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0 0609

klm

General Certificate of Education

Mathematics 6360

MPC4

Pure Core 4

Mark Scheme

2009 examination - June series

Mark schemes are prepared by the Principal Examiner and considered, together with the relevant

questions, by a panel of subject teachers. This mark scheme includes any amendments made at

the standardisation meeting attended by all examiners and is the scheme which was used by them

in this examination. The standardisation meeting ensures that the mark scheme covers the

candidates responses to questions and that every examiner understands and applies it in the

same correct way. As preparation for the standardisation meeting each examiner analyses a

number of candidates scripts: alternative answers not already covered by the mark scheme are

discussed at the meeting and legislated for. If, after this meeting, examiners encounter unusual

answers which have not been discussed at the meeting they are required to refer these to the

Principal Examiner.

It must be stressed that a mark scheme is a working document, in many cases further developed

and expanded on the basis of candidates reactions to a particular paper. Assumptions about

future mark schemes on the basis of one years document should be avoided; whilst the guiding

principles of assessment remain constant, details will change, depending on the content of a

particular examination paper.

Further copies of this Mark Scheme are available to download from the AQA Website: www.aqa.org.uk

Copyright 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved.

COPYRIGHT

AQA retains the copyright on all its publications. However, registered centres for AQA are permitted to copy material

from this booklet for their own internal use, with the following important exception: AQA cannot give permission to

centres to photocopy any material that is acknowledged to a third party even for internal use within the centre.

Set and published by the Assessment and Qualifications Alliance.

The Assessment and Qualifications Alliance (AQA) is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 3644723) and a registered charity (registered charity number 1073334).

Registered address: AQA, Devas Street, Manchester M15 6EX

Dr Michael Cresswell Director General

M

m or dM

A

B

E

or ft or F

CAO

CSO

AWFW

AWRT

ACF

AG

SC

OE

A2,1

x EE

NMS

PI

SCA

mark is dependent on one or more M marks and is for method

mark is dependent on M or m marks and is for accuracy

mark is independent of M or m marks and is for method and accuracy

mark is for explanation

follow through from previous

incorrect result

correct answer only

correct solution only

anything which falls within

anything which rounds to

any correct form

answer given

special case

or equivalent

2 or 1 (or 0) accuracy marks

deduct x marks for each error

no method shown

possibly implied

substantially correct approach

MC

MR

RA

FW

ISW

FIW

BOD

WR

FB

NOS

G

c

sf

dp

mis-copy

mis-read

required accuracy

further work

ignore subsequent work

from incorrect work

given benefit of doubt

work replaced by candidate

formulae book

not on scheme

graph

candidate

significant figure(s)

decimal place(s)

No Method Shown

Where the question specifically requires a particular method to be used, we must usually see evidence of use of this

method for any marks to be awarded. However, there are situations in some units where part marks would be appropriate,

particularly when similar techniques are involved. Your Principal Examiner will alert you to these and details will be

provided on the mark scheme.

Where the answer can be reasonably obtained without showing working and it is very unlikely that the correct answer can

be obtained by using an incorrect method, we must award full marks. However, the obvious penalty to candidates

showing no working is that incorrect answers, however close, earn no marks.

Where a question asks the candidate to state or write down a result, no method need be shown for full marks.

Where the permitted calculator has functions which reasonably allow the solution of the question directly, the correct

answer without working earns full marks, unless it is given to less than the degree of accuracy accepted in the mark

scheme, when it gains no marks.

Otherwise we require evidence of a correct method for any marks to be awarded.

MPC4

Q

1(a)

Solution

f 1 = 3 1 + 8 1 3 1 5

3

27

9

3

= 5

Marks

()

Total

Use

M1

A1

Comments

1

3

in evaluating f ( x )

No ISW

Evidence of Remainder Theorem

x 2 + 3x

(b)

3 x 1 3 x 3 + 8 x 2 3 x 5

3x3 x 2

9 x 2 3x

9 x 2 3x

b = 3 or x 2 + 3x +

a =1

c

3 x 1

c = 5

Alternative

( 3x 1) ( x 2 + px )

M1

seen; x 2 + px

A1

Explicit or in expression

5

Condone +

3 x 1

B1

5

3x 1

5

3x 1

(M1)

(A1)

