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Valerus Cryogenic Processing Plant

Modular, flexible, standard designs
optimize delivery times and
maximize recovery.
Natural gas is composed of a wide range of hydrocarbon
compounds that will condense to form liquids at particular
temperatures. The more energy-dense, or heavier,
components can condense at operating temperatures
and can cause operational problems within pipelines,
compressors and other midstream equipment. These
natural gas liquids (NGLs) also have a high market value
that provides an incentive for maximum recovery.

Valerus cryogenic processing plants cool natural gas to around 150F

using a series of exchangers and a turbo expander. This equipment is
intricately designed to maximize both performance and reliability. At
150F almost all of the incoming gas is liquefied, and the resulting liquid
can be fractioned into the customers desired product mix. The resulting
lean residue gas is pipeline quality, and the high-quality NGL mix can be
safely transported or stored.
Customer challenge
Obtain the highest NGL recovery percentages from a large volume
of inlet gas.
In an economy that places a much higher value on NGLs than on natural
gas, producers can benefit greatly from maximizing NGL recovery. Also,
if natural gas is not processed, then heavy hydrocarbons can condense
in pipelines and midstream equipment, causing a variety of operational
and safety problems. Between the high market value for NGLs and the
decreased operational risk, gas processing is an essential consideration.

Valerus Cryogenic Processing Plant

valerus solution
Cryogenic turbo expander processing plants separate and extract
NGLs from natural gas. Valerus standard cryogenic plants are
designed for rich gas streams but can accept a wide range of
incoming gas compositions. Ethane recovery, ethane rejection,
and complete fractionation can be accommodated depending on
the local market conditions.
The Valerus standard plant utilizes a modular, skid-mounted,
repeatable design that ensures as much equipment as possible
is fabricated within a controlled shop environment. Valerus
proven modular design also provides for quick lead times to
accommodate market demand.
Standard design for a repeatable and proven
manufacturing cycle: Faster production means better
availability and a quick-to-market solution, which ultimately
means a faster return on investment.
Vendor alliances for long-lead equipment: Enables consistent
deliveries of equipment and components to accelerate
fabrication cycle.
Turnkey engineered solution: Valerus can engineer, fabricate
and install the whole facility, offering producers a complete
solution from a single source.
Operational and design flexibility: Allows equipment
packages to be tailored to end-user requirements.
Robust design: Yields attractive recoveries with lean or rich
inlet gas compositions.
Core system components: Molecular sieve dehydration and
cryogenic liquid recovery system, including brazed aluminum
exchangers, turbo-expander and demethanizer column.
Key Design Features
Robust design operates over a wide range of hydrocarbon
gas compositions.
Gas sub-cooled process (GSP) operation for ethane rejection
and recovery.
Modular construction with skid-mounted process equipment.
Designed from the ground up for ease of operation and
maintenance access.

How it Works
After inlet separation, compression, amine treating and TEG
dehydration (if required), the customers gas flows through a
molecular sieve dehydration system to ensure that the incoming
gas is completely free of water vapor. The dry gas flows through
a series of brazed aluminum exchangers for pre-cooling. A cold
separator extracts the liquid hydrocarbon that has condensed in
the exchangers. The gas then flows to the turbo-expander, where
it is expanded across a turbine wheel.
The pressure reduction causes the gas to cool to approximately
150F, where most of the incoming gas stream is liquefied.
The subsequent gas and liquid stream is fed to a demethanizer
column and NGL fractionation (if required) to produce the product
mix desired by the customer. The resulting lean residual gas
stream is recompressed by both turbine booster compressor and
residue compression to reach pipeline specifications. The resulting
NGL mix is pumped to a pipeline or loaded onto trucks to be
transported to market.
Valerus provides modularized cryogenic plants in the following
standard nominal configurations:
60 MMscf/d
120 MMscf/d
200 MMscf/d
Additional sizes may become available at any time.
Available add-on systems:
Inlet compression
Amine treating
TEG dehydration
Product treating
NGL fractionation
Residue compression
Pipeline pumps or truck loading

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