You are on page 1of 45

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

FYP Proposal Offering

Semester 1 2010/2011

July 13, 2010

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

2

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

Introduction

3

Final year project (FYP) is a two-semester long course offered in the both Communications and CIE (Computer and Information Engineering) programmes at the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering as an integral part of the curricula.

It is divided into two parts which is called FYP1 and FYP2 with three (3) credit hours each. However, FYP shall be considered as a special subject which is intended to provide avenue to students to actualize their dreams as graduating engineers by integrating knowledge they have acquired in the first three years of study with their spirit for intellectual pursuit. It is expected that students will gain experience to develop skills of problem solving, team work, professional responsibility and technical report writing. These skills are essential for student who wants to succeed in their professional carrier as engineer.

Students taking FYP must be fully aware that FYP requires more time and efforts compared to other subjects. FYP is an avenue whereby students are expected to behave independently and responsibly with adequate supervision.

Specifically this course has specified the following learning outcomes (LO):

Upon completion of this course, students should be able to:

  • 1. Plan for engineering project utilizing relevant engineering principles and theories to design, built, operate, simulate and analyze to develop new product or process.

  • 2. Propose effective engineering solutions through the application of mathematics, science and engineering fundamentals.

  • 3. Design experiments to collect, archive and interpret data in order to make relevant decision on the performance of a communication/electronic/computer product.

  • 4. Evaluate specific engineering design in terms of the social, cultural, global and environmental responsibilities of an engineer.

  • 5. Practice ethical and professional norms for the implementation of engineering projects.

  • 6. Present technical and scientific findings effectively through written and oral mode with the aid of multimedia tools.

Therefore, it is highly expected that students will carefully decide which project to take. The decision shall come from a full conscience of all the consequences and commitment required in order to complete the subject successfully.

This compilation of offered FYP titles is meant to provide students with essential information of the projects. It is expected that students will use it to find necessary literature to understand the subject before enquiring the respective candidate supervisors.

We pray to Allah S.W.T. that He guide all of us and give us strength to strive for goodness. We also pray to Allah that he guide our beloved students to excel in their completion of the FYP. May Allah accept all efforts spent in this endeavor and reward it as good deeds. Amin

FYP Committee,

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

4

REGISTRATION FLOW CHART

After discussing with respective supervisor and getting verbal approval from him/her, please follow this procedure.

Do you have iium student email account activated?

Yes

Register online. http://staff.iium.edu.my/unggul/

fyp1registration.htm

Deadline: 23/7/2010

Activate your student email account

No

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011 4 REGISTRATION FLOW CHART
Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011 4 REGISTRATION FLOW CHART

Make sure you fill in all fields correctly before pressing send button.

Successful registration message

Receive Confirmation of Registration

 

Email will be sent by 30 July

via email. Keep the registration form as a proof of registration.

2010

Complete
Complete

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

5

 

TITLE

 

Radio propagation measurement at 2.39GHz for Wireless Body Area Network

 
 

SUPERVISOR

 

Akhmad Unggul Priantoro

 

SUMMARY

 

Wireless Body area network (WBAN) is a network of body-attached (wearable/implanted) devices that monitor body parameters/movements, which is essential for healthcare services of the future. FCC (Federal Communication Commission) of the US has considered frequency of 2.39 GHz (20 MHz wide) to be allocated for WBAN. This project is a continuation of previous project which aims to reduce the antenna bandwidth and improving the accuracy of measurement campaigns conducted such as consideration of the environment effect, absorption by human body, etc.

 

This project will also cover analysis of gathered data in order to characterize the radio propagation such as path loss exponent as a function of distance, effect of antenna radiation patterns and position to the propagation path loss.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To improve the antenna for WBAN (reducing bandwidth)

 
  • 2. Conducting measurement of designed antenna’s radiation pattern

  • 3. Analyze the measurement results

 
 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

  • 2. Design (including simulation) and fabrication of antennas

 
  • 3. Measurement of near-body radio propagation characteristics

  • 4. Data analysis

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. Oestges, C.

van Roy, S.

Horlin, F.

De Doncker, P,” A Spatially-Correlated Tappe d Delay Line Model for Body

Area Networks,” VTC 2008 Fall, 21-24 Sept 2008

  • 2. Mohammad Ilyas Hasni and Hatim Kassim,” FYP Report: Radio Channel Measurement for Body Area Network,” Kulliyyah of Engineering, May 2010

 
 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
 
  • 1. Library for literature survey

 
  • 2. Antenna design software and fabrication facilities (available)

 
  • 3. Network Vector Analyzer (VNA) (available)

 
  • 4. Spectrum Analyzer (available)

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

6

 

TITLE

 

Design and simulation of micro acoustic energy harvesters

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Anis Nurashikin Nordin

 

SUMMARY

 

The drive for green technology devices which are self-sustaining and self-powered has become increasingly crucial in a world of depleting natural energy resources. The trend is to generate ‘clean’ energy which does not depend on natural fossil fuels which are limited and hazardous to the environment. Ambient energy produced by various environment sources such as solar, wind, light and vibration can be transformed into useful electrical energy and can be used to power numerous electrical appliances. This work involves the design and simulation of a novel green, nano energy harvester which is formed using Aluminium doped Zinc Oxide (AZO) diaphragm on a silicon substrate with Al electrodes. The project will involve development of the simulation model of the proposed resonator using equivalent circuits and 3D finite element models. The resonator’s device dimensions will be optimized to produce maximum electrical power output.

 
 

OBJECTIVES

 

i) Design a nano-sized Aero-acoustic energy harvester

ii) Development of a theoretical model describing the equivalent circuit model of the acoustic energy harvester.

iii) Development of a 3-D finite-element model of the nano aero-acoustic energy harvester

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 

1.

Literature review

2.

Design and simulation of the equivalent circu it model for the acoustic energy harvester.

3.

Design and simulation of the finite element model for the acoustic energy harvester.

4.

Data analysis

 

REFERENCES

 

[1]

A. P. Joseph, "Energy Scavenging for Mobile and Wireless Electronics," vol. 4, S. Thad, Ed., 2005, pp. 18-27.

[2]

S. L. Kok, N. M. White, and N. R. Harris, "Free-standing thick-film piezoelectric device," Electronics Letters, vol. 44, pp. 280- 281, 2008.

[3]

J. Q. Liu, H. B. Fang, Z. Y. Xu, X. H. Mao, X. C. Shen, D. Chen, H. Liao, and B. C. Cai, "A MEMS-based piezoelectric power generator array for vibration energy harvesting," Microelectronics Journal, vol. 39, pp. 802-806, 2008.

[4]

S. Roundy, P. K. Wright, and J. M. Rabaey, Energy scavenging for wireless sensor networks: with special focus on vibrations:

 

Springer Netherlands, 2004.

 

[5]

S. Priya and D. J. Inman, "Energy harvesting technologies," 2008.

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 

1.

Library for literature survey

2.

Orcad/Cadence circuit simula tion software (available)

3.

COMSOL finite element mode ling software (available)

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

7

 

TITLE

 

Design and development of an impedance based biosensor

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Anis Nurashikin Nordin (ECE) & Maizirwan Mel (BIO)

 

SUMMARY

 

Electric cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS) method can be used as a valuable tool for real time monitoring of cell behavior such as attachment, mobility, and growth. Changes in impedance of the cells due to growth and attachment can be modeled as an equivalent circuit consisting of resistors and capacitors of both the cell culture media and the cells. Cell-based sensing techniques provide continuous and real-time measurements making it more efficient compared to existing methods of microscopic observation. In this work, a biosensor which measures the impedance in breast cancer cells, Michigan Cancer Foundation – 7 or MCF-7 will be designed and tested. The biosensor will be designed and fabricated on a printed circuit board and combined with a small Teflon cell holder. Impedance measurements of the MCF-7 cells will be used to deduce the cancer cell behaviors in different environments. An electrical model of the cells will be developed and simulated. This electrical equivalent circuit will provide a theoretical electrical model of the biological cancer cells.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To design a simple biosensor which can detect impedance of cancer cells.

  • 2. To develop and utilize skills in printed circuit board fabrication to fabricate a biosensor.

  • 3. To analyze impedance measurement results and extract a simple RLC circuit based on the measurement results.

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

  • 2. Design of the biosensor using printed circuit board design software.

  • 3. Fabrication of the biosensor using printed circuit board techniques.

  • 4. Impedance measurements of the fabricated biosensor.

  • 5. Simulation of the RLC model extracted from the measured results.

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. I. Giaever and C. R. Keese, "Use of Electric Fields to Monitor the Dynamical Aspect of Cell Behavior in Tissue Culture," Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on , vol. BME-33, pp. 242-247, 1986.

