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EDUCATIONAL TRUSTS

Junior Science College


ANDHERI / BORIVALI / DADAR / NERUL / POWAI / THANE
MATHS PRACTICE QUESTIONS

SECTION - I
1

If A 3, 4,6,8 , determine the truth value of each of the following:


(b) x A, x 4 10
(c) x A, x 5 13
(a) x A, such that x 4 7
(d) x A, such that x is odd

(e) x A, such that x 3 N

2.

Without using truth table, show that p q p q p q

3.

Write the negation of the following statements :


(i) 6 is an even number or 36 is a perfect square.
(ii) If diagonals of a parallelogram are perpendicular then it is a rhombus.
(iii) If 10 5 and 5 8 then 8 7 .
(iv) A person is rich if and only if he is a software engineer.
(v) Mangoes are delicious but expensive.
(vi) It is false that the sky is not blue.
(vii) If the weather is fine then my friends are coming and we go for a picnic.

4.

Write the converse, the inverse and the contra positive of the following conditional statements :
(i) If an angle is a right angle then its measure is 90 .
(ii) If two triangles are congruent then their areas are equal.
(iii) If f 2 0 then f x is divisible by x 2

5.

Consider the following statements :


(i) If a person is a social, then he is happy.
(ii) If a person is not social, then he is not happy.
(iii) If a person is unhappy, then he is not social.
(iv) If a person is happy, then he is social.
Identify the pairs of statements having same meaning

(March 2013)

6.

2 2
4 3 Find inverse by adjoint method.

7.

1 0 0

3 3 0
5 2 1

8.

1 2
Find the inverse of the following matrices by using transformation method:

2 1

(March 2013)

Find inverse by adjoint method.

9.

10.

11.

2 0 1
5 1 0 Find inverse by using transformation method.

0 1 3

cos sin 0
Find the inverse of A sin cos 0 by
0
0
1

(i) elementary row transformations.


(ii) elementary column transformations.

Show with the usual notation that for any matrix A a ij

33

(i) a11A 21 a12 A 22 a13A 23 0


(ii) a 11A11 a 12 A12 a 13 A13 A

12.

1 0 1
1 2 3

If A 0 2 3 and B 1 1 5 , then find a matrix X such that XA = B.


1 2 1
2 4 7

13.

If three numbers are added, their sum is 2. If 2 times the second number is subtracted from the sum
of first and third number, we get 8 and if three times the first number is added to the sum of second
and third number, we get 4. Find the numbers using matrices.

14.

The general solution of sin sin implies n 1 , n Z .

15.

If and are not multiple of

16.

The general solution of


(i) sin 2 sin 2 is n , n Z

, then the general solution of tan tan is n .


2

(ii) cos 2 cos 2 is n a, n Z


(iii) tan 2 tan 2 is n , n Z .
17.

The general solution of a cos bsin c is 2n , n Z where a, b, c


a
b
c
R a 0, b 0, c 0, cos
,sin
and cos
.
2
2
2
2
2
a b
a b
a b2

18.

Find the general solutions of each of the following questions:


3
(i) sec x 2
(ii) cos x 1
(iii) sin x
2

19.

Find the general solution of 4sin x cos x 2sin x 2 cos x 1 0

20.

Find the general solution of tan 3 x 3 tan x 0

21.

Find the general solution of cos x sin x 1

22.

Find the general solution of

3 cos x sin x 1

(March 2013)

23.

In ABC, prove that

24.

With the usual notations, prove that

25.

(a) In ABC, prove that

a
b
c

sin A sin B sin C

(i) a 2 b 2 c 2 2bx cos A


(ii) b2 c 2 a 2 2ca cos B
(iii) c 2 a 2 b2 2ab cos c
(b) In ABC prove
(i) a c cos B b cos c
(ii) b a cos c c cos A
(iii) c a cos B b cos A

26.

In any ABC, if a 2 , b2 , c2 are in AP then prove that cot A, cot B, cot C are in A. P.

27.

In any ABC, if 2s a b c , then


(i) sin

s b s c

s c s a

s a s b

(ii) sin

(iii) sin
28.

ca
ab

In any ABC, if 2s a b c , then


(i) cos

s s a
A

2
bc

(ii) cos

s s b
B

2
ac

(iii) cos
29.

bc

s s c
C

2
ab

(a) In any ABC , if 2s a b c , then

s b s c
s s a
B
s a s c
(ii) an
2
s s b
s a s b
C
(iii) tan
2
s s c
(i) tan

1
1
(b) prove that area of ABC ab sin c bc sin A
2
2
1
acsin B
2

30.

