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Relay Type: MICOM P63X

Required Data

Ratings of the Power and Current Transformers

MVA

Voltage Ratio

Rated Voltage in kV (HV Side)

Rated Voltage in kV (LV Side)

Vector Group

CT Ratio (HV Side)

CT HV Side Vector Group

CT Ratio (LV Side)

CT LV Side Vector Group

Minimum Tap = - %

Maximum Tap = +%

Rated Current (HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/ Current on CT secondary (HV)

Rated Current (LV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

Current on CT Secondary (LV) = Rated Current (LV Side)/CT Ratio

Relay current on LV side I2 = Current on CT secondary LV side / Ratio compensation for LV side

Calculations for OLTC tap setting -% and +%

Full load Current (- % or +% HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

Relay Current for HV side I1= Current on Ct secondary (HV)/ Ratio compensation for HV side

I1 is calculated for extreme transformer taps

The differential current is = I1-I2

Bias current I bias = (I1+I2)/2

Differential current I dif and Ibias is calculated foe extreme Transformer taps

Therefore the operating current of the relay

If Ibias < 2

= Is + m1* I bias

If Ibias > 2

= m2*( Ibias 2)+ m1 * 2

Where m1 and m2 are the slope of relay char

Pick up setting is chosen such that the Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than

90% of operating current for better stability

Substation Name : 220 kV GSS Debari

Relay Type: MICOM P633

Ratings of the Power and Current Transformers

Transformer Name: CROMPTON

MVA = 100

Rated Voltage in kV (HV Side) = 220

Rated Voltage in kV (LV Side) = 132

Vector Group = YNA0d11

CT Ratio (HV Side) = 300/1

CT HV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

CT Ratio (LV Side) = 500/1

CT LV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

Minimum Tap = -15

Maximum Tap = +10

Rated Current (HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*10^3)

=262.4319 A

= 262.4319/300

=0.875 A

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/ 0.875

= 1.143 A

Rated Current (LV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*132*10^3)

=437.38 A

=437.38 /500

= 0.875 A

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/ 0.875

=1.143 A

Calculations for OLTC tap setting -10%

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding at -15% = MVA / (3*0.9*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*0.85*10^3)

=308.743 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 308.743 /300

=1.029 A

As the adopted ratio correction is 1.143 A the current to relay bias terminal

= 1.029 * 1.43

=1.176 A

Hence the differential current is = 1.176 1

= 0. 176 A

Bias current = (I1+I2)/2

= (1.176+1)/2

= 1.088 A

[Since the bias current is less than 1.5 A the slope will be within 30%]

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (0.3* I bias)

= 0.526 A

Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than 90% of operating current for better

stability. Here it s less than 90% so the setting is acceptable.

Calculations for OLTC tap setting +10%

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding at +10% = MVA / (3*1.15*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*1.10*10^3)

=238.54A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 238.54 /300

=0.795 A

As the adopted ratio correction is 1.143 A the current to relay bias terminal

= 0.795* 1.143

=0.909A

Hence the differential current is = 1 - 0.909

= 0.091 A

Bias current = (I1+I2)/2

= (0.909 +1)/2

= 0.955 A

[Since the bias current is less than 1.5 A the slope will be within 30%]

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (0.3* I bias)

= 0.2 + (0.3 * 0.93)

= 0.48 A

Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than 90% of operating current for better

stability. Here it s less than 90% so the setting is acceptable.

Data Required

MVA Rating

Voltage ratio

Vector group

CT ratio on HV Side

Winding connection of CT on HV side

ICT ratio on HV Side

Winding connection of ICT on HV side

CT ratio on LV Side

Winding connection of CT on LV side

Transformer Tap

Min -% OLTC Tap and max % OLTC tap

At Normal tap

Rated current (HV Side) = MVA / (3*Rated voltage (HV side))

Rated current (LV Side) = MVA / (3*Rated voltage (LV side))

If CT is Star/Star

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side) / CT Ratio (HV Side)

If CT is Star/Delta the current shall be multiplied by 3.

Current on the secondary of ICT for Star/Star = Current on CT Secondary (HV Side) / ICT Ratio (HV

Side)

For Star/Delta the current shall be multiplied by 3.

The same procedure is followed for getting the relay current on LV side also.

Idiff = Relay Current = Difference between the HV and LV Current (Current at the secondary of ICTs)

To make sure that the relay does not operate when the Transformer taps are changed the currents are

calculated at extreme taps.

At Tap on -%

Voltage corresponding to the above tap,

Full load current = MVA / 3 * Voltage corresponding to ve tap.

At Tap on +%

Voltage corresponding to the above tap,

Full load current = MVA / 3 * Voltage corresponding to +ve tap.

Currents at the CT Secondary and ICT Secondary are calculated by using the above procedure. For

extreme +ve and extreme ve tap.

Relay current I1= the difference between the HV and LV Currents for extreme +ive tap.

I2= The difference between the HV and LV Currents for extreme +ve tap.

MBCH has an adjustable basic threshold setting of 10% to 50% current I selectable in 10% steps.

Dual Slope 20% Slope upto In.

- 80% Slope for Current > In.

Relay operating current = Pickup setting + Bias Setting * Bias current

I Operating 1A = Pickup setting + 0.20 * Bias Current less than 1A +0.8*current above 1A

Bias current = (I1+I2)/2

I Difference = I1- I2

Operating current at extreme taps is calculated with the same procedure.

The pick up setting is acceptable if the I operating is less than the bias current at extreme taps.

Differential Relay Settings Calculations

Substation Name: 220 kV GSS Debari

Relay Type: MBCH

Ratings of the Power and Current Transformer

MVA = 50

Rated Voltage in kV (HV Side) = 220

Rated Voltage in kV (LV Side) = 132

Vector Group = YNa0d1

CT Ratio (HV Side) = 150

CT HV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

CT Ratio (LV Side) = 300

CT LV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

CT Ratio (HV Side) = 150

CT Ratio (LV Side) = 300

Rated Current (HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=50*10^6/ (3*220*10^3)

= 131.22 A

Rated Current (LV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=50*10^6/ (3*132*10^3)

= 218.6 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 131.22/150

= 0.87 A

Current on CT Secondary (LV) = Rated Current (LV Side)/CT Ratio

=218.6/300

= 0.73 A

Interposing CT (HV Side) = 0.87/0.58

Vector Group Interposing CT (HV Side) = Star/Delta

Interposing CT (LV Side) = 0.73/0.58

Vector Group Interposing CT (LV Side) = Star/Delta

Current on ICT Secondary (HV) = 3*(Current on CT Secondary (HV)/ Interposing CT

(HV Side))