  • 2. D. J. Stephens and V. J. Allan, "Light microscopy techniques for live cell imaging," Science , vol. 300, pp. 82,

2003.

  • 3. X. Huang, D. W. Greve, D. D. Nguyen, and M. M. Domach, "Impedance based bios ensor array for monitoring mammalian cell behavior," presented at Sensors, 2003. Proceedings of IEEE, 2003.

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey

  • 2. Printed circuit board software and fabrication equipment (available)

  • 3. Impedance Analyzer (available)

  • 4. Spice software for simulation of extr acted equivalent circuit (available)

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

8

 

TITLE

 

Design and development of a programmable photoresist spinner

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Anis Nurashikin Nordin (ECE)

 

SUMMARY

 

Photolithography is a critical process in the manufacturing of silicon integrated circuits (ICs). The spinner is an essential device for the deposition of a uniform and well-controlled photoresist layer on top of the silicon wafer. To attain uniform layer thickness, it is crucial to have a high angular speed, which leads to a high centrifugal force that acts on the resist fluid to move away from the center of the substrate. The Programmable Photoresist Spinner improves the precision control of the angular speed and acceleration. This component will aid in the development of discrete silicon devices such as the ICs for the micro-fabrication purposes.

The program prompts the user for inputs and the Motorola 68HC11 / Intel 8088 processes high-level commands and outputs signals to the motor control subsystem. The system is designed to accept user inputs for key parameters such as speed, acceleration and spin times for a given load.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To develop microprocessor (Intel or Motorola) programming skills.

  • 2. To develop skills in integrating mechanical and electrical concepts in a single system.

  • 3. Analyze

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

  • 2. Design (drawings) of mechanical system

  • 3. Programming the microprocessor.

  • 4. Measurement of duty cycle output of the microprocessor.

  • 5. Measurement of the spinner speed and acceleration with respect to the microprocessor input.

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. Balain, K.S., Singh, I., “Simple design of a photoresis t spinner”, J. Sci. Instrum, 1967, vol. 44, pp.655

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey

  • 2. Microprocessor and microprocessor programming software (available)

  • 3. Computer Aided Design Software to de sign mechanical system (available)

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

9

 

TITLE

 

Security Enhancement of Credit Card Purchasing System

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Dr. Ahmed Wathik Naji

 

SUMMARY

 

The low security of the online purchasing systems using credit card presents countless opportunities for fraud. This opportunity has created a huge black market in stolen credit card numbers, which are generally used quickly before the cards are reported stolen. Most internet fraud is done through the use of stolen credit card information which is obtained in many ways, the simplest being copying information from retailers, either online or offline. The problem is, all that valuable information is located on the physical credit card That is why the credit card online purchasing losses reached very high rates. This research aims to enhance the security of credit card purchasing through incorporate a fingerprint authentication with the currently authentication scheme to achieve a foolproof authentication system.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To design an integrated model for credit card online purchasing that enha nces the online purchasing security.

  • 2. To develop a prototype as a real time implantation that integrates the current authentication techniques with biometrics.

  • 3. To evaluate the performance of the prototype in terms of accuracy and processing time.

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

  • 2. Design a model for credit card online purchasing based on fingerprint authentication.

  • 3. Carry out a prototype through utilizing commercial fingerprint reader to capture and enrol the fingerprint template.

  • 4. Evaluating and testing the prototype in different experiments.

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. Chikkerur, S. S .(2005) .Online Fingerprint Verification System. M.Sc. Thesis, State University of New York, Buffalo.

  • 2. Jain, A. K., Flynn, P., & Ross, A. A. (2008). Handbook of Biometrics. New York, NY, USA: Spring. pp:1-3.

  • 3. Woong-Sik, K., Byung-Ik, K., & Yun-Seung, C. (2006). An Credit Card Verification System by Biometric Method. Paper presented at ICARCV '06. 9th International Conference on the Control, Automation, Robotics and Vision, 2006. 1-4. 7: 3831 – 3837,

10.1109/ICMLC.2007.4370814.

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. BSAPI 3.0 for Linux SDK.

  • 2. Linux, Ubuntu 9.04 environment.

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

10

 

TITLE

 

Spectrum Allocation and sharing for coex istence of macrocell and femtocell

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Dr. Rashid A. Saeed

 

SUMMARY

 

A flexible spectrum sharing for coexistence of macrocell and femtocell is needed to avoid harm interference from both sides. In such a networking environment, shared spectrum and dedicated spectrum are two common options in femtocell-macrocell spectrum allocation. Dedicated spectrum allocation has many disadvantages like, spectrum scarcity, spectrum efficiency and cost are the major problems associated with dedicated spectrum allocation. Spectrum sharing scheme can be a best solution for femtocell-macrocell and femtocell- femtocell scenarios. An efficient method for spectrum sharing will be developed and verification of coexistence will be discussed as well.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To reduce the interference between FAP and mBS,

  • 2. To improve the overall system capacity, i.e. data rate

  • 3. To efficient spectrum utilization

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

  • 2. Mathematical model for coexistence mechanism

  • 3. Simulate the proposed scheme (using Matlab)

  • 4. Results analysis

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. V. Chandrasekhar, J. Andrews, “Upli nk Capacity and Interference Avoidance for Two-Tier Cellular Networks“, In GLOBECOM '07, IEEE, Washington DC, 2007, p. 5.

  • 2. Yong Bai, Juejia Zhou, Lan Chen “Hybrid Spectru m Usage for Overlaying LTE Macrocell and Femtocell”, GLOBECOM" 2009

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey

  • 2. Simulation tools (Matlab)

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

11

 

TITLE

 

Design of Power Amplifier (PA) for Millimeter-wave systems

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Dr. Rashid A. Saeed

 

SUMMARY

 

Millimeter-wave (MMW) gigabit per second point-to-point communication links [1] have grown in recent years. These emerging systems using non-constant envelope modulations have stringent requirements on the efficiency and linearity of the power amplifiers (PAs). Although many linearization techniques have been studied in MMW to improve the linearity of the PAs and transmitter, however the PA efficiency is still a problematic. This project is intended to design and develop a power amplifier (PA) with post-distortion linearization at millimeter-wave (MMW) frequency band.

 
 

OBJECTIVES

 

1.

To develop and design an enhanced PA for MMW applications

2.

To improve efficiency and linearity simultaneously in MMW PA design

3.

To improve the the inter-modulati on distortion (IMD) in the design

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 

1.

Literature review

2.

Circuit design,

3.

To Select the suitable PA class with the MMW,

4.

To develop the MMIC layout,

5.

Results discussions.

 

REFERENCES

 

1.

  • K. Tsukamoto, S. Komaki, K. Takanashi, A. Kanazawa, Y. Shoji, H. Ogawa, M. Yoshikawa, S. Asami, M. Kaneta,

 
  • Y. Suzuki, and Y. Serizawa, “Development of gigab it millimeter-wave broadband wireless access system—system

overview,” in Proc. Asia-Pacific Microw. Conf., Seoul, Korea, 2003, pp. 957–960.

 

2.

K. Ohata, K. Maruhashi, M. Ito, and T. Nishiumi, "Millimeter-Wave Broadband Transceivers" NEC Journal of Advanced Technology, Vol. 2, No. 3, July 2005, pp. 211-216.

3.

K. Ohata, K. Maruhashi, M. Ito, S., et al. "Wirele ss 1.25 Gb/s Transceiver Module at 60 GHz-Band" ISSCC 2002, Paper 17.7, pp. 298-299.

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 

1.

Library for literature survey

2.

Microwave simulation software (available)

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

12

 

TITLE

 

Influence of Velocity on the Handover Dela y propagation at Road-Side Units (RSUs)

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Dr. Rashid A. Saeed

 

SUMMARY

 

In WLAN based vehicular communications the main challenge is the high velocity of the stations (STAs), which leads to frequent handover between access points (AP), which called road-side units (RSUs). Many publications addressed the IEEE802.11 amendments communication channel between AP i.e. 802.11f/r/s; however, all these standards struggle at high velocity scenario as in vehicular communication scenario. Some other upper layers solutions has been implemented successfully in mobile-IP techniques, but this also associated with unavoidable delay especially in the real time communication i.e. VOIP. In this project we will introduce a new field in the TDMA frame for backbone communication. TDMA is used as an encapsulation protocol for CSMA/CA to avoid the delay associated with contention in CSMA/CA. the influence of the velocity on handover will be studied for the previous solutions and compared with the current proposals. The new scheme will be simulated in ns-2.

