, provides service radio bearer services together with the
PDCP sublayer.
n

PDCP (Packet data convergence protocol)

adapt different types of network layer protocols to the radio interface.


only exists in the packet domain
n

BMC (Broadcast main control)

transfer broadcast and multicast information over the radio interface.

Network Interfaces

Uu Interface Stack Structure(2)


n

RRC (Radio resource control)


Provide services for the non-access layer, for example, transmitting

messages like call control, session management and mobility


management at the control interface.
Setup, maintenance and release of an RRC connection between UE

and UTRAN.
Setup, reconfiguration and release of radio bearer.
Distribution, reconfiguration and release of radio resources used in the

RRC connection.
RRC connections mobility function management.
Request for QoS control.
UE measurement report and report control.
Outer loop power control, ciphering control, paging.
Initial cell selection and reselection in the idle mode.

Network Interfaces

Radio Network Control-Plane protocol


CN
RANAP
RNSAP

RRC

UE

RNC
NBAP
Node B

NBAPNode B Application Part


RANAP: Radio Access Network Application Part
RNSAP: Radio Network Subsystem Application Part
RRC: Radio Resource Control

RNC

Network Interfaces

UTRAN Control Plane Protocol Stack

UE
CC

RNC

Node B

CN
CC

SM

MM/GMM

SM

MM/GMM

RRC
RLC

RRC
RLC

MAC

MAC

NBAP
L1

L1

Uu

Transport
Layer

NBAP

RANAP

RANAP
Transport
Layer

Transport
Layer

Transport Layer

Iub

Iu

Network Interfaces

UTRAN User Plane Protocol Stack


UE

RNC

Node B

CN

Iu UP

User data
PDCP

PDCP

RLC

RLC

MAC

MAC

L1

L1

Uu

FP
Transport
Layer

Iu UP

Transport
Layer

Transport
Layer

FP
Transport Layer

Iub

Iu

Content

ATM Basics
Network Interfaces
UE State transition
Signaling flow

UE State transition

UE Working Modes

There are two basic working modes:


Idle
UE stands by without any service. Theres no connection
between UE and UTRAN. UTRAN dont have any information
about UE. Through NAS identity( IMSI/ TMSI) to identify UE.
Connected
UE transferred to the connected mode after accomplishing
RRC Connection Setup.
UE has 4 states under the connected mode:
Cell-DCH, Cell-FACH, Cell-PCH, URA-PCH

UE State transition

UE States Under the Connected Mode


n

Cell-DCH
UE is activated, and in service using its dedicated channels.
There are dedicated channels in both uplink and downlink.
UTRAN knows exactly which cell the UE is in.

Cell-FACH
UE is activated, but without too much data to transmit, so

theres no need to assign dedicated channels to it.


Downlink data transmitted in FACH, while uplink in RACH.
UTRAN knows exactly which cell the UE is in.

UE State transition

UE States Under the Connected Mode


n

Cell-PCH
There is no data transmitted in both uplink and downlink.
UE needs to listen to PICH for paging information.
UE works in discrete receiving, which saves the power effectively.
UTRAN knows exactly which cell the UE is in.
UE needs to do cell update procedure when it passes cells.

URA-PCH
There is no data transmitted in both uplink and downlink.
UE needs to listen to PICH for paging information and receive discretely.
UTRAN only knows which URA (UTRAN Registration Area) UE exists.
UE updates its location information only when its URA changes, which

further reduces the signaling saves resource.

UE State transition

RRC State Transition (I)


Transit from IDLE Mode
URA_PCH

CELL_PCH

After RRC Connection Setup, UE will


transit to CELL_FACH or CELL_DCH.

CELL_DCH

CELL_FACH

CN indicates UE using dedicated channel


(CELL_DCH) or common channel
(CELL_FACH) according to the service

IDLE

request.
n

DEAD

Sketch of RRC State Transition

If there is no service right now, UE will be


indicated into PCH mode or release RRC
connection back to IDLE mode.