If a, b, c are the lengths of the sides BC, AC and AB of ABC and a b c 2s , then the area of

ABC is given by s s a s b s c .
31.

In any ABC ,
A
BC bc
(i) tan

cot
2
2 bc
B
CA ca
(ii) tan

cot
2
2 ca
C
AB a b
(iii) tan

cot
2
2 ab

32.

Show that
1
1
1
1
tan 1 tan 1 tan 1 tan 1
5
7
3
8 4

33.

(a) Solve the equation


1 x 1
1
tan 1
tan x , for x 0.
1 x 2
(b) Prove the joint equation of two lines passing through origin is second degree of homogenous
equation in x and y.

34.

(a) Prove that every homogeneous equation of second degree in x and y, i.e., ax 2 2hxy by 2 0
represents a pair of lines through the origin, if h 2 ab 0 .

(b) Prove tan

2 h 2 ab
and a b 0 when l1 l 2
ab

MOST IMP

h 2 ab 0 when l1 ||l2 .
35.

Find k, if
(i) the slope of one of the lines give by kx 2 4xy y2 0 exceeds the slope of the other by 8.

36.

Find the joint equation of the pair of lines through the origin each of which making an angle of 30o
with the line 3x 2y 11 0 .

37.

Find the value of k, if the following equations represent a pair of lines :


(i) kxy 10x 6y 4 0
(ii) x 2 3xy 2y2 x y k 0 .

38.

OAB is formed by the lines x 2 4xy y2 0 and the line AB. The equation of line AB is
2x 3y 1 0 . Find the equation of the median of the triangle drawn from the origin.

39.

Find the separate equation of the lines represented by the following equations :
6x 2 5xy 6y2 0

40.

Find the joint equation of the pair of lines which bisect angles between the lines given by
x 2 3xy 2y 2 0 .

41.

If the lines represented by ax 2 2hxy by 2 0 make angles of equal measure with the coordinate
axes, then show that a b .
(or)
Show that, one of the lines represented by ax 2 2hxy by 2 0 will make an angle of the same
measure with the X-axis as the other makes with the Y-axis, if a b .

42.

If the slope of one of the lines given by ax 2 2hxy by 2 0 is square of the slope of the other line,
show that a 2 b ab2 8h 3 6abh .

43.

Show that the difference between the slopes of the lines given by
tan 2 cos2 x 2 2xy tan sin 2 y 2 0 is two.

44.

Two non-zero vectors a and b are collinear, if and only if there exists non-zero scalar m and n, such
that ma nb 0 .

45.

If a and b any two non-zero, non-collinear vectors lying in the same plane, then prove that any
vector r coplanar with them can be uniquely expressed as a linear combination of a and b .
MOST IMP
(March 2013)

46.

There non-zero vectors a, b, c are coplanar if and only if there exist scalars x, y, z, not all zero
simultaneously such that xa yb zc 0 .

47.

(a) If a, b, and c are three non-zero, non-coplanar vectors, prove that any vector r in space can be
uniquely expressed as a linear combination xa yb zc, where x, y, z are scalars.
(b) Find volume of parellopited and tetra hedron.

48.

State and prove section formula. (Internal / External Division.)

49.

Let PQRS be a quadrilateral. If M and N are the midpoints of the sides PQ and RS respectively, then
prove that PS QR 2MN .

50.

Find the volume of a tetrahedron whose vertices are A 1, 2,3 , B 3, 2,1 , C 2,1,3 and
D 1, 2, 4 .

51.

If four points A a , B b , C c and D d are coplanar, then show that


a b d b c d c a d a b c

52.

Prove that the medians of a triangle are concurrent.

MOST IMP

53.

Prove that the bisectors of the triangle are concurrent.

54.

Prove that a quadrilateral is a parallelogram if and only if its diagonals bisect each other.
MOST IMP

55.

Prove that the median of a trapezium is parallel to the parallel sides of the trapezium and its length is
half of the sum of the lengths of the parallel sides.

56.

Prove by vector method, that the angle subtended by a diameter of a circle at any point on the
semicircle is a right angle.
MOST IMP

57.