 
 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To enhance the delay propagation asso ciated with RSUs interworking

 
  • 2. To reduce the influence of velocity in HO delay,

  • 3. Improve the QoS for the real time applications.

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

  • 2. develop a new scheme for RSU interworking,

 
  • 3. simulate the developed scheme

  • 4. Results’ discussions.

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. Lee, Jae-hwang, Kim, Pyung-soo, L ee, Hak-goo, “Handover method in WLAN and mobile node device performing handover in WLAN,” United States Patent 7599330.

 
  • 2. Balkrishna Sharma Gukhool, Soumaya Cherkaoui, " Hand ling handovers in vehicular communications using an

IEEE 802.11p model in NS-2 " International Journal of Ultra Wideband Communications and Systems 2010 - Vol.

1, No.3

pp. 159 - 168

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey

  • 2. Ns-2 simulation (available)

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

13

 

TITLE

 

Performance Evaluation of Lossless Sp eech and Audio Compre ssion Algorithms

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Teddy Surya Gunawan

 

SUMMARY

 

Speech and audio compression if a form of data compression designed to reduce the transmission bandwidth requirement and/or the storage size of speech and audio signals. Different from lossy audio compression such as MP3, lossless audio compression produces an exact replication of the original audio stream. Compression ratios are found to be around 50 to 60% of the original size. This project aims to evaluate the performance of various lossless speech and audio compression algorithms. The evaluation criteria will include speed of compression and decompression, degree of compression, open source versus proprietary, and robustness and error correction.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To study various lossless speech and audio compression algorithms

  • 2. To select and set up the lossless speech and audio compression algorithms

  • 3. To evaluate the performance

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

  • 2. Select and set up the platform for speech and audio comp ression, including compilatio n of the source code, and selection of speech and audio files.

  • 3. Performance evaluation and data analysis

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. M. Hans, R.W. Schafer, "Lossless compression of digital audio," IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, 2001.

  • 2. L. Hanzo, C. Somerville, J. Woodard, Voice and Audio Compression for Wireless Communications , Wiley-IEEE Press, 2007.

  • 3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki /Comparison_of_audio_codecs

  • 4. http://flac.sourceforge.net/comparison.html

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey

  • 2. Computers at Mobile Communication Laboratory

  • 3. Matlab and MS-Visual C++ 2010 Express

Note: Only students which familiar with MS-Visual C++ (fo r compiling the source code) an d Matlab (for evaluation and data analysis) need to apply.

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

14

 

TITLE

 

Parallel Algorithms for Edge Detection on Cluster Computers

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Teddy Surya Gunawan

 

SUMMARY

 

Cluster computer has been used for high performance computing platform for scientific and engineering applications. Cluster computers is a group of linked computers working together closely so that they form a single computer. Basic image processing routines, such as edge detection using Sobel operator, Canny edge detector, Robert operator, and other algorithms, are very well suited for parallel processing, especially if the image size is large. In 2006, new toolboxes, i.e. Parallel Computing Toolbox and Matlab Distributed Computing Server, were introduced in Matlab that facilitates the design and implementation of parallel algorithms. The objective of this project is to develop and implement parallel edge detection algorithms on cluster system. The performance of the parallel algorithm will be evaluated in terms of speed up, while the efficiency of the parallel program will be analyzed using Amdahl’s law. It is expected that the speed up achieved will be as close as possible to the number of computers in a cluster provided that an efficient parallelization can be accomplished.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To study parallel architectures and algorithms

  • 2. To set up a front end for parallel processing using Matlab toolboxes

  • 3. To implement edge detection algor ithms on the cluster computers

  • 4. To evaluate the performance

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

  • 2. Set up a parallel processing platform on Matlab cluster computers

  • 3. Develop and implement parallel edge detection algorithm

  • 4. Performance evaluation and data analysis

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. T. Braunl, "Tutorial in Data Parallel Image Processing," Australian Journal of Intelligent Information Processing Systems (AJIIPS), Vol. 6 (3), pp. 164-174, 2001.

  • 2. J. Kepner, Parallel MATLAB for Multicore and Multinode Com puters(Software, Environments, and Tools) , Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2009.

  • 3. Q. Zhang, R.T. Guy, R.J. Plemmons, "Matrix Struct ures and Parallel Algorithms for Image Superresolution Reconstruction," SIAM. J. Matrix Anal. & Appl. Vol. 31(4), pp. 1873-1893, 2010.

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey

  • 2. A cluster of 4 computers at Mobile Communication Laboratory

  • 3. Matlab Parallel Computing Toolbox a nd Matlab Distributed Computing Server installed in each computer

Note: Only students with a good Matlab programming backgr ound need to apply. A good command in signal and image processing will be an added advantage.

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

15

 

TITLE

 

Design and FPGA prototyping of high speed Carry Select Adder (8-bit)

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Muhammad Ibn Ibrahimy

 

SUMMARY

 

The algorithm for the design is based on the carry-select adde r technique, where the operands are sliced for partial additions. The choice of slices reduces the time delay associat ed with each partial addition equivalent to a single gate (two input XOR gate) delay. FPGAs are very reliable, cost effective and quick to market. FPGAs are electronically reconfigurable which makes them essential in algorith m development and design verification resulting in fast prototyping.

 

OBJECTIVES

 

The aim of this project is to reduce carry propagation delay and resource (hardware) sharing.

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. VHDL modeling

  • 2. Simulation

  • 3. Synthesis and

  • 4. FPGA realization

 

REFERENCES

 
 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Available software i.e., FPGA Advantage / Quartu s II will be used for the entire project work.

  • 2. Relevant documents, hardware and software are available at VLSI Design Lab.

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

16

 

TITLE

 

VHDL modeling of Intelligent Traffic Light control system

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Muhammad Ibn Ibrahimy

 

SUMMARY

 

The traditional traffic signal control system has become incr easingly difficult to adapt to changes in traffic flow in different time-slots. Therefore, adjustable intelligent traffic control system is re quired for the city’s intersections based on the time, structure of the intersections and changes of tr affic flow. The design procedure will improve the reliability and flexibility by overcoming the limitations of traditional traffic signal control system.

 

OBJECTIVES

 

The project is to carry out by modeling the design of mult i-phase (2-phase/3-phase/4-phase) intelligent traffic light control system.

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. VHDL modeling

  • 2. Simulation and

  • 3. Synthesis using Quartus II

 

REFERENCES

 
 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Available software i.e., Quartus II will be used for the entire project work.

  • 2. Relevant documents, hardware and software are available at VLSI Design Lab.

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

17

 

TITLE

 

Design of IEEE standard floating-point multiplier on FPGA

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Muhammad Ibn Ibrahimy

 

SUMMARY

 

Floating points operations are widely used in modern rada r system, digital signal processing, multimedia etc. to maintain high degree of precision. FPGAs are becoming more suitable because of its high operating frequencies, low cost, low power consumption a nd simple hardware system.

 

OBJECTIVES

 

The aim is to design of a high speed floating point multiplier using VHDL in Quar tus II for FPGA realization.

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 

The prototyping of multiplier module will be performed in a top-down approach. Correct functional behavior will be validated using ModelSim. Later, the designed floating point multiplier module will be tested on ALTERA DE2 FPGA board.

 

REFERENCES

 
 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Available software i.e., FPGA Advantage / Quartu s II will be used for the entire project work.

  • 2. Relevant documents, hardware and software are available at VLSI Design Lab.

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

18

 

TITLE

 

Design and hardware modeling of Decimal Adder in FPGA

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Muhammad Ibn Ibrahimy

 

SUMMARY

 

Decimal arithmetic plays a key role in data processing envir onments such as commercial, financial and internet-based applications. Currently, Binary Coded Decimal (BCD) is used for decimal ar ithmetic algorithm implementations though other coding systems available. Decimal carry-chain and ri pple-carry adders will be implemented on Quartus II FPGA platform.

 

OBJECTIVES

 

The aim of this project is to hardware modeling of d ecimal arithmetic units which is widely open and potential improvements are still waiting.

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. VHDL modeling

  • 2. Simulation

  • 3. Synthesis and

  • 4. FPGA realization

 

REFERENCES

 
 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Available software i.e., FPGA Advantage / Quartu s II will be used for the entire project work.

  • 2. Relevant documents, hardware and software are available at VLSI Design Lab.

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

19

 

TITLE

 

Mobile Detector for Smart Mobile Phone Jammer

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Jalel Chebil

 

SUMMARY

 

The last few years have witnessed a dramatic boom in the wireless communications industry, which causes an increase in number of mobile users. This evolution of communication gives numerous advantages and convenience for mobile user, however, the ringing of mobile phone becomes troublesome and annoying, especially in places where silence is required such as Mosques, University lecture rooms, libraries, concert halls, meeting rooms etc. A possible solution for this problem is to use an intelligent jamming device capable of preventing cell phones that operate within a restricted area. This project will study one of an important component of this jamming device is to mobile phone detector. Its role is to detect any active mobile phone present in the restricted area.

