You are on page 1of 142

PFE (Power Feed Equipment)

R 4.4 Description
Student Guide
TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R4.4- Edition 1

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT @@YEAR. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its


contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel-Lucent
Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.

Terms of use and legal notices


Switch
toUSE
notes
view!
TERMS OF
AND LEGAL
NOTICE
Alcatel-Lucent provides this training course to you subject to these Terms of Use and Legal Notice. Your use of this training
course and/or this site constitutes your acceptance of and agreement to these Terms of Use and Legal Notice. These Terms
of Use and Legal Notice, as well as the contents of this training course, may be updated or amended by Alcatel-Lucent from
time to time without prior notice to you. Your use of the Alcatel-Lucent training materials after such update or amendment
constitutes your acceptance of and agreement to said updated or amended Terms of Use and Legal Notice.
SAFETY WARNING
Alcatel-Lucent training materials can be for products or refer to products that have both lethal and dangerous voltages
present. Always observe all safety precautions and do not work on the equipment alone. The user is strongly advised not to
wear conductive jewelry while working on the products. Equipment referred to or used during this course may be
electrostatic sensitive. Please observe correct anti-static precautions.
PERMISSION TO USE CONTENT
The information, communications, scripts, photos, text, video, graphics, music, sounds, images and other materials provided
in this training course (collectively the "Content"), is intended for the lawful use of employees of Alcatel-Lucent and other
authorized participants in this Alcatel-Lucent training course. You are hereby granted a non-exclusive, non-transferable
permission to access and use the Content solely for your personal training and non-commercial use. This permission may be
terminated by Alcatel-Lucent at any time for any reason or no reason, with or without notice. You must immediately cease
use of the Content upon such termination.
COPYRIGHTS AND TRADEMARKS
The unauthorized copying, displaying or other use of any Content from this training course is a violation of the law and
Alcatel-Lucents corporate policies. The Content is protected in France, the U.S. and other countries by a variety of laws,
including but not limited to, copyright laws and treaty provisions, trademark laws, patent laws and other proprietary rights
laws (collectively, "IP Rights"). In addition to Alcatel-Lucents IP Rights in the Content, in part and in whole, Alcatel-Lucent,
and any of the third parties who have licensed and/or contributed to the Content, owns a copyright in the formatting and
presentation of the Content.
Alcatel-Lucent does not grant you any permission to use the Content other than the permission expressly stated in these
Terms of Use and Legal Notice. All other use of Content from this training course, including, but not limited to, modification,
publication, transmission, participation in the transfer or sale of, copying, reproduction, republishing, creation of derivative
2 works from, distribution, performance, display,COPYRIGHT
ALCATEL-LUCENT
2012.
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
incorporation
into
another
training course or presentation, or in any other way
@@PRODUCT
exploiting any of the Content, in whole or in part, for uses other than those expressly permitted herein is strictly prohibited
@@COURSENAME
and shall not be made without Alcatel-Lucents prior written consent. All characters appearing in this training course are
fictitious. Any resemblance to real persons, living or dead, is purely coincidental.
There may be a number of proprietary logos, marks, trademarks, slogans and product designations found in the
Content. Alcatel, Lucent, Alcatel-Lucent and the Alcatel-Lucent logos are trademarks of Alcatel-Lucent. All other trademarks
are the property of their respective owners. Alcatel-Lucent does not grant you a license to use any of the foregoing logos,
marks, trademarks, slogans and product designations in any fashion. Granting of the right to access and use the Content for
training purposes does not confer upon you any license under any of Alcatel-Lucents or any third party's IP Rights.
DISCLAIMER
ALCATEL-LUCENT DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES REGARDING THE TRAINING COURSES OR THE CONTENT, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ALCATEL-LUCENT WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE OR LIABLE FOR ANY INJURY, LOSS, CLAIM,
DAMAGE, OR ANY SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, PUNITIVE, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OF ANY KIND
(INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION LOSS PROFITS OR LOSS SAVINGS), WHETHER BASED IN CONTRACT, TORT, STRICT
LIABILITY OR OTHERWISE, THAT ARISES OUT OF OR IS IN ANY WAY CONNECTED WITH (A) ANY USE OR MISUSE OF THE
CONTENT OR THE TRAINING COURSES BY YOU, OR (B) ANY FAILURE OR DELAY BY ALCATEL-LUCENT, ITS OFFICERS,
DIRECTORS, AGENTS OR EMPLOYEES IN CONNECTION WITH THE CONTENT OR THE TRAINING COURSES (INCLUDING,
WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE USE OF OR INABILITY TO USE ANY COMPONENT OF THE CONTENT OR TRAINING BY
YOU). SOME JURISDICTIONS LIMIT OR PROHIBIT SUCH EXCLUSION OF WARRANTIES OR LIMITATION OF LIABILITIES
AND SO THE FOREGOING EXCLUSION OF WARRANTIES OR LIMITATION OF LIABILITY MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
GOVERNING LAW
These Terms of Use and Legal Notice are governed by the laws of France. The operation and use of the training course is
governed by the laws of the country that governs your employment contract, if applicable. If any provision of these Terms of
Use and Legal Notice, or the application thereto to a person or circumstance, is held invalid or unenforceable by law, statute
or a court of competent jurisdiction, for any reason, then such provision shall be modified and/or superseded by a provision
that reflects the intent of the original provision as closely as possible. All other provisions of these Terms of Use and Legal
Notice shall remain in full force and effect. You may not assign these Terms of Use or any permission granted hereunder
without Alcatel-Lucents prior written consent. Nothing herein shall be deemed an employment agreement or an offer of
employment or an alteration in any way of a users terms of employment with or within Alcatel-Lucent.
Copyright 2011 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.

Course outline
4. Topic/Section is Positioned Here
WelcomeOverview
to PFE (Power Feed Equipment)
1. Product
1.
R 4.4
Conditions
Description
for Supplying a Submarine Link
5. Topic/Section is Positioned Here
2. System General Description
1. Product
Overview
3.
Unit Description
6. Topic/Section is Positioned Here
1. Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
2. Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview
2. System General Description
7. Topic/Section is Positioned Here
1. Maintenance Tasks Overview
3. Unit Description
2.
Operation
Tasks Overview
2. Operation
& Maintenance
Tasks Overview
3. Appendix
1. Maintenance Tasks Overview
1. Appendix
2. Operation Tasks Overview
3. Appendix
1. Appendix

3
@@PRODUCT
@@COURSENAME

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.

Course objectives

PFE completion
(Power Feed
Upon
of thisEquipment)
course, you should be able to:
R 4.4 Description
Upon completion of this course, you should be able to:

4
@@PRODUCT
@@COURSENAME

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Your feedback is appreciated!


Please feel free to Email your comments to:
training.feedback@alcatel-lucent.com
Please include the following training reference in your email:
TOP18063_V2.0-SG Edition 1
Thank you!

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.

Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

@@SECT
LE
Section 1
Product Overview

Module 1
Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1

PFE (Power Feed Equipment)


R 4.4 Description
TOP18063_V2.0-SG Edition 1

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent @@YEAR

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 1

Blank page

112

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

This page is left blank intentionally

Document History
Edition

Date

Author

Remarks

01

YYYY-MM-DD

Last name, first name

First edition

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 2

Module objectives
Upon completion of this module, you should be able to:
Evaluate the voltage required to supply a given submarine link

113
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 3

Module objectives [cont.]

114
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

This page is left blank intentionally

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 4

Table of Contents
Switch to notes view!
1 Submarine Cable System Overview
1.1 Network Powering Topologies
1.2 Submarine Link Elements
1.3 Power Feeding Conductor
2 Line Voltage Calculation
2.1 Elements of Calculation of the Line Voltage
3 Regulation Modes
3.1 Operating Mode
3.2 Current Control Characteristics

115
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 5

Page
8
9
10
11
12
13
20
21
22

Table of Contents [cont.]


Switch to notes view!

116
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

This page is left blank intentionally

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 6

Blank Page

117

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

This page is left blank intentionally

Document History
Edition

Date

Author

Remarks

01

2010-24-08

ROUDIER, Gilles

First edition

MARECHAL, Eric

Second edition

02

2012-15-09

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 7

1 Submarine Cable System Overview

118
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 8

1 Submarine Cable System Overview

1.1 Network Powering Topologies


Point-to-point link
IL

PFE B

PFE A

Multi-point link
BU1

IL

BU2

PFE B

PFE A
IL

IL

PFE C
PFE D
119
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Necessity of power supplying:


the submerged equipment units:
Repeaters (R)
Branching Unit(s) (BU), in case of need
by means of a current IL ,which must be:
Direct
Filtered
Regulated
This requires to install, in each station, a regulated current source -> the Power Feeding Equipment (PFE).
According to the cable system configuration, It is possible to consider :
A point-to-point link, where:
Two P.F.E.s are connected in series
The current IL supplies the repeaters
A multi-point link, where:
Three (or more) stations are inter-connected via one (or more) B.U.s
Two stations (2 PFEs) are connected in series to form the trunk.
The other station(s) is (are) autonomous to supply its own branch which is earthed at
the BU level.
The line current:
has the same level in each segment or branch
has for nominal value IN =
is regulated at 10 mA
must be permanent
uses the earth as return way
Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.
TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 9

1 Submarine Cable System Overview

1.2 Submarine Link Elements


IL
BRANCH C
STATION A
BRANCHING
UNIT

REPEATER

SLTE

POWER
SUPPLY
MODULE

Power
Switching
and Supplying
module

BRANCH A

IL

IL

50 V
CURRENT SOURCE

BRANCH B

IL

1 1 10
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

The PFE has to:


compensate the voltage drop due to the cable.
power supply:
the repeaters,
the branching units.
At each submerged equipment level:
the power feeding conductor is interrupted.
a power supply module is inserted in series with the power feeding conductor; it has for purpose to
extract from the line current the power needed by the internal circuits :
amplification and supervision circuits in a repeater,
switching and, possibly, amplification in a B.U.
For a repeater, the required voltage (V/Rep) is :

ALCATEL ( Il=1.1A )

1 sub-syst
11V

2 sub-syst
18 V

V / REP for
3 sub-syst 4 sub-syst
25 V
32V

6 sub-syst 8 sub-syst
46V
34V at 1.5A

For a Branching Unit:


The voltage drop (V/BU) due to the switching circuit is as follows:
Refer to the System Powering Spec of the contract for an accurate value.

BU Full Fibre R3.5 Voltage drop trunk (at 1A)

51 V

BU Full Fibre R3.5 Voltage drop spur (at 1A)

48 V

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 10

1 Submarine Cable System Overview

1.3 Power Feeding Conductor


Insulation and
Protection layers
Armour

Optical fibres

Power feeding
conductor

V / Km = ( / Km) x IL

1 1 11

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

The line current is applied to a special conductor which is a constituent element of the cable: the power
feeding conductor.
The resistance of this conductor varies between 0.70 ohm and 1.6 ohm per kilometer, according to the
constructor of cable.
Example:

Resistance per kilometer


AT&T

0.7 ohm to 0.8 ohm

ALCATEL

0.7 ohm to 1.6 ohm

PIRELLI

1 ohm

FUJITSU

1.3 ohm to 1.6 ohm

NOTE: This resistance is generally specified for a given temperature.


Ex.: R = 1 /km for T0 = 12C
The correction law is for a cupper conductor:
R1 = R0 [1 + 0.004 (T0 - T1)]
where R0 is the resistance at T0 C
and R1 is the resistance at T1 C
Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.
TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 11

2 Line Voltage Calculation

1 1 12
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 12

2 Line Voltage Calculation

2.1 Elements of Calculation of the Line Voltage


50V

50V

VL
VC

IL
+

BU

Vi

R1

Rn

VRET

Vi

VRET

Earth Voltage
1 1 13

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

Elements of calculation of the line voltage


The line voltage, VL, takes into account:
The voltage drops due to the submerged units :

VC =Vcable +VREP (+VBU )

Vcable = voltage drop due to the cable itself


= V/km x Lkm =R/km x IL x Lkm
(Lkm must take into account the land cable length)
VREP = total voltage required to supply the n repeaters with the
number of sub-systems equipping the link in question
= n x V/REP
VBU = voltage drop due to the possible Branching Unit(s)
= VBU1 (+VBU2 + ....)

