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THE TEN COMMANDMENTS

OUTLINE

I. INTRODUCTION

II. THE FIRST COMMANDMENT

III. THE SECOND COMMANDMENT

IV. THE THIRD COMMANDMENT

V. THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT

VI. THE FIFTH COMMANDMENT

VII. THE SIXTH COMMANDMENT

VIII. THE SEVENTH COMMANDMENT

IX. THE EIGHTH COMMANDMENT

X. THE NINTH COMMANDMENT

XI. THE TENTH COMMANDMENT

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Lesson 1
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS

INTRODUCTION: If God created this world He must make laws to govern it. There is not a
country anywhere in the world that does not have laws. In order to make life more secure we
must have good laws. The Ten Commandments form the only perfect set of laws in existence
(Psalms 19:7-8).
We sometimes speak of the Ten Commandments as "The Law of Moses" Although this
may be indirectly true, in a very real sense Jehovah Himself is the author of the law (Nehemiah
10:28-29) He first spoke the words in the hearing of all the people of Israel (Exodus 20:1).
Then He wrote the Ten Commandments on two tables of stone and gave them to Moses (Exodus
24:12; 31:18; 32:15,16). When Moses came down from Mount Sinai where the law had been
given and saw the people worshiping the golden calf, in his anger he broke the tables of stone
(Exodus 32:19). God asked Moses to return once again to the top of Mount Sinai with two
newly hewn tables of stone, where for the second time He would inscribe His commandments
(Exodus 34:1). These are the only messages to men that God has written with His own hand.
The law was given approximately 1500 B.C. or about 3,500 years ago.

I. IT IS NOT NECESSARY TO KEEP THE COMMANDMENTS IN ORDER TO BE


SAVED
A. Some teach the necessity of keeping the commandments to be saved. We know this
cannot be true because of the many verses that teach to the contrary (Galatians 2:16
Ephesians 2:8, 9).
The Mosaic law was divided into three parts:
1) the Civil or Judicial, which prescribed the manner of administering justice among
the Jewish people. This law is not binding on Christians.
2) the Ceremonial, which prescribed the external rites and ceremonies to be
observed by the Jews in their worship. This also is not binding on Christians.
3) the Moral, which tells men of their duty towards God and each other -- in other
words the Ten Commandments. Only the Moral law was written in man’s heart
(Romans 2: 14,15). This means the Ten Commandments were never outdated or
obsolete.
B. Sinners are made to feel their need of Christ as a result of the Ten Commandments
(Galatians 3:24) Although Christians do not keep them to maintain their standing with
God (Romans 6:14), we recognize them as ten essential Life Principles by which our
lives are to be governed.

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Lesson 1 (cont’d)

II. CHRIST DID NOT COME TO DESTROY THE LAW


A. Jesus never condemned the law and the prophets, but He did condemn those who did not
obey them (Matthew 5:17, 18). Because He gave new commandments it does not follow
that He abolished the old.
B. Paul said: “Loving is the fulfilling of the law” (Romans 13:10). Does this mean the Ten
Commandments are no longer in force? Does a father cease to give children rules to
obey because they love him? Does a nation burn its statute books because the people
have become patriotic? Not at all. Paul said our faith in Christ does not mean that the
law is no longer in force (Romans 3:31). The Commandments are necessary. So long as
we obey, they do not rest heavy upon us; but as soon as we try to break way, we find
they are like fences to keep us within bounds. Horses need bridles even after they have
been properly broken in.
I I I. THE TWO DIVISIONS OF THE LAW
The Commandments fall into two natural divisions.
A. The first four Commandants have to do with our duty to God . (Exodus 20:1-11)
B. The remaining six Commandments have to do with our duty towards our fellow man
(Exodus 20:12-17).These two divisions Jesus Himself acknowledged (Matt 22:36-40).

