26th January, 2010
Table of Contents
From the Editors Desk Ambassador Message for the Republic Day of India Facts of Republic Day To be or not to be Indian Economy - Giant Strides India - After 1947 The Republic of India - Today and Tomorrow Atithi Devo Bhavah (Guest is like God) The Jewel in the Crown Let me live with expectations My Tricolour Flag Indian Before and After Millennium India - My Country Our Republic - Our Pride India - My Motherland O Great Mahatma Gandhi My Country India East or West India is the best Republic Day of India 4 6 12 16 20 24 26 32 37 40 42 44 45 46 47 48 50 51 52
www.indiansinkuwait.com Complete web portal for the Indians staying in Kuwait Marketd By: Badra International
Jai Hind! At the outset, Indians in Kuwait would like to wish you all a Happy Republic Day. Soon it will be a decade since IIK has been online! We are very grateful to all our readers for making this a highly successful web portal. Over the last 10 years , we have strived to introduce various sections which the large Indian ( diaspora) community living in Kuwait has appreciated to be very useful, informative and enjoyable! With the advent of 2010 the IIK team has also made a resolution . We are going to make this site all the more informative and interactive. In view of this, we will soon be introducing many more useful sections on our web portal. We look forward to your continued valuable support and contribution. Together we will make it happen. On the auspicious occasion of India’s 61st Republic Day we take this opportunity to dedicate a special supplement especially for you.You who are valued readers and contributors. As our first step towards ‘Citizen Journalism’, we have invited our readers to contribute towards this supplement. We are truly overwhelmed by the response and feel privileged to present this supplement today. Our sincere thanks to those individuals and schools who contributed their valuable articles for publishing. What better title than “Maa Tujhe Salaam” can be ascribed for this Supplement. It is a pure collection of selected articles from our readers expressing their salutation to their motherland on its 61st Republic Day celebration. Hope you enjoy reading these articles as much as our team enjoyed compiling them. I take this opportunity to thank His Excellancy Mr. Ajai Malhotra (Ambassador of India, Kuwait) for all the support and encouragement which he has extended to the Indian organisations and community in Kuwait. We are equally grateful to our advertisers for their immense support. Kudos to the IIK team for working diligently and getting this supplement out on time. A special thanks to our marketing associates M/s Badra International without whose support this could not have been possible. Sunoj Nambiar Editor IndiansinKuwait.com Thanking you
Ambassador Message for the Republic Day of India
On the 61st Republic Day of India, I thank our dear and esteemed Kuwaiti friends for their good wishes and extend warmest congratulations to every member of the Indian community in Kuwait. On this historic day in 1950, the Constitution of India came into force and independent India became a sovereign, secular, democratic Republic. Reflecting the vision and wisdom of the founding fathers of the Indian republic, the Constitution secured to all Indians justice, liberty, equality and fraternity. We are proud citizens of the largest, most diverse, and vibrant democracy in the world. While a developing country, India is also a US$1.2 trillion economy with one of the highest growth rates in the world. On the basis of Purchasing Power Parity, the Indian economy is the fourth largest in the world, with strong macro-economic fundamentals and a stable balance of payments position. India is among the world’s youngest nations, with 55% of its population below the age of 25. This creates a solid human resource base for powering our prosperity. India also has the second largest arable land area and is one of the largest food producers in the world. It is the preferred destination for companies looking to offshore their IT and back-office functions. Its banking system, with 70,000 branches, is among the most extensive in the world. With the largest number of listed companies – over 10,000 across 23 stock exchanges - India has the third biggest investor base in the world. Indian stock markets were amongst the best performers globally in 2009. India’s foreign exchange reserves are over $280 billion. With a large middle class, diversified industrial base, abundant raw materials, huge scientific and technical manpower reserves, and creative and dynamic entrepreneurs, India is an attractive destination for business and new investments. It is a software powerhouse, offering many advantages as a global sourcing hub, especially for IT enabled services and business process outsourcing. Moreover, the Indian economy is based on solid institutions, including well capitalized and prudently regulated banks. Despite an inadequate monsoon and the global economic crisis, India achieved a robust 7% growth in 2009. In fact, India not only weathered the global economic crisis well, but emerged as an anchor of global economic stability. With a domestic savings rate of 35%, India should be able to soon revert to a sustained 9-10% growth path.
India is also implementing an ambitious programme of investment in key infrastructure sectors: power, roads, ports, airports, irrigation, telecommunications, and urban infrastructure. Private investment has a large and growing role to play in this. India is following a strategy of private-public partnership in many areas and seeks domestic and foreign private investment for its infrastructure sector development. India’s investments in the infrastructure sector alone will top US$ 500 billion over the next five years, with India increasing its energy supply by three to four times and its power capacity by five times. India stands out as one of a few countries where substantial growth is taking place and where profits are to be made. Several recent studies have highlighted the attractiveness of India as an investment destination. It has one of the most liberal and transparent policies on FDI among emerging economies. UNCTAD’s World Investment Report 2008 rates India as the second most attractive FDI destination. In addition to FDI we welcome portfolio investment in equity in Indian companies by qualified institutional investors. It would be timely to seriously consider investing surplus liquidity into the infrastructure, energy and other sectors in India. The government has created a favorable climate for foreign investors to invest in India by relaxing procedures for entry and I would urge businessmen and others to take advantage of this situation. In turn, India has become a major source of investment abroad. Many Indian companies have reached out overseas, through mergers and acquisitions or direct investments, in order to access high-growth markets, technologies and knowledge, attain economies of size and scale, and leverage international brand names. While India’s stature is growing with each passing year, we are intensely aware that vast challenges remain, especially in eradicating poverty and disease, illiteracy and ignorance. India has undertaken an ambitious programme for social and economic transformation of its citizens on the margins of its growth story. India is pursuing caring and inclusive growth as it invests in sectors like education, health and sanitation, care of the elderly and disabled, employment generation and village modernization. As regards its foreign policy, India will continue to pursue its enlightened national interest, maintaining the strategic autonomy and independent decisionmaking that has been its hallmark. Its overriding priority is to secure India’s economic transformation and development in an atmosphere of peace and security. As a responsible member of the international community, India will work with other countries to tackle issues of common interest and concern, such as international terrorism, the global economic crisis, climate change, energy security, food security, and the reform of multilateral institutions to reflect contemporary realities.