Prove that the altitudes of a triangle are concurrent.

58.

Using vector method, prove that the centroid of the triangle formed by joining the midpoints of the
sides of a given triangle coincides with the centroid of the given triangle.

59.

Using vector method, prove that a quadrilateral is a rhombus if and only if diagonals bisect each
other at right angles.

60.

Using vector method, show that the segments joining he midpoints of the consecutive sides of a
quadrilateral form of a parallelogram.

61.

If the diagonals of a parallelogram are of equal length, prove that the parallelogram is a rectangle.

62.

Using vector method, prove that sin sin cos cos sin

63.

Prove that in an isosceles triangle, the median passing through the vertex common to equal sides of
the triangle is perpendicular to the base.
2 2 1
,
,
Can
be the direction cosines of any directed line? Justify your answer.
3 3 3

64.
65.

If a line makes angle , , with the coordinate axes, prove that


(i) sin 2 sin 2 sin 2 2
(ii) cos 2 cos 2 cos 2 1 .

66.

Find the vector of magnitude 9 which is equally inclined to the coordinate axes.

67.

The direction cosines of the two lines are determined by the relations l 5m 3n 0 and
7l 2 5m 2 3n 2 0 , find them.

68.

Find the measure of acute angle between the vectors whose direction ratios are
(i) 3, 2, 6 and 2,1, 2
(ii) 1, 2, 2 and 3,6, 2 .

69.

If the angle between the vectors a and b having direction ratios 1, 2, 1 and 3,3k,1 is

70.

If the points A 5,5, , B 1,3, 2 and C 4, 2, 2 are collinear, find the value of .

71.

Prove that the line joining the points A and B having position vectors 6a 4b 4c and 4c and the

, find k.
4

line joining the points C and D having position vectors a 2b 3c and a 2b 5c intersect. Find
the position vector of their point of intersection.
72.

r 2i j 3k i 2j 2k , find its equation.

73.

A line passes through 3, 1, 2 and perpendicular to the lines r i j k 2i 2j k and

Find the shortest distance between the lines

x 1 y 1 z 1
x 3 y 5 z 7

and

.
7
6
1
1
2
1

74.

By computing the shortest distance, determine whether the following lines intersect of not :
x 5 y 7 z 3 x 8 y 7 z 5
(i)

.
4
5
5
7
1
3

75.

Find the vector and the Cartesian equation of the plane that passes through the point 0,1, 2 and
normal to the3 plane is i j k .

76.

Find the equation of the plane passing through the intersection of the planes 3x 2y z 1 0 and
x y z 2 0 and the point 2, 2,1 .

77.

Find the vector equation of the plane passing through the intersection of the planes
r. 2i 3j 4k 1 and r. 2i j 4 0 and perpendicular to the plane r. 2i j k 5 .

78.

Minimize z 800x 640y, subject to 4x 2y 16,12x 2y 24, 2x 6y 18, x 0, y 0 .

SECTION - II
79.

Discuss the continuity of the following function at the points shown against them. If a function is
discontinuous, determine whether the discontinuity is removable. In this case, redefine the function,

sin x

so that it becomes continuous: f x

x log 1 x

for x 0, f x 2 log 3 for x 0

1 tan x

, for x is continuous at x , find f .


4
4
1 2 sin x
4
2
ex cos x
(ii) If f x
, for x 0 is continuous at x 0 , find f 0 .
x2

80.

(i) If f x

81.

Prove that every differentiable function is continuous. Using counter example, prove that the
converse is not true. MOST IMP

82.

Show that the function f x defined as

1
f x x cos ,
x
0

x0

is continuous at x = 0

x0

83.

If y is a differentiable function of u and u is a differentiable function of x, then prove that


dy dy du
. . MOST IMP
dx du dx

84.

If y f x is a derivable function of x such that the inverse function x f 1 y is defined, then


show that

85.

dx
1
dy

, where
0 . MOST IMP
dy dy / dx
dx

Differentiate the following w.r.t. x :


3cos x 4sin x
cos 1

86.

5x
dy

If y tan 1 2
find
dx
6x 5x 3 ,

87.

x 2 y2
dy y
If cos 1 2
.
tan 1 a , show that
2
dx x
x y

88.

If y log x log x log x ... , find

89.