The voltage drops at each station level :


VINT = voltage drop due to the internal resistance of the equipment
VRET = voltage drop due to the current return circuit (sea earth)
Consequently, the line voltage will be such as:

VL = VC + 2VINT + 2VRET

VL = VC + VINT + VRET
In single-end feeding mode

In double-end feeding mode

P.F.E. Voltage
The PFE must be able to generate the line current IL in all circumstances and to face environmental disturbances: earth
potential fluctuations, storm, temperature variations, telluric currents, ...
For that, a virtual voltage - the earth voltage - (VEARTH) is taken into account and added to VL to determine the voltage rate of
the PFE:

VPFE = VL + VEARTH

VEARTH can be estimated from the length and the orientation of the link:
VEARTH
= 0.3 V/km max for a West-East link
= 0.03 V/km max for a North-South link
Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.
TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 13

Exercise
Estimate the line voltage required to supply each
link making up a segment

1 1 14
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 14

Exercise
a Case of a point-to-point link

b Case of a multi-point link


LC = 6 km

LC = 4 km

LC = 6 km

A+

-B
R1

C
-

R40

LC = 5 km

2990 Km
4 fibres pair

A+

200 Km
4 fibres pair
3 rep.

400 Km
2 fibres pair
6 rep.

BU

LC = 4 km
800 Km
2 fibres pair
12 rep.

-B

N
Technical data:
The repeaters are supplied by ALCATEL
The cable resistance is 1 ohm/Km
The line current is 1 Amp.
In each station:
VINT = 5 V
VRET = 10 V

S
Evaluate the Power Feeding Voltage for the link A-B

1 1 15
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

Technical data:
The repeaters are supplied by ALCATEL
The branching unit is a Full fibre BU from ALCATEL
The cable resistance is 1 ohm/Km
The line current is 1 Amp.
In each station:
VINT = 5 V
VRET = 10 V
Evaluate the Power Feeding Voltage for: . the trunk A-B
. the branch C

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 15

Exercise : Case of Point-to-Point Link


Link / Trunk A-B
Cable
Submarine part
Land cable
part
Total

Repeaters
1 Sub-system
2 Sub-system
3 Sub-system
4 Sub-system

Branching Units
WDM BU
FF BU

Link / Trunk A-B

V/Km

Km
...........
...........
...........

.........V

Number
...........
...........
...........
...........

V/Rep
...........
...........
...........
...........

Number
...........
...........

V/BU
...........
...........

Cable
Submarine part
= ............V

Land cable
part
Total

Repeaters
= .........V

1 Sub-system

= .........V

2 Sub-system

= .........V

3 Sub-system

= .........V

4 Sub-system

Branching Units
= .........V

WDM BU

= .........V

FF BU

Km
2990
10
3000

V/Km

Number
...........
...........
...........
40

V/Rep
...........
...........
...........
32

Number
...........
...........

V/BU
...........
...........

Vc = .........V

Line Voltage

1V

3000 V

= .........V
= .........V
= .........V
=

1280 V

= .........V
= .........V
Vc =

4280 V

10 V

Line Voltage

VINT = ............ x 5 V

= .........V

VINT = 2 x 5 V

VRET = ............ x 10 V

= .........V

VRET = 2 x 10 V

20 V

VL =

4310 V

VL = .........V

PFE Voltage

PFE Voltage

VEARTH = ............ Km x V/KM

= ............V

VEARTH = 2990 Km x 0.3 V/KM

VPFE = ............V
1 1 16
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 16

897 V

VPFE = 5207 V

Exercise : Case of Multi-Point Link


Link / Trunk A-B
Cable
Submarine part
Land cable
part
Total

Repeaters
1 Sub-system
2 Sub-system
3 Sub-system
4 Sub-system

Branching Units
WDM BU
FF BU

Branch C

V/Km

Km
...........
...........
...........

.........V

Number
...........
...........
...........
...........

V/Rep
...........
...........
...........
...........

Number
...........
...........

V/BU
...........
...........

Cable
Submarine part
= ............V

Land cable
part
Total

Repeaters
= .........V

1 Sub-system

= .........V

2 Sub-system

= .........V

3 Sub-system

= .........V

4 Sub-system

Branching Units
= .........V

WDM BU

= .........V

FF BU

.........V

Number
...........
...........
...........
...........

V/Rep
...........
...........
...........
...........

Number
...........
...........

V/BU
...........
...........

Vc = .........V

Line Voltage

V/Km

Km
...........
...........
...........

= ............V

= .........V
= .........V
= .........V
= .........V

= .........V
= .........V
Vc = .........V

Line Voltage

VINT = ............ x 5 V

= .........V

VINT = ............ x 5 V

= .........V

VRET = ............ x 10 V

= .........V

VRET = ............ x 10 V

= .........V

VL = .........V

PFE Voltage

VL = .........V

PFE Voltage

VEARTH = ............ Km x V/KM

= ............V

VEARTH = ............ Km x V/KM

VPFE = ............V
1 1 17
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 17

= ............V
VPFE = ............V

Exercise : Case of Multi-Point Link


Link / Trunk A-B

Branch C

Km
1200
9
1209

V/Km

Number
...........
18
...........
...........

V/Rep
...........
18
...........
...........

= .........V

1 Sub-system

324 V

2 Sub-system

= .........V

3 Sub-system

= .........V

4 Sub-system

Number
...........
1

V/BU
...........
51

= .........V

WDM BU

51 V

FF BU

Vc =

1584 V

VINT = 2 x 5 V

10 V

VINT = 1 x 5 V

5V

VRET = 2 x 10 V

20 V

VRET = 2 x 10 V

10 V

VL =

1614 V

VL =

365 V

360 V

6V

VPFE =

371 V

Cable
Submarine part
Land cable
part
Total

Repeaters
1 Sub-system
2 Sub-system
3 Sub-system
4 Sub-system

Branching Units
WDM BU
FF BU

Cable
Submarine part

1V

1209 V

Land cable
part
Total

Repeaters

Branching Units

Line Voltage

Km
200
6
206

V/Km

Number
...........
...........
...........
3

V/Rep
...........
...........
...........
32

Number
...........
1

V/BU
...........
48

1V

206 V

= .........V
= .........V
= .........V
=

96 V

= .........V
=

48 V

Vc =

350 V

Line Voltage

PFE Voltage

PFE Voltage

VEARTH = 1200 Km x 0.3V/KM

VEARTH = 200 Km x 0.03 V/KM

VPFE = 1974 V
1 1 18
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 18

Notes Page only


Switch to notes view!

1 1 19
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 19

3 Regulation Modes

1 1 20
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 20

3 Regulation Modes

3.1 Operating Mode


Doubleend feeding mode
VL
IL

PFE A

VA

PFE B

VB
Virtual 0V

Single-end feeding mode


IL

PFE A

+/-

PFE B
VA = VL
IL

PFE

1 1 21
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

BU

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Double-end feeding mode:


this configuration corresponds to the normal supplying mode of a point-to-point link
both PFEs operate in voltage sharing
one PFE operates in current regulation
the current regulated at IN 10 mA
the opposite PFE operates in voltage regulation
it regulates its output voltage at a given level VB (i.e. VL/2)
the first PFE provides the complementary voltage and compensates the line voltage
fluctuations
VA = VL VB
both PFEs have opposite polarities
each PFE is able to produce the overall line power
both PFE operate in mutual stand-by mode
Single-end feeding mode:
this configuration is used in case of branch station
the link is fed from only one terminal station
the PFE operates in current regulation mode and generates the total line voltage
the cable is earthed at the opposite end
The PFE which supply the branch must be negative to avoid an oxidation of the earthling system at the
BU
this configuration can be required in point-to-point link in case of :
failure of any one PFE
maintenance operations in any station
cable fault

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 21

3 Regulation Modes

3.2 Current Control Characteristics


IN

PFE

PFE

Current
Regulation

Operating point in
double-end feeding mode

Operating point in
single-end feeding mode

Operating point in
double-end feeding mode

I
+40mA

IN

-VSh

Virtual 0V

B
C

IN

-40mA

VShare

Current mode PFE


1 1 22
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

VSyst.
(VL )

G
E

D
VShare -100 V

Auto change from


voltage to current mode

VShare +100 V

+ VSh

Voltage
Regulation

VShare

0.75 VSyst. VSyst.


(VL )

Voltage mode PFE

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

In case of double-end fed system, both current sources can only work in series so long as the outputs of
both units are regulated to the same current level. In order to meet this requirement each PFE has to work
in a different regulation mode :
Current regulation mode : the PFE controls the current to within the allowed limits
Voltage regulation mode : the PFE operates at a predetermined output voltage and has no control over
the line current unless the line current it sees rises changes by 40mA
To configure the Power Feeding System in this situation the procedure consists to:
1. Ramp up the PFE which is designed to operate in current regulation mode:
the current and voltage increase progressively and simultaneously up to the single-end feeding
operating point (G);
Note that the ramp shape is a voltage mode but the PFE switches to current mode when it
passes the voltage mode switch point
The current rise is controlled at x mA/sec.
at G point, the PFE is locked in current regulation mode
NOTE: This sequence will be used also to ramp up a branch
2. Ramp up the PFE which is designed to operate in voltage regulation mode
the current and voltage increase quickly up to the double-end feeding operating point (C);
simultaneously, the voltage produced by the opposite PFE decreases to the same operating point
(C);
at C point, the second PFE is locked in voltage regulation mode.
Vsyst. is the voltage that the PFE may be expected to feed in a particular powering configuration when it is
not sharing with a distant PFE. On a primary trunk it will be the end-to-end voltage whereas on branches
and secondary branches it is the voltage to branching unit earth.
Vshare. is the voltage at which a PFE is expected to share when double end feeding. With no fault on the
trunk the share voltage can be set by the PFE, usually at approximately half the system voltage.
Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.
TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 22

Exercise
In each case proposed hereafter, find how the PFE
will work in order to maintain the power in line by
following the current control characteristic.

10 minutes

1 1 23
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 23

Exercise : Voltage Mode PFE Failure


PFE

PFE

Current
Regulation

Operating point in
single-end feeding mode

Operating point in
double-end feeding mode

+40mA
C

IN

B
C

IN
-40mA

VShare

Current mode PFE


1 1 24
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

VSyst.
(VL )

G
E

D
VShare -100 V

Auto change from


voltage to current mode

VShare +100 V

Operating point in
double-end feeding mode

Voltage
Regulation

VShare

0.75 VSyst. VSyst.


(VL )

Voltage mode PFE

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

If the PFE regulating the voltage fails, the opposite PFE increases automatically and immediately its output
voltage up to the line voltage level (point G).

IN

Operating point in
double-end feeding mode

Operating point in
single-end feeding mode

Hidden Solution

VShare

VSyst.
(VL )

Current mode PFE

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 24

Exercise : Current Mode PFE Failure


PFE

PFE

Current
Regulation

Operating point in
single-end feeding mode

Operating point in
double-end feeding mode

+40mA
C

IN

B
C

IN
-40mA

VShare

VSyst.
(VL )

Current mode PFE


1 1 25

G
E

D
VShare -100 V

Auto change from


voltage to current mode

VShare +100 V

Operating point in
double-end feeding mode

Voltage
Regulation

VShare

0.75 VSyst. VSyst.


(VL )

Voltage mode PFE

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

If the PFE regulating the current fails, the opposite PFE:


decreases the current to IN - 40 mA with increasing its output voltage up to 75% of the total line
voltage (point E) or rated outout voltage-200V whichever is greater;
changes to current regulation mode (point F);
increases its output voltage to the total line voltage (point G).

Operating point in
double-end feeding mode

I
+40mA

Hidden Solution
C

IN
-40mA

G
E

D
VShare +100 V

VShare -100 V
0

Auto change from


voltage to current mode

VShare

0.75 VSyst. VSyst.


(VL )

Voltage mode PFE

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 25

Module Summary
Repeaters and Branching Unit must be supplied by a regulated current
source : the PFE
In a point-to-point link:
Two PFEs are connected in series
a constant current supplies the repeaters

In a multi-point link:
Three (or more) stations are inter-connected via one (or more) B.U.s
Two stations (2 PFEs) are connected in series to form the trunk.
The other station(s) is (are) autonomous to supply its own branch which is
earthed at the BU level.