=3*(0.87/0.58)

=1.01

Current on ICT Secondary (LV) = 3*(Current on CT Secondary (LV)/ Interposing CT

(LV Side))

=3*(0.73/0.58)

=1.00

Difference between HV side and LV side currents = Current on ICT Secondary (HV) Current on ICT Secondary (LV)

= 1.01-1.00

=0.01 A

Calculations for OLTC tap setting -12%

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding at -12% = MVA / (3*0.88*kV)

=50*10^6/ (3*220*0.88*10^3)

= 149.11 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 149.11 /150

=0.99 A

Current on ICT Secondary (HV) = 3*(Current on CT Secondary (HV)/ Interposing CT (HV Side))

=3*(0.99 /(0.87/0.58))

=1.15 A

Difference between HV side and LV side currents = Current on ICT Secondary (HV) - Current on ICT

Secondary (LV)

= 1.15 1.00

= 0.15 A

I bias = (I1+I2)/2

= (1.00 + 1.15)/2

=1.075 A

Consider the setting of Is = 0.1

= 0.1 + 0.2 + 0.8*0.075

=0. 36A

At tap of -12% with full load the relay require a current of 0.36 A at Is = 0.1

Since I1-I2 = 0.15 which is less than relay operating value, relay will not operate.

So a setting Is = 0.1 is acceptable.

Calculations for OLTC tap setting +5%

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding at +5% = MVA / (3*1.05*kV)

=50*10^6/ (3*220*1.05*10^3)

=124.97 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 124.97 /150

=0.83 A

Current on ICT Secondary (HV) = 3*(Current on CT Secondary (HV)/ Interposing CT (HV Side))

=3*(0.83 /(0.87/0.58))

=0.96 A

Difference between HV side and LV side currents = Current on ICT Secondary (HV) Current

on ICT Secondary

= 1.00-0.96

= 0.04 A

I bias = (I1+I2)/2

= (0.96+1.00)/2

=0.98 A

Consider the setting of Is = 0.1

The I Operating Current = 0.1 + (0.2 * 0.98)

= 0.1 + 0.196

= 0.296 A

At tap of +5% with full load the relay require a current of 0.29 A at Is = 0.1

Since I1-I2 = 0.04 which is less than relay operating value, relay will not operate.

So a setting Is = 0.1 is acceptable.

Data Required

MVA Rating

Voltage ratio

Vector group

HV voltage

LV voltage

Transformer percentage impedance:

Transformer vector group:

OLTC Tap: +%

OLTC Tap: -%

HV side

LV side

At Normal tap

HV Side full load current = MVA / 3*kV

Current on CT Secondary Ict (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side) / CT Ratio (HV Side)

N1=Required ratio compensation = 1/ Ict sec

Assuming Relay current = 1A

N1 is set on the relay

Current on HV side = Current on CT secondary (HV)/ N1

LV Side full load current = MVA / (3*kV)

Current on CT Secondary Ict (LV) = Rated Current (LV Side) / CT Ratio (LV Side)

N2=Required ratio compensation = 1/ Ict sec (LV)

N2 is set on the relay

Current on LV side = Current on CT secondary (LV)/N2

At -% Tap

HV side current = MVA / (3*kV

Where kV is the voltage corresponding to -% tap on HV side

Current on CT Secondary Ict (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side) / CT Ratio (HV Side)

With ratio compensation

Current on CT Secondary =Ict sec /N1

At Tap on +%

HV side current = MVA / (3*kV )

Where kV is the voltage corresponding to +% tap on HV side

Current on CT Secondary Ict (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side) / CT Ratio (HV Side)

With ratio compensation

Current on CT Secondary =Ict sec /N1

Differential current at extreme taps

At -% tap =Idiff1 =IHV-ILV

At +% tap =Idiff2 =IHV-ILV

Ibias = IHV+ILV /2

I Operating = Pickup setting + 0.20 * Bias Current less than 1A +0.8*current above 1A

Relay Operating current current is calculated using the above equation.

For extreme taps the Idiff and Ibias current are calculated., the pick up setting is chosen such that it will

not operate for extreme taps

Differential Relay Settings Calculations

Substation Name: 220 kV GSS Nagaur

Relay Type: KBCH (Areva)

Ratings of the Power and Current Transformers

Transformer Name: Transformer 2

MVA = 100

Voltage Ratio = 220/132 kV

Rated Voltage in kV (HV Side) = 220

Rated Voltage in kV (LV Side) = 132

Vector Group = YNa0d1

CT Ratio (HV Side) = 400/1

CT HV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

CT Ratio (LV Side) = 600/1

CT LV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

Minimum Tap = -15

Maximum Tap = +10

Rated Current (HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*10^3)

=262.43 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 262.43/400

=0.66 A

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/ 0.66

=1.52

Rated Current (LV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*132*10^3)

=437.39 A

Current on CT Secondary (LV) = Rated Current (LV Side)/CT Ratio

=437.39/600

= 0.73 A

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/ 0.73

=1.37 A

Calculations for OLTC tap setting -10%

Full load Current for 400 kV %( HV Side) Winding at -15% = MVA / (3*0.85*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*0.85*10^3)

=308.74 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 308.74 /400

= 0.77 A

As the adopted ratio correction is 1.52 A the current to relay bias terminal

= 0.77 * 1.52

=1.18 A

Hence the differential current is = 1.18 1

= 0.18 A

Bias current = (I1+I2)/2

= (1.18+1)/2

= 1.09 A

[Since the bias current is less than 1.5 A the slope will be within 20%]

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (0.2* I bias)

= 0.1 + (0.2 * 1.09)

= 0.37 A

Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than 90% of operating current for better

stability. Here it is less than 90% so the setting is acceptable.

Calculations for OLTC tap setting +10%

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding at +10% = MVA / (3*1.1*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*1.1*10^3)

= 237.26 A

= 238.57 /400

= 0.60 A

As the adopted ratio correction is 1.52 A the current to relay bias terminal

= 0.60 * 1.52

= 0.82 A

Hence the differential current is = 1 0.82

= 0.18 A

Bias current = (I1+I2)/2

= (0.82 +1)/2

= 0.91 A

[Since the bias current is less than 1.5 A the slope will be within 20%]

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (0.2* I bias)

= 0.1 + (0.2 * 0.91)

= 0.28 A

Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than 90% of operating current for better

stability. Here it is less than 90% so the setting is acceptable.

