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DIGITAL MEDIA

REPORT

C URIOUS D ESIGN
C ONSUL TANTS
J AS MIN A D UBR OJ A
CONTENTS
1.0 Executive Summary……………………………………………... 3
2.0 Digital Audio………………………………………………………. 4
2.1 Recording………………………………………………….. 4
2.2 Audio Players……………………………………………… 4
2.3 Editing/ Manipulation……………………………………. 4
2.4 Delivery…………………………………………………….. 5
2.5 Audio File Formats……………………………………….. 5
2.6 Benefits of Digital…………………………………………. 6
2.7 The Future of Digital Audio……………………………… 6
3.0 Digital Photography……………………………………………... 7
3.1 Photograph file formats…………………………………. 7
3.2 Photo Viewing Players…………………………………… 7
3.3 Recorders………………………………………………….. 7
3.4 Photo Editing Software…………………………………... 7
3.5 Delivery…………………………………………………….. 8
3.6 Image Resolution/ File Size/ Storage Capacity........
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3.7 Benefits of Digital…………………………………………. 9
3.8 The Future of Digital Photography…………………….. 9
4.0 Digital Video………………………………….…………………... 10
4.1 File Formats………………………………………………... 10
4.2 Digital Video Players…………………………………….. 10
4.3 Recorders………………………………………………….. 10
4.4 Video Editing………………………………………………. 10
4.5 Delivery……………………………………………………... 11
4.6 Benefits of Digital Video…………………………………. 11
4.7 Digital Video Future………………………………………. 11
5.0 References………………………………….……………………… 12

1.0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY


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Digital Media has grown rapidly throughout the years and will always
continue to grow. Audio Video and Photography have developed from
analogue to digital over the years.

The world has virtually eliminated analogue in the Photography


industry, due to the efficiency and productiveness. Audio has expanded
to using portable and effective mp3 players, flash players, and through
the use of broadcasting via the internet. Video has developed
extensively due to the wider field of video editing, allowing greater
detail and effects to be added; also through the use of digital
deliverables such as the DVD.

Digital Media allows easier access to these areas for the general public.

2.0 DIGITAL AUDIO

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Digital audio has emerged because of its usefulness in the recording,
manipulation, mass-production, and distribution of sound. Music is now
distributed across the internet, through online stores, due to digital
recording and digital compression.

2.1 Recording

Recording audio can be done a number of ways, through the


use of a:
• Microphone
Headset
• Headset
• Digital Recorder MIC
All this equipment can be found for professional use
or beginners. Either for business or home use.

2.2 Audio Players

• Flash-based Players - These are solid


devices that hold digital audio files on
internal or external media, such as memory
cards. They are very portable but can be
MP3 Player
easily damaged.
• Hard Drive-based Players or Digital
Jukeboxes - Devices that read digital
audio files from a hard drive. These
players have higher capacities,
ranging from 1.5GB to 160GB.
• MP3 CD Players - Devices that can
play audio files from a CD-ROM. MP3 CD Player
Digital Jukebox

2.3 Editing/ Manipulation

Audio editing is the process of taking recorded sound and changing it


directly on the recording medium. There is a large variety of audio
software, including professional and beginner levels.
Editing software allows users to:

• Edit the start time and stop


time of the audio aswell as the
duration.

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• Mix and combine multiple sound tracks, aswell as increase and
decrease colume levels.
• Apply both simple and advanced effects or filters, alows the user
to remove noise or equalise the sounds, along with many other
tools
• Compress the audio file and convert into other audio file formats
Editing

Examples of free Audio editing Sofware:


• Audacity
• SndBite
• WaveSurfer

2.4 Delivery

Digital audio can be delivered to the public through various mediums,


including:

• Optical Disc: CD,DVD


• Mini Disc
• Internet
• Broadcast
• Flash Memory
Mini Disc
• Hard Drive
• Digital Audio Tape (DAT)

2.5 Audio File Formats

Uncompressed WAV, AIFF and AU


audio formats
Lossless FLAC, Monkey's Audio (APE), WavPack (WV), Shorten,
compression TTA, Apple Lossless and lossless Windows Media Audio
(WMA)
Lossy MP3, Vorbis, lossy Windows Media Audio (WMA) and
compression AAC.

According to Fig.1 the most widely used


audio format is Mp3 which 80.14% of
people use.
Mp3 uses lossy compression, that is
designed to greatly reduce the amount of
Fig.1

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data required to represent the audio recording, but it still sounds like
the original version.

2.6 Benefits of Digital

• Digital audio sets an end of the tape hiss that builds up each time
you re-record (or edit) analog tape.
• Digital audio stays at a precise rate, therefore speed-related
distortions don't occur.
• When copying an audio signal digitally, the result is a perfect
clone of the original data; much better sound than with analog
tape is vivid.
• For audio distribution, there are benefits in the simplicity of
making very accurate copies of an original.
• For electronic instruments and music, the benefits are in the
capacity and flexibility for manipulation and combination that it
offers.
• Distribution of audio as data files rather than as physical objects
has reduced costs of distribution.

2.7 The Future of Digital Audio

• New digital audio services like satellite radio, online radio, HD


radio, and pod-casting will take over.
• Future systems will include wireless file transfer, so that you can
seamlessly access songs from your player while in your car. A
system such as a wireless LAN.
• Your digital music player, your PC, and your car stereo will all
access and play your songs in a shared network. Also, file sharing
through one person's player to another.
• All players need to have embedded lyrics-display technology.
• Portable storage; a PDA, mobile phones, a watch, and a video
player on top of that.
• Considering how much people love music, it won't be long before
they embed a player into a mop and other household items, to
assist while doing chores.