 

OBJECTIVES

 

The mobile phone detector should

  • 1. detect any active mobile phone present in the restricted area.

  • 2. determine its location

  • 3. send information to the main system

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

  • 2. Design (including simulation)

  • 3. Testing

  • 4. Fabrication

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. Wan Faziati bt Wan Sa’ari, Nur Nadia bt Kamaruzaman, “Inteligent mobile phone jammer”, FYP, IIUM 2010.

  • 2. Azzam, S., Hijazi, A. and Mahmoudy, A., “Smart jammer for mobile phone systems”, American University of Beirut, 2000.

  • 3. Poisel, Richard. “Modern communications jamming principles and techniques, Boston ; London : Artech House, c2004.

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 4. Library for literature survey

  • 5. Network Vector Analyzer (VNA) (available)

  • 6. Spectrum Analyzer (available)

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

20

 

TITLE

 

Smart Antenna for Intelligent Mobile Phone Jammer

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Jalel Chebil

 

SUMMARY

 

The last few years have witnessed a dramatic boom in the wireless communications industry, which causes an increase in number of mobile users. This evolution of communication gives numerous advantages and convenience for mobile user, however, the ringing of mobile phone becomes troublesome and annoying, especially in places where silence is required such as Mosques, University lecture rooms, libraries, concert halls, meeting rooms etc. A possible solution for this problem is to use an intelligent jamming device capable of preventing cell phones that operate within a restricted area. This project will study one of an important component of this jamming device is to design a smart antenna.

 
 

OBJECTIVES

 

To

design a smart antenna capable of

  • 1. determining the angle of arrivals of any incoming signal fr om any mobile phone present in the restricted area, and

 
  • 2. steering beams of the radiated jammed signal toward all intruding mobile phone in their respective location.

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

 
  • 2. Design (including simulation)

 
 
  • 3. Testing

  • 4. fabrication

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. Frank Gross , “Smart Antennas for Wireless Communications”, McGraw-Hill Book, 2005.

 
  • 2. Ibrahim Abidrahman H. Adam, “Design and optimization of linear array antenna for smart antenna application “, MSc. Thesis 2010, IIUM.

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey

 
 
  • 2. Antenna lab

 
  • 3. Network Vector Analyzer (VNA) (available)

 
  • 4. Spectrum Analyzer (available)

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

21

 

TITLE

 

Voice Recognition System for Learning the Recitation of the Quran

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Jalel Chebil

 

SUMMARY

 

Voice recognition is basically the process of taking the spoken word and then converts it to the language only understood by computers. Although, many voice recognition systems have been developed for western languages, only few researches can be found on the Arabic language with low accuracy. The need to develop software that can recognize Quran recitation is increasingly crucial as more people from the Arab and Muslims world are engaging with technology. This research is intended to examine different voice recognition system and test them on Quran recitation, However, to build a voice recognition system a voice database is required. Database of the best Quran recitation going to be used for training and comparison purpose

 
 

OBJECTIVES

 

The main objectives of this research is to establish a platform for the development of a voice recognition software that can assist in learning the Quran recitation rules (tajwīd),

 
 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 

The following are the activities that will be executed and implemented during the period of the research

 
 
  • 1. A survey on the current/previous voice recognition techniques.

  • 2. Collecting materials and data for Quranic recitations.

  • 3. Analysis of pronunciations to identity characteristics of correct pronunciation and methods to achieve them.

  • 4. Develop or select a software for Quranic voice recognition,

  • 5. Testing the voice recognition software on Quranic recitation database.

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. Elhadj, Y.O.M., Alghamdi, M., Alkanhal, M., Alansari, A.M. (2009). Sound Corpus of a part of the noble Quran (in Arabic). Proc. of the International Conference on the Glorious Quran and Contemporary Technologies, King Fahd Complex for the Printing of the Holy Quran, Almadinah, Saudi Arabia, October 13-15.

  • 2. Alghamdi, M., Elhadj, Y.O.M, Alkanhal, M. A. (2007). Manual System to Segment and Transcribe Arabic Speech. Proc. of IEEE/ICSPC'07, pp. 233-236, Dubai, UAE.

  • 3. Razak, Zaidi., Ibrahim, Noor Jamaliah Ibrahim., Tamil, Emaran Mohd., Yousoff, Mohd Yakub @ Zulkifly Mohd. Abdul Rahman, Noor Naemah. (2008). Quranic Verse Recitation Recognition Module for Support in j-QAF Learning: A review. IJCSNS international Journal of Computer Science and Network Security. VOL 8. No. 8.

  • 4. Tabbal, Hassan., El Falou, Wassim., Monla, Bassem.,(2006) Analysis and implementation of a “Quranic” verses delimitation system in audio files using speech recognition techniques. Proceedings of IEEE conference on information and communication technologies . 2006 ICTTA. Pg. 2979-2984.

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 

1.

Library for literature survey

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

22

 

TITLE

 

Narrowband Interference in OFDM System

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Khaizuran Abdullah

 

SUMMARY

 

Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is a multi-carrier system which utilizes a parallel processing technique allowing the simultaneous transmission of data on many closely spaced, orthogonal sub-carriers. OFDM has been widely used as the standard modulation schemes in many emerging wireless technologies such as terrestrial Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB), Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) and High Performance Radio LAN Version 2 (HIPERLAN/2).

This project will investigate the effect of narrowband interference to the OFDM system. The BER results of performance will be obtained with respect to the level of the interference.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To study OFDM system transmission.

  • 2. To simulate narrowband interference; sinusoid al and chirp to affect the OFDM system

  • 3. To obtain the BER performance results with the effect of the interference level.

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature reviewing

  • 2. Studying OFDM characteristics

  • 3. Generating the narrowband interference

  • 4. Performing performance results

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. Alan J. Coulson, “Bit Error Rate Performance of OFDM in Narrowband Interference with Excision Filtering”, IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol 5, no 9, Sept 2006.

  • 2. Khaizuran Abdullah, Seed Mahmoud and Zahir M. Hussain, "Performance Analysis of an Optimal Circular 16-QAM for Wavelet Based OFDM Systems", International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS), vol 2, no. 9, December 24, 2009.

  • 3. J. G. Proakis, ‘’Digital Communications’(McGraw-Hill, New York, NY,2001

  • 4. R.V. Nee and R. Prasad, OFDM for Wireless Multimedia Communications, Boston: Artech House, 2000.

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey

  • 2. MATLAB tools

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

23

 

TITLE

 

Modulation Schemes in OFDM Systems

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Khaizuran Abdullah

 

SUMMARY

 

Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is a multi-carrier system which utilizes a parallel processing technique allowing the simultaneous transmission of data on many closely spaced, orthogonal sub-carriers. In addition, modulation techniques are significant to ensure that an OFDM symbol is mapped from binary to complex signal with amplitude and phase represented in real and imaginary number for transmitting the signal. On the other hand, the signal is de-mapped or extracted from complex signal to recover back the OFDM symbol in the receiver.

This project will consider an image application with comparisons of QAM modulations for Fourier and wavelet based OFDM systems. The experimental results about BER performances for different types of QAM modulations in OFDM systems will be obtained.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To study the modulation schemes for OFDM transceiver.

  • 2. To simulate OFDM techniques using MATLAB and observ e the effect of using different modulation techniques.

  • 3. To obtain the BER results with respect to different types of modulation schemes.

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature reviewing

  • 2. Studying types of modulation schemes in OFDM systems

  • 3. Generating OFDM system using MATLAB

  • 4. Performing BER results

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. Khaizuran Abdullah, Seyed M. Lajervadi and Zahir M. Hussain “"QAM Modulations over Wavelet based OFDM Channel for Facial Expression Recognition", IEEE Australasian Telecommunication Networks and Applications Conference, November 2009.

  • 2. Khaizuran Abdullah, Seed Mahmoud and Zahir M. Hussain, "Performance Analysis of an Optimal Circular 16-QAM for Wavelet Based OFDM Systems", International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS), vol 2, no. 9, December 24, 2009.

  • 3. J. G. Proakis, ‘’Digital Communications’(McGraw-Hill, New York, NY,2001

  • 4. R.V. Nee and R. Prasad, OFDM for Wireless Multimedia Communications, Boston: Artech House, 2000.