2.4 Procedure for Relay Setting of Transformer Differential Relay DTH 31/32

Data Required

MVA Rating

Voltage ratio

Vector group

CT ratio on HV Side

Winding connection of CT on HV side

ICT ratio on HV Side

Winding connection of ICT on HV side

CT ratio on LV Side

Winding connection of CT on LV side

Transformer Tap

Min -% or OLTC Tap max +%

Rated current (HV Side) = MVA / (3*Rated voltage (HV side))

Rated current (LV Side) = MVA / (3*Rated voltage (LV side))

If CT is Star/Star

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side) / CT Ratio (HV Side)

If CT is Star/Delta the current shall be multiplied by 3.

Current on the secondary of ICT for Star/Star = Current on CT Secondary (HV Side) / ICT Ratio (HV

Side)

The same procedure is followed for getting the relay current on LV side also.

Idiff = Relay Current = Difference between the HV and LV Current (Current at the secondary of ICTs)

To make sure that the relay does not operate when the Transformer taps are changed the currents are

calculated at extreme taps.

At Tap on -%

Voltage corresponding to the above tap,

Full load current = MVA / 3 * Voltage corresponding to ve tap.

At Tap on +%

Voltage corresponding to the above tap,

Full load current = MVA / 3 * Voltage corresponding to +ve tap.

Currents at the CT Secondary and ICT Secondary are calculated by using the above procedure. For

extreme +ive and extreme ive tap.

Relay current I1= The difference between the HV and LV Currents for extreme +ive tap.

I2= The difference between the HV and LV Currents for extreme +ive tap.

DTH 31 relay has a fixed pick up setting and variable single slope bias setting.

The operating current of DTH 31 is given by the equation

The pickup setting in DTH 31 = 0.15 (constant)

Bias Current = (I1+I2)/2

Operating Current at normal tap with Bias setting Is = 0.15(or) 0.3

I Operating 1A = 0.15 + 0.15 * Bias Current

Bias current = (I1+I2)/2

I Difference 1A = I1- I2

Operating current at extreme taps is calculated with the same procedure.

Operating current at extreme taps is calculated with the same procedure.

Operating Current at extreme Minimum tap

I Operating 2A.

I Difference 2A = I1 I2.

I Operating 3A.

I difference 3A = I1 I2.

In each of the above cases IOperating current >IDifference + Tolerance

If the above is true a setting of 0.15 for bias is selected. In case the above is not true. Similar calculation is

carried out for the next Bias Setting.

Bhinmal Differential Relay Settings Calculations

Relay Type: DTH31

Station Name : 220 kV GSS Modak

Ratings of the Power and Current Transformers

MVA = 100

Voltage Ratio = 220/132 kV

Rated Voltage in kV (HV Side) = 220 kV

Rated Voltage in kV (LV Side) = 132 KV

Vector Group = YNyn0d1

CT Ratio (HV Side) = 300/1

CT HV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

CT Ratio (LV Side) = 600/1

CT LV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

ICT Ratio (HV Side) = 7.3/5

ICT Ratio (LV Side) = 3.6/2.89

Rated Current (HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*10^3)

=262.4319 A

Rated Current (LV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*132*10^3)

=437.39 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 262.4319/300

=0.874 A

Current on CT Secondary (LV) = Rated Current (LV Side)/CT Ratio

=437.39/600

= 0.728 A

= 7.3/5

Vector Group Interposing CT (HV Side) = Star/Delta

Interposing CT (LV Side) = 3.65/2.89

Vector Group Interposing CT (LV Side) = Star/Delta

Current on ICT Secondary (HV) = 3*(Current on CT Secondary (HV)/ Interposing CT

(HV Side))

=3*(0.656/1.128)

=1.03 A

(LV Side))

=3*(0.728/1.261)

= 0.99 A

Difference between HV side and LV side currents = Current on ICT Secondary (HV)

Current on ICT Secondary (LV)

= 1.03 .99

=0.04

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding at -10% = MVA / (3*0.85*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*0.85*10^3)

=308.743 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 308.74 /300

=1.029 A

Current on ICT Secondary (HV) = 3*(Current on CT Secondary (HV)/ Interposing CT (HV

Side))

=3*1.029=1.22 A

Current on ICT Secondary (LV) = 1.00 A

Difference between HV side and LV side currents = Current on ICT Secondary (HV) Current on ICT Secondary (LV)

= 1.22- 1.00

= 0.22 A

Ibias = ( I1 + I2 ) /2

= ( 1.22+ 1 ) /2

= 1.11 A

Operating Current = Bias setting + Slope 1 * I bias

= 0.15 +0.15*1.11

= 0.3165 A

As Id= 0.22, Operating current = 0.31, Hence stable

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding at +15% = MVA / (3*1.10*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*1.10*10^3)

= 238.57A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 228.20 /300

= 0.795 A

Current on ICT Secondary (HV) = 3*(Current on CT Secondary (HV)/ Interposing CT (HV

Side))

=0.9434

Current on ICT Secondary (LV) = 1.00 A

Difference between HV side and LV side currents = Current on ICT Secondary (HV) Current on ICT Secondary (LV)

=1- 0.9434

= 0.056 A

At Tap of -10 % I bias = (I1+I2)/2

= (1+0.9434)/2 A =0 .97 A

Consider a bias setting of Is = 0.30

The I Operating Current = 0.15 + Is * I bias

= 0.15 + 0.15* 0.97

=0.29 A

At tap of -10% with full load the relay require a current 0.47 A at Is = 0.30.

Since I1-I2 = 0.056 which is less than the operating value, relay will not operate.

So a setting Is = 0.30 is acceptable.

Differential Relay Settings Calculation Procedure

Relay Type: RET 670

Required Data

Ratings of the Power and Current Transformers

MVA

Voltage Ratio

Rated Voltage in kV (HV Side)

Rated Voltage in kV (LV Side)

Vector Group

CT Ratio (HV Side)

CT HV Side Vector Group

CT Ratio (LV Side)

CT LV Side Vector Group

CT resistance value (Rct)

Lead resistance value (Rl)

Minimum Tap = - %

Maximum Tap = +%

Rated Current (HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

Rated Current (LV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

Current on CT Secondary (LV) = Rated Current (LV Side)/CT Ratio

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/ Current on CT Secondary (LV)

Relay current on LV side I2 = Current on CT secondary LV side / Ratio compensation for LV side

Calculations for OLTC tap setting -% and +%

Full load Current (- % or +% HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

Relay Current for HV side I1= Current on Ct secondary (HV)/ Ratio compensation for HV side

I1 is calculated for extreme transformer taps

The differential current is = I1-I2

Bias current I bias = (I1+I2)/2

Differential current I dif and Ibias is calculated foe extreme Transformer taps

Therefore the operating current of the relay

= Is + m1* I bias for current less than (4.Iref) + m2* Ibias for current greater than (4 Iref)

Where m1 and m2 are the slope of relay char

Pick up setting is chosen such that the Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than

90% of operating current for better stability..

