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0: 0607

abc

General Certificate of Education

Mathematics 6360

MPC4

Pure Core 4

Mark Scheme

2007 examination - June series

Mark schemes are prepared by the Principal Examiner and considered, together with the

relevant questions, by a panel of subject teachers. This mark scheme includes any

amendments made at the standardisation meeting attended by all examiners and is the scheme

which was used by them in this examination. The standardisation meeting ensures that the

mark scheme covers the candidates responses to questions and that every examiner

understands and applies it in the same correct way. As preparation for the standardisation

meeting each examiner analyses a number of candidates scripts: alternative answers not

already covered by the mark scheme are discussed at the meeting and legislated for. If, after

this meeting, examiners encounter unusual answers which have not been discussed at the

meeting they are required to refer these to the Principal Examiner.

It must be stressed that a mark scheme is a working document, in many cases further

developed and expanded on the basis of candidates reactions to a particular paper.

Assumptions about future mark schemes on the basis of one years document should be

avoided; whilst the guiding principles of assessment remain constant, details will change,

depending on the content of a particular examination paper.

Further copies of this Mark Scheme are available to download from the AQA Website: www.aqa.org.uk

Copyright 2007 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved.

COPYRIGHT

AQA retains the copyright on all its publications. However, registered centres for AQA are permitted to copy material

from this booklet for their own internal use, with the following important exception: AQA cannot give permission to

centres to photocopy any material that is acknowledged to a third party even for internal use within the centre.

Set and published by the Assessment and Qualifications Alliance.

The Assessment and Qualifications Alliance (AQA) is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 3644723) and a registered charity (registered charity number 1073334).

Registered address: AQA, Devas Street, Manchester M15 6EX

Dr Michael Cresswell Director General

M

m or dM

A

B

E

or ft or F

CAO

CSO

AWFW

AWRT

ACF

AG

SC

OE

A2,1

x EE

NMS

PI

SCA

mark is dependent on one or more M marks and is for method

mark is dependent on M or m marks and is for accuracy

mark is independent of M or m marks and is for method and accuracy

mark is for explanation

follow through from previous

incorrect result

correct answer only

correct solution only

anything which falls within

anything which rounds to

any correct form

answer given

special case

or equivalent

2 or 1 (or 0) accuracy marks

deduct x marks for each error

no method shown

possibly implied

substantially correct approach

MC

MR

RA

FW

ISW

FIW

BOD

WR

FB

NOS

G

c

sf

dp

mis-copy

mis-read

required accuracy

further work

ignore subsequent work

from incorrect work

given benefit of doubt

work replaced by candidate

formulae book

not on scheme

graph

candidate

significant figure(s)

decimal place(s)

No Method Shown

Where the question specifically requires a particular method to be used, we must usually see evidence of use of this

method for any marks to be awarded. However, there are situations in some units where part marks would be

appropriate, particularly when similar techniques are involved. Your Principal Examiner will alert you to these and

details will be provided on the mark scheme.

Where the answer can be reasonably obtained without showing working and it is very unlikely that the correct

answer can be obtained by using an incorrect method, we must award full marks. However, the obvious penalty to

candidates showing no working is that incorrect answers, however close, earn no marks.

Where a question asks the candidate to state or write down a result, no method need be shown for full marks.

Where the permitted calculator has functions which reasonably allow the solution of the question directly, the correct

answer without working earns full marks, unless it is given to less than the degree of accuracy accepted in the mark

scheme, when it gains no marks.

Otherwise we require evidence of a correct method for any marks to be awarded.

June 07

MPC4

Q

Solution

Marks

Total

1 1

2 + 3 = 3

2 2

M1A1

1(a)

Alt

algebraic division:

x

(M1)

2 x + 1 2 x2 + x 3

Comments

1

2

SC NMS 3 1/2

No ISW, so subsequent answer 3 AO

use of

2x + x

3

(A1)

Alt

x ( 2x + 1) 3

2x + 1

(b)

(2)

( 2x +1) as a factor

remainder = 3 stated, or 3 highlighted

(M1)

(A1)

( 2 x + 3)( x 1)

( x + 1)( x 1)

=

(2)

numerator

not necessarily in fraction

denominator

B1

B1

2x + 3

x +1

B1

(b) Alternative

2x2 2 + x 1

x2 1

=2+

x 1

x2 1

(M1)

=2+

x 1

( x 1)( x + 1)

(B1)

=2 +

1

x +1

(A1)

Total

(3)

5

2x + 3 x 1

x +1 x 1

MPC4 (cont)

Q

2(a)(i)

Solution

(1 + x )

= 1 + ( 1) x + px +qx

2

Marks

3

(1+3x )1 = 1 3x + ( 3x )

A1

( 3x )

A1

(1)(2)( 3x )

(1)(2)(3)( 3x )

+

2!

