solid material necessary for mechanical engineering students.

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solid material necessary for mechanical engineering students.

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You are on page 1of 2

Place your assignment into the submission box (Level II opposite to my office S207)

Problem 1

The stress acting on two planes at a point is shown in the figure. Determine the shear stress on plane AB and

the principal stresses at the point.

!"

45

60 MPa

60

[2 Marks]

80 MPa

90

An initially straight beam is bent into a curve with constant radius R as shown in the figure below. Material

fibers that are perpendicular to the axis of the undeformed beam are assumed to remain perpendicular to the

axis after deformation, and the beams thickness and the length of its axis are assumed to be unchanged (see

SA&D course, which explains these hypotheses). Under these conditions the deformation can be described as

sin/

cos/

0

a) Calculate the engineering strain matrix, expressing your answer as a function , , ;

[10 Marks]

b) Calculate the deformed length of an infinitesimal (very small) material fiber at point , , that has

original length and orientation in direction; (Tip: use the definition of normal strain)

[5 Marks]

c) Calculate the deformed length of an infinitesimal (very small) material fiber at point , , that has

original length and orientation in direction;

[5 Marks]

d) Show that the two material fibers described in (b) and (c) remain mutually perpendicular after deformation

assuming that 1; (Tip: use the definition of shear strain)

Find the principal directions and principal strains. You should be able to write these down using your physical

intuition without doing any tedious calculations.

[15 Marks]

,

Undeformed beam

Deformed beam

Problem 3

A concrete column of mass density % supports its own weight, as shown in the figure. (Assume that the solid is

subjected to a uniform gravitational body force of magnitude ' per unit mass).

a) Show that the stress distribution ( %') and (

equilibrium equations.

[10 Marks]

'

)

b) Suppose that the concrete contains a large number of randomly oriented micro-cracks. A crack which lies at

an angle * to the -axis will propagate if

+

, -(+ .

where (+ and + are normal and shear stress acting on the plane defined by angle *, - is the friction coefficient

between faces of the crack and is a critical shear stress that is related to the size of the micro-cracks and the

fracture toughness of the concrete, and is therefore a material property (we will talk about fracture properties a

bit later in this course).

Assume that - = 1. Find the orientation of the micro-crack that is most likely to propagate.

[20 Marks]

c) For the same friction coefficient as in b) (- = 1) find an expression for the maximum possible height of the

column as a function of its material properties.

[10 Marks]

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