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General Certificate of Education

Mathematics 6360
MPC4 Pure Core 4

Mark Scheme
2005 examination June series
Mark schemes are prepared by the Principal Examiner and considered, together with the relevant
questions, by a panel of subject teachers. This mark scheme includes any amendments made at
the standardisation meeting attended by all examiners and is the scheme which was used by them
in this examination. The standardisation meeting ensures that the mark scheme covers the
candidates responses to questions and that every examiner understands and applies it in the
same correct way. As preparation for the standardisation meeting each examiner analyses a
number of candidates scripts: alternative answers not already covered by the mark scheme are
discussed at the meeting and legislated for. If, after this meeting, examiners encounter unusual
answers which have not been discussed at the meeting they are required to refer these to the
Principal Examiner.
It must be stressed that a mark scheme is a working document, in many cases further developed
and expanded on the basis of candidates reactions to a particular paper. Assumptions about
future mark schemes on the basis of one years document should be avoided; whilst the guiding
principles of assessment remain constant, details will change, depending on the content of a
particular examination paper.

Copyright 2005 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved.

MPC4 - AQA GCE Mark Scheme, 2005 June series

Key to mark scheme and abbreviations used in marking


M
m or dM
A
B
E

or ft or F
CAO
CSO
AWFW
AWRT
ACF
AG
SC
OE
A2,1
x EE
NMS
PI
SCA

mark is for method


mark is dependent on one or more M marks and is for method
mark is dependent on M or m marks and is for accuracy
mark is independent of M or m marks and is for method and accuracy
mark is for explanation

follow through from previous


incorrect result
correct answer only
correct solution only
anything which falls within
anything which rounds to
any correct form
answer given
special case
OE
2 or 1 (or 0) accuracy marks
deduct x marks for each error
no method shown
possibly implied
substantially correct approach

MC
MR
RA
FW
ISW
FIW
BOD
WR
FB
NOS
G
c
sf
dp

mis-copy
mis-read
required accuracy
further work
ignore subsequent work
from incorrect work
given benefit of doubt
work replaced by candidate
formulae book
not on scheme
graph
candidate
significant figure(s)
decimal place(s)

Application of Mark Scheme


No method shown:
Correct answer without working
Incorrect answer without working

mark as in scheme
zero marks unless specified otherwise

More than one method / choice of solution:


2 or more complete attempts, neither/none crossed out
1 complete and 1 partial attempt, neither crossed out

mark both/all fully and award the mean


mark rounded down
award credit for the complete solution only

Crossed out work

do not mark unless it has not been replaced

Alternative solution using a correct or partially correct method

award method and accuracy marks as


appropriate

AQA GCE Mark Scheme 2005 June series MPC4

MPC4
Q
1(a)

Solution

R = 5 or 1+ 22 or 2.23 or 2.24
sin 1
=
cos 2

(b)

= 26.6!

sin ( x + 26.6 ) =

(b)

3 (a)

(b)

m1
B1
A1

m1A1

m1
A1

2x 2
2x 1

2x 1 1
1
= x2 + 1
2x 1
2x 1

1
2

A1B1

Total
1 3

2 2 2
1
=1+ x +
x
2
2

= (1 + 2 x )

ml: sub in 2 values or set up simultaneous


equations
Use of lns for either integral
ft A and B

M1M1

x 2 ( 2 x 1)

(1 + x )

M1

M1A1

4 (a)

B1 x = 0!
lose if extra solution in range
SC calculator trace:126.9 full marks
SC ft from 63.4

1
1 1
1
f = 2 + 2 2 = 1
2
2 2
2

CAO
SC 63.4 1/2

M1

x=

x2 +

(c)

Total

1
B = 1
2
1
2
x + 3 2 x 1 dx
1
= 2 ln ( x + 3) ln ( 2 x 1)( + c )
2
Total

2x 1

(b)

M1A1

Comments

M1

3 x 5 = A ( 2 x 1) + B ( x + 3)
x = 3 A = 2,

Total

1
x = sin 1
26.6
5
x = 0
x = 126.8(126.9, or 127 or
126 with working)

2 (a)

Marks
B1

1
Allow M1 for f
2
Long division: M1for their complete
attempt
Reasonable start, complete method
Could be done by long division, which
may have been done in (a)
a = 1 CAO b = 1 ft part (a)

M1A1

1
3
x + x 2 but simplification not required
2
8

1
2

B1

1 + 2x
1
3
2
= 1 ( 2x) + ( 2x)
2
8
3
= 1 x + x2
2
3
2
1 ( 0.1) + ( 0.1) ( = 1.115 )
2
1
5