For over three decades India has been at the forefront of the fight against terrorism, which no cause can ever justify. India has always unequivocally condemned it in all its forms and manifestations. It believes that early adoption by the UN General Assembly of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism will send a strong signal of international unity in confronting this evil. The Gulf region, with which India has a long-standing friendship, is a special focus of India’s foreign policy. The GCC countries are amongst India’s largest trading partners, the dominant source of India’s energy requirements, and home to over five and a half million Indians. Close and friendly contacts between India and Kuwait go back several centuries. An important part of each other’s extended neighbourhood, our ties were consolidated by the continuous intermingling of our peoples and civilizations. They extend beyond historical and cultural linkages to encompass significant political, trade and economic interests. India-Kuwait annual trade exceeds US$ 10.5 billion, including over US$ 8 billion of crude oil exports from Kuwait to India. This constitutes 11-12% of India’s annual oil import requirements and makes Kuwait a significant partner in India’s quest for energy security. India and Kuwait are exploring expanded cooperation in areas like hospitality, IT, manpower development and health tourism, besides traditional sectors like food, petroleum, petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, and infrastructure. High-level exchanges provide an opportunity to reaffirm friendships and explore new cooperation avenues. The official visit to India in 2006 by HH Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Amir of Kuwait, gave fresh momentum to our bilateral ties. The official visit to Kuwait in April 2009 of the Vice President of India, Hon’ble M. Hamid Ansari, reaffirmed our traditionally close bonds of friendship. Bilateral agreements on scientific and technological cooperation, education and learning cooperation, and cultural and information exchanges, were signed during that visit. In October 2009, the Indian Minister of State for Tourism and the Minister of Health of the State of Kerala were in Kuwait for an Indian tourism promotion event with a special focus on health tourism. A “Festival of India in Kuwait” followed in November 2009, in which 130 artistes from India provided a glimpse of its rich and diverse cultural heritage. Inter-governmental Working Groups on Hydrocarbon and on Labour, Employment and Manpower Development, were convened in Kuwait in December 2009 and January 2010 respectively. The Joint Ministerial Commission for Trade, Economic, Scientific and Technological Cooperation will soon meet in Kuwait and we expect more highlevel interactions this year as we seek to boost our ties to a qualitatively new level. An Indian community of 600,000 in Kuwait adds an important dimension to our
ties. It is the largest expatriate community in Kuwait and has earned a reputation for being disciplined, hard working, talented and law-abiding. Its contribution to the development and prosperity of Kuwait, and to that of its members and their families, is noteworthy. I take this opportunity to express gratitude for the care and benevolence bestowed on the Indian community here by HH Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Al Jaber Al-Sabah, Amir of Kuwait, and for the goodwill of the friendly people of Kuwait. To keep pace with our expanding bilateral interaction and the growing size of the Indian community, the Embassy outsourced its passport and visa services in May 2009 and the convenient new timings and locations have proved beneficial. We are also continuously enhancing the welfare support available to Indians in Kuwait. The “Indian Workers Welfare Center”, established by the Embassy in September 2009 by re-grouping and expanding its services on offer, incorporates a labour complaints redressal mechanism, accommodation and all other facilities for domestic workers in distress, a systematic work
contract attestation system, an upgraded free legal advice clinic, a toll-free 24x7 telephonic helpline for Indian domestic workers, and a Help Desk to guide all Indian nationals. In conclusion, I would like to wish good health and prosperity to every Indian in Kuwait as we commit ourselves anew to the service of our motherland. I would also like to express my best wishes for the continued good health and prosperity of HH Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Amir of Kuwait, HH Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmed AlJaber Al-Sabah, Crown Prince of Kuwait, HH Sheikh Nasser Mohammed Al-Ahmed AlSabah, Prime Minister of Kuwait, as well as the people of the friendly State of Kuwait.
Long live India-Kuwait friendship! Jai Hind!
Ajai Malhotra Ambassador of India Kuwait
Republic day signifies the transition of India from a British dominion to a Republic. The day also signifies the adoption of the Constitution of India. The Republic is governed in terms of the Constitution of India which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949 and came into force on 26th January 1950.
Facts of Republic Day
It was this day when the Indian Tricolour was first unfurled in 1930 at Lahore, by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru and the declaration of an independent Indian National Congress was made. It was this day in history in 1965 when Hindi was declared as the official language of India. It is also the day when the entire country realized the dream of Mahatma Gandhi and the numerous freedom fighters who, fought for and sacrificed their lives for the Independence of their country. Signing the constitution on 26th January, was a deliberate act, to mark and respect the freedom fighters who wanted 26 January as India’s initial Independence Day The Constitution provides for a Parliamentary form of government which is federal in structure with certain unitary features. The constitutional head of the Executive of the Union is the President. As per Article 79 of the Constitution of India, the council of the Parliament of the Union consists of the President and two Houses known as the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) and the House of the People (Lok Sabha). Article 74(1) of the Constitution provides that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as its head to aid and advise the President, who shall exercise his functions in accordance to the advice. The real executive power is thus vested in the Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as its head.