3.0 DIGITAL
PHOTOGRAPHY

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Digital photography uses electronic devices to record and capture an
image. Digital photography makes storage and editing of images easy.
Digital cameras now outsell film cameras and include many features
that are not found in film cameras. Some other devices, such as mobile
phones, include digital photography features.

3.1 Photograph file formats

Raster JPEG, PGF, TIFF, RAW, PNG, GIF, BMP, HDP, XPM
Formats and MrSID
Vector SVG [7]
Formats

3.2 Photo Viewing Players

• Digital Camera
• Mobile Phone etc
• Various Computer image viewing programs
e.g. Media player
• Projector/Television
Media Player

3.3 Recorders

• Digital Cam Recorder


• Mobile Phone
• Other Media Recorders
Digital Camera – Mobile Phone

3.4 Photo Editing Software

There are many Image Manipulation


Software, here are just a few:
• Adobe Photoshop
• Image Magick
• GIMP
Adobe Photoshop
3.5 Delivery

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Digital cameras vary in what kind of memery stick/card they use.
There are many data storagedevice formats, such as the following:

SecureDigital xD-
card (SD) PictureCard
(xD)

CompactFlash MiniSD
(CF-I and Card
CF-II)

Memory Stick microSD


card

MultiMedia USB flash


Card (MMC) drive

3.6 Image Resolution/ File Size/ Storage Capacity

The figure below shows the amount of images that can be stored in a
specific storage size, depending on the amount of mega pixels used.
The larger the mega pixel the more storage space needed.

3.7 Benefits of Digital

The advantages of digital photography over traditional film include:

• You can instantly view the pictures without having to develop the
film first.

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• If there's a problem with a picture the photographer can just take
another one.
• Only the pictures your happy with can be printed, allowing the
photographer to take several shots and then choose the best one.
• Minimal cost for people who want to keep there photos for
computer use rather than print them.
• Images can be copied from one medium to another without
decreasing the quality.
• Many digital cameras are smaller than film cameras
• Many digital cameras can be connected toa television, for
reviewing images.

3.8 The Future of Digital Photography

• In a few years Digital cameras will be using 16 or even a 25-


megapixel point-and-shoot, and it will not stop there.
• Future digital sensors will fix the problem with light sensitivity,
with a broader range and greater light sensitivity (the ISO rating).
At the same time, the digital noise that comes with high ISO
today will diminish.
• The Digital camera of the future will be a great tool, with internet
access, wireless connectivity as well as video viewing.
• Memory and storage for Digital cameras will increase.
• It is not yet commercially available, but it is starting to be used
by museums. Attractive images of oil paintings created by an
object's specular reflection which is captured using computer
controlled lights and sensors.

4.0 DIGITAL VIDEO


Digital video is a type of video recording system that works by using a
digital, rather than analog, representation of the video signal.

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4.1 File Formats

Here are the file formats of Digital Video:

AVI (.avi) Most commonly contains M-JPEG or DivX, but can contain
nearly any format.
Quicktime Most often used for the locked Apple Sorenson codec, or
for Cinepak (free), but can also hold other codecs such as
mjpeg, etc.
WMV (.wmv) Basicaly MPEG4. It can contain nearly any codec.

4.2 Digital Video Players

• DVD Player
• Computer viewing Programs e.g. Media Player/ DivX
• Projector

DVD Player
4.3 Recorders

• Video Digital Camera


• Mobile Phone, etc.

4.4 Video Editing

Video editing involves the removing, arranging, and


combining of footage to create a new one. Some
Manipulation Software includes:

• Adobe Premier
• Camtasia
• Final Cut, etc.

4.5 Delivery
Internet
• Optical Discs
•Video CD (VCD)
•DVD
•HD-DVD
•Blu-ray Disc
•Sony ProDATA

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• Broadcast
• Internet
• Flash Memory / Hard Drive
• Tapes…which would be considered as analog not digital

4.6 Benefits of Digital Video

• Digital Video has many benefits over analog, here are some:
• Digital gives you perfect picture pause with no distortion - and
tear free rewind and fast forward.
• The images you see are much clearer. So the details you need
such as small objects - are sharper than with a VCR. This is great
for surveillance.
• Not only Crystal Clear digital video quality, digital video do not
degrade, the image stays the same no matter how many times it
is copied.
• With Digital there is no need or cleaning or replacing heads all
the time. Or to squint at a fuzzy image because you recorded on
the same tape too many times.

4.7 Digital Video Future

• Eventually, set top DVD recorders will take the place of VCRs.
• The future will bring the decline of DVD’s and the increase in
other Discs which are higher in storage capacity, here are some
to look out for:
•The HD DVD disc is designed to be the leader to the standard
DVD format. It can store about three times as much data then the
DVD (15 GB per layer instead of 4.7 GB). HD DVD stands for
"High Definition Digital Versatile Disc".
•The name Blu-ray Disc is derived from the blue-violet laser used
to read and write this type of disc. A single layer Blu-ray Disc can
store 25 gigabytes over five times the size of a single layer DVD
at 4.7 GB. A dual layer Blu-ray Disc can store 50 GB, almost 6
times the size of a dual layer DVD at 8.5 GB.

5.0 REFRENCES

WEBSITES

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Video

•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_video 02/08/07
•http://www.shallowsky.com/linux/videoformats.html
01/08/07
•http://www.remotevideosurveillance.com/benefits.htm
07/08/07
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DVD 07/08/07

Photography

•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_camera 24/07/07
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_photography
24/07/07
•google.blognewschannel.com/.../ 24/07/07
•http://www.oreillynet.com/mac/blog/2004/02/glimpse_into
_ digital_photograp.html 02/08/07

Audio

•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_audio 07/08/07
•http://www.videomaker.com/article/3258/ 07/08/07
•http://www.gearlive.com/index.php/news/article/the_futur
e_of_digital_music/ 02/08/07

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