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South West Marine Ecosystems

conference

Copyright:

April 2014
Ruth Williams, Cornwall Wildlife
Trust

The Future is bright,


the future is yellow!
The Banana Pinger Trial.
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Protecting Cornwalls wildlife for the future

Cornwall Wildlife Trust Marine Strandings


Network
Investigating deaths of marine mammals

Photo Paul Semmens

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Causes of death 1990-2011


(based on necropsies)

Necropsy data courtesy of CSIP

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CWT pinger trials


- Prevent accidental entanglement of cetaceans
in inshore fishing nets

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The Aquamark Pinger


Results showed the devices to be effective
48% reduction in harbor porpoise activity
The last trial highlighted some serious concerns, relating to battery life and cost of
the pingers tested.
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The Pinger Project journal article


- JCRM 12-1 pp 85-90

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Fishtek Ltd., based in Devon, have developed the Banana pinger as a direct result of
previous work in the Cornish fishery.

The unit performs in the same acoustic range as the Aquamark, but addresses key issues of
cost, ease of use and monitoring, and battery life.

Specifically designed to meet the EU regulations on sound frequency and power.

The Banana Pinger


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This study of the Banana Pinger


consisted of two investigations:
Cycling pinger trial to investigate
behavioural effects of the Banana
Pinger on porpoise and dolphins, such
as possible long-term displacement
and the rate and degree of
habituation of porpoises to a pinger.
Use in a fishery to test the
effectiveness of this device at
deterring cetaceans from inshore set
nets and assess their practicality in a
normal commercial fishery setting.

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the futureWildlife Trust
Photofor
Cornwall

C-POD
Acoustic
monitoring systems
Level of by-catch is too low
to statistically prove the
effectiveness of pingers
over a short time period
using actual bycatch rates.
CPoDs give us the ability
to infer changes in
behaviour due to pingers by
recording all acoustic
activities.

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Cycling pinger deployment

Single modified pinger 21 hour cycle.


Long term fixed mooring in 40 m of water.
With associated C-POD.
Additional C -POD 150 m away to record the
activity of dolphins without interference of the
pinger.

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Cycling pinger trial Results


- Black line when pinger is on. Purple colouration is porpoise clicks.
- Effect of pinger click detections falling to 27% when pinger ON

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Cycling pinger trial Results


Habituation - There is variation, but no evidence of
any diminishing trend in pinger effect over the 8
months.
Effect on porpoise Reduces activity to 27% when
pinger is ON.
Effect on dolphins Reduces activity to 75% when
pinger is ON.
150m from pinger

ON

OFF

hours

1547

1420

clicks

7591

9341

Clicks/m

4.9

6.6

Detections falls to:

ON/OFF

75%
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Real time fishery results


Effectiveness of
device at
deterring
cetaceans

A total of 160.6
soak days of nets
with and without
pingers were
recorded.
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Type of fishery tangle netting

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Real time fishery deployment method


Acoustic
monitoring device
(CPoD)

Pingers spaced at 200m intervals


on lead line.
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There was a gap in fishing activity due to bad weather


in November, December and January 2013, but results
show a lower number of porpoise clicks from nets with
pingers present than from nets without pingers.

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Table below shows an average reduction of porpoise click detections to 18%


on pingered nets compared to non-pingered nets.
No bycatch of cetacean species was recorded in either the pingered or
control nets.
Skipper

Hours

N of clicks P

N of clicks
NP

Vessel 1

2204

6061

31310

19%

Vessel 2

932

185

2616

7%

Vessel 3

167

11

508

2%

Vessel 4

44

64

166

39%

ALL

3347

6321

34600

18%

P/NP ratio

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Practicality of pinger
Handling good. One button
holing, none after adjustment
of practices.
Stay on nets no hazard.
Problem with some net
rigging systems - sliding.
Problem with popping out of
casing under tension.
Good battery life.
LED light pros and cons.
Effect on seals.
Worries on cost.
Bycatch not seen as problem.
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Conclusions
Banana Pinger is suitable for deployment in an
inshore set net fishery and shows a strong pinger
effect that can be expected to translate into a greatly
reduced risk of bycatch.
It also gives confidence that habituation is not a
problem.
There is also strong evidence of a response by
dolphins to the Banana Pinger, displayed in the cycling
pinger trials.

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CWT Recommendations

That a wider trial of Banana Pingers should be promoted to


all under-12m vessels using gill nets within Cornwalls territorial
waters (0-12 nm) as a voluntary method to reduce cetacean
bycatch.

Banana Pinger trials in other fishing areas in the UK.

Effort into raising consumer and public awareness of


vessels using pingers as being dolphin friendly and promote
these vessels as using sustainable practices.

Further work to assess the durability and suitability of the


Banana Pinger as bycatch mitigation device on over-12m
vessels is undertaken.
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Ruth Williams
Marine Conservation Manager
ruth.williams@ cornwallwildlifetrust.org.uk
Abby Crosby
Marine Conservation Officer
abby.crosby@cornwallwildlifetrust.org.uk

Thank you for your attention


PANACHE

Towards a common, coherent and efficient response to cross-border challenges


Vers une rponse commune, cohrente et efficace aux dfis transfrontaliers

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