UE State transition

RRC State Transition (II)


Transit from CELL_FACH Mode
URA_PCH

CELL_PCH

n
CELL_DCH

UE do not occupy dedicated channels


In the mode of CELL_FACH.

CELL_FACH

UE receives downlink data through


FACH(S-CCPCH).

IDLE

n
DEAD

Sketch of RRC State Transition

UE transmits uplink data through


RACH(PRACH).

UE State transition

RRC State Transition (III)


Transit from CELL_DCH Mode
URA_PCH

CELL_PCH

UE transceives uplink and downlink data


through dedicated channels (DPDCHs and

CELL_DCH

DPCCHs).

CELL_FACH

n
IDLE

During the time when there is no data


transmitted, CN may indicate UEs
transiting to URA_PCH or CELL_PCH.

DEAD

Sketch of RRC State Transition

UE State transition

RRC State Transition (IV)


CELL_PCH and URA_PCH states
URA_PCH

CELL_PCH

CELL_DCH

UE has no activated uplink.

Paging Information makes UE back to


CELL_FACH or CELL_DCH mode.

CELL_FACH

In CELL_PCH, UE should transit to


CELL_FACH first to finish cell updating, and

IDLE

go back if no service request.


DEAD

In URA_PCH, if URA changes, UE also


transits to CELL_FACH to finish cell updating
first before it goes back to URA_PCH.

Sketch of RRC State Transition


n

System resource can be saved in these two


modes.

Content

ATM Basics
Network Interfaces
UE State transition
Signaling flow

Signaling flow

Basic Conception (1)


n

RRC (Radio Resource Control)


provides information transfer service to the NAS (Non Access

Stratum).
responsible for controlling the configuration of UMTS radio

interface Layers 1 and 2.


n

RRC Connection
A point to point bidirectional connection between the RRC (Radio

Resource Control) entities on the UE (User Equipment) and


UTRAN (UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network).
The UE requires an RRC connection to access the services of the

UMTS network.

Signaling flow

Basic Conception (2)


n

RAB -Radio Access Bearer


Identify the service the AS (Access Stratum) provides to the NAS

(Non Access Stratum) for transfer of user data between the UE


(User Equipment) and the CN (Core Network).
n

RB -Radio Bearer
The service provided by the Layer 2 for the transfer of user data

between UE (User Equipment) and UTRAN (UMTS Terrestrial


Radio Access Network).

Signaling flow

Basic Conception (3)


n

RL (Radio Link)
RL is a logical association between single UE (User Equipment)

and a single UTRAN (UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network)


access point.
Its physical realization comprises one or more radio bearer

transmissions.
It is possible for a UMTS mobile to have many radio links

established, when this occurs the mobile is said to be in a soft


handover.

Signaling flow

Sketch of the basic conceptions

SRB0:CCCH(UL:RLC-TM, DL:RLC-UM) channel


SRB1:DCCH, RLC-UM mode transfer information
SRB2:DCCH, RLC-AM mode transfernot including
RRC information used to bear NAS information.
SRB3,SRB4: optional configurationDCCH, RLCAM mode , including information used to bear NAS
information.
RB5-RB31 data RAB.

Signaling flow

UE Call Procedure Overview

Startup
Startup
CellSearching
Searching
Cell

Handover
Handover

Cell/URA
Cell/URA
Update
Update

RL
RL
Reconfiguration
Reconfiguration

Location
Location
Update
Update

RRC
RRC
ConnectionRelease
Release
Connection

Standby
Standby

Call/Called
Call/Called
initiate
initiate

RRC
RRC
ConnectionSetup
Setup
Connection

RB/RAB
RB/RAB
Reconfiguration
Reconfiguration

RAB
RAB
Assignment
Assignment

NAS
NAS
ConnectionSetup
Setup
Connection

Signaling flow

Trilogy of Call Setup

RRC Connection Setup


The signaling interacting in UTRAN is normal when receiving the

signaling RRC Connection Setup Complete.


n

NAS Connection Setup


UE interacts with CN about the service request, authentication and

ciphering, etc. through the Non-Access Stratum (NAS) signaling,


n

RAB Assignment
CN allocates resource according to UEs service requests.

