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TIME

STAGE
NAME

AIM OF STAGE

PROCEDURE

Interaction

0:03 Setting a
(3 min) context

To warm students up and get Ask students to talk in pairs about traveling. They can ask questions like How long
them using the TL
have you been living in SF? Where are you from? Where have you traveled, other than
the States? Which countries have you been to?

SS

0:03 Test
(3 min)

Find out how much students Ask students to work in pairs to choose the right sentences in the present perfect tense
know about the TL
or present perfect continuous tense for the corresponding pictures.

SS

0:02 Feedback
(2 min)
0:05 Language
(5 min) Analysis

To give the correct answers

TS

Ask individual students their answers

Students try to figure out the Ask students to work in pairs and analyze the sentences in the first task and answer
rules for usage of the TL
questions about the rules of using present perfect tense and present perfect continuous
tense.

0:05 Feedback and Ensure students know the


(5 min) Clarification rules of using TL

Ask individual students their answers and why they chose them. Also, clarify doubts and
explain rules at this point of time.

SS

TS

0:05 Test
(5 min)

To test whether students haveGive students a dialogue to complete by conjugating the missing verbs in the present
understood the TL
perfect tense or the present perfect continuous tense.

SS

0:04 Feedback
(4 min)

Ensure students got the right Ask individual students their answers. Also, clarify any doubts about the rules of using
answers
present perfect tense and present perfect continuous tense at this point of time.

TS

0:10
(10
min)

Free Speaking Ensure students use the TL


Activity
correctly in free speaking

Ask students to form groups of 4. Give each group a picture and ask them to make a
story about that picture. Remind them to use the present perfect tense and present
perfect continuous tense.

SS

True or False
1. The present perfect simple tense links the past with the present.
2. The present perfect continuous tense links the present with the future.
3. The present perfect continuous tense shows continuation of an action (like in example 1).
4. The present perfect simple tense shows that an action is instant or complete (like in example 3).
5. The present perfect continuous is used to emphasize 'how long' the action took (like in example 1).
6. The present perfect simple tense is used to emphasize the number of times an action has taken place.
7. The main verb is in its past participle form in the present perfect simple tense. e.g. I've broken the glass.
8. The main verb is in its present participle form in the present perfect continuous tense. e.g. I've been sitting here all day.
9. In the present perfect simple tense, sentences have the following form:
Subject + has/have been + Main verb-ing
10. In the present perfect continuous tense, sentences have the following form:
Subject + has/have been + Main verb-ing

Present Perfect Tense


used to emphasize completion of an action e.g. I have walked the dog.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense


used to emphasize the action, not the completion e.g. I have been walking
the dog.

used for actions that are naturally instant e.g. Oh no! Ive broken a glass. used for actions that naturally have a duration e.g. I have been walking
the dog all morning.
used for past actions that happened recently and are still in the news e.g.
She has won a medal.

used for actions that continue into the present e.g. I have been walking
the dog all morning.

to state the amount of times an action took place e.g. She has won this
competition every year since 1999.

to state the length of time or to state "how long" the action took place.
e.g. I have been walking the dog all morning.

Used to express that an action is completed or to emphasize the result.


e.g. I have walked the dog.

Used to emphasize the duration or continuous course of an action. e.g. I


have been walking the dog all morning.

The result is more important than the activity itself e.g. I have walked the The activity is more important than the result. e.g. I have been walking
dog.
the dog.

Grammar rules for the present prefect tense:

Grammar rules for the present prefect continuous tense:

Subject + Auxiliary verb (has/have) + Auxiliary verb (been) + Main verb


(past participle)
The main verb uses the verb form past participle/V3.
Negative sentences - "not" is added between the Auxiliary Verb and the
main verb

Subject + Auxiliary verb (has/have) + Auxiliary verb (been) + Main


verb-ing
The auxiliary verb "to be" always stays in the V3/past participle form
(been).

Questions - the auxiliary verb comes before the subject

- ing to added to the base form the main verb.


Negative statements - add "not" between the auxiliary verb "have"
and the the auxiliary verb "been".
Questions - the order is change the order the auxiliary verb "have"
comes before the subject.

Martin: I think the waiter (forget) _______________________ us. We (wait) _______________________ here for over half an hour and nobody
(take) _______________________ our order yet.
Karen: I think you're right. He (walk) _______________________ by us at least twenty times. He probably thinks we (order, already)
_______________________.
Martin: Look at that couple over there, they (be, only) _______________________ here for five or ten minutes and they already have their food.
Karen: He must realize we (order, not) _______________________ yet! We (sit) _______________________ here for over half an hour staring at
him.
Martin: I don't know if he (notice, even) _______________________ us. He (run) _______________________ from table to table taking orders and
serving food.
Karen: That's true, and he (look, not) _______________________ in our direction even once.
Martin: Oh wait, I know why he (completely, ignore) _______________________ us. We are wearing our invisibility cloaks!

Select the correct tense in the following sentences:


1. I have looked/been looking for my glasses all morning but I haven't found them yet.
2. How long have you played/been playing the guitar?
3. We have learned/been learning English for five years.
4. I have tried/been trying to study all morning but I just can't concentrate.
5. It has just stopping/stopped raining.
6. The kids have danced/been dancing in the rain all morning.
7. George has/have been our neighbor for years.
8. Have you ever been/being to Peru?
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