3!

= 1 3x + 9x 2 27x 3

1+ 4x

A

B

=

+

(b)

(1+ x )(1+3x ) 1+ x 1+ 3x

2

M1

= 1 3x + 9x 2 27x 3

Alt (starting again)

1

(1+3x ) = 1 ( 3x ) +

SC 1/2 for = 1 x + px 2

x replaced by 3x in candidates

(a)(i);condone missing brackets

3

CAO SC x 3 -term : 1 3x + x 2

9

1/2

accept 2 for 2!, 3.2 for 3!

(M1)

(A1)

Comments

p 0, q 0

M1

= 1 x + x 2 x3

(ii)

Total

(2)

CAO

M1

multiplication by denominator

m1

1 + 4x = A (1+ 3x ) + B (1+ x )

1

3

3

1

A= , B=

2

2

Alt:

1+ 4x

A

B

=

+

(1+ x )(1+ 3x ) 1+ x 1+ 3x

x = 1, x =

(c)(i)

A1

1 + 4x = A (1+ 3x ) + B (1+ x )

A + B = 1, 3A + B = 4

3

1

A= , B=

2

2

1+ 4x

3

1

=

(M1)

multiplication by denominator

(m1)

(A1)

(3)

m1

A1

Alt:

(ii)

M1

= 3 (1 x + x 2 x 3 ) 1 (13x + 9 x 2 27 x3 )

2

2

2

3

= 1 3x + 12x

B, and expand and simplify

CAO

SC A and B interchanged, treat as

miscopy. (1 4 x +13x 2 40 x 3 )

1+ 4x

1

1

= (1+ 4x )(1+ x ) (1+ 3x )

(1+ x )(1+3x )

(M1)

(m1)

= 1 3x 2 + 12x 3

x < 1 and 3 x < 1

(A1)

M1

(3)

A1

x <

1

3

(0.33)

Total

12

condone missing brackets on (1 + 4x) only

attempt to multiply the three expansions

up to terms in x3

CAO

OE and nothing else incorrect

OE

Condone

MPC4 (cont)

Q

3(a) R = 5

tan =

(b)

Solution

3

(OE)

4

2

R

x = 66.4

x = 103.3

x = 330.4

cos( x ) =

Marks

B1

Total

M1A1

Comments

4

SC1 tan = , = 53.1

3

R, PI in (b)

M1

A1

A1F

A1F

ft on acute

cos( x 36.9) = 1

x = 216.9

B1F

M1

A1

ft on R

SC cos ( x + 36.9 ) treat as miscopy

216.9 or better accept graphics calculator

solution to this accuracy

SC Find max:

max = 5 at ( x + 36.9 ) stated 1/3

Max 8/10 for work in radians

Total

10

MPC4 (cont)

Q

4(a)(i) t = 0 : x = 3

(ii)

(b)(i)

Solution

Marks

B1

t = 14 : x = 15 12e1

= 10.6

5 = 12e

M1

A1

t

14

Total

1

Comments

14

or 15 12 e 14

CAO

M1

p = qe

(ii)

(c)(i)

t

5

ln =

(OE)

14

12

12

t = 14ln

5

t = 12.256... 12 days

t

14

m1

A1

B1F

Accept 12 from incorrect working in b(i)

Accept 13 if 12.2 or 12.3 seen

dx

1

= 12e 14

dt

14

M1

1

( x 15)

14

1

= (15 x )

14

15 x

Alt: t = 14ln

12

1

14

dt

12

=

dx

15 x

12

dt

14

dx 1

= (15 x )