Regulation modes:
Current regulation : the PFE controls the current
Voltage regulation : the PFE has no control over the line current

1 1 26
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 26

Notes Page only


Switch to notes view!

1 1 27
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 27

Self-assessment on the Objectives


Please be reminded to fill in the form

Self-Assessment on the Objectives


for this module
The form can be found in the first part
of this course documentation

1 1 28
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 28

End of module
Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link

1 1 29
Product Overview Conditions for Supplying a Submarine Link
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.1 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 1 Page 29

Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

@@SECT
LE
Section 1
Product Overview
Module 2
System General Description

TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1

PFE (Power Feed Equipment)


R 4.4 Description
TOP18063_V2.0-SG Edition 1

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent @@YEAR

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 1

Blank page

122

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Product Overview System General Description


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

This page is left blank intentionally

Document History
Edition

Date

Author

Remarks

01

2010-24-08

ROUDIER, Gilles

First edition

02

2012-15-09

MARECHAL, Eric

Second edition

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 2

Module objectives
Upon completion of this module, you should be able to:
Identify the units of the PFE
Describe the management tools
List the safety criteria
Explain the role of the system earth

123
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 3

Module objectives [cont.]

124
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

This page is left blank intentionally

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 4

Table of Contents
Switch to notes view!
1 PFE Presentation
1.1 PFE Overall View
1.2 Functional Organization
1.3 Hardware Organization
1.4 PFE Surrounding
2 Management Tools
2.1 Management System Description
2.2 Operator Interface
3 Safety Criteria
3.1 Protection People
3.2 Alarms Thresholds
4 PFE Earth
4.1 System Earth

125
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 5

Page
7
8
9
10
12
13
14
15
17
18
20
21
22

Table of Contents [cont.]


Switch to notes view!

126
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

This page is left blank intentionally

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 6

1 PFE Presentation

127
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 7

1 PFE Presentation

1.1 PFE Overall View

128
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

The R4.4 Control Panel uses a 15 Touch screen driven directly from the Power Unit Controller and
integrated software.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 8

1 PFE Presentation

1.2 Functional Organization


CONVERTER CUBICLE
CONVERTER 6

P.U.1
CONVERTER 2

CONVERTER 1
CONTROL CUBICLE

CONTROL CUBICLE
CONVERTER 1

CONTROL
&
MANAGEMENT

DUMMY
LOAD

CONTROL
&
MANAGEMENT

CABLE
TERMINATING
CUBICLE

CONVERTER 2

CONVERTER 6

P.U.2
(duplicated PU)

CONVERTER CUBICLE

129
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

The PFE organization is modular, it depends on :


The power (the voltage and current) to be applied to the cable
The level of protection.
The PFE is composed by :
A Power Unit (P.U.) which convert the low battery voltage (50V) to high voltage with the help of DC-DC
converters
each converter is able to provide a power from 0 to 3 KW
Up to 6 converters can be connected in series, in order to provide the required line power: 3, 6,
9, 12, 15, 18 kW.
The P.U. can be duplicated in order to improve the operation safety. Both P.U. operate in current
sharing mode but each one is able to generate the nominal current.
If either P.U. fails, the other one supplies automatically the total line current
A dummy load unit, allowing to test locally the operation of the Power Unit(s)
A cable terminating unit which provides the following functions :
Termination of the submarine cable
Termination of the system earth cable
Monitoring of the station and sea earth currents
Protection against surge voltage on the earth circuits
An anti surge coil (always fitted) but not necessary wired in.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 9

1 PFE Presentation

1.3 Hardware Organization

6 KW Unduplicated PFE

1 2 10
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

According to the power rate, the hardware configuration of a P.U. is chosen from:
The voltage required by the link and the nominal current.
Each converter supplies 3kW, and is strapped to optimize the voltage at different currents.
The safety voltage margin.

Because of the amount of heat generated in the converter cubicle, when equipped with 5 converters
running at 3kW, an improved heat management solution is implemented. The feature uses long-life speed
control fans to cool the converter by drawing air past the converter heat sinks, from the bottom of the
cubicle. Two new boards located at the top of the converter cubicle manage the fans (control of their speed
according to the temperature).
NOTE: In case of low power P.U. (3KW), the Dummy load is integrated in the Cable Terminating Cubicle.
Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.
TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 10

1 PFE Presentation

1.3 Hardware Organization [cont.]

6 KW Duplicated PFE

1 2 11
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

According to the required protection level, the P.U. can be duplicated, as a general rule.
But it will be duplicated, in particular:
In case of link normally supplied in single-end feeding mode.
Ex: PFE supplying a branch in a multi-point system.
In case of a very long link, normally supplied in double-end feeding mode, but for which each PFE is
unable to produce, alone, the total line voltage.
Ex: A trunk for which VL = 16 kV. It will be supplied, from both ends, by two 12 kV with
duplicated P.U.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 11

1 PFE Presentation

1.4 PFE Surrounding

MAINS

SMS

SLTEs

Measurements/
Alarms/Status

Optical
fibers

-50V Main

POWER
SUPPLY
(batteries,
Generating set)

Cable
Term.

H.V.
-50V Aux

PU 1
PFE

-50V Main
-50V Aux

OW

CABLE

PU 2
Earthy
line

Sea earth

1 2 12
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

Station earth

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Power supply :
Each Power Unit is supplied from the station power plant by means of two 50 V lines:
a power line which feeds the power converters.
an auxiliary line which feeds the control, supervision and safety circuits.
The 50 V voltage is secured by means of 2 stand-by sources:
Batteries
Generating.
The limits accepted for this voltage are 40.5 V < Ve < 57 V.
Environment :
Cable: the Cable Terminating Cubicle is the interface between the cable and the high voltage source and
the transmission terminal equipment.
Supervision and Maintenance System. This computer:
Processes the current / voltage parameters received from the PFE
Manages the status and alarm data received from the PFE.
Earth : Two earth circuits are available:
The System Earth (or Sea Earth) which is the normal return earth
The Station Earth, which is the normal reference and protection earth for all equipments fitted in the
station
This earth can be used as return in case of failure in the system earth circuit.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 12

2 Management Tools

1 2 13
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 13

2 Management Tools

2.1 Management System Description


The Control Panel performs a complete
set of management operations
The SMS can only recover the PFE events, 1350OMS-SN
alarms and measurements

1350OMS-EML

LAN

1620 LM
QB3*

QB3*

DCN

Control
Panel

PFE

Control
Panel

PFE

SLTE

SLTE
Submarine line
1 2 14

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Product Overview System General Description


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

SMS : Submarine Management System (1350 OMS EML+1350 OMS SN)


DCN : Data Communication Network
1350 OMS SN : Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Network manager
1350 OMS EML : Alcatel-Lucent Node Manager
Monitoring and control from the Control Panel
The Control Panel performs a complete set of management operations:
Configuration
Fault management
Analogue measurement
Ramping sequence control.
As an option, the Control Panel access is controlled by a password to prevent unauthorized
operators invoking the power feeding sequences.
Monitoring from the SMS
The SMS displays a power feeding view of the submarine system.
The SMS recovers the PFE events, alarms and PFE measurements. The SMS displays this
information and stores it for long-term statistical analysis.
The SMS follows the ramping sequences. The SMS has currently no control on the power
feeding facilities (calibration, start/ stop ramping sequences, electroding, routing control)
The SMS does not manage the Alarm Concentrator.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 14

2 Management Tools

2.2 Operator Interface

Supplies
Main
DC

Display
panel

Aux
DC

Polarity

Routing

Pos

On
Line

Pmpt

Alarms
Dfrd

Neg

Off
Line

Rec
Attn

Rec
Attn

6778

50.5

Output Voltage

Battery Voltage

Dummy
Load

1100

700

Output Current

Power Unit Current

Control
panel

1 2 15
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Display panel
It provides status and alarm information.
Control panel
It uses a 15 Touch screen, mounted on a single panel, as the user interface. It is driven
directly from the Power Unit Controller with integrated software.
Remote Control Panel
As well as the local control panel, or instead of, it is possible to have a remote control panel on a
standard personal computer.
The remote control panel has identical functionality as the local control panel. The look is identical, but
with a mouse and keyboard replacing the pressure sensitive membrane buttons.
The remote control panel can be configured to monitor and control all PFE on the system, with a
summary window displaying the status of every PFE.
Access to Remote control is set using software interface. The remote control access is now acessible
via TCP/IP (LAN) on this release. For example, it is now possible to run the remote control panel via
any PC connected to the SMS (Remote Operator Position or Operator Position) using GoGlobal. The
SMS software will not allow PFE control.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 15

Notes Page only


Switch to notes view!

1 2 16
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 16

3 Safety Criteria

1 2 17
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 17

3 Safety Criteria

3.1 Protection People


Mechanical key interlocks
Ensures that access to high voltage cannot be obtained without the power being
switched off

1 2 18
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Access to high voltage and high energy areas is secured by use of 3 kinds of devices:
Keys allowing or inhibiting any access to a high voltage circuit when this is working.
Micro Switches that trigger a shutdown.
On some door switches, the HV is shorted out by the switch: CC, CTC &DL doors.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 18

3 Safety Criteria

3.1 Protection People [cont.]


Emergency shutdown loops

Cable
Terminating

Dummy
Load

Control
Cubicle

Cable
Terminating
Shelf

Front door
EMGY.SH.D
Rear door

Emergency Shut Down


push-button

Front door

Front door
EMGY.SH.D
Rear door

Safety micro-switch

Rear door

Front door
H.V. shelves
+ Rear door

PU 1
Converter
Cubicle

EMGY.SH.D
Rear door

Front door
Rear door

PU 2
Major
faults

EMERGENCY SHUT DOWN

1 2 19

CONVERTERS
TRIP OUT

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Product Overview System General Description


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

Access to High Voltage and current areas is available via interlocked doors which are fitted with doors
switches. When they are opened the station supply circuit to the converters is switched off.
Safety interlocking arrangements protect personnel from exposure to high working voltage or laser light
beams.
Low voltage areas are modular in construction and are separated from the high voltage areas to facilitate
maintenance and testing.
A earth probe is supplied and each cubicle has an earth probe socket.
Emergency press button facilities are provided on the front and rear of the equipment.
All control are located on the front.
Emergency Shut Down circuits :
Both P.U.s are fitted with identical shutdown circuits.
EMGY SHD will shutdown both Pus always.
The opening of a door will only generally shut down that PU.
Provision is made for an remote emergency shutdown button, eg on the terminal station wall.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 19

3 Safety Criteria

3.2 Alarms Thresholds


Shut down
See note

Operational
point

+ X (*)
+20mA
IN

ALARM

-20mA
-10%

Shut down

Imin

VSyst. + VSh
2

See note

-3%
0

1 2 20

+3%

-3%

+3%

VSh

VSyst.

ALARM

ALARM

VLim.
VSD.
(+20%) VL+500 V

VOUT

Shut down

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Product Overview System General Description


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

Alarm thresholds
These alarms are dedicated as DEFFERED ALARMS.
The alarms below are relating to the line parameters:
Very low current alarm
: INom. -10 %
Low current alarm
: INom. -20 mA
High current alarm
: INom. +20 mA
Low voltage alarm
: Vope. - 3 % or 60 V whichever greater
High voltage alarm
: Vope. + 3 % or 60 V whichever greater

These alarms:
are calculated from VShare
or VSyst, whichever is the
closest.
can be inhibited.