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey

  • 2. MATLAB tools

  • 3. Image database

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

24

 

TITLE

 

Economic Time Series Analys is Using Wavelet Transform

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Dr. Md. Raihan Sharif

 

SUMMARY

 

The study of signals whose frequency contents change in time is prevalent in many academic fields. The joint time-frequency analysis is a signal processing technique in which signals are analyzed in the time domain and the frequency domain simultaneously.

The aim of this project is to examine the use of time-frequency representations to the analysis of economic time series. In particular, the short-time Fourier transform and the wavelet transform will be compared with emphasis on the wavelet transform.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To explore different techniques for time-frequency analysis.

  • 2. To demonstrate the time-frequency methods to th e analysis of simulated nonstationary signals.

  • 3. To explore the applicability of time-frequency methods to the analysis of economic time series.

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review.

  • 2. Mathematical formulation and simulation.

  • 3. Data analysis.

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. Cohen L., “Time-frequency analysis,” Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 1995.

  • 2. Nikolaj H. N., Wickerhauser M. V., “Wavelets and time- frequency analysis,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 84, no. 4, 1996, pp. 523-540.

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey. Matlab.

2.

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

25

 

TITLE

 

Time-delay and Doppler-shift Estimation

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Dr. Md. Raihan Sharif

 

SUMMARY

 

Due to the growing human activities in sonar environments, study of wideband signals has been attracting increasing attention to the researchers. A corresponding need of efficient processing techniques for wideband signals is also being felt. Unfortunately, a limited amount of research work on this direction has been carried out so far, partly due to the computational difficulties involved in wideband processing.

The project’s aim is to investigate the use of efficient algorithms for target parameter estimation, such as time delay and Doppler shift. The Gaussian liner FM waveforms will be used as the transmitted signal as the Gaussian linear FM signals possess very good resolution properties, and are relatively easier to generate at the transmitter.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To explore the wideband and narrowband signal processing.

  • 2. To study the conventional 2-D peak search methods.

  • 3. To investigate FFT-based narrowband processing fo r approximate estimation of the parameters.

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review.

  • 2. Mathematical formulation and simulation.

  • 3. Result analysis.

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. H. L. Van Trees, Detection, Es timation, and Modulation Theory, Pa rt III. Wiley: New York, 2001.

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey. Matlab.

2.

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

26

 

TITLE

 

Optimization of House Hold Energy Efficiency Using Energy Saving (ES) Software

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Musse Mohamud Ahmed

 

SUMMARY

 

In this project practical Energy Saving Techniques in IIUM [International Islamic University Malaysia] Gombak Campus Facilities will be studied and assessed in terms of energy saving techniques for pumping systems. The main goal is to study the ways and means to reduce energy consumption for the pumping systems including the motors. Real data will be collected from IIUM pumping system facilities and the data will be studied for energy efficiency analysis. ES software will be used to come up with an energy saving reduction techniques for energy efficiency purposes. Data comparisons will be done to verify the integrity of the used data.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. Determine the economic benefit of system modifications investigate the options are most economically viable when multiple opportunities exist for system modification.

  • 2. Determine the fan system efficiency

  • 3. Identify degraded fans

  • 4. Collect data for trending system operation

  • 5. Examine the energy (and economic) impact of varying operating scenarios

  • 6. Quantify potential cost and energy savings

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Go through the L iterature review

  • 2. Formulate fan energy efficiency assessment and verification of the assessment

  • 3. Collect fan real data

  • 4. Carry out Data analysis by using ES software

  • 5. Compare the assessed data with the un assessed data for verifications

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. Building Energy Data Book 2009, U.S. Department of Energy

  • 2. Book- Energy Efficiency Manual by D. R. Wulfinghoff 1999.

  • 3. Other books and resources from the Library

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Literature resources from Library for literature review

  • 2. Energy assessment modeling using available standard techniques

  • 3. ES software

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

27

 

TITLE

 

Improving the Energy Efficiency of Fan Systems Using Fan System Assessment Tool (FSAT) Software

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Musse Mohamud Ahmed

 

SUMMARY

 

In this project practical Energy Saving Techniques in IIUM [International Islamic University Malaysia] Gombak Campus Facilities will be studied and assessed in terms of energy saving point of view. The main goal is to study the ways and means to reduce energy consumption of IIUM Gombak Campus Facilities. Real data will be collected from IIUM facilities management and studied for analysis. FSAT software will be used to come up with an energy saving reduction techniques for energy efficiency purposes. Data comparisons will be done to verify the integrity of the used data.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. Determine the economic benefit of system modifications investigate the options are most economically viable when multiple opportunities exist for system modification.

  • 2. Determine the fan system efficiency

  • 3. Identify degraded fans

  • 4. Collect data for trending system operation

  • 5. Examine the energy (and economic) impact of varying operating scenarios

  • 6. Quantify potential cost and energy savings

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Go through the L iterature review

  • 2. Formulate fan energy efficiency assessment and verification of the assessment

  • 3. Collect fan real data

  • 4. Carry out Data analysis by using FSAT software

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. Building Energy Data Book 2009, U.S. Department of Energy

  • 2. Book- Energy Efficiency Manual by D. R. Wulfinghoff 1999.

  • 3. Other books and resources from the Library

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Literature resources from Library for literature review

  • 2. Energy assessment modeling using available standard techniques

  • 3. FSAT software

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

28

 

TITLE

 

Improving the Energy Efficiency of Electrical Motors Using Motor Master International Software

 
 

SUPERVISOR

 

Musse Mohamud Ahmed

 

SUMMARY

 

In this project practical Energy Saving Techniques in IIUM [International Islamic University Malaysia] Gombak Campus Facilities will be studied and assessed in terms of energy saving point of view. The main goal is to study the ways and means to reduce energy consumption of IIUM Gombak Campus Facilities. Real data will be collected from electrical motors available at IIUM facilities and studied for analysis. Motor Master International software will be used to come up with an energy saving reduction techniques for energy efficiency purposes. Data comparisons will be done to verify the integrity of the used data.

 
 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. Study the current motor parameters

  • 2. Determine the electrical motor efficiency

  • 3. Identify degraded electrical motor efficiency

  • 4. Collect data for motor energy efficiency analysis

  • 5. Examine the energy (and economic) impact of varying operating scenarios

 
  • 6. Quantify potential cost and motor energy savings

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Go through the L iterature review

  • 2. Formulate electrical motor

energy efficiency assessment and verification of the assessment

  • 3. Collect fan real data and apply to Motor Master International Software

 
  • 4. Carry out Data analysis by software using

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. Building Energy Data Book 2009, U.S. Department of Energy

 
  • 2. Book- Energy Efficiency Manual by D. R. Wulfinghoff 1999.

  • 3. Other books and resources from the Library

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Literature resources from Library for literature review

 
  • 2. Energy assessment modeling using available standard techniques

  • 3. Motor Master International software

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

29

 

TITLE

 

DESIGN OF LIQUID LEVEL CONTROLL ER USING LIQUID LEVEL SENSOR

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Musse Mohamud Ahmed

 

SUMMARY

 

Today, reliable liquid control system is one of the most important research areas for the modern industry such as oil & gas industry, water utilities and others. After the Gulf of Mexico oil drilling disaster in USA history recently, it has been discovered that British Petroleum (BP) has not had any credible system to stop the leaking of oil gashing into the sea when one of their drilling pumps exploded and killed 11 people. It is therefore very important to look into this area of research to start some research projects. This project is to design a preliminary research work to summarize the research area of liquid control system and start with a preliminary electronic circuit as a FYP level.