A) Biased Differential

Substation Name : 220 kV GSS Rajwest

Relay Type: ABB RET 670

Ratings of the Power and Current Transformers

MVA = 315

Voltage Ratio = 400/220/33

Rated Voltage in kV (HV Side) = 400

Rated Voltage in kV (LV Side) = 220

Vector Group = YNA0d11

CT Ratio (HV Side) = 1000/1

CT HV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

CT Ratio (LV Side) = 1000/1

CT LV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

Minimum Tap = -10

Maximum Tap = +15

Rated Current (HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=315*10^6/ (3*400*10^3)

=454.66 A

= 454.66/1000

=0.454 A

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/ 0.454

= 2.199 A

Rated Current (LV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=315*10^6/ (3*220*10^3)

=826.66 A

Current on CT Secondary (LV) = Rated Current (LV Side)/CT Ratio

=826.66/1000

= 0.826 A

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/ 0.826

=1.209 A

Compensated current on LV side=3*0.826/1.209

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding at -15% = MVA / (3*0.85*kV)

=315*10^6/ (3*400*0.85*10^3)

=534.89 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 534.89 /1000

=0.534 A

Inter posing CT (HV) winding = 3*Current on CT sec (HV)/Ratio correction factor

=3*0.534/2.199

=0.421 A

Hence the differential current is = ABS (0.421 1.183)

= 0. 762 A

Bias current = (I1+I2)/2

= (0.421+1.183)/2

= 0.802 A

[Since the bias current is less than 1.5 A the slope will be within 40%]

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (1.5* M1)+M2*Ibias

= 0.1 + (0.4 * 1.5)*0.8*0.697

= 1.25 A

Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than 90% of operating current for better

stability. Here it s less than 90% so the setting is acceptable.

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding at +10% = MVA / (3*1.1*kV)

=315*10^6/ (3*400*1.1*10^3)

=413.33 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 413.33 /1000

=0.413 A

Interposing HV winding current=3*0.413/2.199

=0.325

I bias = (interposing CT HV current side+ Interposed LV side CT current side)/2

= (0.325+1.183)/2

= 0.754 A

Hence the differential current is = 1.183-0.325

= 0.858 A

[Since the bias current is less than 1.5 A the slope will be within 30%]

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (m1+m2)* I bias

= 0.1 + (0.4 +0.8) * 0.754

= 1.01 A

The operating value is larger than the differential value hence the system is Stable for the MAX tap

condition.

Substation Name : 220 kV GSS Rajwest

Relay Type: ABB RET 670

Ratings of the Power and Current Transformers

Transformer Name: TELK

MVA = 315

Voltage Ratio = 400/220/33

Rated Voltage in kV (HV Side) = 400

Rated Voltage in kV (LV Side) = 220

Vector Group = YNA0d11

% Impedance of the transformer=0.1198

CT Ratio (HV Side) = 1000/1

CT HV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

CT Ratio (LV Side) = 1000/1

CT LV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

CT resistance (Rct) =4

Lead Resistance value=1.5

=315*10^6/ (3*400*10^3)

=454.66 A

Maximum fault current contributed =Rated current /Percentage Impedance

=454.66/0.1198

=3795.15 A

Maximum fault current contributed secondary=3795.15/1000

= 3.795 A

Operating Voltage =3.795*(4+2*1.5)

=26.57V

Rstab

= 250

Stabilizing resistance value (Rstab) to be set as per the operating voltage range given in the technical

reference manual table provided by the manufacturer.

2.6 Procedure for Relay setting of Transformer Differential Relay ABB RADSB

Substation

Relay Type: RADSB [ABB]

Data Required

MVA Rating

Voltage ratio

Vector group

CT ratio on HV Side

Winding connection of CT on HV side

ICT ratio on HV Side

Winding connection of ICT on HV side

CT ratio on LV Side

Winding connection of CT on LV side

Transformer Tap

Min -% OLTC Tap and max % OLTC tap

Calculation

Rated Current (HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

Rated Current (LV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

Interposing CT (HV Side) = Current on CT Secondary (HV) / ICT ratio on HV side

Interposing CT (LV Side) = Current on CT Secondary (LV) /0.578

Current on ICT Secondary (HV) = 3*(Current on CT Secondary (HV)/ Interposing CT

(HV Side))

Current on ICT Secondary (LV) = 3*(Current on CT Secondary (LV)/ Interposing CT

(LV Side))

Difference between HV side and LV side currents = Current on ICT Secondary (HV)

Current on ICT Secondary (LV)

Calculations for OLTC tap setting -%

Voltage corresponding to the above tap,

Full load current = MVA / 3 * Voltage corresponding to ve tap.

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

Current on ICT Secondary (HV) in A

= 3*(Current on CT Secondary (HV)/ Interposing CT

(HVSide))

Difference between HV side and LV side currents = Current on ICT Secondary (HV) Current on ICT Secondary (LV)

Voltage corresponding to the above tap,

Full load current = MVA / 3 * Voltage corresponding to +ve tap.