Granville Austin has described the Indian Constitution drafted by Dr. Ambedkar as ‘first and foremost a social document.’... ‘The majority of India’s constitutional provisions are either directly arrived at furthering the aim of social revolution or attempt to foster this revolution by establishing conditions necessary for its achievement.’ This day also marks the recognition that we Indians thrive in a sovereign, secular, and democratic land that stands for the principles of justice, liberty, equality and fraternity, the golden words that form the essence of our Preamble. January 26, 1950, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the president of India January 26 was not some random date picked out of the calendar. It was on this date in 1927, that the Indian National Congress, then fighting its non-violent war for freedom, voted for complete independence as against ‘dominion status’. It was the date when members of the INC took the pledge to work towards a sovereign democratic republic of India. It was on 26th January 1950 that India became a nation in the true sense, with a constitution and elected representatives of the people. To mark the importance of this occasion, every year a grand parade is held in the capital, New Delhi, from the Raisina Hill near the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President’s Palace), along the Rajpath, past India Gate and on to the historic Red Fort. Republic Day is also the time when exemplary achievements are recognized and rewarded throughout the country. Selected children are awarded the Children’s Bravery Awards on this day. Soldiers who have performed exceptionally are awarded the bravery medals, Param Veer Chakra, Veer Chakra and Maha Veer Chakra. The essence behind the celebration of Republic day is not only to celebrate India’s secularism and democracy but it also makes us feel proud of our culture, languages, social norms, traditions, customs, religions, communitarian and the individual distinctiveness that makes up India a wonderful multi-cultural country
CِELEBRATIONS IN KUWAIT 2009
Pictures by Gafoor Moodadi
To Be or Not To be
This is the famous question from the play Hamlet written by the literary giant and genius Shakespeare. This question encompasses the mood of many a Catch 22 situations we face in our lives. Similarly when it comes to love for our motherland and at the same time being an NRI, many get confused and many more conveniently avoid the question. Possibly there are very few who would like to dwell on this question and even fewer who found an answer to this dilemma. To answer this question from my side, I wish to first dwell on how one comes about loving his or her motherland and then the NRI feeling. There are many definitions of this word Country based on geographical boundaries, political guidelines, regionalism etc. One striking definition though is the following: “A region that is distinguished by particular characteristics or is associated with a particular activity, person, or group of people”. I dare say our country India is possibly the only country in the world that fits into this definition. Note the words ‘particular characteristics’. Indian-ness is shown in moments of affliction many a time by unsung heroes. When the soldiers were being transported to the border to defend India in its war time, women and children lined up the whole length of the road on either side from early morning in chill weather waving to the soldiers and chanting with a nationalistic fervor, “Bharat Mataa Ki Jai” (Hail to our Motherland India). I was there holding my mother’s hand and seeing my mother’s eyes welled up with tears as she also waved to the soldiers and joined the chorus.. The scene is still vivid in my mind. I looked around there I saw India in its true colors – Unity in diversity in action - Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Sindhis etc. all in unison in chanting that hair rising, emotional sentence and motivating the brave soldiers to go ahead and finish them off. This was no political gimmick played by a politician. It was the Indianess in each of them that made them do this act. My eyes still well up as I am writing this down. This is the characteristic of India. In the recent past when India was at war with a neighboring country, one news column caught my attention. In Chennai, members of a home for the aged went on fast for one full day and saved up to Rs1, 800/- and donated that money to the Soldiers’ Relief fund. The amount seems miniscule. But the spirit of sacrifice and those heights of love for the country these aged people have shown are truly monumental to say the least and have surpassed any limits one can think of. These are the unsung heroes who silently motivate people to do their bit for the country. This is doing service for the country with absolutely no expectation of any reciprocation. I always liken India to a big banyan tree standing tall and firm among the many fragile taller trees which are uprooted when the storm passes by. The banyan tree stays still with hardly a sway seen in its firm and sturdy branches. That is India. It has withstood the onslaught of time and the
atrocities committed on it by so many invaders. Now we see India as an emerging super power globally. Such things do not happen just like that. These facts about India are in itself a sufficient evidence that India is truly special and stands tall among so many nations. Having said all these emotional things about India living in a foreign country and enjoying the special status called Non-Resident Indians (NRI) is strange dilemma. The statistics on different people spread out in the various countries of the world emphatically tells us that but just for three countries (Bhutan, Pakistan and N. Korea) all other countries have Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) living in them. This says a lot. Speaking for myself though, here, as an NRI and with only love for my motherland, I take this opportunity to write in plain terms to avoid ambiguity in the least. I am a mundane human being yearning to give a good life to my family and parents. My educational background (an engineer by profession), my limitations in my capabilities to climb up my career ladder to a pinnacle I want to, did not seem possible while I was living in India. This is not to blame the working conditions in my beloved country. Again me being a mundane human being I took the easy way out - to work in a tax free country, earn more money, save it in my account in India which is entirely legal and has the permission from the Government. If love for my country is true: Then I will repatriate my savings through proper & legal channel to the scheduled banks in India. This will swell the funds the banks can use for the development of the country. This is one way to keep my conscience clear for my love for my motherland. Then in the country I work in, I will not encourage or engage in conversation that is centered around belittling any country or any national. Each individual has the right of belongingness to his or her own country. Then to the best of my ability I will stop poor propaganda about our country India at any place at any time, even in casual conversations in a social gathering. Then I will do my assigned work diligently so that my bosses form a good opinion about my country and its nationals. Then I shall abide by the law of the land of my resident nation, so that the law keepers of the land will say, “Oh! he is an Indian and he cannot commit a mistake” So brothers and sisters it is only through our habits and lifestyle that we express our love for our motherland wherever we live. The question to be or not to be a NRI doesn’t exist at all if we see it in the proper perspective.
Indian Economy – Giant Strides
By: Markos Williams
The reforms process initiated by Dr. Manmohan Singh in the 1990s were crises driven. Now our reforms process is success and opportunity driven. Today we have an investor-friendly environment created by a liberalised policy framework addressing every segment of the economy. In 1991,India pawned 67 tons of gold to support its declining foreign exchange reserves. In November 2009, after nearly two decades of reforms, marking the most significant economic turnaround for any country in the world, India bought 200 tons of gold from the International Monetary Fund (IMF). India’s foreign exchange reserves touched $285 billion when compared to $2 billion in 1999. The Indian economy, the fourth largest economy in the world on the basis of Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) is predominantly a domestic economy with exports accounting for over 16% of its GDP, while Indian trade as a percentage of world trade is below 2%. A number of significant indicators including the remarkable performance of key manufacturing segments, increase in hiring of personnel by corporates, substantial improvement in FII inflows and increase in port movements indicate that the downturn has bottomed out and highlight the Indian economy’s resilience and its well diversified profile. In 2009 the Indian stock market had a rollercoaster ride with the Sensex ending the year at 17,464 points up 114% from a low of 8,160 points in March. Foreign institutional investors (FIIs) have poured in over $17 billion during the year. The Indian economy is expected to be strong on the domestic front in the years ahead. The driver of growth will continue to be domestic consumption, the burgeoning large middle class and increased income spread across different segments. We are currently witnessing the emergence of a powerful middle class with much higher buying power. Increasing affluence and rising savings rates will lead to increasing consumption spurred by aspirational buying. The way India managed the global financial crisis and its impact domestically can be attributed to the strong fundamentals resulting from the economic reforms unleashed in the 1990s. The crisis revealed the relative resilience and intrinsic strength of India’s banking system, as well as the maturity and depth of India’s financial markets while major economies of the world floundered. The structural solidity of the Indian economy with its robust domestic demand, substantial foreign exchange reserves and a globally competitive corporate sector largely insulated India from the perils of recession which affected many countries worldwide. Between 1999-2006, India received US$50bn in FDI. A higher growth trajectory saw inflows of US$90.8bn between 2007 and 2009 equivalent to double the inflow the country received during the past 15 years. FDI inflows are at 2.9% of GDP.