Shutdown thresholds
The protection thresholds below are relating to the line parameters:
Very low current shutdown : IL Imin. It is set at 100mA.
High current shutdown

: (*) INom. + 110ma, +120mA, +160 mA or +170mA

All these 4 alarms are used in case of alarm or unit failure


High voltage shutdown

V liml. + 500 V, +600, +700 V or +800V

NOTES : Moreover, the line is protected against any over-voltage higher than 12 kV.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 20

4 PFE Earth

1 2 21
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 21

4 PFE Earth

4.1 System Earth


System Earth is used in normal condition
In case of System Earth cable break, the two earths will be link together
within the PFE
For maintenance convenience, the earth configuration may be switched
without effecting traffic

Land
cable

Land
cable

Submarine cable

PFE A

PFE B
Earth
cable

Station Earth

1 2 22
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

System
Earth

System
Earth

Earth
cable
Station Earth

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

A dedicated PFE System Earth, separate from the Station Earth array is to be installed for the following
main reasons:
to prevent the corrosion of the Station Earth (mainly for negative PFE)
to increase the immunity to possible interference induced along the terrestrial cable route or generated
through the ground.
to prevent noise on the power feeding equipment effecting other equipment in the station.
For safety and redundancy reasons in the case of a System Earth cable cut, a clamping system will links
the two earths within the PFE and limit their voltage difference to 60V. The design of the PFE allows for
variations of this 60V limit if required on a contract.
R4.4 uses a new earth monitoring circuit which improves the earth measurement isolation.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 22

Answer the Questions

Statements

True

False

The PFE which will operate in current mode is this one which is started at
first
A link requiring a 10 800 V voltage and supplied in double-end feeding mode
will be equipped with two 10 kV PFE
If the battery voltage supplying the PFE decreases to 35 V, the PFE shuts
down automatically
In normal operation, the return of current is made via the station earth
Access to high voltage areas is secured by mechanical key interlocks
The total line voltage is equally shared between both PFEs
The PU is duplicated to increase the PFE output voltage
Two PFE working in series operate in current sharing mode
The PFE which is powered at first is normally designed to feed a branch
In a multi-point system, it is necessary to install at least 2 bipolar PFE
1 2 23
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Statements

True

The PFE which will operate in current mode is this one which is started at first

A link requiring a 10 800 V voltage and supplied in double-end feeding mode will be
equipped with two 12 kV PFE

If the battery voltage supplying the PFE decreases to 35 V, the PFE shuts down
automatically

False

In normal operation, the return of current is made via the station earth
Access to high voltage areas is secured by mechanical key interlocks

The total line voltage is equally shared between both PFEs

The PU is duplicated to increase the PFE output voltage

Two PFE working in series operate in current sharing mode

The PFE which is powered at first is normally designed to feed a branch

In a multi-point system, it is necessary to install at least 2 bipolar PFE

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 23

Module Summary
A PFE is composed by :
1 or 2 Power Unit(s)
A Cable Terminating Unit
A Dummy Load

The PFE can be manage by :


The Control Panel located on each PU
The SMS (monitoring only)

The protection people to high voltage is secured by :


Mechanical key interlocks
Emergency shutdown push-button
Micro Switches

System Earth is used in normal condition to close electrical circuit


1 2 24
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 24

Self-assessment on the Objectives


Please be reminded to fill in the form

Self-Assessment on the Objectives


for this module
The form can be found in the first part
of this course documentation

1 2 25
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 25

End of module
System General Description

1 2 26
Product Overview System General Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.2 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 2 Page 26

Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

@@SECT
LE
Section 1
Product Overview
Module 3
Unit Description

TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1

PFE (Power Feed Equipment)


R 4.4 Description
TOP18063_V2.0-SG Edition 1

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent @@YEAR

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 1

Blank page

132

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Product Overview Unit Description


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

This page is left blank intentionally

Document History
Edition

Date

Author

Remarks

01

2010-24-08

ROUDIER, Gilles

First edition

02

2012-15-09

MARECHAL, Eric

Second edition

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 2

Module objectives
Upon completion of this module, you should be able to:
List the functionalities of each unit contained in the PFE

133
Product Overview Unit Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 3

Module objectives [cont.]

134
Product Overview Unit Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

This page is left blank intentionally

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 4

Table of Contents
Switch to notes view!
1 Power Unit
1.1 PU Functionalities
1.2 Power Conversion
1.3 Regulation Function
2 Cable Terminating Unit
2.1 CT Functionalities
2.2 Cable Terminating Unit Description
2.3 Fiber Handling
3 Dummy Load Unit
3.1 Condition of Use
3.2 Possible Arrangements

135
Product Overview Unit Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 5

Page
7
8
9
10
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

Table of Contents [cont.]


Switch to notes view!

136
Product Overview Unit Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

This page is left blank intentionally

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 6

1 Power Unit

137
Product Overview Unit Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 7

1 Power Unit

1.1 PU Functionalities
Data exchange with an
other PU
Output polarity
selection

Power conversion/
regulation

Output parameter
monitoring

Over-voltage protection

PU
Powering-up
management

Electroding function

Supervision

Alarm management
Emergency shut down
management

138

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Product Overview Unit Description


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

The P.U. includes the facilities of the cable electroding for searching the location of the cable at the sea
bed.
amplitude adjustable from 0 to 200 m Amp
frequency adjustable from 3 Hz to 60 Hz precision of 0.01Hz.
The P.U. can be supervised continuously from the system surveillance equipment (SMS) via a QB3
interface, by transmitting:
the output current / voltage
the regulation mode
the status of the cable head
the alarms.
The power conversion function is implemented by modular converters.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 8

1 Power Unit

1.2 Power Conversion


18 kW

FS2

OFF

FS3

ON

CONVERTER 6

AUXILIARY D.C. SUPPLY

MAIN D.C. SUPPLY

CONTROL SUPPLY

15 kW

+
CONVERTER 5

12 kW

+
CONVERTER 4

ESP
Bonding
Point

LOGIC D.C. SUPPLY

+
CONVERTER 3

9 kW

O FF LINE

ON LINE
ON
LIN E

O FF
LIN E

D UM M Y
LO A D

LO CKED

LO CKED

RO UTIN G SWI TCH LO CKING SYSTEM

6 kW

CONVERTER 2

Converter behind
panel

3 kw

+
CONVERTER 1

48 V Main

Control Cubicle
139

Converter Cubicle

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Product Overview Unit Description


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

Power conversion :
The high voltage is obtained by converting a low voltage into a high voltage (0 to 12 kV) by means of
1 to 6 DC-DC identical converters using the HF switching.
The conversion and regulation are driven from the control and management unit
Each converter :
Is fed from a low voltage (48 VDC)
Is able to provide a high voltage from 0 to 3 kW
Regulates its output current at IN
(N being the number of working converters).
The converters are connected:
In parallel at the input (low voltage) side
In series at the output (high voltage) side.
Because of the amount of heat generated in the converter cubicle, when equipped with 5 converters
running at 3kW, an improved heat management solution is implemented. The feature uses long-life
speed control fans to cool the converter by drawing air past the converter heat sinks, from the bottom
of the cubicle.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 9

1 Power Unit

1.3 Regulation Function


IPU1
IN

Regulation
Loop
55% IN

PU1

START

Converters

PU1
I+V

COM1
I+V

COM2
I+V

LINE

t
IPU2

IN

PU2
PU2
I+V

Converters

Regulation
Loop

45% IN

START

1 3 10
Product Overview Unit Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

General principle
The power converter regulation function is implemented by a regulation loop made up of:
A set of measuring circuits having for purpose to sample the current and voltage:
At the P.U. level
At the common output level.
This duplication of the monitoring circuit enables to cover all the PFE configurations:
Only one P.U. supplying the cable (or the Dummy Load) with the total line current
Both P.U.s working in parallel and sharing the total line current.
A Current Control Unit, located in the logic shelf, which receives and processes the I and V
values transmitted by the Monitoring circuits by optical fibres.

Current sharing between both P.U.s


Both Power Units operate normally in parallel with each one supplying a portion of the line
current.
In this case, the P.U. and Common Voltage / Current measurements are sent to the Current
Control Card where they are compared to their reference values.
Each P.U. regulates its output current at approximately half of the total current value
received from the common I/V monitoring boards.
Actually the common current is not exactly shared between both P.U.s:
The P.U. which is started at first generates 55 % of IN
The other P.U. generates 45 % of IN

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 10

Exercise
Specify the current and voltage values at different
points of the power path in each configuration
proposed hereafter
PU 1 is assumed started at first

10 minutes

1 3 11
Product Overview Unit Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 11

Exercise : PU1&PU2 On Line

PU I & V
Monitoring

CNVR 1

CNVR 2

Common I/V
Monitoring 1

DUMMY
LOAD

PU 1

1000 mA

PU I & V
Monitoring

CNVR 1

IL

Common I/V
Monitoring 2

4840 V

CNVR 2

PU 2

1 3 12

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Product Overview Unit Description


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

550m
A
CNVR 1

2420V

PU I & V
Monitoring

550m
A

1000mA

4840V

Common I/V 4840V


Monitoring 1

DUMMY
LOAD

550m
A
CNVR 2

2420V

PU 1

Hidden Solution
550m
A

550m
A
CNVR 1

2420V

PU I & V
Monitoring

4840V

1000 mA
Common I/V
Monitoring 1

550m
A
CNVR 2

IL

4840 V

1000mA

2420V

PU 2

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 12

Exercise : PU1 on Dummy Load & PU2 On Line


1000 mA

Common I/V
Monitoring 1

PU I & V
Monitoring

CNVR 1

CNVR 2

DUMMY
LOAD

4280 V

PU 1

1000 mA

IL

Common I/V
Monitoring 2

PU I & V
Monitoring

CNVR 1

4840 V

CNVR 2

PU 2

1 3 13

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Product Overview Unit Description


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

1000 mA
1000mA

1000mA

CNVR 1

2140V

PU I & V
Monitoring

4280V

Common I/V
Monitoring 1

DUMMY
LOAD

4280 V

1000mA

CNVR 2

2140V

PU 1

Hidden Solution

CNVR 1

2420V

1000m
A

1000mA

1000mA
PU I & V
Monitoring

4840V

Common I/V
Monitoring 1

1000mA

CNVR 2

IL

1000m
A

2420V

PU 2

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 13

4840 V

Notes Page only


Switch to notes view!

1 3 14
Product Overview Unit Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 14

2 Cable Terminating Unit

1 3 15
Product Overview Unit Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 15

2 Cable Terminating Unit

2.1 CT Functionalities

Connects power from


the Power Units to the
cable conductor.

Terminates the system


earth cable.

Monitors the station


and system earth
currents.

Cable
Terminating
Assembly

Terminates the duct


land cable.

Fibre handling
Protects against excess
voltage difference
between station earth
and system earth.

1 3 16
Product Overview Unit Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

Connects the earthly line


from the PUs to either
Station Earth or System Earth.

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 16

2 Cable Terminating Unit

2.2 Cable Terminating Unit Description


To Fibre termination shelf
Cable terminating shelf

PFE High Line

A
Door Safety
Interlock

Sea
Cable

Rack
Earth
Dedicated
Station Earth

PFE Earth line

Earth
Protection
Unit

Safety
Earth
Interlock

Fibre termination shelf

Earth Isolation
Shelf

SYSTEM EART H

System
Earth

M
O
N
I
T
O
R

Dedicated
Station Earth

Dummy Load door


or
Filling panel

Rack
Earth

1 3 17

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Product Overview Unit Description


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

The Cable Terminating equipment is made up of:


the Cable Terminating shelf which:
Connects the high voltage PFE output to the duct land cable
Routes the cable optical fibers to the Fiber Termination shelf.
the Fiber Termination shelf connecting the sea fibers from the duct cable to the fibers of the
Transmission Terminal units.
the Earth Isolation shelf where the earthy line is connected either to the system earth or to the station
earth in case of need.
NOTE : The cable head is also equipped with an open circuit link that can be removed to open circuit
the line for safety reasons when working on the line.
The open circuit link is standard.

R4.4 has a new cable terminating desing including new safety meter and reposition of line choke. A cable
discharge function is now available.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 17

2 Cable Terminating Unit

2.3 Fiber Handling

1 3 18

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Product Overview Unit Description


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

The Optical Fibre Distribution Unit facilitates the splicing of the incoming fibres from the cable manifold
equipment onto fibres to the SLTE. Splice and fibre management is carried out in trays within the unit. Each
tray can be withdrawn from the OFDU for ease of access. A lockable hinged front cover prevents
unauthorised access to the trays and fibres.
R4.4 includes a new smaller ODF unit.

WARNING:
THE LASER LIGHT SOURCES USED FOR THIS TYPE OF TRANSMISSION ARE
POTENTIALLY DANGEROUS TO EYESIGHT. EVERY PRECAUTION HAS BEEN TAKEN IN
DESIGN AND MANUFACTURE TO ENSURE THAT DIRECT VIEWING OF THE LASER
BEAM IS PRECLUDED BUT USERS ARE ADVISED TO ENSURE THAT THEY ARE NOT IN
DIRECT LINE OF SIGHT WITH THE BEAM FROM ANY DISCONNECTED SECTIONS OF
THE OPTICAL PATH.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 18

3 Dummy Load Unit

1 3 19
Product Overview Unit Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 19

3 Dummy Load Unit

3.1 Condition of Use


Unduplicated PU
I

PU

VDL

D
L
Station
earth

Duplicated PU
I

PU1

VDL

PU1

D
L

PU2

PU2

1 3 20

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Product Overview Unit Description


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

The Dummy Load is designed to test the P.U.(s).