Current on ICT Secondary (HV) in A = 3*(Current on CT Secondary (HV)/ Interposing

CT (HVSide))

Difference between HV side and LV side currents = Current on ICT Secondary (HV) Current on ICT Secondary (LV)

Relay setting range available : Operating value can be Settable 20, 25, 35, or 50% of In

Id = (I1-I2)

Ibias = ( I1+I2)/2

Id should be less than I operating current

The setting shall be selected in such a way that the relay shall not operate for the extreme tap

positions

Differential Relay Settings Calculations

Relay Type: RADSB [ABB]

Substation

Ratings of the Power and Current Transformers

Transformer Name: CGL

MVA = 100

Voltage Ratio = 220/132kV

Rated Voltage in kV (HV Side) = 220

Rated Voltage in kV (LV Side) = 132

Vector Group = YnYa0

CT Ratio (HV Side) = 300/5

CT Ratio (LV Side) = 600/5

CT LV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

ICT Ratio (HV Side) = 4.37/2.88

ICT Ratio (LV Side) = 3.64/2.88

Rated Current (HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*10^3)

=262.4319 A

Rated Current (LV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*132*10^3)

= 437.39A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 262.4319/(300/5)

= 4.37 A

Current on CT Secondary (LV) = Rated Current (LV Side)/CT Ratio

=437.39/(600/5)

= 3.64 A

Interposing CT (HV Side) = 4.37/2.88

= 1.517

Interposing CT (LV Side) = 3.64/2.88

=1.263

(HV Side))

=4.37/(4.37 /2.88)

= 2.88 A

(LV Side))

=3.64/(3.64/1.263)

=2.88 A

Difference between HV side and LV side currents = Current on ICT Secondary (HV)

Current on ICT Secondary (LV)

= 4.9891 4.9916

= 0.0019606708 A

Calculations for OLTC tap setting -15%

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding at -15% = MVA / (3*0.85*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*0.85*10^3)

=308.74 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 308.74/(300/5)

=5.15 A

Current on ICT Secondary (HV) = (Current on CT Secondary (HV)/ Interposing CT (HV side )

=5.15/(4.862 /1.517)

=3.39 A

Current on ICT Secondary (LV) =(Current on CT Secondary (HV)/ Interposing CT (HV side)

= 2.88 A

Difference between HV side and LV side currents = Current on ICT Secondary (HV) Current on ICT Secondary (LV)

= 3.39-2.88

= 0.51 A

I bias = ( I1+I2)/2 = (3.39+2.88)/2 = 3.34

Operating current = 0.25+0.2*3.34 = 0.88 A

Id = 0.51 is less than I operating = 0.88, hence stable

Calculations for OLTC tap setting +10%

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding at +10% = MVA / (3*1.1*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*1.1*10^3)

= 238.57 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 238.57 /(300/5)

=3.98 A

Current on ICT Secondary (HV) = 3*(Current on CT Secondary (HV)/ Interposing CT (HV

Side))

=3.98/(3.954 / 1.517)

=2.62 A

Difference between HV side and LV side currents = Current on ICT Secondary (HV) Current on ICT Secondary (LV)

= 2.88-2.62

= 0.26

I bias =( I1+I2) /2

= ( 2.88+2.62) /2 = 2.75 A

I operating = 0.25 + 0.2* 2.75 = 0.8 A

Id= 0.26 is less than I operating = 0.8 A, hence stable

Data Required

MVA Rating

Voltage ratio

Vector group

HV voltage

LV voltage

Transformer percentage impedance:

Transformer vector group:

OLTC Tap: +%

OLTC Tap: -%

HV side

LV side

At Normal tap

HV Side full load current = MVA / 3*kV

Current on CT Secondary Ict (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side) / CT Ratio (HV Side)

N1=Required ratio compensation = 1/ Ict sec

Assuming Relay current = 1A

N1 is set on the relay

Current on HV side = Current on CT secondary (HV)/ N1

LV Side full load current = MVA / (3*kV)

Current on CT Secondary Ict (LV) = Rated Current (LV Side) / CT Ratio (LV Side)

N2=Required ratio compensation = 1/ Ict sec (LV)

N2 is set on the relay

Current onLV side = Current on CT secondary (LV)/N2

At -% Tap

HV side current = MVA / (3*kV

Where kV is the voltage corresponding to -% tap on HV side

Current on CT Secondary = Rated Current (HV Side) / CT Ratio (HV Side)

With ratio compensation

Current on CT Secondary =Ratio of compensation * CT secondary current

At Tap on +%

HV side current = MVA / (3*kV )

Where kV is the voltage corresponding to +% tap on HV side

Current on CT Secondary Ict (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side) / CT Ratio (HV Side)

With ratio compensation

Current on CT Secondary =Ratio of compensation * CT secondary current

Differential current at extreme taps

At -% tap =Idiff1 =IHV-ILV

At +% tap =Idiff2 =IHV-ILV

Ibias = IHV+ILV

I Operating = Pickup setting + 0.3 * Bias Current for Bias current less than Break Point

I Operating = Pickup setting + 0.3 * Bias Current + 0.8 (Bias current Break point) for Bias current greater

than Break point.

For extreme taps the Idiff and Ibias current are calculated., the pick up setting is chosen such that it will

not operate for extreme taps.

Substation Name: 220 kV GSS Kushkhera

Relay Type: GE T60

Ratings of the Power and Current Transformers

Break Point = 2

Slope1 = 0.3

Slope 2= 0.8

Transformer Name: IMP

MVA = 100

Voltage Ratio = 220/132 kV

Rated Voltage in kV (HV Side) = 220

Rated Voltage in kV (LV Side) = 132

Vector Group = YNa0d1

CT Ratio (HV Side) = 400/1

CT HV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

CT Ratio (LV Side) = 500/1

CT LV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

Minimum Tap = -15

Maximum Tap = +10

Rated Current (HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*10^3)

=262.43 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 262.43/400

=0.66 A

=1.52

=100*10^6/ (3*132*10^3)

=437.39 A

=437.39/500

= 0.874 A

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/ 0.874

=1.143 A

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding = MVA / (3*0.9*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*10^3)

= 262.43 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 262.43 /400

= 0.656 A

As the adopted ratio correction is 1.52 A the current to relay bias terminal

= 0.656 * 1.52

Hence the differential current is = 0.9972 1

= 0.0027A

Bias current = Max (I1, I2)

= (0.9972, 1)

=1A

[Since the bias current is less than Break point (2) the slope will be within 30%]

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (0.3* I bias)

= 0.25 + (0.3* 0.9972)

= 0.549 A

Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than 90% of operating current for better

stability. Here it is less than 90% so the setting is acceptable.

Full load Current for 400 kV %( HV Side) Winding at -15% = MVA / (3*0.85*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*0.85*10^3)

= 308.74 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 308.74 /400

= 0.772 A

As the adopted compensation is 1.33 A the current to relay bias terminal

= 0.772 * 1.33

Hence the differential current is = 1.029 0.87

= 0.15 A

Bias current = Maximum of (I1, I2)

= Maximum of (1.029, 0.87)

= 1.029 A

[Since the bias current is less than Break point (2) the slope will be within 25%]

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (0.2* I bias)

= 0.25 + (0.3 *1.029)

= 0.558 A

Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than 90% of operating current for better

stability. Here it is less than 90% so the setting is acceptable.