After being net sellers in 2008, foreign institutional investors turned buyers investing Rs 80,500 crores ($17.22 billion) in domestic equities in 2009. The FII investment of Rs 80,500 crores in 2009 is the highest ever inflow in rupee terms in a single year and comes after they withdrew over Rs 50,000 crores the previous year. After a dismal 2008 led by the credit crisis that saw countries sink into recession and stock markets plunging globally, 2009 witnessed a dramatic turnaround. But this turnaround was more pronounced in the global stock markets as many of them rallied on expectations that the global economy is on its way to recovery. Emerging markets in general and India in particular made spectacular gains during the year. As Europe and the United States continue to be bogged down, investors poured money into emerging economies including India due to the high growth potential in these countries and due to lack of better alternate opportunities. After the astonishing performance in 2009, which has helped Indian stock markets emerge among the best performing markets globally with year-to-date returns of almost 80 per cent, the year 2010 is not likely to repeat the spectacular success of 2009. The BSE Sensex has more than doubled since its lows of sub-8,000 levels in March 2009. RECOMMENDED BUYS Buy public sector banks: RBI is likely to start raising rates in January 2010 and this will be favorable to state-owned banks as their stocks trade at better valuations than private sector banks Buy Infrastructure: NHAI road awards will contribute to increased activity. Buy Industrials: Accelerated industrial growth which we have been witnessing will lead to the beginning of a new private capex cycle in 2010 further boosting industrial production. Buy Energy: This sector is likely to see strong demand and dramatic growth triggered by capacity creation. About the author: Markos Williams is the Chairman of the Kuwait India Business Council (KIBC) - a non-profit body of Indian and Kuwaiti businessmen/ professionals with Indian business interests. KIBC has an Agreement of Cooperation with FICCI, works closely with the CII and has a Memorandum of Cooperation with Exim Bank of India, to promote two-way trade and investment, facilitate increased co-operation between Kuwait and India and locate suitable joint venture/trade partners. As Fund Manager and Consultant of the India Fund, Markos Williams launched the world’s first India-focused Sharia compliant open ended equity fund regulated by the Central Bank of Kuwait and the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). He has appeared on TV channels like NDTV Profit, CNBC-TV 18 and Asianet on economic and investment matters besides being interviewed by the Economic Times, Mumbai. In March 2009, he participated in a Delphi study conducted by the Management Department of IIT, New Delhi to develop the future financial architecture of India.
India - After 1947
By: Farhana Mohammed
India, a sub-continent with a 5000 years old history. A civilization united by its diversity, richness of culture and the glory of the past. India is an amazing discovery and its history is a unique tale of the past. Rich in ethnic diversity, with over one billion people speaking hundreds of languages. India is politically it is the world’s largest liberal democracy. It has grown significantly, in terms of both population and strategic importance in the last twenty years attributed to economic reforms. It shares its borders with Pakistan, the People’s Republic of China, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Afghanistan. Sri Lanka, the Maldives and Indonesia are the nearby island nations in the Indian Ocean. India was formally ruled by the British for almost ninety years before gaining independence in 1947. On August 15th 1947, India was finally granted independence from British rule and became a secular republic. India’s population passed the 500 million mark in the early 1970’s but its long food crisis was resolved with greatly improved agricultural productivity due to Green revolution. India’s government sponsored modern agricultural implements, new varieties of generic seeds and increased financial assistance to farmers that increased the yield of food crops such as wheat, rice and corn, as well as commercial crops like cotton, tea, tobacco, and coffee. This enabled India to become self-sufficient in feeding its own population, ending two decades of food imports. In this 21st century, a rising generation of well educated and skilled professionals in scientific sectors of industry began propelling the Indian economy. Due to this, unemployment is steadily declining and poverty has fallen to approx. 22%. While serious challenges remain, India is enjoying a period of economic expansion that has propelled it to the forefront of the world economy. India is a diverse country, a fact that is visibly prominent in its people, culture and climate. Indian lifestyles clearly glorify the geography. The global image of India is that of an upcoming and progressive nation. India has leaped many boundaries in all sectorscommerce, technology, and development etc in the recent past with the other creative genius. The beauty of the Indian people lies in their spirit of tolerance, give-and-take and a composition of cultures that can be compared to a garden of flowers of various colours and shades of which, while maintaining their own entity, lend harmony and beauty to the garden- India. Farhana Mohammed STD: VIII Al Rashid Indian School Farwaniya - Kuwait
The Republic of India : Today and Tomorrow
Dr. (Ms) Navniit Gandhi
We have moved on...for 60 years now and with each passing year, we have strengthened our credentials as a vibrant and successful ‘Republic’. In a republic, the people govern themselves, guided by a written Constitution and aided with several duly-established authority structures. The head of the state which is the highest sovereign authority is also a representative (directly or indirectly elected) of the people. As we celebrate yet another Republic Day, we need to reflect over the limitations and lapses which have deterred us from achieving the optimum and the assets we need to mobilise. In this past one year, one of the most pressing issues has been our security concerns. Internally as well as externally, we have faced immense challenges to our national security position. A year has passed since the terror network hit India hard on 26/11 and as the Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram pointed out- the prevention of yet another 26/11 has been by itself no moderate an achievement. We seem to have begun learning our lessons though there are miles to go before we can afford to relax. The Home Ministry has re-established and empowered the Multi-Agency Centre created in 2001 to deal with all matters concerning the gathering and sharing of intelligence inputs—pertaining to terrorism. The government has recognised the importance of filling vacancies in the police machinery and the need to keep the local police station at the centre of the intelligence gathering machinery. The central government has set up hubs of the National Security Guards in different parts of the country so as to enhance the speed and decisiveness of the response mechanism to terrorist threats or attacks. The government is rightfully investing in acquiring the latest equipment and technology to fight terror. However, attacks on or threats to national security are not always overt, planned, and carried out by terror groups trained on the other sides of our borders. Even if all threats to security are plotted outside, they are expertly executed because there is poverty, deprivation, lack of discipline and despair inside. It is easier than ever to lure people, including those in uniform to allow explosives and arms to enter the country, or to give shelter to mercenaries, or to hire locals as suicide bombers or to simply start rioting and spread unrest on the flimsiest of provocation. The attraction of making quick money is as powerful as the lack of fear because wrongdoings rarely ever meet swift and severe punishment in our system. A country, however, feels insecure or weak not only when such sponsored attacks take place but even when the stock markets crash or there are floods and droughts or when there is instability in governance or there is ethnic strife and social unrest. Issues and threats are today acquiring a transnational character and all key national