The conditions of this test depend on the PFE configuration:
The P.U. is not duplicated:
If necessary, the system must be reconfigured to supply the segment or the branch from an
other end
The cable is connected to the earth by setting the Routing switch to "Dummy Load".
The P.U. is duplicated:
only one P.U. has to be tested
the cable continues to be supplied by the other P.U.
both P.U. have to be tested
same situation as in case of duplicated P.U.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 20

3 Dummy Load Unit

3.2 Possible Arrangements


Filter Panel

Cable
Terminating
Unit

Control
Terminating
Unit

Dummy
Load
Assembly

Motorized
Rheostats
Fan Assembly
(FU1)
Fan Unit
Dummy Load
Control Unit

Dummy Load
Controller

Dummy Load
Control Panel

High Voltage
Terminal Panel

6, 9,12,15 or 18 KW PFE

3 KW PFE
1 3 21

Fan Assembly
(FU2)

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Product Overview Unit Description


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

The high voltage from the Power Unit(s) is applied to a set of rheostats.
All the rheostats are connected in series to form a variable resistor by means of which it is
possible to make the P.U. output voltage move from zero to a level corresponding to the maximum voltage
available at the output of PFE.
Consequently the total resistance (and the number of rheostats) depends on the PFE output
current and voltage.
The dummy load is completed by:
a Filter panel, which connects the 50 VDC supply and includes a 50 V low-pass filter and an on/off
switch (S1)
a fan unit
a control unit which processes the data received from the P.U.s and generates the commands to
control the dummy load devices. This unit is of the same design as the alarm concentrator unit. In a
combine CT/DLC the function is performed by the alarm concentrator at the top of the cubicle.
R4.4 includes a new fan control processing.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 21

Notes Page only


Switch to notes view!

1 3 22
Product Overview Unit Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 22

Self-assessment on the Objectives


Please be reminded to fill in the form

Self-Assessment on the Objectives


for this module
The form can be found in the first part
of this course documentation

1 3 23
Product Overview Unit Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 23

End of module
Unit Description

1 3 24
Product Overview Unit Description
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 1.3 Edition 1
Section 1 Module 3 Page 24

Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

Section 2
Operation & Maintenance Tasks
Overview

@@SECT
LE
Module 1
Maintenance Tasks Overview

TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1

PFE (Power Feed Equipment)


R 4.4 Description
TOP18063_V2.0-SG Edition 1

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent @@YEAR

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 1

Blank page

212
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

This page is left blank intentionally

Document History
Edition

Date

Author

Remarks

01

2010-24-08

ROUDIER, Gilles

First edition

02

2012-15-09

MARECHAL, Eric

Second edition

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 2

Module objectives
Upon completion of this module, you should be able to:
Describe the main maintenance tasks

213
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 3

Module objectives [cont.]

214
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

This page is left blank intentionally

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 4

Table of Contents
Switch to notes view!
1 Power Unit Routing
1.1 Routing Configurations
2 Powering Up Sequences
2.1 Power Configuration Number
2.2 Ramp-Up Procedure with BU R3.5
2.3 Sequence Description
3 Electroding
3.1 Principle
4 Earth Selection
4.1 Earth Termination

215
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 5

Page
7
8
9
10
12
15
17
18
19
20

Table of Contents [cont.]


Switch to notes view!

216
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

This page is left blank intentionally

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 6

1 Power Unit Routing

217
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 7

1 Power Unit Routing

1.1 Routing Configurations


A Power Unit can be route On Line, Off Line or On Dummy Load
5)
1)

PU1

COM1

COM2

PU2

4)

LINE

PU2

COM2

D.L.

PU1

COM1

LINE

PU2

COM2

D.L.

PU1

COM1

LINE

PU2

COM2

D.L.

PU1

COM1

LINE

PU2

COM2

D.L.

PU1

COM1

LINE

PU2

COM2

D.L.

D.L.

PU1

COM1

LINE

PU2

COM2

D.L.

7)
3)

COM1

LINE

6)
2)

PU1

PU1

COM1

LINE

PU2

COM2

D.L.

PU1

COM1

COM2

PU2

LINE

D.L.

218
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

8)

9)

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

The table below recaps the possible high voltage routing configurations according to the respective
positions of both routing switches.

Routing Switch
position in PU1
ON LINE

OFF LINE

DUMMY LOAD

Routing Switch
position in PU1
ON LINE

Configuration
1

OFF LINE

DUMMY LOAD

ON LINE

OFF LINE

DUMMY LOAD

ON LINE

OFF LINE

DUMMY LOAD

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 8

2 Powering Up Sequences

219
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 9

2 Powering Up Sequences

2.1 Power Configuration Number


PCN specifies the ramp and the running characteristics required for the
line :
Ramp
PCN
Shape
number
PCN Data

Ramping
rate

900mA two ended voltage


Rate

Sequence 1

Current

1: 13mA/s 900mA

Nominal
Current
System Voltage
Share Voltage
Limit Voltage

Vsys, Vshare,
Vlimit

Regulation
Mode

8334V
4167V
10000V

Mode Voltage

01 Oct 08
10:16:53

2 1 10
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

PCN (Power Configuration Number)


At each PFE a set of powering-up sequences is proposed to the operator to define:
The way for ramping-up the PFE.
The running characteristics.
PCN specifies the configuration that the system will be powered up in. In some situation the same
sequence number is used in several PCNs
CONSEQUENTLY, THE CORRELATION BETWEEN THE SEQUENCE AND THE PCN IS SPECIFIC
TO EACH STATION
The PCN specifies:
The current ramp shape.
The current ramping rate(s).
The regulation mode.
The level of the possible current step.
The System voltage (Vsyst) : the voltage that the PFE may be expected to feed, in a given
configuration, when it is not sharing with a distant PFE.
The Share voltage (Vshare) : the voltage at which a PFE is expected to share in double-end feeding
mode.
The limit voltage (Vlim) : the voltage at which the current starts reducing to zero ; it is set at Vsyst +
20 % or Vsyst + 400 V whichever is the greater.
PCN change in service to facilitate R3.5 BU configuration
Contrarily to previous BU releases, R3.5 BUs do not need to return to un-powered status to be
reconfigured, then, the system has to change from one PCN (power configuration number) to another in
service.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 10

2 Powering Up Sequences

2.1 Power Configuration Number [cont.]

PCN 1
Used for powering up the system in its normal configuration

PCN 2 199
Used for powering up the system in case of cable fault

PCN 200-209
Generic PCN used to test the PFE

2 1 11
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

PCN 1 is always the sequence used for powering up the system in its normal configuration
Special PCNs for cable fault processing
In addition to the above specific powering-up sequences, a number of particular PCNs are designed to cover
the possible cables fault and restore the traffic on the healthy segments.
PCN 1 is the normal Powering; PCN 2 - 199 = fault configuration
Generic PCNs
In addition to the specific powering-up sequences, a number of generic PCNs are available which may be
used to test the PFE at its rated output voltage or be used in a powering configuration not covered by the
specific configurations. Not all generic PCNs will be available on all systems.
These PCNs are differently numbered:
PCN
Ramp Shape
200
Calibration
201
Dummy Load
202
Manual
203
Two Ended Current
204
Two Ended Voltage
205
Fast Trunk Voltage (NA on BU R3.5)
206
Slow Trunk Voltage (NA on BU R3.5)
207
Branch
208
Trunk Fault
209
Secondary Trunk (NA on BU R3.5)

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 11

2 Powering Up Sequences

2.2 Ramp-Up Procedure with BU R3.5


TA

TB

Initial situation
Tc

IN
TA

TB

+
VL

Step 1: Ramp-up the


PFE which supplies the
trunk in current mode

Tc

2 1 12
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 12

2 Powering Up Sequences

2.2 Ramp-Up Procedure with BU R3.5 [cont.]


IN
TA

+
VL - VSh

Step 2: Ramp-up the


PFE which supplies the
trunk in voltage mode

TB

VSh

Tc

IN
TA

+
VL - VSh

Step 3: Ramp-up the


PFE which supplies the
branch

VSh
IN
Tc
-

2 1 13
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 13

TB

2 Powering Up Sequences

2.2 Ramp-Up Procedure with BU R3.5 [cont.]


Line Current
W

Two ended Current/


Voltage Ramp shape

Required Nominal Line Current

Branch Ramp shape

500 mA

13mA/s

200 mA

s
Time

60 s V

2 1 14
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

The configuration of the BU does not depend on PFE power-up sequences at the Terminal Stations.
Starting from a system condition where all three cables to a BU are un-powered, the system and BU power
configurations are determined by the existing (previously set) configuration of the BU.
The pre-defined Trunk and Spur electrical paths can be powered up using fast ramp-up sequences, the
speed of which is determined by the PFE (typically 13mA/sec). In the absence of any faults in the system,
the order of power-up on the Spur and Trunk paths is unimportant.
From an electrical point of view, the Trunk path is independent of the Spur path. The line P-R represents a
typical electrical power-up sequence for the Trunk. The rate of increase of current is controlled by the PFE
and may be varied at any time during the power-up procedure with no impact on the BUs configuration.
As previously mentioned, the Spur electrical path is independent of the Trunk electrical path. The line V-W
represents a typical power-up sequence for the Spur electrical path. Again, the rate of increase of current is
controlled by the PFE. Variations in the rate of current increase are allowed at any time during power-up
with no impact on the BUs configuration.
NOTE: Discharge cable design for R3.5 BU application
Miss-operation of R3.5 BUs can lead a BU system to connect 2 PFEs of the same polarity and then no return
path for the current. This is equivalent to an open circuit situation and results in PFE shutdown and a very
low current alarm, but no discharge of the cable. For safety reasons and also to enable quick
reconfiguration, a cable discharge circuit with a resistance designed to withstand discharge is required.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 14

2 Powering Up Sequences

2.3 Sequence Description


SEQUENCE NAME

TWO ENDED
CURRENT

PURPOSE

RAMP SHAPE

To ramp up the 1st PFE


designed to supply a doubleend fed segment.

Current regulation
IN

13 mA/sec

B
0

BU R3.5

TWO ENDED
VOLTAGE
The PFE starts in
voltage mode, but if
the voltage passes 75%
of Vsys, the PFE
changes to current
mode

To ramp up the 2nd PFE


designed to supply a doubleend fed segment.

Voltage regulation
IN

13 mA/sec

IN
A

BU R3.5

2 1 15
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Normally both ends are started with a voltage mode ramp shape, but the first PFE to ramp will change to
current mode as it passes the 75% point, the second one to ramp will stay in voltage mode until the first
one is shutdown

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 15

2 Powering Up Sequences

2.3 Sequence Description [cont.]


SEQUENCE NAME

TRUNK
FAULT

PURPOSE

RAMP SHAPE

To ramp up the PFE designed to


supply a double-end fed
segment.

Current regulation
IN

It only used when there is


a shunt fault on the cable

13 mA/sec

IN
A

B
0

BU R3.5

BRANCH

To ramp up the PFE designed to


supply a branch in single-end
fed segment.

Current regulation
IN

13 mA/sec

IN

A+

-B

0
-C

2 1 16
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

-D

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 16

3 Electroding

2 1 17
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 17

3 Electroding

3.1 Principle
The Electroding is used to locate cable on the sea bed
Electroding activated
from the PFE

Cable
station

Cable Break

2 1 18
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

The electroding is used to locate cables on the sea bed.