Keywords: Liquid Level system, Liquid Level Controller & Liquid Sensor.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To study the state-of the art literature on liquid control systems

  • 2. To design a preliminary circuit for liqui d control along with a sensor circuit

  • 3. Analyze the designed circuit and a propose a future enhanced liquid control system

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Study the liquid control system available in the literature

  • 2. To design an electronic circuit to control the flow of liquid in a tank

  • 3. To design electronic sensor to support the electronic circuit for the liquid control system

  • 4. Take an example of water level controller as a liquid controller

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. Electronics/power electronics text books

  • 2. Available Catalogues

  • 3. Take a reference from a Previous FYP

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Literature Review

  • 2. Electronics/circuits/engineering labs

  • 3. Online resources

  • 4. Electronics/power electronic text books

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

30

TITLE Antenna Design for Ultra Wideband (UWB) Communications SUPERVISOR Dr. Md. Rafiqul Islam SUMMARY UWB refers
TITLE
Antenna Design for Ultra Wideband (UWB) Communications
SUPERVISOR
Dr. Md. Rafiqul Islam
SUMMARY
UWB refers to electromagnetic signals have fractional bandwidth
f f 
/
1
, where f is the bandwidth and
f
is the center
0
0
frequency. Generating UWB signals have many applications in target identification, imaging, and recently in communication systems.
With increasing requirements for personal and mobile communications, the demand for smaller and low-profile antennas has brought
the Microstrip antennas to forefront.
In this project, modifying the shape and dimensions of conventional microstrip antennas will be studied, and eventually the student
will design a microstrip antenna for UWB communication system by tuning the shape and dimensions. Two of the commercial software
IE3d, CST, will be used to design the antenna and validate the results.
OBJECTIVES
1.
To design the microstrip antenna for UWB Application
2.
Tune the shape and dimension
3.
Analyze the results
4.
Fabricate and validate the results
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
1.
Design using IE3d , CST
2.
Fabrication can be done in PCB Lab, the materials for fabricating the substrate are available in the market.
3.
Testing can be done using VNA
REFERENCES
1.
C.A.Balanis, Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design, John Wiley, 2007
2.
X. H. Wu, “Note on Antenna Design in UWB Wireless Communication Systems”, IEEE Conference on Ultrawideband Systems
and Technologies, pp. 503-507, 16-17, 2003.
RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )
1.
Library for literature survey
2.
Antenna design software and fabrication facilities (available)
3.
Network Vector Analyzer (VNA) (available)

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

31

 

TITLE

 

Design and Develop a Low Noise Amplifier for RF Communication Systems

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Dr. Md. Rafiqul Islam

 

SUMMARY

 

A low noise amplifier (LNA) is an electronic device used to filter out the noise of input signals received at the front ends of communication systems. Low noise amplifier is used in a wide variety of applications such as RF communication systems including wireless computer networks, mobile phones, and satellite receiver. The important design considerations in a microwave transistor amplifier design are stability, gain and noise. Among these factors, the most important in the design of LNA are stability and noise. This project aims to design and develop low noise amplifiers for L-Band and C-Band applications.

Microwave Office will be used to design the LNA and validate the results.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To familiarize with RF Circuits and devices

  • 2. To familiarize with RF desi gn using microwave office

  • 3. To design LNA for L-band and C-band application

  • 4. Fabricate and validate the results

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Design using Microwave Office

  • 2. Fabrication can be done in PCB Lab and the materials for construction depend on the availability in the market.

  • 3. Testing can be done using VNA

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. D. Pozar, Microwave Engineering, 3rd ed., Wiley and Sons, New York, 2007 .

  • 2. H. Sahoolizadeh, A. Kordalivand, and Z. Heidari, “Design and Simulation of Low Noise Amplifier Circuit for 5 GHz to 6 GHz”, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 2009.

  • 3. W. Davis, K. Agarwal, "Radio Frequency Circuit Design", John Wiley & Sons,2001.

  • 4. T. Pratt, C. W. Bostian, and J. E. Allnutt,”Satellite communication” Second Edition. McGraw Hill, New york.1990.

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey

  • 2. Microwave office software and fabrication facilities (available)

  • 3. Network Vector Analyzer (VNA) (available)

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

32

 

TITLE

 

Rain Rate Measurement for Microwave Attenuation Prediction in Malaysia

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Dr. Md. Rafiqul Islam

 

SUMMARY

 

Terrestrial microwave system is the backbone line for mobile communication industry. In tropical region particularly in Malaysia, rain attenuation is the major constraint for implementing microwave system above 10 GHz [1]. The high rainfall rate leads to outages that compromise the availability and quality of service, making this one of the most critical factors in terrestrial and earth-to-satellite link design. Therefore, to maintain the reliability of the system it is important to predict rain fade margin accurately. The rain intensity distribution is the only parameter which can predict the rain attenuation for microwave propagation. This project aims to measure real- time rain intensity and model it’s distribution in Malaysia.

 
 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To collect rain intensity data

  • 2. To analyze the data using Matlab

  • 3. To investigate the distribution towards rain attenuation prediction

 
 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Casella Rain Gauge Installation,

  • 2. Data Logger Integration,

  • 3. Programming for 1-minute data collection and analysis.

 
 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. R. L. Freeman. Radio system design for telecommunications, 2nd edition. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2007.

 
  • 2. ITU-R P.837-4, “Characteristics of precipitation for propagation modelling”, ITU, Geneva, 2005.

  • 3. Yagasena, Syed Idris Syed Hassan, B.C. Gargash, (1999). “Annual And Worst-month Rain Statistics For Satellite-Earth Link Design In Malaysia”, Proceedings of MICC and ISCE’99, Nov. 1999,Melaka, Malaysia, pp. 241-244.

  • 4. Md. Rafiqul Islam, Sheroz Khan, Tharek Abdul Rahman & Syed Idris Syed Hassan, “Time Dynamics Investigation of Rainfall Intensities For The Design of Microwave Links in Malaysia”, Proceedings of the International Conference on Robotics, Vision, Information and Signal Processing ROVISP2007, pp.763-766, Penang, Malaysia, November 28-30, 2007.

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey

  • 2. Rain Intensity data

(collection is going on)

  • 3. Matlab for analysis (available)

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

33

 

TITLE

 

Scintillation Measurement and Analys is for Ku-Band Satellite Signals

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Dr. Md. Rafiqul Islam

 

SUMMARY

 

Scintillation arising from scattering atmospheric refractive index discontinuities and resulting in random fades and enhancements of the received signals amplitude about a mean level is an important source of degradation especially on low-availability satellite communication systems operating at frequencies above 10 GHz [10] [11]. The mathematical complexity of the problem of turbulent scattering and the randomness of its occurrence necessitate a strong dependence on satellite beacon measurement to develop empirical models for scintillation prediction. Before using the measured raw beacon propagation data for scintillation studies, contributions to data fluctuations by other propagation factors must be excluded [11]. Based on the data analysis for tropical country that observed tropospheric scintillation in the short and long term experiment on earth space paths with moderate elevation angle. This project aims to measure real-time satellite signal from MEASAT3 and extract the scintillation data and analyze it.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To collect and extract scintillation data at Ku-band

  • 2. To analyze the data using programming

  • 3. To investigate its distribution

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Parabolic Dish antenna with 2.4 meter diameter for receiving satellite beacon at Ku-band.

  • 2. Spectrum Analyzer for receive signal level acquisition and monitoring.

  • 3. Software to sample the data in every second and save in a hard disk.

  • 4. Matlab program to analyze and display the data for investigating scintillation.

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. R. L. Freeman. Radio system design for telecommunications, 2nd edition. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2007.

  • 2. C.N. Kassianides and I.E. Otung, “Dynamic model of tropospheric scintillation on earth-space paths”, IEE Proc.-Microwave Antennas Propagation, vol. 150, no.2, April 2003.

  • 3. Y. Karasawa, Y. Matsuichi, and J.E Allnut., “A new prediction Method for Trospheric Scintillation on Earth-Space Paths”, IEEE Transac. on Antenna and Propagation, vol.36, no.11, November 1998.

  • 4. M.M.J.L. Van de Kamp, “Climatic Radiowave Propagation Models for the design of Satellite Communication Systems”, Ph.D. Thesis, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, the Netherlands, ISBN 90-386-1700-3, Section 4, 1999.

  • 5. I.E. Otung, M.O. Al-Nuaimi, and B.G. Evans, “Extracting Scintillations from satellite beacon propagation data”, IEEE Transac. On Antenna & Propagation, Vol.46, No.10, October 1998.

  • 6. M.S.J. Singh, S.I.S. Hassan, and F. Ain, “Measurement of Tropospheric Scintillation from Satellite Beacon at Ku-Band in South East Asia”, IJCSNS, Vol.7, No.2, February 2007.

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS (AVAILABILITY)

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

34

 

TITLE

 

Cantilever Beam vibration into useful energy

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Sheroz Khan

 

SUMMARY

 

Emerging application fields, the need to increase the life of electronic devices, increased computational capabilities that require more energy and drastic reduction in device volume have been drivers of this field. Power management and wireless connection are becoming major issues in many applications. Research communities all over the world are working to find solutions and harvesting methods to optimize the power issue in sensors with the specific goal of implementing autonomous sensors. We discuss these concepts and two examples: an autonomous sensing device and an energy harvester, capable to convert for us vibrations into energy.

The contactless working principle consists of an actuation principle based on a Lorentz force source: when forcing a sinusoidal current in a solenoid facing the movable structure, a variable magnetic induction (Be) is generated, and simultaneously it induces eddy current density in the conductive plate (J). The interaction between the currents and the radial component of the magnetic induction gives a force along the z-axis (Fz) of the structure implying displacement.