concerns setting a global chain reaction in motion. As much as nations are becoming interdependent, we are also becoming wary of each other. Threat perceptions are changing, moving beyond the mere defence of territory to identifying the other areas of serious conflict within nations that can explode into threats to national security. Globally, the concept of national security is being redefined. A summit on climate change today invites as much attention as a summit on disarmament did in the yesteryears. There is a paradigm shift in the context in which policy makers all over the world have to address security concerns. There are several critical dimensions to security now, and a majority of which are non-strategic. While no nation can afford to downplay the relevance of strategic means of maintaining national security, the non-strategic threats must essentially be recognised and addressed in time as they pose grave consequences on human security. There exists an inalienable relationship between national security and human security, which must receive its due significance when security policies are designed. The former is incomplete and narrower an objective without the latter. Almost all the concerns that nations face in contemporary times are universal in character. And impact. Human security is being undermined globally, irrespective of the geo-strategic location or level of economic development achieved by a nation. Threats have assumed many garbs such as the continuously altering regional balances, new conflict dynamics among civilisations, environmental damages, industrial and natural disasters, illegal immigrations, pirates and heavily armed criminal gangs and insurgencies and separatist movements. They either do not recognise national boundaries when they hit us or even if they strike any one nation, the ripples are felt across borders, inter-connected as we are in this global village. Not only have the threats become far too many but also, the threats too are interconnected. Hence, a threat to political stability will have an imp pact on the economy and society. Similarly, an ecological disaster will affect the economy, civil society and threaten political stability too. It is imperative therefore that each nation takes a comprehensive view of the threats that threaten human security and adopts policies which are all pervasive so that a basic minimum level of security can be ensured to its citizens. And only when individual nations adopt holistic approaches and address security issues comprehensively that the positive ripples generated as a result, will ensure a certain minimum sense of security globally. India too has taken cognizance of and begun addressing the manifold threats to its national security. A poor and starved nation cannot boast of an assured sense of security merely on the basis of the deadly weaponry it possesses. There is a proposal to introduce an Act on National Food Security. The cognizance by India of the need to pass an Act
and guarantee access to substantial quantity of food for all, particularly to the vulnerable sections of society complements the growing global realisation that unless people are well fed and adequately nourished, a nation cannot be secure. At the same time, the year 2009 witnessed another issue casting its forceful impact on the national security of India—‘the Maoists’. Along with the fierce battle which erupted between the Maoists and the security forces of India, the central government did not lose sight of the fact that it must redress the sense of betrayal, neglect and deliberate alienation harboured by the armed groups within the country. In 2005, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had labelled the Maoists as the single biggest threat to internal security. Since 2004, close to 5,000 policemen, militants and civilians have been killed in Maoist-linked incidents. Home Minister Chidambaram has realised the gravity of the situation and drawn a comprehensive strategy to take on the Maoists and clear out Maoist-held areas even while development efforts are made to alleviate the lot of the disadvantaged residents. The development aspect will be the key to success as it will strengthen the sense of human security amongst the otherwise insecure and marginalised sections of our society. The plan is to combine the offensive with an unprecedented deluge of development, including schools, health services, more police stations, community centres and roads. Though gradually, we are learning two crucial lessons pertaining to security concerns. One, threats to our country’s security and integrity may not always be directly or indirectly sponsored from across the borders, and second—almost all issues have a human dimension too and must be timely tackled by a comprehensive range of social, economic, and political measures, before they acquire alarming proportions and become serious threats to our very existence and identity as a nation. The government cannot ignore the ecological issues too and must prevent them from becoming too gigantic, and laden with severe security risks. According to the latest warnings issued by the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 120 million to 1.2 billion people in Asia will experience increased water stress by 2020. The per capita availability if water in India will drop from 1,820 cubic metres in 2001 to 1,140 cubic metres by 2050. Centuries of neglect and mindless exploitation of all natural resources, particularly in Asia and Africa, have made us vulnerable to severe shortages of water, food, and other natural resources in the coming years. The Prime Minister of Indiarightly chose to not ignore the relevance of the recently concluded Copenhagen Summit on climate change and joined the global endeavours to save the planet from total destruction. We need to save our precious natural resources with as much alertness and caution as we have protected our borders till date. Security concerns inevitably have an ecological dimension today.
India’s Foreign Secretary Shiv Shankar Menon recently opined in an address to the students of Delhi University on India’s Foreign Policy: “....Looking ahead, the real factors of risk that threaten systemic stability come from larger global issues like terrorism, energy security and environmental and climate change. With globalisation and the spread of technology, threats have also globalised and now span borders. These are issues that will impact directly on India’s ability to grow and expand our strategic autonomy. It is also obvious that no single country can deal with these issues alone. They require global solutions...” While global solutions are indispensable, and united global endeavours an inevitable necessity—we must nevertheless, begin by setting our own house in order. We need to make our being a ‘Republic’, meaningful in every sense of the term. First, while tackling the terror attacks or insurgency, it is very important that there must be no ambiguity or confusion about who is in-charge, who will have overall authority over the different forces, who will deploy the forces according to the needs of the situation and who will be held accountable for the success of the operation. Secondly, we must strive seriously hard to erase indiscipline, mob-mentality, apathy and alienation from the psyche of the masses. And most important, standards of governance need to improve. A better life to every citizen of our country will ensure a basic sense of security in the society. That will be the beginning of the end of our security concerns. Dr. (Ms) Navniit Gandhi E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Dr. Navniit Gandhi is a political analyst and a freelance writer, now based in Kuwait. She has taught Political Science and International Politics in Mumbai, India. She has recently authored a Book titled: ‘National Security: Emerging Dimensions and Threats’, published by Pentagon Security International (Pentagon Press), New Delhi.