(B1)

a =1 b = 3

c= 5

Alternative

f ( x ) = 3ax3 + ( 3b a ) x 2 bx + c

(M1)

a=1 b=3

c = 5

(A1)

(B1)

terms

Alternative

f ( x ) = ( ax 2 + bx ) ( 3x 1) + c

(M1)

3x 1

x 2 + 3x

x = 0 c = 5

x = 1 2a + 2b + c = 3

x = 2 20a +10b + c = 45

a = 1 b =3

(B1)

(A1)

Total

3

5

b, c: substitute 3 values of x and form 3

simultaneous equations, and attempt to

solve; or substitute 3 values of x into

given equation

MPC4 (cont)

Q

2(a) dx

1

= 2

dt

t

Solution

dy

1

= 1 2

dt

2t

Marks

2t 2 1

=

M1

Their

A1

CSO; ISW

dy 1 2 t 2

= 1

2

dx

t

; condone 1 slip

(B1)

1

t

(M1)

(A1)

CSO

f (t )

dy

1

=

dx

2

M1

Substitute t = 1 in

mT = 12 mn = 2

B1F

F on mT 0; if in t numerical later

B1

PI

t =1

( x, y ) = (1, )

( y 32 ) = 2 ( x 1) or

3

2

(c)

dy

dt

dx

dt

(B1)

dy

1

= t2 +

dx

2

(b)

Comments

B1B1

Alternative

1 x

y= +

x 2

dy

1 1

= 2 +

dx

x

2

Substitute x =

Total

y = 2 x + c, c =

1

2

1

y = + 1 1

1 2 t

t

1 x

= +

x 2

2 xy = 2 + x 2 x 2 2 xy + 2 = 0

A1

3

2

g (t )

/ k

= m (1) + c

Attempt to use t = 1x to eliminate t

M1

t, or equivalent

A1

allow k = 2 stated

A1

Alternative

2

1

1 1

2 t +

t

t 2t

= 2

x 2 2 xy + 2 = 0

or

1 1

xy = t +

t 2t

x2

=1 +

2

(M1)

(A1)

Eliminate t

(A1)

3

11

Conclusion, k = 2

MPC4 (cont)

Q

Solution

1

2

3(a)

(1 x ) = 1+ ( 1)( x ) + 12 ( 1. 2 )( x )

= 1+ x + x 2

(b)(i) 3x 1 = A ( 2 3 x ) + B (1 x )

Marks

A1

A = 2

Fully simplified

and solve 3 A B = 3 2 A + B = 1

condone coefficient errors

Both values

M1

m1

A1

B=3

Comments

1 x + kx 2

M1

x= 2

3

x =1

Total

(ii)

2

3 x 1

3

1 x 2 3x = 1 x + 2 3x

)(

)

(

2

= 2 2 x 2 x 2

1 x

1

1

1 3

= 1 x

2 3x 2 2

B1F

= ( p ) 1+ kx + ( kx )

M1

9

3

= ( p ) 1 + x + x 2

4

2

3 x 1

1

1

= 2 (1 x ) + 3 ( 2 3x )

(1 x )( 2 3x )

1 1 11

= + x + x2

2 4

8

(1 kx )

3 x 1

1 1 11

= + x + x2

1

2

3

( x )( x ) 2 4 8

Alternative for ( 2 3x )

1 3

9

= + x + x2

2 4

8

A1

CSO

k = candidates 3 k 1

2

Use (a) or start binomial again;

condone missing brackets and one

error

(M1)

3

9

x + x2

2

4

1

1

3x 1

= ( 3x 1)(1 x ) ( 2 3x )

x

x

1

3

( )(

)

( 3x ) +

M1

(B1)

=1 +

A1

p, k = candidates 1 , 3 , k 1

2 2

Use (a) or start binomial again; condone

missing brackets, and one sign error

= 1 + kx + ( kx )

21 + ( 1)( 2 )

B1

Alternative

1

( 2 3x ) = 12 1 23 x

F on (1 x ) and A

(A1)

(M1)

( 3x 1) both expansions

(m1)

a + bx + cx 2

CSO

n

Using ( a + bx )

(A1)

( 1)( 2 )( 2 ) ( 3x )

3

(M1)

(A1)

(A1)

x 2 term

MPC4 (cont)

Q

Solution

(c) 2 < 3x < 2

2 < x < 2

3

3

Marks

M1

Total

A1

Comments

PI, or any equivalent form

Condone ; accept

CSO; allow x

x<

Total

4(a)(i)