(1 0.2 ) 2 = ;
2
2 1.115 = 2.23 5

M1
A1

Condone missing brackets, if recovered


3

CAO

M1

Attempt to substitute in

M1

Link between

A1
Total
3

3
8

1
5
and
2
1 + 2x

AG; convincingly obtained

MPC4 - AQA GCE Mark Scheme, 2005 June series

MPC4 (cont)
Q
5 (a)
1
t=
2
1
(b) t =
y

Solution

x=3

Marks
B1B1

y=2

x=2

1
+y
y

xy = 2 + y 2

M1

xy y 2 = 2

A1

(c) Implicit differentiation:


dy
dy
+ y, 2 y
=0
x
dx
dx

At (3, 2)

Total
2

M1
A1A1

A1

OR
Parametric differentiation:
dy dy 1
1 1
=
= 2
1
dx dt dx
t
2 2
dt
t
1
2
=y
t2
dy
4
=
=2
y=2
dx 2 4
OR
x = y + 2 y 1 M1

Attempt to eliminate t
SC verification using t
AG; convincingly found

AG; convincingly obtained


Attempt chain rule, PI

(M1)
(A1A1)

(B1)
M1A1

B1

10
1

M1
A1

1
Or sub t = ; 4 in numerator is sufficient
2
for this
AG; convincingly obtained

dx
= 1 2 y 2 M1A1A1
dy
dy
1 1
= 2 A1
= 1 = B1
2 2
dx
Total
6 (a)

sin 2 x = 2sin x cos x

(b) (i) A = B = x
cos 2 x = cos 2 x sin 2 x
(ii)

cos ( 2 x + x ) = cos 2 x cos x sin 2 x sin x

= ( cos x sin x ) cos x 2 sin x cos x


2

M1

M1

= 4 cos3 x 3cos x

A1

cos3 x =

1
( cos 3x + 3cos x )
4

ft (a)and (b)(i)

A1

= cos x 3 (1 cos x ) cos x


3

(c)

Eliminate all sines


4

AG; convincingly obtained


Ignore middle sign

M1

2
1 1
0 cos xdx = 4 3 sin 3x + 3sin x 0
3

1 1
2
+ 3 =
4 3
3

A1A1
M1
A1

Total

5
12

1/2

Attempt at equation with


dy
dy
but not " = ..."
dx
du
RHS = 0
Use of (3, 2)

B1
m1

dy
dy
+24
=0
dx
dx
dy
=2
dx

Comments

1 for integrity each term


Use of limits
AG

AQA GCE Mark Scheme 2005 June series MPC4

MPC4 (cont)
Q
7 (a)

"""""#
AB =

Solution

( 2 1)

Marks

+ ( 1 4 ) + ( 3 2 )
2

= 27 = 3 3

(b)

1 1
-5 -1 = 1 + 5 + 1

1 1

Total

OE

M1
A1

Comments

AG; convincingly obtained


1
"""$
Their AB -1
1

M1

1
Their scalar product = 1 3 3 cos
1

M1
7 = 3 3 3 cos
(c)(i)

2+
"""#
OP = 1
3 +

p
p
p

cos =

7
9

1+
"""#
AP = 5
1 +

A1
p
p
p

7 + 3p = 0
7
p=
3

m1
A1

= 7 + 3p

AG; convincingly obtained

"""$
Finding AP

M1A1

1
"""#
AP 1 = (1 + p ) ( 5 p ) + (1 + p )
1

(ii)

AG
SC working with instead of p giving
7 + 3
3/4

Allow column vectors and decimals

M1
1 4 2
P is , ,
3 3 3

A1A1
Total

12

MPC4 - AQA GCE Mark Scheme, 2005 June series

MPC4 (cont)
Q

Solution

8(a)(i) t = 0

x = 15 + 70e

40

M1
A1

60 15
= e 40
x = 60
70
t
45
ln =
40
70
t = 17.67 18 minutes

dx

M1

A1

dt

e 40 =

Attempt to separate and integrate


Correct expression and used

A1A1

70
t = 40ln

x 15

70
x 15

x 15 = 70e

M1
A1

t
( +c )
40

(0, 85) c = ln 70
t
= ln 70 ln ( x 15 )
40

Their 6015

m1

x 15 = 40
ln ( x 15 ) =

(ii)

B1

Comments

30

= 48.06 48C

(b)(i)

Total

x = 85

(ii) t = 30

(iii)

Marks

m1
A1

Manipulate expression including a 1n


towards x =

M1

t
40

M1A1
Total
Total

2
14
75

Use (0.85) to find c, which must now


appear in expression
Manipulate to t = .

AG; convincingly obtained