CONCLUSION: God is a God of order. With Him there is no confusion. And what He
commands He does so for our own well-being and happiness, not to make life miserable (I John
5:2, 3). Answer the following questions:

1. What are the only perfect set of laws in existence today?

2. What is the only message to men that God has written with His own hand?

3. Is it necessary to keep the Commandments in order to be saved?

4. Do you have to keep the Commandments to maintain your salvation?

5. List the three parts of the law.


a. b. c.
6. Sinners are made to feel their ______ ___ ______ as a result of the ____ __________.

7. What and Whom didn’t Jesus condemn and who did He condemn?

8. List the two natural divisions of the Ten Commandments.


a. b.

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Lesson #1
Answer Key
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
INTRODUCTION

1 . The Ten Commandments.

2. The Ten Commandments.

3. No.

4. No.

5. a. Civil or Judicial
b. Ceremonial
c. Moral

6. Need of Christ -- Ten Commandments

7. a. The law
b. The prophets
c. Those who didn’t obey the law.

8. a. Exodus 20:1-11, First four Commandments - our duty to God


b. Exodus 20:12-17, Six Commandments - our duty to our fellow man

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Lesson 2
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The First Commandment
Exodus 20:1-3

INTRODUCTION: The Commandments begin with a statement concerning God Himself: “I


am the lord thy God”. The most important conception a man can have is his conception of God.
Your thought of God determines your outlook on the world. If the Lord is not your God, these
commandments may have very little meaning to you. If He is your God, everyone of these
Commandments is to be taken with the utmost importance.
The first Commandment settles the question of who is to be the Supreme Authority. The
name common among men for that Supreme Power or Authority is “God”. The Bible speaks
often of other gods, not that God has any real competitors, but that men worship other powers as
supreme. Whatever it is that has the supreme authority over your life, is your God. In our study
today we will consider the sins forbidden by this Commandment, and the duties required by it.

I. THE SINS FORBIDDEN BY THIS COMMANDMENT


A. Atheism is forbidden in that it denies or does not have a God (Psalms 14: 1).
B. Idolatry is forbidden in that it has more gods than one (Matthew 4:10). Some of the
modern types of idolatry with which we contend are:
1. Money (Matthew 6:24) “The Almighty dollar” is a God to some.
2. Pleasure (II Timothy 3:4). All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. All play and
no work makes Jack an idolater.
3. The belly (Philippians 3:18, 19). We must eat to live, not live to eat.
4. Astrology and all forms of occultism (Acts 19:19). Drugs and the occult go together.
5. Man (Romans 1:25). "Man is his own God,” say the secular humanists.

II. THE DUTIES REQUIRED BY THIS COMMANDMENT


We now turn to the positive side of this first Commandment. We should never stress a
negative aspect of Christianity to the exclusion of its positive aspect. We must keep a good
balance. As we avoid the evils which this Commandment warns against, we must at the same
time comply with that which God requires of us.

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Lesson 2 (cont’d)

A. We are to know and acknowledge God to be the only true God. Israel had lived for
centuries in Egypt, where a vast number of different gods were worshiped, consulted, honored
and sacrificed to. Moreover, they were about to go up into a land where other gods would be
found as objects of worship among the Canaanites. It was important that they know and worship
the true God. In like manner we are to seek to know Him. Here are some things we are taught
about Him in the Bible.

1. He is eternal, without beginning and without end (Psalms 90:1, 2).

2. He is unchangeable (Psalms 102:25-27).

3. He is almighty, all-powerful (Genesis 17:1, Matthew 19:26).

4. He is all-knowing. He knows all things (Psalms 139:1-4, John 21:17).

5. He is present everywhere (Jeremiah 23:4).

6. He is holy. He is sinless and hates sin (Leviticus 19:2).


.
7. He is just. He is fair and impartial (Deuteronomy 32:4).

8. He is faithful and keeps His promises (II Timothy 2:13).

9. He is gracious, showing undeserved kindness (Exodus 34:6, 7).

10. He is love (I John 4:8).

Most important of all, God has revealed Himself in the person of His Son, the Lord Jesus
Christ. Christ speaks of this essential knowledge (John 17:3).
The only true God is the Triune God: Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, three distinct Persons
in one Divine Being (I John 5:7). To truly know God we must trust Him and accept His offer of
mercy through Jesus Christ.