A signal in the range of 4Hz to 50hz is transmitted down the submarine cable by the PFE when the repair
ship is in the vicinity of the cable area.
At these frequencies, the field of the signal extends into water surrounding the cable for a considerable
distance.
The ship would normally steer a course to cross the cable on the landward side of the expected fault
position.
Once the cable signal has been identified and confirmed, the ship follows the cable on a zigzag course until
the signal disappears. When this happens, the fault or break has been located.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 18

4 Earth Selection

2 1 19
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 19

4 Earth Selection

4.1 Earth Termination


For maintenance purpose, a key operated switch allows 3 combinations:
Normal working : Earthy Line connected to System Earth
System Earth and Station Earth Shorted
Station Earth Only : System Earth isolated to allow System Earth Maintenance
Cable Earth
to System Earth

Earthy Line
D1
D6

60 V
D11
D12

2 1 20
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

Station Earth

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Automatic connection of the PFE earthy line to station earth in the event of failure of the system earth.
For maintenance convenience, a key operated switch allows the following combinations:
Normal connected to System Earth, but with a 60V zener chain that comes into operation if the
System Earth fails. In addition, a 20mA bleed current is fed through the Station Earth. The bleed
current is alarmed if it falls below a threshold indicating that the Station Earth has failed.
System Earth and Station Earth shorted
Station Earth only this isolates the System Earth to allow System Earth maintenance.
The earth configuration may be switched without effecting traffic.
R4.4 uses a new earth monitoring unit which improves earth measurement isolation.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 20

Self-assessment on the Objectives


Please be reminded to fill in the form

Self-Assessment on the Objectives


for this module
The form can be found in the first part
of this course documentation

2 1 21
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 21

End of module
Maintenance Tasks Overview

2 1 22
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Maintenance Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.1 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 1 Page 22

Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

Section 2
Operation & Maintenance Tasks
Overview

@@SECT
LE
Module 2
Operation Tasks Overview

TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.2 Edition 1

PFE (Power Feed Equipment)


R 4.4 Description
TOP18063_V2.0-SG Edition 1

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent @@YEAR

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.2 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 2 Page 1

Blank page

222

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Operation Tasks Overview


PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

This page is left blank intentionally

Document History
Edition

Date

Author

Remarks

01

2010-24-08

ROUDIER, Gilles

First edition

02

2012-15-09

MARECHAL, Eric

Second edition

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.2 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 2 Page 2

Module objectives
Upon completion of this module, you should be able to:
Describe the main operation tasks

223
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Operation Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.2 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 2 Page 3

Module objectives [cont.]

224
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Operation Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

This page is left blank intentionally

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.2 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 2 Page 4

Table of Contents
Switch to notes view!
1 Alarms
1.1 Alarm Severity
1.2 Alarm Management
2 Measurements
2.1 Current and Voltage Measurements
3 Logs
3.1 Event, Transient & Hit Measurement Logs

225
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Operation Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.2 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 2 Page 5

Page
7
8
9
11
12
13
14

Table of Contents [cont.]


Switch to notes view!

226
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Operation Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

This page is left blank intentionally

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.2 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 2 Page 6

1 Alarms

227
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Operation Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.2 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 2 Page 7

1 Alarms

1.1 Alarm Severity


Alarms are classified according to the severity:
Prompt (PMPT)
Potentially traffic effecting
Supplies
Main
DC

Deferred (DFRD)

Aux
DC

Polarity

Routing

Pos

On
Line

Pmpt

Dfrd

Off
Line

Rec
Attn

Rec
Attn

Neg

Fault tolerate by the system

228
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Operation Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

Alarms

Dummy
Load

6778

50.5

Output Voltage

Battery Voltage

1100

700

Output Current

Power Unit Current

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

The alarms are discriminated according to the severity of the corresponding fault :

PROMPT (PMPT) alarm:


Traffic is potentially effecting (i.e. PU has shutdown).
Indicated by the PMPT LED on the Display panel.

DEFERRED (DFRD) alarm:


Initiated by a fault tolerated by the system.
Indicated by the DFRD LED on the display panel.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.2 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 2 Page 8

1 Alarms

1.2 Alarm Management


Actions that can be done:
Acknowledge (receiving attention indicator
will light)
Reset (clear alarm from the database)

Prompt alarms must be reset before rampingup the PU safely

Supplies
Main
DC
Aux
DC

Polarity
Pos
Neg

Routing

Alarms

On
Line

Pmpt

Dfrd

Off
Line

Rec
Attn

Rec
Attn

6778

50.5

Output Voltage

Battery Voltage

Dummy
Load

1100

700

Output Current

Power Unit Current

229
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Operation Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

An alarm is acknowledged by activating the associated receiving attention function in the ALARM menu.
This acknowledgment is indicated by the corresponding (Prompt or Deferred) REC ATTN LED on the Display
panel and on the screen.
An alarm is cleared by activating the Reset function in the ALARM menu.
For safety reasons all alarms latch requiring an operator to reset them before the alarm is cleared.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.2 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 2 Page 9

Notes Page only


Switch to notes view!

2 2 10
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Operation Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.2 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 2 Page 10

2 Measurements

2 2 11
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Operation Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.2 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 2 Page 11

2 Measurements

2.1 Current and Voltage Measurements

From Control
Panel
From display
Panel

2 2 12
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Operation Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

The PFE shall display DC measurements of:


Line voltage (1 V resolution and accuracy)
Battery voltage (0.1 V resolution and accuracy)
Line current (1mA resolution displayed, but 0.1mA resolution and accuracy passed to SMS)Power Unit
current (1 mA resolution and accuracy)
The accuracy of each measurement shall be better than 0.1 % (except for the battery voltage, earth
current and earth voltage which are indicative)

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.2 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 2 Page 12

3 Logs

2 2 13
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Operation Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.2 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 2 Page 13

3 Logs

3.1 Event, Transient & Hit Measurement Logs


3 different logs can be displayed by the operator:
Event log
Transient measurement log
Hit Measurement log

Example of event log


2 2 14
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Operation Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Each power unit maintains its own log. The logs can be displayed on the control panel, local or remote.
They can be downloaded to a PC using the log_pc function. In addition they can be downloaded to a pc
using a facility using log_pc. The resultant file is a simple text file, which can then be processed using Excel
or similar spreadsheet. This feature is particularly useful to analyse short term current and voltage
fluctuation recorded in the hit log. Log_pc can also be used to archive logs, although in normal operation,
the capacity on the micro unit appears to be many years of normal activity.
Events logged in a power unit:
State change
Alarm state changes
Routing changes
Operator Requests
With transient measurement log, current and voltage is monitored 10 000 times a second, so in a 10
seconds period about 100 000 measurements are obtained. The max and min are the highest and lowest of
these 100 000 measurements and the average is the average of the 100 000.
A Hit is a sudden change of current and/or voltage. It can be caused by external interferences such as
mains interference on the land route, lightning, cable damage or PFE failure

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.2 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 2 Page 14

Self-assessment on the Objectives


Please be reminded to fill in the form

Self-Assessment on the Objectives


for this module
The form can be found in the first part
of this course documentation

2 2 15
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Operation Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.2 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 2 Page 15

End of module
Operation Tasks Overview

2 2 16
Operation & Maintenance Tasks Overview Operation Tasks Overview
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 2.2 Edition 1
Section 2 Module 2 Page 16

Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

@@SECT
LE
Section 3
Appendix
Module 1
Appendix

TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1

PFE (Power Feed Equipment)


R 4.4 Description
TOP18063_V2.0-SG Edition 1

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent @@YEAR

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1
Section 3 Module 1 Page 1

Blank page

312

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Appendix Appendix
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

This page is left blank intentionally

Document History
Edition

Date

Author

Remarks

01

2010-24-08

ROUDIER, Gilles

First edition

02

2012-15-09

MARECHAL, Eric

Second edition

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1
Section 3 Module 1 Page 2

Module objectives
None

313
Appendix Appendix
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1
Section 3 Module 1 Page 3

Module objectives [cont.]

314
Appendix Appendix
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

This page is left blank intentionally

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1
Section 3 Module 1 Page 4

Table of Contents
Switch to notes view!
1 Fault Diagnosis
1.1 Alarms Indications

315
Appendix Appendix
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

Page
7
8

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1
Section 3 Module 1 Page 5

Table of Contents [cont.]


Switch to notes view!

316
Appendix Appendix
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

This page is left blank intentionally

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1
Section 3 Module 1 Page 6

1 Fault Diagnosis

317
Appendix Appendix
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1
Section 3 Module 1 Page 7

1 Fault Diagnosis

1.1 Alarms Indications


ALARM 1 "Alarm unit 1 failed"

This indicates that the unit is not fitted, the supply to the unit has failed, or that there is a fault on the unit.

Switch to notes view!

ALARM 2 "Alarm unit 2 failed"


This indicates that the unit is not fitted, the supply to the unit has failed, or that there is a fault on the unit.
ALARM 3 "Current control card failed"
This indicates that the unit is not fitted, the supply to the unit has failed, or that there is a fault on the unit.
ALARM 4 "Electrical Interface card failed"
This indicates that the unit is not fitted, the supply to the unit has failed, or that there is a fault on the unit.
ALARM 5
Not used.
ALARM 6
Not Used
ALARM 7 "PU very high current"
This indicates that the current measured by the PU monitor has exceeded the system line current by 110mA.
This may be due to an external influence (e.g. cable damage, external interference or lightning strike), a
measurement error or a PFE hardware fault. Power into dummy load and check current.
ALARM 8 "PU very high voltage"
This indicates that the voltage measured by the PU monitor has exceeded the PFEs rated output voltage by
500V. This may be due to an external influence (e.g. cable damage, external interference or lightning
strike),
fault. Examine the log for current and voltage changes.
3 1 8 a measurement error or a PFE hardware
COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Appendix by
Appendix
Retest
powering
into
dummy
load.
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description
ALARM 9 "Common very high current"
This indicates that the current measured by the common monitor has exceeded the system line current by
160mA. If both PUs have the same alarm it may be due to an external influence (e.g. cable damage,
external interference or lightning strike), a measurement error or a PFE hardware fault. Retest by powering
into dummy load.
ALARM 10 "Common very high voltage"
This indicates that the voltage measured by the common monitor has exceeded the PFEs rated output
voltage by 700V. This may be due to an external influence (e.g. cable damage, external interference or
lightning strike), a measurement error or a PFE hardware fault. Examine the log for current and voltage
changes. Retest by powering into dummy load
ALARM 11 "PU low voltage"
This is an indication that the voltage measured by the common monitor has dropped by 60V or 3% (whichever
is the greater), this may be due to magnetic storm or cable damage. If required centre the 3% setting on the
control panel and check meters to ensure that the voltage is within limits.
ALARM 12 "PU high voltage"
This is an indication that the voltage measured by the common monitor has risen by 60V or 3% (whichever is
the greater), this may be due to magnetic storm or cable damage. If required centre the 3% setting on the
control panel and check meters to ensure that the voltage is within limits.
ALARM 13 "PU very high current - software backup"
This alarm should only be raised if the hardware alarm (alarm 7) has failed. This indicates there is not only a
fault that caused the current increase but also potentially a hardware fault for a detection failure. It is triggered if
the software detects that the current measured by the PU monitor has exceeded the system line current by 120
mA.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1
Section 3 Module 1 Page 8

1 Fault Diagnosis

1.1 Alarms Indications [cont.]


ALARM 14 "PU very high voltage - software backup"
This alarm should only be raised if the hardware alarm (alarm 8) has failed. This indicates there is not only a
Switch to notes view!
fault that caused the voltage increase but also potentially a hardware fault for a detection failure.

ALARM 15 "Low current"


This indicates that the current measured by the common monitor is 20mA below the system line current.
Connect both power units to line and check the alarm indications on both power units, if both are reading
the same it could be a line fault, if not suspect a faulty monitor unit.
ALARM 16 "High current"
This indicates that the current measured by the common monitor is 20mA above the system line current.
Connect both power units to line and check the alarm indications on both power units, if both are reading
the same it could be a line fault, if not suspect a faulty monitor unit.
ALARM 17 "Very low current"
This indicates that the current measured by the common monitor is more than 110mA below the system line
current. Examine the log for current and voltage changes. Connect both power units to line and check the
alarm indications on both power units, if both are reading the same it could be a line fault, if not suspect a
faulty monitor unit.
ALARM 18 "Common very high current - software backup"
This alarm should only be raised if the hardware alarm (alarm 9) has failed. This indicates there is not only a
fault that caused the current increase but also potentially a hardware fault for a detection failure. It is
triggered if the software detects that current measured by the common monitor has exceeded the system
line current by 170 mA.
3 1 9 19 "Common very high voltage - software
ALARM
backup "
COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Appendix Appendix
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

This alarm should only be raised if the hardware alarm (alarm 10) has failed. This indicates there is not only
a fault that caused the voltage increase but also potentially a hardware fault for a detection failure.
ALARM 20 "Current below minimum working level"
This is to shutdown the PFE if it detects what may be an open circuit condition on the cable. The current
and voltage is measured by the common monitor. The alarm is raised, and the power unit shutdown if one of
the following conditions is met:
Output current below 500mA or 100mA.
This is the simplest condition. The condition is disabled if the current is not expected to be above
the threshold (eg during ramping, shutting down, or when the current operator adjusted). To find the
value of the threshold on your PFE, on the control panel select options/configuration where the value
is displayed under Current below minimum threshold (ma).
Output current below 20mA and output voltage is too high.
This criterion is to detect the open circuit conditon even in cases where the operator has adjusted
the output current below the threshold in the condition above. This condition is disabled for PCN
202 to allow transient open circuits to be investigated. The output voltage threshold is set as
follows:
If the system voltage is less than 6000V then the alarm is triggered if
Output Voltage > (300 + ((System voltage)/10))
Otherwise (system voltage is more than 6000V )then the alarm is triggered if
Output Voltage > (300 + ((System voltage)/5))

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1
Section 3 Module 1 Page 9

1 Fault Diagnosis

1.1 Alarms Indications [cont.]


Output voltage too high during ramp.

