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WELCOME

SUB BY :

ABDU RAZIK M
REG NO : 12031869
ROLL NO : 2

TOPIC

AUTOMATIC
STREET LIGHT
CONTROLLER

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Sr. No.

Contents

Ch.1

Introduction

Ch.2

Circuit diagram

Ch.3

Components
Used

Ch.4

Layout

Ch.5

Working

Ch.6

Advantages

Ch.7

Applications

INTRODUCTION
Automatic Street Light Control System is a simple

yet powerful concept, which uses transistor as a


switch. By using this system manual works are
removed.
By using this system energy consumption is also
reduced. the manual operation of the lighting
system is completely eliminated.
By using the LDR we can operate the lights, i.e.
when the light is available then it will be in the OFF
state and when it is dark then the light will be in
ON state, it means LDR is inversely proportional to
light

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

LAYOUT

COMPONENTS USED
COMPONENETS

QUANTITY

TYPE

1. LDR

2. Transistor

BC107,SL100

3. Resistor

R1=1k,R2=1k

4. Relay

SPDT

5. Preset

100k

MATERIALS

WORKING
* The circuit diagram present here is that of a street light that

automatically switches ON when the night falls and turns


OFF when the sun rises.
* The circuit uses a LIGHT DEPENDENT RESISTOR (LDR)to
sense the light When there is light the resistance of LDR will
be low. So the voltage drop across POT R2 will be high . This
keeps the transistor Q1 ON. The collector of Q1(BC107) is
coupled to base of Q2(SL100). So Q2 will be OFF and so do the
relay. The bulb will remain OFF.
* When night falls the resistance of LDR increases to make the
voltage across the POT R2 to decrease below 0.6V. This makes
transistor Q1 OFF which in turn makes Q2 ON. The relay will
be energized and the bulb will glow.

ADVANTAGES
By using this Automatic system for street light

controlling, we can reduce energy consumption


because the manually operated street lights are not
switched off properly even the sunlight comes and
also not switched on earlier before sunset.
In sunny and rainy days, ON and OFF time differ
noticeably which is one of the major disadvantage of
using timer circuits or manual operation for
switching the street light system.

APPLICATIONS
Can be used in homes as a night lamp by using bulb

of small wattage.
As the name suggests this can be used in street lights
where it is difficult to reach like mountaineous
regions.

DISADVANTAGE
In sunny and rainy days, ON and OFF

time differ noticeably which is one of


the major disadvantage of using timer
circuits or manual operation for
switching the street light system.

CIRCUIT

MODELS

REFERANCE

WWW.SEMINARSLIDES.COM
* WWW.WIKIPEDIA.COM
* WWW.SLIDESHARE.NET