Atithi Devo Bhavah (Guest is like God)
By: V V Subramanian
It was just past midnight on the 15th of November 2008. Our private jet landed in one corner of the airport in Mumbai after our three hour journey from Dubai and was taxiing to a stop. My company chairman, our vice-president and I were there to have discussions with consultants, manufacturers and distributors to establish our business operations in India. Each of us was filled with a different kind of excitement to be in India. After having spent 10 years with my company in Kuwait, I was delighted to be able to bring our company products to India, my beloved homeland! The other two were widely travelled men - the vice-president, a British national, had made many trips to different conferences in India whereas my chairman, a highly placed Kuwaiti, equally well travelled, was making his maiden trip to India! I would say staying away from India for long had put me out of touch with the service standards prevailing in India. I had got used to the organised and professional way in which things happen in the western world. As we said our goodbyes to the crew and descended down the steps of the plane, I was shocked to see an old Tempo van waiting to take us to the terminal. Without exaggeration, the seats were torn and it was filthy inside. As my chairman has a large frame and needs more space, I enquired with the handling agent if there was a better car on its way but there was none. I was feeling shame and embarrassment! My chairman smilingly tried to fit himself into the van and the remaining two of us also took our seats. I did not utter a word all through the drive to the terminal. Once there, we were asked to wait outside the terminal as the handling agent had disappeared with our passports. The security personnel were sizing us up and were anything but polite. There were a few bucket seats lined up against the wall next to a few wheel chairs and I tried to make my two guests comfortable there. I was slowly beginning to lose my patience and my embarrassment was growing. In most airports around the world, there is a separate terminal for private jets where VIP treatment is provided to the visitors. This is not being snobbish but simply getting value for the charges being paid. First impression is said to be the best impression and if this idiom was true then our company’s investment in India was looking very doubtful at this stage! After a while, when it was nearing 1am, the handling agent showed up again and asked us to follow him to the immigration counter. I did not know that yet another embarrassment awaited me there. He led us to the counter at the very end where one visitor was being attended to and told us to await our turn while he simply went across to the other side. As our turn came, my chairman collected our passports and put them together on the counter. I had in mind to dissuade him but then I did not want to oppose his action. Just as I feared, the immigration officer spoke to my chairman in the most impolite manner with meanness on his face and asked him loudly
to take the passports off the counter. I had to interfere and ask the officer what was wrong and he wanted them presented one by one. At this point, I lost my cool as the handling agent had proven to be useless in facilitating a smooth entry and the officials were being even more difficult. I raised my voice at the officer and commented on his attitude and also slammed the handling agent who was being a mute spectator. A senior officer interfered and wanted to calm me down and sort things out. I made it loud and clear that if this is the way foreign investment was being welcomed into India then the country is fooling itself of ever being able to succeed in being a global leader! I have not finished yet. From the airport, after no further incident, we proceeded to the Taj Hotel near Gateway of India. When we arrived at the hotel, the car stopped outside the hotel and we were asked to alight there for security reasons. There was one security scanner to walk through at the perimeter and about 15 metres ahead in absolute visible range, before the doors to the hotel, was another security scanner that we walked through. I remember my chairman did remark to the guard that since he has seen us go through the first scanner which is so close by why did we need to go through another one! The guard just smiled as if it was a joke. Our bags were not screened at all. Most readers would remember that just 11 days after this, on 26.11.08, the terrible siege of Taj by terrorists took place. The whole night of 26th, my chairman and I, then back in Kuwait, were glued to the television in our respective homes but speaking over telephone about how we narrowly escaped being there and how security at the hotel was really a sham. There are two main points that I wish to allude to in this essay. The first is about being courteous and the second is about implementing security with a purpose. Forgive me for saying this, but we Indians are generally not very courteous. Saying please, thank you or sorry does not come easily to us. Probably the many years of being oppressed by the British has robbed us of our nicety and made us forget our courtesies. If ever we are courteous, it is to ask for a favour or to achieve a selfish result. There is a large disconnect between what is planned at the centre by the government to propel India’s economy and what actually happens on the ground. We want to be seen as an attractive destination for foreign investment but give the foreign investors an experience they would want to forget! Mere announcing of policies or programs will take the country nowhere if there is no supporting culture built in every relevant strata of the society to make it happen. Investors do not need a lesson on how to do business. What they need is a proper climate to do business. Whether it is in how foreign guests are received at the airport or in how our means of public transport respond to travellers or in how retailers sell to the interested buyers or in how clean the cities are kept or in how public institutions process requests, every “touchpoint” has to exude a common feeling of warmth and delight. Dubai and Singapore come to my mind where every single service department in the country is tuned perfectly to help achieve the country’s stated objective of attracting tourists
or investors. In India, the task is not so simple due to the size of the country, the political structure constituted by the central and state governments and the numerous civic bodies that make up the local administration. Our civil service officers are highly acclaimed and yet it is a surprise that that even under their administration there is so much left to be desired. Probably due to the serious rot that has set deep within. We need leaders who care and who are willing to bring all institutions together and formulate change. We also need to instil the culture of being courteous right through the formative years of our children. Citizens should practice self-discipline and aid the formation of a society that is caring, responsive and above all courteous! Easier said than done! On the other hand, actions that are intended to provide a sense of comfort should never be compromised. Especially when it has to do with security of life. An unsafe environment is a recipe not only to deter foreign investment but also for flight of existing foreign capital. How many companies are queuing up to invest in Pakistan or Afghanistan or Sudan or even Iran? Companies value safety of their human capital as much as they value the safety of their financial capital. Security is probably the most important aspect of what needs to be implemented by organisations in India with a purpose. The adequacy of skills and training of private security agencies that are used to guard numerous locations has also to be put under the scanner! Security procedures need to be well understood by employees in the hospitality industry. What use was it to have two scanners at the entrance to the Taj Hotel if all they did was create a false sense of security?! An evil mind is always conceiving ways to outsmart the security apparatus and in the present times, where terrorism is a tangible and formidable foe, there is no room for security teams to take matters for granted and be negligent. Authorities of places that are frequented by foreign visitors must take the initiative of meeting regularly with the intelligence officers of the government in order to update themselves of any imminent threat and thereby take necessary preventive actions. A lot needs to done rather than said in the field of security, including setting aside a larger than normal allocation in the annual budget of the government and companies to beef up security. Advertising security through machine-gun wielding commandos creates more nervousness than comfort. Being vigilant and exercising precaution is probably a better solution. As India celebrates its 61st Republic Day and strives for economic success, I hope it will also nurture a culture of courtesy and create a secure environment for foreign investment to thrive. After all, since ancient times, we have believed in Atithi Devo Bhavah. Jai Hind!