(ii)

A = 12499

k 36 =

B1

7000

their A

kt =

5000

their A

A )

( t = 56.89 )

n = 57

Alternative ; trial and improvement on

5000 = 12499 0.984025t

2 values of t 40

1 value of t 50 < t < 60

n = 57

2

, or

3

2

2

and x >

3

3

p=

M1

36

or ( 0.56 ( 00448...) )

or k = 36 7000

12499

k = 0.984025

(b)

13

1

2

2

or x

3

3

7000

= 0.560044803

12499

1 log p

k = 10 36

A1

1 ln p

k = e 36

AG

or k = 100.00699...

or k = e 0.016103...

M1

5000

= 0.400032...; condone 4999

12499

m1

A1

n integer;

(M1)

(m1)

(A1)

3/3

n = 57

n = 56

0/3

n = 56.9

2/3

Total

n = 57

CAO

MPC4 (cont)

Q

5

Solution

dy

dy

8 x + 2 y = 3 y + 3x

dx

dx

Marks

B1

at (1,3) (gradient)

(b)(i)

dy 1

=

dx 3

A1

cos 2 x = 2cos x 1

3 ( 2cos 2 x 1) + 7 cos x + 5

A1

M1

cos x = 1

2

A1

cos x = 2

3

= sin 1

M1

= 23.2

A1

4

their R

+ = sin 1

(ii)

h2 =1 + 2 2

Substitute candidates cos 2x in terms of

cos x

Attempt factors; formula

(a and c correct; allow one slip)

Accept 0.5, 0.67

1

2

x = cos 1 ; cos 1

2

3

Accept 7.6 or better

3

OE = sin 1

7

AWRT 23.2 (23.1985)

Candidates R ,

A1F

A1

Two solutions only, but ignore out of

range

M1

A1

M1

4

2

9

CSO

M1

h = 3 cos = 1

3

sin 2 =

B1

R = 58

dy

dx

6 cos 2 x + 7 cos x + 2 ( = 0 )

= 8.5

= 125.1

(c)(i)

B1

M1

their R

(ii)

M1

A1

Total

(ii)

Comments

B1

8 x and 4 0

dy

2y

dx

dy

3 y + 3x

dx

6(a)(i)

Total

A1

Total

AG

9

15

MPC4 (cont)

Q

7(a)

Solution

( AB = ) ( 4 3) + ( 0 2 ) + (1 5)

2

AB = 21

(b)

4 = 6 + 2 = 1

0 = 1+ ( 1) ( 1)

Total

A1

A1

Comments

Condone one sign error in one bracket

= 1

M1

1 = 5 + ( 1) 4

Special case

6

2 4

1 + 1 = 0 ,

5

4 1

Marks

M1

6 2 4

Accept for M1A1 1 1 = 0

5 4 1

M1 condone 1 slip

2

2

1 = 1

4

4

= 1

(B2)

3

1 6

2

2 + 3 = 1 + 1

5

8 5

4

M1

PI by two equations in or

m1

and solve for or

A1

2

CAO condone 1

3

(c)

3 = 6 + 2

eliminate or

2 + 3 = 1

= 2 or = 1

C has coordinates ( 2, 1, 3)

BC 2 = ( 2 4 ) + ( 0 1) + (1 3)

2

A1

M1

BC = 21

AB = BC (= 21)

A1

Total

angles

6

10

AB = BC or A = C ( = 20.2 ) stated

MPC4 (cont)

Q

8(a)

Solution

x dx = 150cos 2t dt

Marks

B1

1 x 2 = 75sin 2t

2

B1B1

( 20, 4 )

(+ C )

( )

1 202 = 75sin 2 + C

2

4

C = 125

M1

x = 19.1 ( cm )

or

A1

129

( = 0.86 )

150

2t = 1.035.. , 4.176...

M1

t = 2.1( seconds )

A1

sin 2t =

Total

TOTAL

10

1

150

2

( )

4

2

F on x = k sin 2t

A1F

A1

x = 11

Correct integrals

M1

x = 150sin 2t + 250

(ii)

Comments

Correct separation; condone missing

signs; must see dx, dt

Accept

(b)(i)

Total

with numerical k and t

AWRT

2

10

75

AWRT

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