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Lesson 2 (cont’d)

B. We are to obey and serve Him (I Thessalonians 1:9). Obedience is the acid test of our
profession of faith (John 14:15). There is no need for other gods if the true God is known and
served.

1. How can these Commandments have very little meaning to you?

2. What does this first Commandment settle?

3. What two sins are forbidden by this first Commandment?


a. b.

4. List five modern types of idolatry.


a. b. c.
d. e.

5. What two duties are required by this first commandment?


a.
b.

6.. What is the acid test of our profession of faith?

7. List the ten things the Bible teaches us about God.

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Answer Key
Lesson #2
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The First Commandment

1. If the Lord isn't your God.

2. It settles the question of who is to be the Supreme Authority.

3. a. Atheism
b. Idolatry

4. a. Money
b. Pleasure
c. Belly
d. Astrology
e. Man

5. a. We are to know and acknowledge God to be the only true God.


b. We are to obey and serve Him.

6. Obedience

7. He is:
a. Eternal
b. Unchangeable
c. Almighty
d. All-Knowing
e. Present Everywhere
f. Holy
g. Just
h. Faithful
I. Gracious
j. Love

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Lesson 3
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The Second Commandment
Exodus 20:4-6

INTRODUCTION: Worship is a universal instinct. Wherever travelers and explorers have


penetrated, they have never found a race that did not worship something. On the other hand,
there has never been a race so civilized that it did not have its gods or goddesses. True there are
those, especially in communist countries who profess to be atheist. Nevertheless, even these
skeptics have some kind of God of their own -- the state, their ideology, themselves, etc. No
human was ever born an atheist. If he becomes one, it is because someone taught him to think
that way. Man, therefore, needs no command to worship. He worships as instinctively as he
breathes.

Sin has perverted this instinct within man, which means his tendency is to worship
something other than the true God. (Romans 1:21-25). The second Commandment deals with
this issue. It teaches us how we may rightly worship God. We carry around with us, or have at
home, pictures of our loved ones. But though we love them, we do not worship them; that is, we
do not think they are God. No man has ever seen God, and therefore no man could ever make
an image of God.

An image (idol) is something that man has conceived, and God is greater than anything
man could paint or carve. We keep a high conception of God when we worship Him from our
hearts without images held up before us.

While the first Commandment forbids polytheism, or the worship of any God other than
Jehovah, this second Commandment, “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image”, forbids
idolatry, or the worship of images of God.

I. WHAT GOD PROHIBITS IN WORSHIP. (Exodus 20:4, 5a)

A. He does not forbid the use of art in worship.


Pictures, drawings and even images may be very helpful in teaching a Scriptural lesson.

B. He forbids all representations of Himself or any earthly or heavenly creature.


Carvings, pictures, etc., that people actually worship as God. This is idolatry and is
forbidden over and over again in Scriptures (John 4:19-26; Acts 17:22-31). See also,
Isaiah’s description of the stupidity of the idol-maker and idol-worshiper. Isaiah 44:9-20

II. THE REASON FOR THE PROHIBITION. (Exodus 20:5)


To make another God is synonymous with hating God. To make another God is to
declare that we consider the true God inadequate for our needs, and unworthy of our absolute
devotion. Thus God prohibits idolatry and the reason is twofold.

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Lesson 3 (cont’d)

A. Jehovah is a jealous God.


Just as a husband is jealous of his bride, so the Lord is jealous of His own people.
Idolatry is infidelity to the most sacred of vows, namely the divine marital vow (II
Corinthians 11:2).

B. The law of heredity, verses 5. 6.


The iniquity spoken of here is that of idol worship. He that makes and worships an idol
has lost the knowledge of the true God. This iniquity is called “the iniquity of the
fathers” because it originates with them. This iniquity is visited upon the children,
meaning that idolatry and all its harmful consequences is perpetuated to the second and
even to the third and fourth generations. The history of the world shows that the
ungodliness of the fathers is generally followed by the sons. It is a solemn thing to pass
on to children a wrong conception of God, it is the most awful thing a parent can do.

