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Name: Chinasa Aneke

Date: January 29, 2015

Course: Chemistry 0130
Section Number: 509
Instructors Name: Fozia Madhany
Research Topic: Artificial Sweeteners

Annotated Bibliography
Health Canada. (2010). Sugar substitutes. Retrieved January 24, 2015, from http://www.hcsc.gc .ca /fn-an/securit/addit/sweeten-edulcor/index-eng.php
This webpage informs Canadians about the safety, regulatory status, manufacture,
and uses of artificial sweeteners. The evidence of the safety of these sweeteners is
based on scientific studies and research. The content is composed by Health
Canada, a healthcare department of the Federal Government. This source
mentions why certain sugar substitutes (artificial sweeteners) are considered to be
detrimental to the body.
Generally, the content of this webpage supports the idea that artificial sweeteners
do not cause harm to the body. Although, studies disclose that some sweeteners
can cause cancer. Consequently, the use of those sweeteners was limited. This
source is useful because it provides meaningful, accurate information concerning
the safety and legitimate approval of the use of artificial sweeteners. It relates to
my larger topic because it answers my questions regarding the safety status of
artificial sweeteners on the human body by stating that the intake of certain
sweeteners is harmless. However, the source does not indicate whether or not the
consumption of sugar substitutes have a harmful effect on diabetic or obese
people. Nevertheless, this website is reliable because its informative, unbiased
and supported by evidence through research performed by Health Canada

Mercola, J. M. (2014). How artificial sweeteners confuse your body into storing fat and inducing
diabetes. Retrieved January 25, 2015, from
/archive /2014/12/23/artificial-sweeteners-confuse-body.aspx
This content is written by Dr. Mercola, an osteopathic physician who is involved
in the healthcare industry, to inform the public about the potential danger of
artificial sweeteners. This source argues the idea that artificial sweeteners dont
cause any harm to the body, therefore it contradicts my other two sources. Recent
research published in several journals reveals that artificial sweeteners stimulate
the body to gain weight and elevate blood sugar levels, causing a health risk to
diabetic and non-diabetic people.
This source is useful because the information provided can improve ones health.
It relates to my larger topic through the facts presented regarding the effects of
artificial sweeteners on the body. This source is credible because it is composed
by a reliable doctor. Its also informative and current which implies that its
information is likely to be accurate since it is up to date.
von Rymon Lipinski, G.-W. (2000). Sweeteners. In G. Bellussi et al. (Eds.), Ullmanns
encyclopedia of industrial chemistry (7th ed.). Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley
.com /doi/10.1002/14356007.a26_023/full
This encyclopedia article is targeted to individuals with a university level
knowledge of chemistry. The author is Professor Gert-Wolfhard von Rymon
Lipinski, a professor in the field of Food Sciences at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe
University in Frankfurt, Germany; he is also an expert in the field of sweeteners.
He was the chairman of the scientific department of the International Sweeteners

Association, and he has also published books with several authors. The entrys
content includes the production, uses, toxicology, legislation, safety, advantages
and disadvantages of all the sweeteners. The author raises public awareness about
low calorie sweeteners and outlines that artificial sweeteners can contribute to a
healthy diet. The primary points most essential to my topic are the safety,
toxicology, and legislation of artificial sweeteners.
This topic relates to chemistry in the sense that sweeteners are low calorie
chemicals containing molecules that create a sweet taste when consumed. This
source answers the research question by providing quality information stating that
sugar substitutes (artificial sweeteners) do not have detrimental effects on diabetic
or obese people, as long as the consumption of these sweeteners are in
moderation. This source is trustworthy because the author is an expert in the field
and research has been performed to support the idea that moderate intake of
artificial sweeteners is safe.