Calculations for OLTC tap setting +10%

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding at +10% = MVA / (3*1.1*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*1.1*10^3)

= 238.57A

= 238.57 /400

= 0.5964 A

As the adopted ratio correction is 1.52 A the current to relay bias terminal

= 0.596 * 1.52

Hence the differential current is = 1-0.905

= 0.095 A

Bias current = Maximum of (I1, I2)

= Maximum of (0.905, 1)

=1A

[Since the bias current is less than Break point (2) the slope will be within 30%]

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (0.3* I bias)

= 0.25 + (0.3 * 1)

= 0.55 A

Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than 90% of operating current for better

stability. Here it is less than 90% so the setting is acceptable.

Data Required

MVA Rating

Voltage ratio

Vector group

HV voltage

LV voltage

Transformer percentage impedance:

Transformer vector group:

OLTC Tap: +%

OLTC Tap: -%

HV side

LV side

At Normal tap

HV Side full load current = MVA / 3*kV

Current on CT Secondary Ict (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side) / CT Ratio (HV Side)

N1=Required ratio compensation = 1/ Ict sec

Assuming Relay current = 1A

N1 is set on the relay

Current on HV side = Current on CT secondary (HV)/ N1

LV Side full load current = MVA / (3*kV)

Current on CT Secondary Ict (LV) = Rated Current (LV Side) / CT Ratio (LV Side)

N2=Required ratio compensation = 1/ Ict sec (LV)

N2 is set on the relay

Current onLV side = Current on CT secondary (LV)/N2

At -% Tap

HV side current = MVA / (3*kV

Where kV is the voltage corresponding to -% tap on HV side

Current on CT Secondary = Rated Current (HV Side) / CT Ratio (HV Side)

With ratio compensation

Current on CT Secondary =Ratio of compensation * CT secondary current

At Tap on +%

HV side current = MVA / (3*kV )

Where kV is the voltage corresponding to +% tap on HV side

Current on CT Secondary Ict (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side) / CT Ratio (HV Side)

With ratio compensation

Current on CT Secondary =Ratio of compensation * CT secondary current

Differential current at extreme taps

At -% tap =Idiff1 =IHV-ILV

At +% tap =Idiff2 =IHV-ILV

Ibias = IHV+ILV

I Operating = Pickup setting + 0 * Bias Current if less than 0.656

I Operating = Pickup setting + (0.3 * Bias Current -0.656) if greater than 0.656

I Operating = Pickup setting + 0.7 * (Bias Current-4) + 0.3*4

For extreme taps the Idiff and Ibias current are calculated., the pick up setting is chosen such that it will

not operate for extreme taps.

Substation Name: 220 kV GSS Bharathpur

Relay Type: CSC326

Ratings of the Power and Current Transformers

Differential Current Setting = 0.2 A

Transformer Name: CGL

MVA = 100

Voltage Ratio = 220/132 kV

Rated Voltage in kV (HV Side) = 220

Rated Voltage in kV (LV Side) = 132

Vector Group = YNa0d1

CT Ratio (HV Side) = 400/1

CT HV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

CT Ratio (LV Side) = 500/1

CT LV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

Minimum Tap = -15

Maximum Tap = +10

Rated Current (HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*10^3)

=262.43 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 262.43/400

=0.66 A

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/ 0.66

=1.52

Rated Current (LV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*132*10^3)

=437.39 A

=437.39/500

= 0.8747 A

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/0.8747

= 1.143 A

Calculations for OLTC Nominal tap setting:

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding at

= MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*10^3*)

= 262.43 A

= 262.43 /400

= 0.656 A

As the adopted ratio correction is 1.52 A the current to relay bias terminal

= 0.656 * 1.52

= 0.997 A

Compensated current internally on HV =0.997 A

Rated Current (LV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*132*10^3)

=437.39 A

=437.39/500

= 0.8747 A

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/0.8747

= 1.143 A

= 0.9993

Hence the differential current is = (0.9973 0.9993 )

= 0.002 A

Bias current = (I1+I2)/2

= (0.656+0.8747)/2

= 0.765 A

[Since the bias current is less than 4 A and greater than 0.656 the slope will be within 30%]

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (0.3* ( I bias-0.656)

= 0.2 + (0.3 *0.109)

= 0.232 A

Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than 90% of operating current for better

stability. Here it is less than 90% so the setting is acceptable.

Full load Current for 400 kV %( HV Side) Winding at -15% = MVA / (3*0.85*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*0.85*10^3)

= 308.74 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 308.74 /400

= 0.772 A

As the adopted ratio correction is 1.52 A the current to relay bias terminal

= 0.772 * 1.52

= 1.18 A

Compensated current internally on HV =1.18 A

Hence the differential current is = (1.18 1.0 )

= 0.18 A

Bias current = (I1+I2)/2

= (1.18+1)/2

= 1.09 A

[Since the bias current is less than 4 A and greater than 0.656 the slope will be within 30%]

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (0.3* ( I bias-0.656)

= 0.2 + (0.3 *0.434)

= 0.33 A

Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than 90% of operating current for better

stability. Here it is less than 90% so the setting is acceptable.

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding at +10% = MVA / (3*1.1*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*1.1*10^3)

= 238.5 A

= 238.574 /400

= 0.596 A

= 0.596 * 1.52

Compensated current internally = 0.905 A

Differential current = I1- I2 = 1-0.905 = 0.095 A

Bias current = (I1+I2)/2

= (0.905 +1)/2

= 0.952 A

[Since the bias current is less than 4 A and greater than 0.656 the slope will be within 30%]

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (0.3* ( I bias-0.656)

= 0.2 + (0.3*(0.952- 0.656))

= 0.288 A

Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than 90% of operating current for better

stability. Here it is less than 90% so the setting is acceptable

Data Required

MVA Rating

Voltage ratio

Vector group

HV voltage

LV voltage

Transformer percentage impedance:

Transformer vector group:

OLTC Tap: +%

OLTC Tap: -%

HV side

LV side

At Normal tap

HV Side full load current = MVA / 3*kV

Current on CT Secondary Ict (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side) / CT Ratio (HV Side)

N1=Required ratio compensation = 1/ Ict sec

Assuming Relay current = 1A

N1 is set on the relay

Current on HV side = Current on CT secondary (HV)/ N1

LV Side full load current = MVA / (3*kV)

Current on CT Secondary Ict (LV) = Rated Current (LV Side) / CT Ratio (LV Side)