III. THE REWARDS FOR KEEPING THE COMMANDMENTS. (Exodus 20:6)

Notice the positive side of the picture in this verse. While it is true that God does not
allow the idolatrous person to go unpunished, He does not suffer the obedient, true worshiper to
go unrewarded.

G. Campbell Morgan said, “Here is a remarkable comparison, God visits the iniquity to
the third and fourth generation; but He shows mercy unto the thousandth generation! If a man
will commit to his posterity a worship that is true, strong, wholehearted and pure and will sweep
away all that interferes between himself and God, he is more likely to influence for God the
thousandth generation that follows him, than a man of the opposite character is to touch that
generation with evil”.

1. Some men were born an atheist. True or False .


2. Why can't men make images of God?
3. What has caused man to worship something other than God?
4. When does art, pictures, carvings, drawings become idolatry?
5. God prohibits idolatry, can you list the two-fold reasons?
a.
b.
6. Is God a jealous God?
7. Is it important that parents teach their children the right concept of God and if they don’t,
how many generations will God visit “the iniquity of the fathers”?
a.
b.
8. If you truly worship God, God might reward and bless you? .
True or False

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Lesson #3
Answer Key
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The Second Commandment

1. False

2. No man has seen God to make a copy or image of Him.

3. Sin

4. When we worship them as a God.

5. a. He is a jealous God.
b. The law of heredity.

6. Yes

7. a. Yes
b. To the third and fourth generation.

8. False

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Lesson 4
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The Third Commandment
Exodus 20:7

INTRODUCTION: Today we study the third Commandment which states, “Thou shalt not
take the name of the Lord thy God in vain”. The basic principle embodied here is the majesty
and holiness of the name of God. Because of its holy character, God’s name must always be
used with the utmost sincerity and reverence (Matthew 6:9).

I. THE NAME OF GOD.


Every parent has enjoyed choosing a name for his new offspring. Occasionally a name is
chosen because its meaning seems appropriate to the nature of the child or the circumstances of
his birth. But often it is just because it sounds masculine or feminine or cute. Often parents
name their child after a relative or famous person. In other words, we seldom make a direct
connection between someone’s name and his character. This was not the case in Biblical times.
A name was much more significant than now. In Bible times a person’s name was meant to
express his nature or character.

The Bible attitude toward the name of God is no exception to this rule. His name is holy
because He is holy; consequently it must be reverenced (Psalms 111:9). God’s name includes
every name by which He has made Himself known; such as God, Lord (Jehovah), Almighty, etc.
The New Testament makes it clear that the name of the Lord God includes the name of each of
the three persons of the triune God: God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit
(Matthew 28:19). The divine name embraces all three. The significance and holiness of the
name of Jesus is especially emphasized:

A. Salvation comes through His name (John 20:31)

B. Prayer is to be offered in his name (John 15:16).

C. His name is highly exalted and above every name (Philippians 2:9-11).

II. WHAT IT MEANS TO USE THE NAME OF THE LORD IN VAIN.


The word in vain means “empty” or “worthless”. In what ways are people guilty of
taking the Lord’s name in vain?

A. By using any name of God uselessly or carelessly.


Example: “My God”, “Good Lord”, “Jesus Christ”, etc. To utter such expressions as
deliberate profanity is a violation of this Commandment. But these are not the only
expressions forbidden here. When a person says, “For Christ’s sake” or even “God bless
you”, without meaning it, the name of God has been used in vain.

Lesson 4 (cont’d)

B. By cursing. Cursing by God’s name is blaspheming God by speaking of Him or


250
mocking Him (Leviticus 24:15). It is calling down the anger and punishment of God
upon any person or thing. How many times have you heard people say, “God damn
you”’ and they didn’t mean a word of it. They had no thought of God eternally damning
that person who was the object of their oath.