If x and y are differentiable functions of t, then

90.

dy
.
dx

dy dy / dt
dx

, if
0 MOST IMP
dx dx / dt
dt
1 t2
du
b2 v
2bt
If u
,
show
that

.
,
v

2
1 t2
dv
a 2u
1 t
d2 y
0.
dx 2

91.

If ax 2 2hxy by 2 0 , show that

92.

If y sin m sin 1 x , show that 1 x 2

93.

A man of height 180 cm is moving away from a lamp post at the rate of 1.2 metres per sec. if the
height of the lamp post is 4.5 metres. find the rates at which
(i) his shadow is lengthening.
(ii) the tip of his shadow is moving.

94.

Verify Rolles theorem for the function f x x 2 5x 9, x 1, 4 .

95.

Find the values of x such that f x 2x 3 15x 2 84x 7 is a decreasing function.

96.

If x t is a differentiable function of t then

97.

cos(x a).cos x b dx

98.

99.

If u and v are functions of x, then

100.

Prove that :
1
1
ax
(i) 2
dn log
c
2
a x
2a
ax

d2 y
dy
x m2 y 0 .
2
dx
dx

f x dx

f t .1 t dt .

1
dx
cos cos x

1
1
xa
dn log
c
2
a
2a
xa
1
1
x
(iii) 2 2 dn tan 1 c .
x a
a
a
(ii)

du

uvdx u vdx . vdx dx .


dx

MOST IMP

(iv)

(v)

(vi)

x a
1

dx log x x 2 a 2

x
dx sin 1 c
a
a x
1
dx log x x 2 a 2 c
2
2
x a
2

101.

e f (x) f '(x) dx

102.

Evaluate the following:


/2

(i)

/4

sin 2 x cos3 x dx

(ii)

103.

sin
0

sin 2x
dx .
x cos 4 x

Prove the following properties of definite integrals :


a

(1) (i) f x dx f a x dx
0

2a

(2)
(3)

(ii)

f x dx f a b x dx
a

f x dx f x dx f 2a x dx

0
a

f x dx 2 f x dx , if f is an even function

=0
104.

Evaluate the following :

x tan x
(1)
dx
sec x cos x
0

if f is an odd function.

/2

(2)

log sin x dx .
0

105.

Find the area of the region bonded by the curve y 2x x 2 and X-axis.

106.

Find the area


(1) enclosed between the circle x 2 y2 1 and the line x y 1 lying in the first quadrant
(2) bounded by the curve y 2 4a 2 x 3 and the lines x = 3, y = 4a.

107.

y Ae x Be2x is a solution of the D.E.

108.

Solve the following differential equations with the help of the substitutions shown against them :
2 dy
x
x
/y
x/ y
a2, x y u
(1) x y
(2) 1 e dx e 1 dy 0, u
dx
y
y

109.

In a certain culture of bacteria, the rate of increase is proportional to the number present. If it is
found that the number doubles in 4 hours, find the number of times the bacteria are increased in 12
hours.

110.

The rate of decay of certain substance is directly proportional to the amount present at that instant.
Initially, these are 27 gm of certain substance and three hours later it is found that 8 gm are left. Find
the amount left after one more hour.

d 2 y dy

2y 0 .
dx 2 dx

111.

Let X B n, p . If E X 5 and Var X 2.5 , find n and p.

112.

Suppose that 80% of all families own a television set. If 10 families are interviewed at random, find
the probability that
(i)
Seven families own a television set.
(ii)
At most three

113.

Find the c.d.f. F x associated with the following p.d.f. f x :


3 1 2x 2 , 0 x 1
f x
0,
otherwise

1
1
Find P X by using p.d.f. and c.d.f.
3
4

114.

Calculate the expected value of the sum of two numbers obtained when two fair dice are rolled.

115.

Following is the distribution function F x of a discrete r.v.X :


x
F(x)

1
0.2

2
0.37

3
0.48

4
0.62

(i)
(ii)

Find the probability distribution of X.


Find P X 3 , P 2 X 5

(iii)

Find P X 5 X 3 .

5
0.85

6
1

116.

The p.m.f. of a r.v. X is as follows :


P X 0 3k 3 , P X 1 4k 10k 2 , P X 2 5k 1, P X x 0 for any other value of x.

117.

Find the solution of

dy
Py Q where P & Q function of x or constant.
dx