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Job Number

Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
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KTP/26/14
THE CREEK
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
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15A-W11-2ND-5TH
General column design by PROKON.
Design code : CP65 - 1999

Job Title

Date

Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd


Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

JAN 2015
C13

(GenCol Ver W2.6.11 - 24 Apr 2014)

108.500

13.000

Load
case

General design parameters:


X/Radius or
Bar dia. (mm)

Job Number

Client
Calcs by

KTP/26/14
THE CREEK
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
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Sheet

Date

JAN 2015

1281.375

Design loads:

Input tables

Code

Sheet

Y (mm)
Angle ()

Designation

Ultimate limit state design loads


P (kN)

Axial

1850

Axial+Mxx

1850

Axial+Myy

1850

Axial+Mecc

1850

Mx top (kNm) My top (kNm) Mx bot (kNm) My bot (kNm)


50

50
10

35

10
25

5.000

CP65 - 1999

140.000

-5.000

5.000

General design parameters:

1490.000

Given:
Lo = 4.000 m
fcu = 35 MPa
fy = 460 MPa
Ac = 222561 mm

5.000

-140.000
-5.000

-5.000
-1490.000

41.500

13

108.500

13

108.500

13

41.500

13

41.500

13.000

108.500

13.000

41.500

13.000

108.500

13.000

41.500

13.000

108.500

13.000

41.500

13.000

108.500

13.000

41.500

13.000

108.500

13.000

41.500

13.000

108.500

13.000

41.500

13.000

41.500
41.500
1458.500

Assumptions:
(1) The general conditions of clause 3.8.1 are applicable.
(2) The specified design axial loads include
the self-weight of the column.
(3) The design axial loads are taken constant
over the height of the column.

1500

1000

X
500

5.000

1458.500

Design approach:
218.625
218.625
395.750
395.750
572.875
572.875

The column is designed using an iterative procedure:


(1) An area of reinforcement is chosen.
(2) The column design charts are constructed.
(3) The corresponding slenderness moments are calculated.
(4) The design axis and design ultimate moment are determined .
(5) The design axial force and moment capacity is checked on
the relevant design chart.
(6) The safety factor is calculated for this load case.
(7) The procedure is repeated for each load case.
(8) The critical load case is identified as the case yielding the lowest
safety factor about the design axis
Through inspection:
Load case 3 (Axial+Myy) is critical.

750.000

Check column slenderness:


750.000
927.125

End fixity and bracing for bending about the Design axis:
At the top end: Condition 2 (partially fixed).
At the bottom end: Condition 2 (partially fixed).
The column is braced.

927.125

Effective length factor = 1.00

1104.250

Effective column height:


le = . Lo

1104.250

= 1 4

1281.375

= 4.000 m

Table 3.21

Job Number
Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
Calcs by

KTP/26/14
THE CREEK
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
T&T
T&T

Sheet

Job Number

KTP/26/14
THE CREEK
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Client
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
Calcs by
Checked by
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com
T&T
T&T
The column is bent in double curvature about the Y-Y axis:

Sheet

Job Title

Date

JAN 2015

Date

JAN 2015

Column slenderness about weakest axis:


M1 = Smaller initial end moment = -10.0 kNm

le
max_s140l =
h
=

M2 = Larger initial end moment = 10.0 kNm


The initial moment near mid-height of the column :

4
.15029

3.8.3.2

Mi = 0.4 . M1 + 0.6 . M2

= 26.615

= 0.4 10 + 0.6 -10


= -2.0000 kNm

Where h is an equivalent column depth derived from the radius of gyration*square root of 12

Minimum Moments for Design:


Check for mininum eccentricity:
Check that the eccentricity exceeds the minimum in the plane of bending:
Use emin = 20mm

3.8.2.4

Mi2 = 0.4 . M2
= 0.4 -10
= -4.0000 kNm

Mi 0.4M2 = -4.0 kNm


Mmin = emin. N

Deflection induced moments:

= .02 1850

Design ultimate capacity of section under axial load only:

= 37.000 kNm
Nuz = 0.45 . f cu. Ac + 0.87 . f y. Asc
Check if the column is slender:
le/h = 26.6 > 15
The column is slender.

3.8.1.3

= 0.45 35 222.56 + 0.87 460 2.3892


= 4 461.478 kN

Initial moments:

Maximum allowable stress and strain:

The initial end moments about the X-X axis:

Allowable compression stress in steel

M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 0.0 kNm

f sc = 0.87 . f y
= 0.87 460

M2 = Larger initial end moment = 0.0 kNm


The initial moment near mid-height of the column :
Mi = - 0.4 . M1 + 0.6 . M2
= - 0.4 0 + 0.6 0
= 0.0000100 kNm

3.8.3.2

= 400.200 MPa

Allowable tensile stress in steel


f st = 0.87 . f y
= 0.87 460

Mi2 = 0.4 . M2

= 400.200 MPa

= 0.4 0
= 0.0000100 kNm

Mi 0.4M2 = 0.0 kNm

Allowable tensile strain in steel

3.8.3.1

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Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
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THE CREEK
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Sheet

Job Number
Job Title

Date

JAN 2015

Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd


Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
Calcs by

KTP/26/14
THE CREEK
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
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Sheet

Date

JAN 2015

Design ultimate load and moment:


ey =
=

f st
Es

Design axial load:


Pu = 1850.0 kN

400.2
210000

Moments as a result of imperfections added about Design axis

5.8.9 2)

For bending about the X-X axis, the maximum design moment is the greatest of:
(a)

3.8.3.2

= 0.0019

3.8.3.2

Allowable compressive strain in concrete


ec = 0.0035

Mtop = Mt +
=0 +

For bending about the weakest axis:


Weakest axis lies at an angle of -90.00 to the X-X axis
Overall dimension perpendicular to weakest axis h = 150mm

K=
=

Nuz - N
Nuz - Nbal

(b)

4462103 - 1850103
4462103 - 1338103

1 .
max_sl 2
2000

0
2

= 0.0000100 kNm

3.8.3.2
Mmid = Mi + Madd
=0 +0

= 0.8361

a =

Madd
2

= 0.0000100 kNm

(c)

3.8.3.2

Mbot = Mb +

1
26.616 2
2000

=0 +

= 0.3542

Madd
2

0
2

= 0.0000100 kNm
Where max_sl is the maximum slenderness ratio of the column as an equivalent rectangular column.
Therefore:

(d)

Madd = N. a. K. h

3.8.3.2
M = eminx. N

= 1850 .3542 .83595 .15029

= .02 1850

= 82.325 kNm

= 37.000 kNm

Maddx = Madd*cos(-90.00) = 0.0 kNm


Maddy = Madd*sin(-90.00) = 82.2 kNm

Thus

3.8.3.2
M = 37.0 kNm

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Sheet

KTP/26/14
THE CREEK
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
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Job Number

Date

Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd


Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

JAN 2015

Sheet

KTP/26/14
THE CREEK
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
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T&T

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Date

Thus
Moments about X-X axis( kNm)

3.8.3.2
M = 86.2 kNm

Mx=0.0 kNm
Mxmin=37.0 kNm

Mxtop=0.0 kNm

Moments about Y-Y axis( kNm)

Mytop=10.0 kNm

Mxbot=0.0 kNm
Initial

+
Additional

Design

Moments as a result of imperfections added about Design axis

5.8.9 2)

For bending about the Y-Y axis, the maximum design moment is the greatest of:
(a)

3.8.3.2

My=86.2 kNm
Mymin=13.9 kNm

Myadd/2=41.1 kNm
Myadd=-82.2 kNm

Mybot=10.0 kNm

Myadd/2=41.1 kNm

Initial

Additional

Design

3.8.3.2

Design of column section for ULS:


The column is checked for applied moment about the design axis.
Through inspection: the critical section lies near mid-height of the column.
The design axis for the critical load case 3 lies at an angle of 270.00 to the X-axis
The safety factor for the critical load case 3 is 1.03

82.166
2

For bending about the design axis:

Bending moment (kNm)

(d)

3.8.3.2
M = eminy. N
= .02 1850
= 37.000 kNm

90.0

80.0

70.0

60.0

50.0

100

Moment max = 91.29kNm @ 1302kN

-200
-400
-600
-800

= -51.0830 kNm

40.0

30.0

20.0

10.0

-82.166
2

86 kNm

= -10 +

Madd
2

0.00

Mbot = Mb +

1850 kN

-10.0

3.8.3.2

-20.0

(c)

-30.0

= -86.1660 kNm

-40.0

= -4 + -82.166

-50.0

Mmid = Mi + Madd

Interaction Diagram
4200
4000
3800
3600
3400
3200
3000
2800
2600
2400
2200
2000
1800
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200

-60.0

3.8.3.2

-70.0

(b)

-80.0

= 51.083 kNm

-90.0

= 10 +

Madd
2

Axial load (kN)

Mtop = Mt +

JAN 2015

Job Number

KTP/26/14
THE CREEK
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Client
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
Calcs by
Checked by
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com
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T&T
Moment distribution along the height of the column for bending about the design axis:

Sheet

Job Number

Date

JAN 2015

Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd


Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Sheet

KTP/26/14
THE CREEK
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Checked by
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T&T

Job Title

Job Title

Client
Calcs by

Date

JAN 2015

Moments and Reinforcement for LC 3:Axial+Myy

The final design moments were calculated as the vector sum of the X- and Y- moments
of the critical load case. This also determined the design axis direction
At the top, Mx = 51.1 kNm
Near mid-height, Mx = 86.2 kNm
At the bottom, Mx = 51.1 kNm

Stresses near mid-height of the column for the critical load case 3

CP65 - 1999

YD

Middle

Bottom

Madd-x

(kNm) 0.0

Top

0.0

0.0

Madd-y

(kNm) 41.1

-82.2

-41.1

Mx

(kNm) 0.0

0.0

0.0

My

(kNm) 51.1

-86.2

51.1

Mmin

(kNm) 13.9

13.9

13.9

M-design (kNm) 51.1

86.2

51.1

Design axis ()

90.00

270.00

270.00

Safety factor

1.47

1.03

1.47

(mm) 2389

2389

2389

1.06 %

1.06 %

890

890

Asc

Percentage
AsNom

1.06 %

(mm) 890

Critical load case: LC 3

1500

270.01000
X X
500
0

Design results for all load cases:


M1 (kNm) M2 (kNm) Mi (kNm) Madd (kNm) Design

Axis

N (kN)

Load case 1
Axial

X-X
Y-Y

1850.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
-82.2

Middle

0.0
82.2

82.2

1.073

Load case 2
Axial+Mxx

X-X
Y-Y

1850.0

50.0
0.0

-50.0
0.0

-20.0
0.0

0.0
-82.2

Middle

50.0
82.2

84.6

1.793

Load case 3
Axial+Myy

X-X
Y-Y

1850.0

0.0
10.0

0.0
-10.0

0.0
-4.0

0.0
-82.2

Middle

0.0
86.2

86.2

1.028

Load case 4
Axial+Mecc

X-X
Y-Y

1850.0

-25.0
0.0

35.0
0.0

14.0
0.0

0.0
-82.2

Middle

35.0
82.2

83.4

1.618

Load case 3 (Axial+Myy) is critical.

Y
D

Summary of design calculations:


Design table for critical load case:

M (kNm) M' (kNm)

Safety
factor

Load case