C. Swearing by God's name when we do not intend to tell the truth.


Swearing by God’s name is taking an oath in which we call upon God to witness the
truth of what we say or promise, and to punish us if we lie or break our promise. A
person who ways, “I swear to tell the truth, so help me God”, and turns right around and
tells a falsehood, is taking the name of the Lord in vain.

D. Lying or deceiving by God’s name. This too is a violation of this Commandment.


This is teaching false doctrine and saying that is God’s Word or revelation (Jeremiah
23:31, 32).

III. THE SERIOUSNESS OF PROFANITY.

Profaning the name of God so serious that “The Lord will not hold him guiltless that
taketh His name in vain”. The penalty prescribed by God for this sin shows its seriousness.
Under the Old Testament law the punishment was death (Leviticus 24:16).
There is an indication in the New Testament that Christians who blasphemed were
excommunicated from the church (I Timothy 1:20). "To deliver unto Satan" means to exclude
from the fellowship of the church (I Corinthians 5:5). It is the most serious penalty which the
church itself can inflict on its members.
"What’s wrong with it”? someone may ask in reference to his profanity. "I don't mean anything
by it". That’s just the point. The name of God is holy, and we are to use it only when we mean
something by it. To use it in a meaningless or thoughtless way is an insult to God.

1. What is the basic principle embodied in this Commandment?

2. Because of its holy character, God’s name must always he used how?

3. In Bible times a person's name was meant to express what?

4. Give the meaning of the word "vain".

5. In what ways is God's name used in vain?


a. b. c. d.

6. What was the penalty prescribed by God for using His name in vain?
Lesson #4
Answer Key
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The Third Commandment

1. The majesty and holiness of God’s name.


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2. Sincerely and in Reverence.

3. His nature or character.

4. Empty or Worthless

5. a. By using any name of God uselessly or carelessly

b. By cursing

c. Swearing by God’s name when we do not intend to tell the truth.

d. Lying or deceiving in God’s name.

6. Death

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Lesson 5
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The Fourth Commandment
Exodus 20:8-11

INTRODUCTION: This fourth Commandment is distinct from the others in a number of ways.
In the first place, it begins with a word which is not found in any other of THE TEN
COMMANDMENTS, namely, the word “remember”. This would seem to indicate that the
Sabbath had been previously known to the Israelites, and that men would be tempted to forget it.
Second, the fourth Commandment is the longest of any of THE TEN COMMANDMENTS. In
the third place, it is the Commandment which connects the first part of the law, dealing with
man’s relationship to the one true God, with the second part of the law, which deals with human
relationships. The basic principle which underlines this Commandment is that God is the Lord
of our time.

I. THE DUTIES REQUIRED BY THIS COMMANDMENT.

A. The seventh day is to be kept holy (verse 8). Just as the tithe is “holy unto the Lord”,
so the seventh day is holy, and is to be set aside and consecrated to the service of
God. It affords us a time to assemble together as a church, and also as a family unit
within our homes for the purpose of prayer, praise, reading, expounding and applying the
Word of God.

B. It is to be a day of rest (verse 10). Human being need a day of rest periodically for the
sake of bodily recuperation and health. Sometimes Christians are required by their employers to
work on the Lord’s day. They are not to be censured for this; and certainly there are
emergencies when other work is justified, but thousands of people in this country have grown
careless in regard to church attendance and the observance of the Lord’s day simply because
they agree to work on Sundays when they do not have to.

C. Six days man is to labor (verse 9). There is as distinct a command here to work as there
is to cease from work. Not only here but in the very beginning God established the moral
responsibility for every human being to work. Even before man sinned, God commanded him to
subdue the earth and have dominion over it (Genesis 1:28). Adam was told to tend the Garden
of Eden (Genesis 2:15). The curse meant that work was no longer simply the creature’s grateful
and loving response to his Creator. Man must work in order to live; he must sweat in order to
eat (Genesis 2:17-19).