This condtion is to detect an open circuit during power unit ramp. Th distant PFE may be set to the
Switch to notes view!
wrong polarity, which, because of blocking diodes may look like an open circuit. This condition is
disabled for PCN 202 to allow transient open circuits to be investigated. The alarm is triggered if
the output voltage is greater than a maximum voltage in relation to the current. A generic
algorithm is used which takes account of the output current and the system voltage which is specified
withion the PCN data. System voltage is made up of 2 elements, the voltage due to the cable
resistence, and that voltage due to the zeners in the repeaters. The limits used in this algoritm are
as follows:
Ramping voltage due to cable resistance.
Vmaxres = ( 0.8 * System_Voltage * common_current ) / normal_line_current
Ramping voltage due to repeater zeners.
Vmaxzeners = 0.6 * System_Voltage
So the alarm is triggered if:
Output voltage during ramp > (Vmaxres + Vmaxzeners )
It can be seen that at normal line current, Vmax is (0.8 + 0.6) system voltage, whereas for any
specific system Vres + Vzeners = 1.0 system voltage. This margin is to allow this generic algorithm to
be used. In real systems there is a large variation in the ratio of the two voltage components.
It should be noted that this condition may be met if ramping into a dummy load set too high for the PCN
being used. For example if the dummy load is set for 2500V, and the power unit is being ramped with PCN1
which has a system voltage of 500V, this alarm will be raised. The dummy load will need adjusting before
using PCN1 again.
3 1 10

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Appendix Appendix
ALARM
"PU current
share"
PFE (Power 21
Feed Equipment)
R 4.4 Description

This alarm is raised when one power unit is feeding more than 60% of the line current but with both power
units routed the same e.g. only one is powered up. Check the current monitors, if these are serviceable
check the current control unit.
ALARM 22 "Earth current unbalance"
This indicates that the current in the earthy line measured by the earth current unbalance monitor is 50mA
different from the current in the high voltage line measured by the common monitor. The alarm may be
triggered by external interference or by errors in the monitors. Select measurements/monitors on the
control panel to display the actual values being measured. If the earth and common are indeed significantly
different, then there may be a fault with the monitors themselves. But if the monitors are ok, then there
may be leakage to earth within in the converters or power unit prior to the monitor circuits. The alarm is
intended to detect earth leakage in the power unit.
ALARM 23 "System to station earth voltage limit exceeded"
Read the system (to station) earth voltage on the control panel. The threshold is set to 53V. If a genuine
fault switch to station earth and check system earths.
ALARM 24 "Battery volts low"
This indicates that the battery voltage as measured on the Battery Voltage DPM is less than 40V. Check the
battery charging voltage and condition of the batteries (i.e. loss of cells). Otherwise may be a DPM failure.
ALARM 25 "Battery volts high"
This indicates that the battery voltage as measured on the Battery Voltage DPM is greater than 60V. Check
the battery charging voltage and the batteries for signs of over charging (i.e. overheating and bubbling).
Otherwise may be a DPM failure.
ALARM 26 "CC or PCC door open"
Check the position of the doors and close if open, if not check the door switches.
ALARM 27 "PFE routeing switch door open"
Check the position of the door and close if open, if not check the door switch.
Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.
TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1
Section 3 Module 1 Page 10

1 Fault Diagnosis

1.1 Alarms Indications [cont.]


ALARM 28 Other PU Control Cubicle door open

This alarm is only raised if the routeing of both power units is the same. Check the position of the door and
Switch to notes view!
close if open, if not check the door switch. Alternatively change the routeing of the other power unit.
ALARM 29
Not used.
ALARM 30 "Dummy load door open"
This alarm is only raised when routed to dummy load. Check the position of the door and close if open, if not
check the door switch.

ALARM 31 "CTC cable terminating shelf door open"


Check the state of the door and lock if required, otherwise check the door switch.
ALARM 32 "Line voltage protector triggered"
This indicates a voltage surge on the power unit high voltage output as measured at the line voltage
protector.
ALARM 33 "Earthy line protector triggered"
This indicates a voltage greater than approximately 80V between the high voltage earthy line and station
earth as measured at the PU earth voltage protector.
ALARM 34 "Emergency shutdown button activated"
This indicates that the EMERGENCY SHUT DOWN button (at any position) has been pressed and does not
necessarily indicate a fault on the power unit.
3 1 1135 "Shutdown"
ALARM

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Appendix Appendix
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

This indicates that the power unit has shut down and does not necessarily indicate a fault on the power unit.
It is also displayed when the logic shelf is first switched on.

ALARM 36 "DC input shelf FS1 failed (Main 50v - back)"


This is located at the back of the DC input shelf. Check the fuse, and if failed, check the input insulation for
short circuits. See section Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable. for fuse replacement procedure.
ALARM 37 "DC input shelf FS2 failed (Main control supply - front)"
This fuse feeds the logic shelf power supply units and other parts of the power unit control that require 50V.
It is supply shared with the the auxiliary supply, with diode protection on the FMU. Check for other fuse
alarms (alarms 41 to 46) and if present suspect appropriate unit, otherwise replace FS2 at the front of the DC
input shelf. If the fuse fails again check the power supply units, FMU etc for drawing too much current. See
section Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable. for fuse replacement procedure.

ALARM 38 "DC input shelf FS3 failed (Aux control supply - front)"
This fuse feeds the logic shelf power supply units and other parts of the power unit control that require 50V.
It is supply shared with the the main supply, with diode protection on the FMU. Check for other fuse alarms
(alarms 41 to 46) and if present suspect appropriate unit, otherwise replace FS3. If the fuse fails again check
the power supply units, FMU etc for drawing too much current. See section Erreur ! Source du renvoi
introuvable. for fuse replacement procedure.
ALARM 39 "Logic shelf FS4 failed"
This fuses the +12 V supply from the logic shelf power supply units that feeds the control panel and optical
interface pba. As this fuse supplies the control panel, if there is a real fuse failure the control panel will be
blank. If the control panel is working, then clearly there is a failure in the fuse failure reporting circuit on
the FMU or alarm unit, otherwise replace FS4. If the fuse fails again check the control panel optical
interface pba for drawing too much current. See section Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable. for fuse
replacement procedure.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1
Section 3 Module 1 Page 11

1 Fault Diagnosis

1.1 Alarms Indications [cont.]


ALARM 40 "Logic shelf FS5 failed"

This fuses the +12 V supply from the logic shelf power supply units that feeds the DPMs. If the DPMs still
Switch to notes view!
appear to be working, then clearly there is a failure in the fuse failure reporting circuit on the FMU or alarm
unit, otherwise replace FS5. If the fuse fails again check the DPMs. for drawing too much current. See
section Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable. for fuse replacement procedure.
ALARM 41 "Logic shelf FS6 failed"
This fuses the +12 V supply from the logic shelf power supply units that feed the PUC, CCU and monitor
shelf. Replace FS6. If the fuse fails again check the units it feeds for drawing too much current. See section
Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable. for fuse replacement procedure.
ALARM 42 "Logic shelf FS7 failed"
This fuses the -12 V supply from the logic shelf power supply units that feed the PUC and CCU. Replace FS7.
If the fuse fails again check the units it feeds for drawing too much current. See section Erreur ! Source du
renvoi introuvable. for fuse replacement procedure.
ALARM 43 "Logic shelf FS8 failed"
This fuses the +5V supply to the current control unit (CCU), alarm unit 2 and logic shelf termination resistors.
Replace FS8. If the fuse fails again check the units it feeds for drawing too much current. See section
Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable. for fuse replacement procedure.
ALARM 44 "Logic shelf FS9 failed"
This fuses the +5V supply to alarm unit 1, electrical interface unit, the optical interface pba receivers and
the (unused) PUC utilities such as mouse, video, USB. Replace FS9. If the fuse fails again check the units it
feeds for drawing too much current. See section Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable. for fuse
replacement procedure.
3 1 12

Appendix Appendix
ALARM
"Logic Rshelf
FS10 failed"
PFE (Power 45
Feed Equipment)
4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

This fuses the 50V supply to the monitor shelf and the high voltage switch stepper motor drives on the key
exchange shelf. Replace FS10. If the fuse fails again check the units it feeds for drawing too much current.
See section Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable. for fuse replacement procedure..
ALARM 46 "Logic shelf PSU 1 failed (left)"
This converts 50V input to the lower voltges required by units within the power unit. Its outputs are wired to
share the outputs from PSU2. Replace the unit.

ALARM 47 " Logic shelf PSU 2 failed (right)"


This converts 50V input to the lower voltges required by units within the power unit. Its outputs are wired to
share the outputs from PSU1. Replace the unit.

ALARM 48 to 53
Not used
ALARM 54 "PU has shutdown"
This is the only prompt/major alarm on the PFE. It is raised if the software determines that the power unit
has shutdown. The criteria that it uses is that the power unit current has dropped below 100mA. The alarm
is disabled on operator requested shutdown, if the power unit is routed to dummy load, or the state is hot
standby. Observe other alarms that are displayed and determine the root cause.
ALARM 55
Not used.
ALARM 56 "No status signal received FROM converter 1"
An optical fibre is used to carry the converter status from the converter to the control shelf optical interface
unit. This alarm indicates that the control shelf is not receiving a signal. The possible causes are:
No 50V is getting to the converters optical circuits. This may be due to a fuse failure FS1 or FS2
within in the converter or other supply problem.
The optical fibre path is broken, due to a fibre or connector fault.
The optical transmission circuit on the converter is failed.
The optical receive circuit on the control shelf is failed.
Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.
TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1
Section 3 Module 1 Page 12

1 Fault Diagnosis

1.1 Alarms Indications [cont.]


ALARM 57 " Converter 1 electronic fail "
Restart and check, if alarmed again, check FS3 and FS4 in the converter. If the problem persists, replace the
Switch to notes view!
converter with the spare.

ALARM 58 "Converter 1 low output current"


Restart and check, if alarmed again replace the converter unit. Please note this alarm will be raised when
the converter is operating at line current less than about 250mA.
ALARM 59 "No control signal received BY converter 1"
An optical fibre is used to carry the control signal to the converter from the control shelf optical interface
unit. This alarm indicates that the converter is not receiving a signal. The possible causes are:
The optical fibre path is broken, due to a fibre or connector fault.
The optical transmission circuit on the control shelf is failed.
The optical receive circuit on the converter is failed.
This alarm is disabled when in the shutdown state because there is no control signal in that state.
ALARM 60 "No status signal received FROM converter 2"
Refer to Alarm 56.
ALARM 61 "Converter 2 electronic fail "
Refer to Alarm 57.
ALARM 62 "Converter 2 low output current"
Refer
to Alarm 58.
3 1 13

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Appendix Appendix

PFE (Power 63
Feed Equipment)
R 4.4 Description
ALARM
"No control
signal received BY converter 2"

Refer to Alarm 59.