=

dx 15 x

dt 14

Alt: (backwards)

dx

dt

15 x = 14 = 14ln (15 x ) = t + c

=

Solve for x : x = 15 12e

(ii)

t

14

dy

condone

used consistently

dx

t

1 t

14

Or

12e 14 and 12e = 15 x seen

14

m1

A1

AG be convinced CSO

(M1)

(m1)

(3)

AG be convinced

(A1)

(3)

B1

(A1)

(M1)

(m1)

Total

11

Accept

7

14

1

seen; OE

15 x

12

MPC4 (cont)

Q

Solution

2

5(a) x = 1, 5a a 4 = 0

( 5a + 4 )( a 1) = 0,

(b)

Marks

M1

A1

a =1

dy

+4

dx

= 10 xy 2 + 10 x 2 y

Total

dy

= if not used, otherwise

dx

loses final A1)

attempt product rule, see two terms added

dy

attached to one term only

chain rule,

dx

condone 5 2 for 10

dy

two terms, or more, in

dx

(Ignore

B1B1

M1

dy

dx

M1

A1

dy

dy

+ 4 = 10 + 10

dx

dx

dy

6 2

= =

dx

9 3

Alt (for last two marks)

x = 1, y = 1

M1

A1

dy 10xy 2 4

=

dx 1 10x 2 y

(c)

10 4

6

=

110

9

y 1

2

=

(OE)

x 1

3

CSO

dy

in terms of x, y and substitute

dx

x = 1, y = 1 must be from expression with

dy

two terms or more in

dx

(M1)

(1,1)

Comments

condone y for a

AG be convinced, both factors seen

4

or a = or 1 a = 1

5

A0 for 2 positive roots

(substitute (1, 1) 5 = 5 no marks)

find

(A1)

B1F

Total

1

10

ft on gradient

ISW after any correct form

MPC4 (cont)

Q

6(a)(i)

(ii)

Solution

dy

= 2cos 2

d

dx

= sin

d

Marks

Total

B1 B1

2cos 3

dy

2cos 2 dy

,

=

=

= 2

dx

sin

dx

sin 6

Comments

M1

substitute =

(b)

A1

B1

B1

y = 2 1 x2 x

M1

y 2 = 4 x 2 (1 x 2 )

A1

their

dy

d

dx

their

d

and

2

use sin 2 = 2sin cos

use sin 2 = 1 cos 2

sin , cos in terms of x

Alt

y 2 = sin 2 2 = ( 2sin cos )

= ( 4 ) (1 x 2 ) x 2

= 4 (1 x ) x

2

(B1)

(B1)

(M1)

(A1)

Total

(4)

CSO

MPC4 (cont)

Q

Solution

7(a) 3 1

3 2 = 3 6 + 3 = 0

1 3

= 0 perpendicular

Marks

Total

M1

A1

Comments

= 0 perpendicular seen

( or cos = 0 = 90 )

!

Allow

(b)

8 + 3 = 4 +

6 3 = 2

9 = 11 3

= 2, = 6

verify third equation

intersect at ( 2, 12, 7 ) ,

7(c)

substitute , in third equation

m1 A1

m1

A1

3

0

3

but not 6 = 0

3

M1

intersect at ( 2, 12, 7 )

Alt (for last two marks)

substitute into l1 and into l2

3

6

CAO

(m1)

2

condone 12

7

(A1)

6

"""#

AP = 12

18

M1

AP 2 = 504

AB 2 = 2 AP 2

AB = 12 7

A1F

M1

A1

Total

10

marks in (b)

4

"""#

"""#

AP = their OP 0

11

ft on P

4

11

Calculate AB 2

OE accept 31.7 or better

MPC4 (cont)

Q

8(a)

Solution

1

1

dy = 2 dx

x

1 + 2y

1

1 + 2y

Marks

m1

OE A1 for 1 + 2 y depends on both Ms

A1

1

( +c )

x

1

depends on first M1 only

x

+ c must be seen on previous line

1

ft on k and only

x

need k 1 + 2 y = x expression with + c

and attempt to square both sides

AG be convinced CSO

A1 for

A1

x = 1, y = 4 c = 4

m1

A1F

(b)

Comments

attempt to separate and integrate

M1

dy = k 1+ 2y

1+ 2y =

Total

1 + 2y = 4

x

1 8

2y = 15 + 2

x

x

m1

A1

Total

TOTAL

8

75

11

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