N2=Required ratio compensation = 1/ Ict sec (LV)

N2 is set on the relay

Current onLV side = Current on CT secondary (LV)/N2

At -% Tap

HV side current = MVA / (3*kV

Where kV is the voltage corresponding to -% tap on HV side

Current on CT Secondary = Rated Current (HV Side) / CT Ratio (HV Side)

With ratio compensation

Current on CT Secondary =Ratio of compensation * CT secondary current

At Tap on +%

HV side current = MVA / (3*kV )

Where kV is the voltage corresponding to +% tap on HV side

Current on CT Secondary Ict (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side) / CT Ratio (HV Side)

With ratio compensation

Current on CT Secondary =Ratio of compensation * CT secondary current

Differential current at extreme taps

At -% tap =Idiff1 =IHV-ILV

At +% tap =Idiff2 =IHV-ILV

Ibias = IHV+ILV

I Operating = Pickup setting + 0 * Bias Current if less than 0.656

I Operating = Pickup setting + (0.3 * Bias Current -0.656) if greater than 0.656

I Operating = Pickup setting + 0.7 * (Bias Current-4) + 0.3*4

For extreme taps the Idiff and Ibias current are calculated., the pick up setting is chosen such that it will

not operate for extreme taps.

Substation Name: 220 kV GSS Neemrana

Relay Type: DUOBIAS

Ratings of the Power and Current Transformers

Differential Current Setting = 0.25 A

Transformer Name: CGL

MVA = 100

Voltage Ratio = 220/132 kV

Rated Voltage in kV (HV Side) = 220

Rated Voltage in kV (LV Side) = 132

Vector Group = YNa0d1

CT Ratio (HV Side) = 400/1

CT HV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

CT Ratio (LV Side) = 500/1

CT LV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

Minimum Tap = -15

Maximum Tap = +10

Rated Current (HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*10^3)

=262.43 A

= 262.43/400

=0.66 A

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/ 0.66

=1.52

Rated Current (LV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*132*10^3)

=437.39 A

Current on CT Secondary (LV) = Rated Current (LV Side)/CT Ratio

=437.39/500

= 0.8747 A

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/0.8747

= 1.143 A

Calculations for OLTC Nominal tap setting:

Full load Current for 220 kV ( HV Side) Winding

= MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*10^3*)

= 262.43 A

= 262.43 /400

= 0.656 A

As the adopted ratio correction is 1.52 A the current to relay bias terminal

= 0.656 * 1.52* 3

= 1.727 A

Compensated current internally on HV = 1.727 A

Rated Current (LV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*132*10^3)

=437.39 A

=437.39/500

= 0.8747 A

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/0.8747

= 1.143 A

Compensated current on LV = 0.8747 * 1.143

=1

Hence the differential current is = (1 1 )

=0A

Bias current = (I1+I2)/2

= (1+1)/2

=1A

[Since the bias current is less than 4 A and greater than 0.656 the slope will be within 30%]

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (0.3* ( I bias)

= 0.2 + (0.3*1)

= 0.5A

Full load Current for 400 kV %( HV Side) Winding at -15% = MVA / (3*0.85*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*0.85*10^3)

= 308.743 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 308.743 /400

= 0.771 A

As the adopted ratio correction is 1.52 A the current to relay bias terminal

= 0.771 * 1.52

= 0.888 A

Compensated current internally on HV =0.888 A

Rated Current (LV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*132*10^3)

=437.39 A

Current on CT Secondary (LV) = Rated Current (LV Side)/CT Ratio

=437.39/500

= 0.8747 A

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/0.8747

= 1.143 A

Compensated current on LV = 0.874* 1.143

= 0.998 A

Hence the differential current is = (1.0-0.888)

= 0.12 A

Bias current = (I1+I2)/2

= (0.888+1)/2

= 0.944 A

[Since the bias current is less than 4 A and greater than 0.656 the slope will be within 30%]

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (0.3* ( I bias-0.656)

= 0.2 + (0.3 *0.28)

= 0.284 A

Id= 0.12 is less than I operating current = 0.284 A, hence Stable

Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than 90% of operating current for better

stability. Here it is less than 90% so the setting is acceptable.

Calculations for OLTC tap setting +10%

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding at +10% = MVA / (3*1.1*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*1.1*10^3)

= 238.5 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 238.5 /400

= 0.56 A

As the adopted ratio correction is 1 A the current to relay bias terminal

= 0.56 * 1.52

Compensated current internally = 0.8512 A

=1A

Hence the differential current is = 1-0.8512

= 0.1488 A

Bias current = (I1+I2)/2

= (1 +0.1488)/2

= 0.574 A

[Since the bias current is less than 0.656 the slope will be zero.

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (0.3* ( I bias-0.656)

= 0.2 + (0.3*(0.574))

= 0.2A

Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than 90% of operating current for better

stability. Here it is less than 90% so the setting is acceptable.

7UT61X/7UT51X

Data Required

MVA Rating

Voltage ratio

Vector group

HV voltage

LV voltage

Transformer percentage impedance:

Transformer vector group:

OLTC Tap: +%

OLTC Tap: -%

HV side

LV side

At Normal tap

HV Side full load current = MVA / 3*kV

Current on CT Secondary Ict (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side) / CT Ratio (HV Side)

N1=Required ratio compensation = 1/ Ict sec

Assuming Relay current = 1A

N1 is set on the relay

LV Side full load current = MVA / (3*kV)

Current on CT Secondary Ict (LV) = Rated Current (LV Side) / CT Ratio (LV Side)

N2=Required ratio compensation = 1/ Ict sec (LV)

N2 is set on the relay

Current onLV side = Current on CT secondary (LV)/N2

At -% Tap

HV side current = MVA / (3*kV

Where kV is the voltage corresponding to -% tap on HV side

Current on CT Secondary = Rated Current (HV Side) / CT Ratio (HV Side)

With ratio compensation

Current on CT Secondary =Ratio of compensation * CT secondary current

At Tap on +%

HV side current = MVA / (3*kV )

Where kV is the voltage corresponding to +% tap on HV side

Current on CT Secondary Ict (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side) / CT Ratio (HV Side)

With ratio compensation

Current on CT Secondary =Ratio of compensation * CT secondary current

Differential current at extreme taps

At -% tap =Idiff1 =IHV-ILV

Ibias = IHV+ILV

Operating current of Relay

I Operating = Pickup setting + 0.25 * Bias Current if less than 2.5A

I Operating = Pickup setting + 0.25 * Bias Current + 0.5 ( Bias current above 2.5 A )