Signaling flow

Call Setup Flow


CN initiates a paging message to RNC.
RNC judges the paging message from the CN and then sends a paging

message to the corresponding UE.


If no RRC connection is available, UE will send a RRC connection setup

request message (RRC Connection Request) to RNC.


RNC determines to set up a RRC connection according to the service

request and system resource occupation then sends a RRC connection


setup message (RRC Connection Setup) to UE.
After signaling connection setup, the higher layer of UE (NAS) sends a

service request message to CN through a directly transfer message.


CN sends a RAB assignment message (RAB Assignment Request) to

the RNC to allocate resource for UEs request.

Signaling flow

RRC setup
UE
RRC

Node B

RNC

1.CCCH: RRC Connection Request


(UE identity, service type)

RRC
Allocate RNTSelect L1

and L2 parameters
2.Radio Link Setup Request
NBAP
NBAP
Start RX
3.Radio Link Setup Response
NBAP

NBAP

ALCAP Iub Data Transport Bearer Setup


DCH-FP

4.Downlink Synchronisation

DCH-FP

5.Uplink Synchronisation

DCH-FP
DCH-FP

Start TX
RRC
RRC

6.CCCH: : RRC Connection Setup


7.DCCH: : RRC Connection Setup Complete

RRC
RRC

Signaling flow

RAB setup
UE

Node B

SRNC
RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST

RL RECONFIG PRE (PSC, OVSF, POWER, phase etc,)


RL RECONFIG READY

RL RECONFIG COMMIT
RRC RB SETUP
RRC RB SETUP COMPLETE
RAB ASSIGNMENT RESPONSE

CN

Signaling flow

Call Setup Flow


UE

Node B

RNC

CN

Paging (RANAP)

Paging (RRC)
RRC connection setup request
RRC connection setup

NAS message interaction (service request)


RL setup request

RAB assignment request

RL setup response
RB setup
RB setup completion

RAB assignment response

Initial direct transfer & Initial UE message

Signaling flow

Soft Handover Flow


NodeB
DRNS)
Measurement
report

UE

NodeB
(SRNS)

RL setup request
RL setup response

DRNC

RL creation request
RL setup response

Active set update command


Active set update completion

SRNC

RL Deletion request
RL Deletion response

Signaling flow

Inter-frequency handover Flow


UE

Target Node
B

Original
NodeB

SRNC

Measurement report
RL setup request
RL setup response
Reconfiguration command
Reconfiguration completion
RL deletion request
RL deletion response

Signaling flow

Call setup flow (1)

Initial UE Identity, Establishment cause, Initial UE Capability


Cell id, Transport Format Set, Transport Format Combination Set,
frequency, UL scrambling code, Power control information

Transport layer addressing information

ALCAP Protocol to establish User plane bearing

Iub interface data bearing synchronisation

Initial UE Identity, Transport Format Set, frequency,


Transport Format Combination Set, Power control information

Signaling flow

Call setup flow (2)

Service RequestLocation Update Request

Signaling flow

Call setup flow (3)

Call Setup

Transport Format Set, Transport Format Combination Set,


Power control information

Transport layer addressing information

Signaling flow

Call setup flow (4)

ALCAP bearing setup

Frame synchronization

Transport Format Set, Transport Format Combination Set

Signaling flow

Call setup flow (5)

Signaling flow

Call setup flow (6)

Exercise
n

vertical:UTRAN interface universal model involve 4


planes,they are (

)( )(

)( )

horizontal :UTRAN interface universal model involve 2


layers, they are ( ) ( )

pls write down IUCS\ IUPS \IUB interface control plane


application protocol and user plane protocol.

Uu Interface is fall into ( )plane and (

) plane.

There are 3 layers in Uu Interface, they are ( ) (

pls describe the RRC setup procedure.

) ( ).