ALARM 64 "No status signal received FROM converter 3"
Refer to Alarm 56.
ALARM 65 "Converter 3 electronic fail "
Refer to Alarm 57.
ALARM 66 "Converter 3 low output current"
Refer to Alarm 58.
ALARM 67 "No control signal received BY converter 3"
Refer to Alarm 59.
ALARM 68 "No status signal received FROM converter 4"
Refer to Alarm 56.
ALARM 69 "Converter 4 electronic fail "
Refer to Alarm 57.
ALARM 70 "Converter 4 low output current"
Refer to Alarm 58.
ALARM 71 "No control signal received BY converter 4"
Refer to Alarm 59.
ALARM 72 "No status signal received FROM converter 5"
Refer to Alarm 56.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1
Section 3 Module 1 Page 13

1 Fault Diagnosis

1.1 Alarms Indications [cont.]


ALARM 73 "Converter 5 electronic fail "

Refer to Alarm 57.

Switch to notes view!

ALARM 74 "Converter 5 low output current"


Refer to Alarm 58.
ALARM 75 "No control signal received BY converter 5"
Refer to Alarm 59.
ALARM 76 "No status signal received FROM converter 6"
Refer to Alarm 56.
ALARM 77 "Converter 6 electronic fail "
Refer to Alarm 57.
ALARM 78 "Converter 6 low output current"
Refer to Alarm 58.
ALARM 79 "No control signal received BY converter 6"
Refer to Alarm 59.
ALARM 80 "routeing switch failed to change position"
Check that the interlock keys are in the correct operating positions. If correct repeat the operation. If this
still fails, switch the logic shelf power off and on.
ALARM 81 "routeing switch in invalid position"
3 1 14

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.


Appendix the
Appendix
Repeat
operation. If this still fails, switch
the logic shelf power off and on.
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

ALARM 82 "routeing switch inconsistent position information"


The switch position is monitored by the PUC in both power units. The PUCs compare the relevant positions
using the inter-PU link. If they disagree both power units should raise the alarm. The alarm may indicate
that the micro-switch on one of the routeing switches or the associated circuitry has failed. If the alarm can
be reset, repeat the operation to see if the fault can be reproduced. Operate the switch again to change
position.
ALARM 83 "routeing switch comms failure "
This indicates that there is a common failure between the PUC and the stepper motor drive unit.
ALARM 84 "Polarity switch failed to change position"
Repeat the operation. If this still fails, switch the logic shelf power off and on.
ALARM 85 "Polarity switch in invalid position"
Repeat the operation. If this still fails, switch the logic shelf power off and on.
ALARM 86 "Polarity switch inconsistent position information"
The switch position is monitored by the PUC in both power units. The PUCs compare the relevant positions
using the inter-PU link. If they disagree both power units should raise the alarm. The alarm may indicate
that the micro-switch on one of the polarity switches or the associated circuitry has failed. Operate the
switch again to change position.
ALARM 87 "Polarity switch comms failure"
This indicates that there is a common failure between the PUC and the stepper motor drive unit.
ALARM 88
Not used

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1
Section 3 Module 1 Page 14

1 Fault Diagnosis

1.1 Alarms Indications [cont.]


ALARM 89 "Power up ramp step failed"
At the end ofSwitch
a ramp, the
checks
that the current has reached the correct level and that the level is
to PUC
notes
view!
constant. This alarm is raised if the current is not correct. This may be due to a cable fault or a hardware
fault within the PFE.
ALARM 90 "Ramp end of step unstable"
Refer to Alarm 89.
ALARM 91 to 94
Not used.
ALARM 95 "Ramp failed - current control card fault"
This alarm is raised by the current control card when it stops getting responses from a monitor. So the fault
may lie with a monitor card, the optical cords to or from the monitors or the current control card itself.
ALARM 96 "Station and system earths shorted"
This indicates the position of the switch on the CTCs earth isolation shelf and is not a fault condition. If
required change the switch position. If the alarm persists despite the switch position suspect the position
detection circuit on the cable terminating cubicle.
ALARM 97 "Running on station earth only"
This indicates the position of the switch on the CTCs earth isolation shelf and is not a fault condition. If
required change the switch position. If the alarm persists despite the switch position suspect the position
detection circuit on the cable terminating cubicle.
ALARM 98 "CTC controller supply FS1 failed (back top CTC)"
3 1 15

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Appendix
Appendixfeeds the earth isolation shelf and the 5V power supply unit in the alarm concentrator shelf. See
This
supply
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description
section Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable. for CTC fuse replacement procedures or section Erreur !
Source du renvoi introuvable. for CT/DLC fuse replacement procedures.

ALARM 99 "CTC controller supply FS2 failed (back top CTC)"


This supply feeds the earth isolation shelf and the 5V power supply unit in the alarm concentrator shelf. See
section Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable. for CTC fuse replacement procedures or section Erreur !
Source du renvoi introuvable. for CT/DLC fuse replacement procedures.
ALARM 100 Station Earth Current below Threshold
The PFE earth is set-up so that the station earth bleeds about 25mA at its normal operating earth voltage and
line current. This allows a failure of the station earth to be detected by raising an alarm if the current drops
below 10mA. If the alarm is raised, check the condition and connections of the dedicated station earth.
ALARM 101 "Dummy load shutdown"
This alarm is raised if either a dummy load comms or over temperature failure alarm is raised and a power
unit is routed to dummy load.
ALARM 102 "Dummy load over temperature"
This indicates that the dummy load is operating at a temperature above 110C. This could be due to a
failure of the fans or obstruction to the cooling vents. Also check the dummy load controller.
ALARM 103 "CTC/DL rheostats and fans FS4 failed (back top CTC)"
This alarm is only applicable when there is a combined cable terminating and dummy load cubicle. The
supply feeds the dummy load rheostat motors and fans. See section Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable.
for CTC fuse replacement procedures or section Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable. for CT/DLC fuse
replacement procedures..
ALARM 104 "DLC rheostats and fans FS2 failed (top front DLC)"
This alarm is only applicable when there is a separate dummy load cubicle. The supply feeds the dummy
load rheostat motors and fans. See section Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable. for Dummy Load fuse
replacement procedures.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1
Section 3 Module 1 Page 15

1 Fault Diagnosis

1.1 Alarms Indications [cont.]


ALARM 105 "Calibration process failed"

This is due to a problem with calibration ramp. Start the calibration procedure again.

Switch to notes view!

ALARM 106 "Calibration drift outside limit"


This alarm indicates that the monitor readings are significantly different from the DPMs. Either a DPM or
monitor has failed or a DPM or monitor has drifted. On the control panel select Measurements/Monitors and
compare with DPM. If the difference is wide it possibly indicates a hardware fault. If the differences are
close it may be due to drift. In this case it is important to detemine whether it is the monitor or DPM that
has drifted. For more information see the calibration section in the operation manual. Sometimes this alarm
can be caused by severe external interference induced on the land cable.
ALARM 107 "Invalid calibration data"
This indicates that the calibration has failed. This is usually due to the dummy load not being set high
enough. The dummy load should be set to the PFEs Rated Output Voltage (see A4 Book) -300V (+/- 100V). If
the alarm still present, suspect faulty DPM or monitor.
ALARM 108 "Configuration different between PUs"
Serial number incorrectly set up on serial number DIP switch on the logic shelf back plane or there is a
hardware fault indicating incorrect set up. Select Options/Configuration menus on the control panels an
compare the serial number setting for PU1 and PU2. PU2 should be one higher than PU1.
ALARM 109 "Invalid configuration data"
PCN data in PUC memory does not match serial number. When new system voltages are saved using the
save option, the PFE serial number is also saved. This alarm indicates that perhaps a PUC from another
PFE has put in. Restore configuration data using Control/Options/Restore menu.
3 1 16110 "PU voltage monitor signal failed"
ALARM
COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Appendix Appendix
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

Check PU monitor unit and optical connections, or if accompanied by alarm 41, logic shelf FS6 is failed.
ALARM 111 "PU current monitor signal failed"
Check PU monitor unit and optical connections, or if accompanied by alarm 41, logic shelf FS6 is failed.
ALARM 112 "Common voltage monitor signal failed"
Check common monitor unit and optical connections, or if accompanied by alarm 41, logic shelf FS6 is
failed.
ALARM 113 "Common current monitor signal failed"
Check common monitor unit and optical connections, or if accompanied by alarm 41, logic shelf FS6 is
failed.
ALARM 114 "Earth current monitor signal failed"
Check earth current unbalance monitor unit and optical connections, or if accompanied by alarm 41, logic
shelf FS6 is failed.

ALARM 115 "Earth voltage monitor signal failed"


Check earth current unbalance monitor unit and optical connections, or if accompanied by alarm 41, logic
shelf FS6 is failed.
ALARM 116 "Power Unit current DPM fail"
Check the Power Unit Current DPM for correct display, if not correct check the connections to the meter (i.e.
comms lead and power lead are connected to the meter), if correct change the meter.
ALARM 117 "Output current DPM fail"
Check the Output Current DPM for correct display, if not correct check the connections to the meter (i.e.
comms lead and power lead are connected to the meter), if correct change the meter.
ALARM 118 "Output voltage DPM fail"
Check the Output Voltage DPM for correct display, if not correct check the connections to the meter (i.e.
comms lead and power lead are connected to the meter), if correct change the meter.
Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.
TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1
Section 3 Module 1 Page 16

1 Fault Diagnosis

1.1 Alarms Indications [cont.]


ALARM 119 "PU battery voltage DPM fail"

Check the Battery Voltage DPM for correct display, if not correct check the connections to the meter (i.e.
Switch to notes view!
comms lead and power lead are connected to the meter), if correct change the meter.
Alarm 120 "Local control panel comms failed"
This alarm is raised when the PUC loses communications from the local control panel. If this has happened
the alarm on the other power unit should also be raised. If the 'faulty' control panel is still displaying a
screen it indicates that there is a fault with the communications circuitry. Check the fuse and comms lead.
ALARM 121 to 122
Not used.
ALARM 123 "Comms from other PU failed"
This alarm is raised if there is a RS485 comms failure between the PUCs in the two power units. Switching
off the 50V to one PUC causes the other to raise an alarm. If both are on, check the comms lead or change
each PUC in turn.
ALARM 124
Not used.
ALARM 125 " inter-PUC network management data link failed"
Check the RS422 comms leads between the PUC in PU1 and PU2.
ALARM 126 "CTC comms failed"
Check cable terminating cubicle is switched on. Check the comms lead between cable terminating cubicle
and
the logic shelf backplane via the interface card.
3 1 17
COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Appendix Appendix

PFE (Power 127


Feed Equipment)
R 4.4 Description
ALARM
"Dummy
load comms failed"

Check that the comms lead is connected and the dummy load controller is switched on and dummy load fuse
FS1 on top front of dummy load cubicle is serviceable.
ALARM 128 "Alarm concentrator comms failed"
At start-up of the PUC, the software sends are you there messages to all possible alarm concentrator
addresses. This alarm is raised, if an alarm concentrator, having replied Im here then subsequently fails
to respond to a regular poll message. Check the RS422 comms leads between the alarm concentrator and the
logic shelf backplane.
ALARM 129
Not used.
ALARM 130 Discharge Failed
This alarm is only valid when the PFE is equipped with the optional Discharge Unit.
This alarm may be raised following a discharge operation by the operator. It indicates at the end of the
operation that there is still at least 200V on the cable head. It may be because the discharge circuit has
failed to operate correctly, or a PFE somewhere on the system is still powering. Ensure all PFEs are
shutdown and try again. If it continues to fail, try the discharge function in the other Power Unit, or in the
PFE at the distant end.
If the discharge circuit failed to operate, then replace the discharge unit.
ALARM 131 to 132
Not used.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1
Section 3 Module 1 Page 17

End of module
Appendix

3 1 18
Appendix Appendix
PFE (Power Feed Equipment) R 4.4 Description

COPYRIGHT ALCATEL-LUCENT 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Copyright 2012 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TOP18063_V2.0-SG-R 4.4-Ed1 Module 3.1 Edition 1
Section 3 Module 1 Page 18

Last but one page

Congratulations
You have finished the training

Your feedback is appreciated!


Please feel free to Email your comments to:
training.feedback@alcatel-lucent.com
Please include the training reference in your email (see cover page)

Thank you!

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent @@YEAR

@@PRODUCT
@@COURSENAME

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent @@YEAR


@@COURSENAME - Page 1

All rights reserved Alcatel-Lucent


Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its
contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel-Lucent
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent @@YEAR
@@COURSENAME - Page 2