For extreme taps the Idiff and Ibias current are calculated., the pick up setting is chosen such that it will

not operate for extreme taps

Differential Relay Settings Calculations

Substation Name: 220 kV GSS Nagaur

Relay Type: SIPROTECH 7UT61X

Ratings of the Power and Current Transformers

Differential Current Setting = 0.2 A

Transformer Name: BHEL -II

MVA = 100

Voltage Ratio = 220/132 kV

Rated Voltage in kV (HV Side) = 220

Rated Voltage in kV (LV Side) = 132

Vector Group = YNa0d1

CT Ratio (HV Side) = 400/1

CT HV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

CT Ratio (LV Side) = 500/1

Minimum Tap = -15

Maximum Tap = +10

Rated Current (HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*10^3)

=262.43 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 262.43/400

=0.66 A

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/ 0.66

=1.52

=100*10^6/ (3*132*10^3)

=437.39 A

=437.39/500

= 0.73 A

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/ 0.73

=1.14 A

Calculations for OLTC tap setting -10%

Full load Current for 400 kV %( HV Side) Winding at -15% = MVA / (3*0.9*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*0.85*10^3)

= 308.74 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 308.74 /400

= 0.77 A

As the adopted ratio correction is 1.52 A the current to relay bias terminal

= 0.77 * 1.52

Compensated current internally =1.18 A

Hence the differential current is = 1.18 1

= 0.18 A

Bias current = (I1+I2)

= (1.18 +1)

= 2.18 A

[Since the bias current is less than 2.5 A the slope will be within 25%]

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (0.5* I bias)

= 0.2 + (0.25 *2.18)

= 0.74 A

Differential current at w tap condition should not be more than 90% of operating current for better

stability. Here it is less than 90% so the setting is acceptable.

Calculations for OLTC tap setting +10%

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding at +10% = MVA / (3*1.1*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*1.1*10^3)

= 238.5 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 238.5 /400

= 0.60 A

As the adopted ratio correction is 1.52 A the current to relay bias terminal

= 0.60 * 1.14

Compensated current internally = 0.68 A

Hence the differential current is = 1 0.68

= 0.32 A

Bias current = (I1+I2)

= (0.68 +1)

= 1.68 A

[Since the bias current is less than 2.5 A the slope will be within 25%]

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (0.25* I bias)

= 0.2 + (0.25 * 1.68)

= 0.62 A

Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than 90% of operating current for better

stability. Here it is less than 90% so the setting is acceptable.

Relay Type: GE SR745

Required Data

Ratings of the Power and Current Transformers

MVA

Voltage Ratio

Rated Voltage in kV (HV Side)

Rated Voltage in kV (LV Side)

Vector Group

CT Ratio (HV Side)

CT HV Side Vector Group

CT Ratio (LV Side)

CT LV Side Vector Group

Minimum Tap = - %

Maximum Tap = +%

Break point

Rated Current (HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/ Current on CT secondary (HV)

Rated Current (LV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/ Current on CT Secondary (LV)

Relay current on LV side I2 = Current on CT secondary LV side * Ratio compensation for LV side

Calculations for OLTC tap setting -% and +%

Full load Current (- % or +% HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

Relay Current for HV side I1= Current on Ct secondary (HV)* Ratio compensation for HV side

I1 is calculated for extreme transformer taps

The differential current is = I1-I2

Bias current I bias = Maximum of(I1,I2)

Differential current I dif andIbias is calculated foe extreme Transformer taps

Therefore the operating current of the relay

= Is + Slope1* I bias for I bias current less than Break point And Is + Slope1*Break point + Slope2* (IbiasBreak point) for I biascurrent greater than Break point.

Pick up setting is chosen such that the Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than

90% of operating current for better stability.

Substation Name : 220 kV GSS Khinwasar

Relay Type: GE SR745

Ratings of the Power and Current Transformers

Transformer Name: EMCO

MVA = 100

Voltage Ratio = 220/132

Rated Voltage in kV (HV Side) = 220

Rated Voltage in kV (LV Side) = 132

Vector Group = YNA0d1

CT Ratio (HV Side) = 400/1

CT HV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

CT Ratio (LV Side) = 500/1

CT LV Side Vector Group = Star/Star

Minimum Tap = -15

Maximum Tap = +10

Break point=2

Is=0.2, m1=25%, m2=80%

Rated Current (HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*10^3)

=262.4319 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 262.4319/400

=0.65607 A

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/ 0.65607

= 1.5242 A

Rated Current (LV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*132*10^3)

=437.38 A

Current on CT Secondary (LV) = Rated Current (LV Side)/CT Ratio

=437.38 /500

= 0.875 A

Required Ratio Compensation = 1/ 0.875

=1.143 A

As the adopted ratio correction is 1.143 A the current to relay bias terminal

= 0.875 * 1.143

I1=1 A

Calculations for OLTC tap setting -15%

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding at -15% = MVA / (3*0.85*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*0.85*10^3)

=308.743 A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 308.743 /400

=0.7719 A

As the adopted ratio correction is 1.5242 A the current to relay bias terminal

= 0.7719 * 1.5242

I2=1.176 A

Hence the differential current is = (I1-I2) =1.176 1

= 0. 176 A

Bias currentIbias = Max(I1,I2)

= (1.176,1)

= 1.176 A

[Since the bias current is less than Break point the slope will be within 25%]

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (0.25* I bias)

= 0.2 + (0.25 * 1.176)

= 0.494 A

Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than 90% of operating current for better

stability. Here it s less than 90% so the setting is acceptable.

Full load Current for 220 kV %( HV Side) Winding at +10% = MVA / (3*1.15*kV)

=100*10^6/ (3*220*1.1*10^3)

=238.574A

Current on CT Secondary (HV) = Rated Current (HV Side)/CT Ratio

= 238.574 /400

=0.5964 A

As the adopted ratio correction is 1.5242 A the current to relay bias terminal

= 0.5964* 1.5242

I2=0.909 A

Hence the differential current is= (I1-I2) = 1 - 0.909

= 0.091 A

Bias current Ibias = Max(I1,I2)

= (1, 0.909)

=1A

[Since the bias current is less than Break point the slope will be within 25%]

Therefore the operating current of the relay will be = Is + (0.25* I bias)

= 0.2 + (0.25 * 1)

= 0.45 A

Differential current at worst tap condition should not be more than 90% of operating current for better

stability. Here it s less than 90% so the setting is acceptable.

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