The detection principle is based on a second periodic current having a higher frequency with respect to the one previously mentioned and forced in a solenoid. The induced magnetic field creates eddy-current density in the conductive plate and generates a magnetic field Bs. The oscillations of the mass generate an amplitude modulation on the carrier signal, and the information can be extracted using a pick-up coil.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To make an analysis to derive equations relating mech anical vibration of the beam into oscillating current.

  • 2. To conduct measurement of designed system for obtaining data between vibrations and resulting current oscillations.

  • 3. To discuss and analyze the measurement results

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

  • 2. Design (including simulation) and fabrication of the vibrations to oscillations system

  • 3. Measurement of conversion characteristics

  • 4. Analysis of resulting data

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. C. De Angelis, V. Ferrari, D. Marioli, E. Sardini, M. Serpelloni, and A. Taroni, ”Magnetically induced oscillations on a conductive cantilever for resonant microsensors”, Sensors and Actuators A, vol. 135, pp.197 202, 2007.

  • 2. M. Bau, V. Ferrari, D. Marioli, E. Sardini, M. Serpelloni, and A. Taroni , ”Contactless excitation and Readout of Passive Sensing Elements Made by Mini aturized Mechanical Resonators”, IEEE Sensors 2007 , October 28 31, pp. 36 39, 2007.

  • 3. M. Ferrari, V. Ferrari, M. Guizzetti, D. Marioli, and A. Taroni, ”Piezoelectric multifrequency energy converter for powerharvesting in autonomous microsystems”, Sensors and Actuators A, 142, Pages 329 335, 2008

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey

  • 2. Antenna design software and fabrication facilities (available)

  • 3. Network Vector Analyzer (VNA) (available)

  • 4. Spectrum Analyzer (available)

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

35

 

TITLE

 

Energy Harvesting for Biomedical Signals Acquisition Gadgets

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Sheroz Khan

 

SUMMARY

 

The acquisition of ambient energy for powering small electronic devices such as watches, devices used hand for monitoring purposes in locations to which wiring accessibility is either hazardous or their maintenance is costly. No matter how little, but all such devices need batteries as sources for continuous supply of energy.

The acquisition of ambient energy into a usable form is called energy harvesting. Examples of this ambient energy include light, vibrations or oceanic waves, solar or wind energy. Energy harvesting can be employed on a small and a large scale depending on the application it is being used for. Small scale energy harvesting is used in watches, and other electronic components employed in animals and inaccessible locations for monitoring purposes.

Thermoelectric sensors are semiconductor devices that generate a usable voltage proportional to the difference in between the body and room temperature. Of course, in commercially available devices an array of such junctions is used for producing positive and negative terminals with a voltage difference of a required level. The project involves simulation using suitable software such as Cadence,

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To use thermocouple for converting temperature difference into voltage.

  • 2. To derive result data for verifying th e linearity of the conversion system.

  • 3. To justify and analyze the measurement results

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

  • 2. Design (including simulation) and practical implementation of the thermocouple circuit.

  • 3. Measurement of conversion data to study conversion characteristics

  • 4. Analysis and verification of the resulting data.

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. A.C. Wang et al, A 1V, Micro-power System-on-Chip for Vital-Sign Monitoring in Wireless Body Sensor Networks, IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, 2008. ISSCC 2008

  • 2. N. V. Nair, R. V. Melapudi, H. Jimenez, X. Liu, Y. Deng, Z. Zeng,and L. Udpa, “A GMR-based eddy current system for NDE of aircraft structures,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 3312–3314, Oct. 2006.

  • 3. A. Bernieri, L. Ferrigno, M. Laracca, and M. Molinara, “Crack shape reconstruction in eddy current testing using machine learning systems for regression,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., vol. 57, no. 9, pp. 1958–1968, Sep. 2008.

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey

  • 2. Cadence tools

  • 3. Electronic and measurement laboratory

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

36

 

TITLE

 

Developing a

Disaster Recovery Plan for a Comprehensive

IT Infrastructure

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Dr. Wajdi Al-Khateeb

 

SUMMARY

 

Disaster recovery planning is a subset of a larger process known as business continuity planning and should include planning for resumption of applications, data, hardware, communications (such as networking) and other IT infrastructure. In addition to data replication measures, this project considers ways to provide high availability infrastructure and communication links allowing the system to provide its normal service under partial failure or to recover as soon as possible from disastrous situation with minimum disruption. Analysis to be carried out to reflect the merit of various measures.

 
 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To develop a plan for IT infrastructure disaster recovery

 
  • 2. Reliability and availability assessment of the recovery plan

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

  • 2. Planning for data replication

  • 3. Planning of high reliability infrastructure

  • 4. Plan assessment through analysis and simulation

 
 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. Toigo, J. W. “Disaster Recovery Planning, pr eparing for the unthinkable”, Prentice Hall, 2003

 
  • 2. Bradbury, C. MBCI. The IT disaster recovery plan, http://w ww.continuitycentral.com/feature0524.htm

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library and Internet for literature survey

  • 2. Reliability Simulator (Available)

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

37

 

TITLE

 

Performance Optimization of Terrestrial Microwave Radio Links

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Dr. Wajdi Al-Khateeb

 

SUMMARY

 

Terrestrial Microwave Radio Links are exposed to a number of negative factors that compromise operational and reliability aspects of these links, such as fading and co-channel interference. In this project these factors and other related ones are identified and analyzed and ways are proposed to optimize and enhance the performance of these links.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. Identify and analyze factors and parameters aff ecting the performance of microwave radio links

  • 2. Consider and propose means for efficient link planning.

  • 3. Consider tradeoff options for economical and highly reliable links

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

  • 2. Analytical and simulation-based planning of links.

  • 3. Considering and proposing efficient setup options

  • 4. Planning assessment, analytically and through simulation

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. Microwave Radio Links, by C. Salema, Wiley

  • 2. Fixed Broadband Wireless Comm unications, by D. H. Morais

  • 3. Motorola PTP Link Planner

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library and Internet for literature survey

  • 2. Motorola point-to-point link planner (available)

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

38

 

TITLE

 

Implementation of Capacitance to Voltage converter for capacitive transducers

 
 

SUPERVISOR

 

A.H.M. Zahirul Alam

 

SUMMARY

 

Sensor transducers are widely used in the instrument measurement systems such as in the biomedical, automotives, telecommunications, food industry, water treatment plants and chemistry industry. The sensor transducer is suitably used for converting pressure variations, humidity measurements into corresponding signal with equivalent frequency. Further, such transducers have been used in water level measurement system or even telemetry systems.

 

Arfah et al (2010) proposed a simulation based capacitance to voltage converter for capacitive transducer. The authors proposed the circuit based on 0.13µm CMOS process. However, the project will emphasize on available OPAMPs, MOSFOTs, and digital logic circuits (Inverter, Or, NOR, And, NAND, etc). The project target is to implement the circuit based on available ICs and validate the authors claim.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. Implement of capacitance to voltage converter fo r sensor transducer’s measurement system.

 
  • 2. Measure voltage with the variation of capacitance with different band of capacitance value (nF, pF, etc.)

  • 3. Simulate the circuit using PSPICE.

  • 4. Analyze the measurement results

a nd validate with experiment data.

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

  • 2. Implementation of the circuit and measurement

  • 3. with the variation of different parameters

Simulate the circuit

 
  • 4. Data analysis

  • 5. Comparison between experimental data with simulation results.

 
 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. Nurul Arfah, A.H.M. Zahiru l Alam, Sheroz Khan, “Design of Capacitiv e Measuring Systems for High Frequency Band Sensor Transducer”, Proceedings of the Inte rnational Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering 2010 (ICCCE’10).

 
 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey

  • 2. Oscilloscope, voltmeter, ammeter, etc

  • 3. Electronics components

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

39

 

TITLE

 

Secure Physical Layer Hybrid ARQ Scheme using Parallel Concatenated Zigzag Code

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Sigit P.W. Jarot

 

SUMMARY

 

Recently there is new research trend to enhance the security level of wireless communication systems at the physical layer. One of the approaches is by using secure Hybrid ARQ. Retransmission protocol for secure HARQ schemes are similar to the non-secure schemes. One main differences is that for a secure HARQ schemes, the mother code is chosen to be a joint channel and secrecy code.