As I look at the outline Of the country that I call mine I spell out what I already know It is a land certainly divine
in the Crown
By: Shegufa Merchant
Like an angel, arms widespread The Himalayan halo on its head The mermaid in the ocean’s nest Embodiment of uniqueness To be part of this incredible whole A holistic entity so ‘Anmol’ Priceless in its treasures Abundant in all measures Unthinkable to be an India without all this Without its unique genesis Without the dynamism of so many cultures The synergism of so many diverse features Encompassing within it all faiths Resolving differences with grace A potpourri of varied fragrances In customs, languages, traditions, myriad nuances The mythical India of the past Of snake charmers and Rajahs Is no more a story of poverty and hunger The lyric of Illiteracy and stupor It is the modern wheel of a global function Of Human capital and a resource junction Where active minds merge with solid hard work Professionalism , ethics and genius quirk It is a time to be a proud Indian With every cell in mode ‘Awaken’ With every nucleus of its being Throbbing with change at its seam
Living the words of Nehru and Gandhi Being the change we want to see Following the vision of APJ Abdul Kalam We will be a new country in Twenty twenty (2020) WE are fighting the evils of corruption We are overcoming the red tape Encouraging common man intervention Against nepotistic administrative rape Our IQ is recognized worldwide We are feared for being ‘Bangalored’ Our invasions are not imperialistic Peaceful permeation has been scored WE have left a legacy on every land In the space and on the sand In science and in every specialized field Nobel laureates are no more a dream We are a Nation to contend with If our peace and humility is misunderstood We are a force to reckon with If our will power and strength contested O Maataram , we salute you Ingrained in our souls is your hew Christian, Sikh, Muslim or Hindu We bow as Indians before you! In whichever era whichever eon A land of plenty a land of renown Where life, plains, rivers, hills, and people abound India will always be the Jewel in the Crown
Let Me Live With Expectations
Let me live upto my expectations, Let me not live in shame, A destitute and hopeless life, of misery and repentance. Let not my dreams be; torn apart by the thundering Sound of the bullets. Let me wake up each day With a good note and Sleep every night with a good tiding. I pray each day for a better tomorrow; where my People shall live in Peace and Prosperity. Where no Trident, Taj or CST Shall shed any more of the blood and tears of innocence. The life of hundreds Crushed in the stampede of the gory The little ones to the eldest could not convey their last message, to their dear ones. The loved ones of thousands Lost life for nothing. We remember them with deep regret The martyrs of the country Who with high expectation were born But Alas! lost in the middle of their life. Then too I dream even today My expectations shall never die The spirit shall never be lost The unity shall never be divided. All shall be for a common cause. To save my motherland. Pledging together each wonderful day, to lead humanity to the road to happiness; Lead us on and on Light our darkened paths. As we have a high expectation of an enlightened tomorrow.
By: Agampodi Sanduni Perera
Agampodi Sanduni Perera. STD: IX Al Rashid Indian School Farwaniya - Kuwait
My Tricolour Flag
My tricolour flag that Swings in the air Fly up in the sky And smiles at me. The saffron of happiness The white of sanctity The green of safety All protect me from danger Destruction shall not touch Thy colour at any cause For we are here to protect thou At any cause It may instill me To shatter my blood But I shall never betray Thou at any cause Give me the strength To master my mind As I feel my spirit Rouse to voice for Any noble cause. My tricolour flag shall Always swing in the air Fly high up in the sky And remind me of The freedom and safety I bear.
Sumasri Raja STD: IX Al Rashid Indian School Farwaniya - Kuwait
Be Indian Buy Indian;-was Gandhi’s saying, Yes, we were bought, by foreigner’s paying, All of us with whims and fancies we dart, Leaving India, family and children apart
India Before and After Millennium
By: Nisha Rafiq
Roads were rugged, cars were huge, Cracks and crevices everywhere, ‘Today’s India’ is a nightmare. As we all stand and stare. Unemployment dragged the Indians to a den, Money to borrow and money to lend, ‘Today’s India’ opportunities are more, Development is to the core. Technology was limping behind a decade, Weaving, sloughing, drilling are all handmade. Today’s India there is knowledge and expertise, It’s because we Indians are pretty wise. India is well known for its riches and resources, With powerful brain sources, Today’s India all of it has come to the brim and sprouted out, After the entire struggle we have fought. Women were kept as slaves and deprived of rights, Not to the level of men’s might, Today’s India the weaker sex is in the fore front, There is nothing in their history which they can’t. Non violence and Ahimsa were stressed, Into the people’s mind they were pressed, Today’s India even a child knows very well, Such practice is a good place to dwell. Equality, fraternity were just talked about, This was what freedom and independence has brought, Today’s India we deal and feel that everybody hasrights, If scrambled or disturbed there are fights. Worship and religion was deemed as ancestral, Although it is supposed to be centrifugal, Today’s India Spirituality and moral has sprouted, Real democracy and secularism is not doubted. Brain drain has started to decrease day by day, Because many opportunities has been created for Pay, India Today no one wants to look for better prospects outside, Because now you can mint money like anything, even from roadside. Developed India was a dream yesterday, But it is reaching a reality today, Let us grow higher and higher with our hopes high, With our real faith and determination which none can buy.
India is a beautiful place, Which brings a smile upon my face, Any when I go for holidays, It fills my heart with warmth and grace.
India - My Country
By: Nicole Vaz
Traditions, cultures and religions are vast, Not forgetting the life that’s fast, Festivals are colourful and full of light, Leaving the skyline ever so bright. Our history has ties around the world, And above the clouds our georgraphy lies, The Himalayas and Taj Mahal being our best, I don’t need to say the rest.