This project will consider some possibilities of using Parallel Contatenated Zigzag Code that has gained significant interest as the simplified version of the powerful LDPC code. The PCZZ code was considered as one of the channel coding candidates for the LTE, LTE-Advanced and Wimax systems. The project will evaluate their performance by using computer simulations, in terms of security enhancement.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 4. To study the design and mechanism of HARQ and PCZZ

  • 5. To study the physical layer security design and algorithms

  • 6. To analyze the performance of PC ZZ HARQ (i.e., security aspect) using computer simulation

  • 7. To propose some improvement scheme (if possible)

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • - Literature survey

  • - Computer simulation using Matlab

  • - Performance Analysis

 

REFERENCES

 
  • - X. Tan etal, “On the Throughput of Secure Hybrid-ARQ Protocols for Gaussian Block-Fading Channels”, IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 55, no. 4, 2009

  • - X. Tan etal, “Hybrid-ARQ Schemes for Reliable and Secret Wireless Communications”, Securing Wireless Communincations at the Physical layer, Springer Verlag.

  • - L. Ping etal, “Zigzag codes and concatenated zigzag codes”, IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 47(2), pp800, 2001

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

40

 

TITLE

 

Automatic Billing System based on Digital Electricity Meter

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Prof. Dr. Khalid A. S. Al-Khateeb

 

SUMMARY

 

It is anticipated that Digital Electricity Meters will have a big impact worldwide. The measuring circuit is to be linked with a low cost commercial mobile phone via a microcontroller for automatic data storage and wireless transmission to a central computer. Intelligent features are readily available in mobile phone circuits to facilitate easy access and processing

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To change the concept of Meter Reading to a fully automated system.

  • 2. To improve the efficiency of Existin g Electricity Meter Reading by directly sending the reading to a central computer at Tenaga.

  • 3. To reduce the cost and give access to co nsumers to monitor their consumption

  • 4. To build a prototype software and hardwa re system and analyze the performance

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

  • 2. Design (including simulation) and fabrication

  • 3. Determination of accuracy and preciseness by data analysis

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. FYP Report: Nur Syazana Binti Ramlan and Norfijannatun Tun Naim Bt Md Nooh

  • 2. Itex 2010 Silver Medal Award poster

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey

  • 2. Circuits and components already available, which need to be improved and supplemented

  • 3. A few research papers dealing with same subject are also available.

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

41

 

TITLE

 

Autonomous Object tracking by Robotic Vision

 
 

SUPERVISOR

 

Prof. Dr. Khalid A. S. Al-Khateeb

 

SUMMARY

 

It is anticipated that Robots will have a big impact in a variety of industrial, medical and military fields. Two cameras can be used to emulate the human vision. A commercially available mobile robot with a microcontroller can be made to track maneuvering objects. Automatic data acquisition and storage and a wireless transmission to a computer provide intelligent features, which are readily available to facilitate easy access and processing.

 
 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To design and operate a fully automated robotic system based on computer vision.

 
  • 2. To improve the features of Existing Ro botic System by directly sending the reading to a computer via wireless transmission

  • 3. To reduce possible error and improve the accuracy

  • 4. To build a prototype software and hardwa re system and analyze the performance

 
 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

  • 2. Design (including simulation) and actual prototype building

 
  • 3. Suggesting new applications based on the

accuracy and performance analysis

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. Two M.Sc. Project Theses

  • 2. Catalogue and Instructions manual

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. An operational robot already exists in the lab with TV monitor, camer as and camera mounts.

 
  • 2. Library for literature survey

  • 3. Circuits and components already available, which need to be improved and supplemented

 
  • 4. A few research papers dealing with same subject are also available.

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

42

 

TITLE

 

Automatic Digital Electricity Meter

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Prof. Dr. Khalid A. S. Al-Khateeb

 

SUMMARY

 

Common Electricity meters are bulky expensive and inaccurate. Such features are incompatible with modern technological trends of miniaturization accuracy and neat design. This project presents a digital energy meter that overcomes the short comings of the present meters. It is based on integrated circuit technology employing digital measurement techniques.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To change the concept of Electromechanical Meters to fully Digital Electronic Meters

  • 2. To improve the design of Existing Digital Electricity Meters

  • 3. To reducing the size and cost of Electronic Meters

  • 4. Conducting measurement and analyze the measurement results

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

  • 2. Design (including simulation) and fabrication

  • 3. Determination of accuracy and preciseness by data analysis

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. FYP Report: Nur Syazana Binti Ramlan and Norfijannatun Tun Naim Bt Md Nooh

  • 2. Itex 2010 Silver Medal Award poster

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey

  • 2. Circuits and components already available, which need to be improved and supplemented

  • 3. A few research papers dealing with same subject are also available.

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

43

 

TITLE

 

Context transfer based Hand off in MPLS Network

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Omer Mahmoud

 

SUMMARY

 

When a mobile node moves and changes its connectivity from one RER to another, the new RER does not have the context unless it is transferred from the old Radio Edge Router. The project aim to a study handoff situation in MPLS Network Domain considering a EF traffic the project will focus on the effect of context transfer on the QoS of the applications. the context main is considered to be the pervious QoS arrangement at old Radio Edge router

 
 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To study Quality Of service

in MPLS Networks

  • 2. Simulate the different scenarios of Network using NS2 Simulator

 
  • 3. and draw conclusion

Analyze the results

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • 1. Literature review

  • 2. Design (including simulation) and fabrication of antennas

 
  • 3. Measurement of near-body radio propagation characteristics

  • 4. Data analysis

 

REFERENCES

 
  • 1. F. Le Faucheur, W. Lai, Maximum a llocation bandwidth constraints engineering, IETF, RFC 4125, June 2005.

mode l for DiffServ-aware MPLS traffic

  • 2. B. Davie, A. Charny, J.C.R. Bennet, K. Benson, J.Y. Le Boudec, W. Courtney, S. Davari, V. Firoiu, D. Stiliadis, An expedited forwarding PHB (per-hop behavior), RFC 3246, 2002

 
 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 
  • 1. Library for literature survey

  • 2. NS2 simulator , free open source software (available)

 

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

44

 

TITLE

 

Adaptive Quantization Scheme for Channel Pre-comp ensation based Wireless Physical Layer Security

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Sigit P.W. Jarot

 

SUMMARY

 

Recently there is new research trend to enhance the security level of wireless communication systems at the physical layer. One of the approaches that recently proposed is by using channel pre-compensation in conjunction with cryptography. This scheme works with assumption that the channel state information is available in the transmitter side. Moreover, the CSI must be highly accurate and timely to follow the variation of the wireless channel.

This project will analyze several quantization schemes for the system, and evaluate the performance by using numerical analysis as well as computer simulations.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To study the physical layer security design and algorithms

  • 2. To study the design of physical layer security based on channel precompensation

  • 3. To analyze the effect of quantization sheme using computer simulation

  • 4. To propose some improvement scheme (if possible)

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • - Literature survey

  • - Computer simulation using Matlab

  • - Performance Analysis

 

REFERENCES

 

- A Tmar, “An Adaptive Quantization Algorithm for Secret Key Generation using Radio Channel Measurement, “3rd International Conference on New Technologies, Mobility and Security, NTMS 2009 , art. no. 5384826.

- M. Tahir,” Wireless Physical Layer Security using Channel State Information”, ICCCE 2010.

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )

 

Electrical and Computer Encvgineering Department Final Year Project Proposal SEM 1 2010/2011

45

 

TITLE

 

Cooperative Jamming Scheme for Security Enhancement of Wireless Sensor Networks at the Physical Layer

 

SUPERVISOR

 

Sigit P.W. Jarot

 

SUMMARY

 

Recently there is new research trend to enhance the security level of wireless communication systems at the physical layer. One of the approaches is by using cooperative jamming. In contrast with the conventional wisdom, in secure communications, interference cane be a potentially beneficial phenomenon if added to the system properly. Thus the legitimate entities in the wireless sensor network system can ask the help of other nodes to jam the eavesdropper from whom the information flowing in the system is to be kept secret.

This project will analyze several scenarios of cooperative jamming schemes, and evaluate the performance by using numerical analysis as well as computer simulations.

 

OBJECTIVES

 
  • 1. To study the physical layer security design and algorithms

  • 2. To study the design of physical layer security based on cooperative jamming

  • 3. To analyze the performance of cooperative jamming (i .e. security aspect) using computer simulation

  • 4. To propose some improvement scheme (if possible)

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 
  • - Literature survey

  • - Computer simulation using Matlab

  • - Performance Analysis

 

REFERENCES

 
  • - H.He, A. Yener, “The general Gaussina Multiple access and Two-way Wire-tap Chnnels: Achievable Rates and Cooperative Jamming, “IEEE Transactions on Information Theory.

  • - A. Yener “ Two-hop Secure Communication using an untrusted relay: A Case of Cooperative Jamming” IEEE Globecom 2008

 

RESOURCES/TOOLS ( AVAILABILITY )