Nicole Vaz. STD: IV - A Indian English Academy School Salmiya - Kuwait 45
Our Republic – Our Pride!
Years ago, when a fervor of non-violence gripped us A tryst was made with our destiny thus. The Tri-colour unfurled under open skies at the midnight Awaiting the new dawn of smearing golden light. Hail Freedom! Hail Freedom! We gleefully cried. Then we envisioned; we learnt… we went on to be enriched. Unity we forged; Plans we placidly carved; Leaders steadily paced; people carefully raced. And, when a just model we wisely moulded, The Nation poised for becoming a Republic. Long live the Republic! In glory we roared. Through even times or rough, progress caught us forth. We strived, we worked… we engaged Our people to build firm roads. Great minds from diverse strands our nation nurtured To pave ways for its advancement and bright future. Today so we stand very bold and erect, Like, the tallest tower or the greatest minaret. Fearless we are and vailant to the core. These values we breed and bring them to the fore. Salaam! Namaste! are the greetings common to all. Today courageously we speak for the Governance we seek. We treasure democracy denouncing the morbid mobocracy. Watchful we are towards every slice of injustice. Defending closely we are our fragile boundaries. Our salute to you O Motherland! May you prosper and flourish. In one cry again Let us all proclaim That our Republic is our Pride. Our Republic - Our Pride!
By: Rajesh Verlekar
India – My Motherland
India is my motherland A place that I call home India is very special and unique to me Because what u find in India, you find it there alone The brave Indian freedom fighters Fought against the invading British And at last in 1947 The struggled was finally finished Thanks to the many great Indian leaders India became a republic in1950 And thanks the great Indian scholars Development began to continue swiftly It is because of all these people India is like it is today India still continues to progress and develop Under our present leaders who work night and day India is my mother land A place that I call home Even till the end of time I will never forget My country India – my real home
By: Elrich J. Miranda
Elrich J. Miranda. STD: V - A Indian English Academy School Salmiya - Kuwait
O Great Mahatma Gandhi
Great Mahatma, Great Mahatma, Great Mahatma Gandhi. You were born in Porbander, You were very kind and loving, You studied in big schools, But you were very simple and you wore simple clothes woven by you!!! Great Mahatma, Great Mahatma, Great Mahatma Gandhi. You fought for Independence, gave us freedom Without weapons, but with non – violence Now we are a republic country because of the great deed done by you that day, Thank you, Thank you O Great Mahatma Gandhi Great Mahatma, Great Mahatma, Great Mahatma Gandhi.
By: Anjali Sunil
Anjali Sunil STD: IV - C Indian English Academy School Salmiya - Kuwait
My Country India
Land of amazing people, Hub of diverse culture, Heart of religious tolerance, That’s my motherland India. Freedom that’s only 57 years old Revolution of young generation in vogue Wait for years another score, The progress will be more and more. Innovations in cuisine, Essence of different tastes, Tangy, saucy, hot and spicy, That has won laurels east and west. Where elders are respected, And young ones are adored We are all bounded to each other, With love, culture festivals and folklore. That’s incredible India! Irresistible her temptations… A lifetimes tour package of Mystery, adventure rhapsody and hope Raised in the land of great souls! Simple natives yet in modern roles, In every nook and corner of the world Warmth of an Indian, well known.
By: V Ritika Naik
Vritika Naik STD: V - A Indian English Academy School Salmiya - Kuwait
East or West India is the Best !
By: Gwyneth D’silva
Here’s what Albert Einstein, one of the world’s greatest thinkers and innovators said about India “We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made.” Did you know?? One-third of the population is below the age of 15. India polishes about nine in every ten diamonds in the world, mostly tiny, cheaper stones less than a carat! In 1911, India became the first country to send mail by plane. Heni piquet carried 6,500 letters and postcards in his biplane from the exhibition grounds at Allahabad to Naini junction, nine kilometers away. The Indian astronomical observatory located 14,800 feet (4,517 meters) above sea level in the village of Hanle, is the worlds highest astronomy observatory.
Gwyneth D’Silva STD: V - A Indian English Academy School Salmiya - Kuwait
India- I Love my Country
By: Vijay Anant
We no longer discuss the future of INDIA. We say the “FUTURE IS INDIA”. Our country will enjoy the same fundamentals as the United States by 2030. We can achieve this by a massive investment in EDUCATION. As education is the only way to favour family planning acceptance and education can only solve problems like population explosion, poverty and religious conflicts. So let me conclude “LITERACY IS THE KEY, FOR A BETTER SOCIO-ECONOMIC INFRASTRUCTURE”. Tips for a better India. 1. 2. 3. KILL CORRUPTION ENCOURAGE WOMEN EMPOWERMENT CONCENTRATE ON CHILD HEALTH CARE. VIJAY ANANT
CLASS : V STD. : B GULF INDIAN SCHOOL
Republic Day of India
By: Pooja Dharshini
We, the Indians celebrate Republic Day very proudly Salute the leaders who had fought to get freedom Respect and honor the heroes, the soldiers who protect us. On 26th January 2010, 61 years passed after India became Republic India progresses constantly in many fields, Science and Technology, Agriculture, Commerce etc. Unwanted events like terrorist attack and internal dispute occur Disrupting the growth and integrity of the nation Disrupting the unity of people Still India progresses with its sovereignty. Though political influence and corruption prevent our nation’s development Still India progresses with its laws and policies. We must abide the rules and regulations sincerely and honestly Loyal to the growth and integrity of the nation Never support to any activities that disrupt the progress of India. We, the Indians stand for “Unity in Diversity”.
Pooja Dharshini, T.S. STD: IV - C Indian English Academy School Salmiya - Kuwait 52
We Sincerely thank our advertisers:
Gulf Mart Al-ghannim Auto World Co. W.L.L. - Auto-1 Kuwait Continental Hotel Dar-Al Saha Polyclinic Bader Al-Mulla & Bros. Co. - Oriental Insurance Aryan Infotech Achievers Academy Nandos Kuwait Pocket Guide Sprint
Designed by: Badra International Cover & Magazine Design: Helen D’souza
Disclaimer: The views expressed in the Republic Day Supplement are strictly personal and authors personal opinions and IndiansinKuwait.com does not hold any responsibility for them.