II. WHY THE SEVENTH DAY WAS CHOSEN.

The seventh day was chosen because this was the day on which God rested from His work of
creation (Exodus 20:11). It was only fitting that his be the day on which God’s people cease
their labor. (Exodus 31:17).
Lesson 5 (cont’d)

III. WHY CHRISTIANS OBSERVE THE LORD’S DAY.


Verse 10 states, “The seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord God”. It does not say (here
or anywhere in scripture), “The seventh day of the week” but simply, “the seventh day”; that is,
the day following the six days of work, with the Jews it was the seventh day of the week, which
is Saturday; but for the Christians, it is the first day of the week, or Sunday. Nevertheless, it is
still a special day (the seventh) which follows six days of labor.
The basic reason for observing the first day of the week or the Lord’s Day is that this is
the day on which Jesus arose from the dead. The only event to be compared with the
resurrection of our Lord is the original creation of the world. Just as God rested on the seventh
day at the completion of the old creation, so it is fitting that Christians set aside the first day of
the week which signifies the completion of the greater work of redemption. The Apostles set the
precedent for us by gathering together on the first day of the week for the observance of the
ordinances. The collection of tithes and offerings and the preaching of the Word (Acts 20:7; I
Corinthians 16:2).

CONCLUSION: That we do not have to keep the Lord’s Day in the strict and legalistic sense of
the Sabbath Day as described in the ceremonial law is made clear in the New Testament. (Note
especially Colossians 2:16, 17; Romans 14:5, 6; Galatians 4:9-11.) In one sense, every day to
the Christian is holy, but let it not be forgotten that one day out of seven belongs exclusively to
the Lord. This means 24 hours out of 168, 52 days out of 365 or one-seventh of our time is to
be consecrated in a special sense to the Lord.

1. List the three distinct marks of this fourth Commandment.


a.
b.
c.

2. What day is to be kept holy?


3. By us setting this day apart for the Lord, what does this day afford us time to do? List some
purposes given in our lesson.
a.
b.

4. The Sabbath is a day of what?


5. Not only are we to rest, but also commanded to do what?
6. Why was the seventh day chosen?
7. What day is the Jewish Sabbath and what day is the Christian Sabbath?
8. Why do Christians observe Sunday as the Sabbath?
Lesson #5
Answer Key
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The Fourth Commandment

1. a. The word “remember” is not found in any other Commandment.


b. It is the longest of the Commandments.
c. That God is the Lord of our time.
2. Seventh

3. a. To assemble together as a church and as a family unit within our homes.


b. For the purpose of prayer, praise, reading, expounding and applying the Word of God.

4. Rest

5. Work, labor for our lively hood.

6. That was the day after God created everything and then He rested.

7. Saturday and Sunday

8. Christ arose from the grave on that day.


Lesson 6
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The Fifth Commandment
Exodus 20: 12

INTRODUCTION: God has chosen to set up certain spheres of authority within the human
race. Within each of these He has appointed certain ones who exercise authority as His
representatives. There are at least three such spheres of authority. One is the state; another is
the church; the third is the family, with which this Fifth Commandment specifically deals.
Though the family is the smallest unit of authority, is nevertheless the most important. It is the
basic unit of society.

I. THE FAMILY IN GOD'S PLAN.

In the very beginning God made a “help mate” for Adam (Genesis 2:18). God performed
the first marriage ceremony and established the family unit as the first and most important of all
human institutions (Genesis 2:22-24). The family is especially important because it plays the
crucial role in establishing and maintaining proper authority in the two other spheres; church and
state. It is in the home that one begins to learn obedience and submission. When young people
fail to learn how to honor father and mother, they will have little respect for teachers, policemen
and others in authority.

The breakdown of the family unit is the purpose of many trends and movements in our
time. Because of its importance in God’s plan, it is no wonder that Satan is working so hard to
destroy it. Some of the weapons he uses are the ease of obtaining a divorce, covetousness on the
part of parents, the “women’s liberation” movement and “gay liberation” movement. The result
of these satanic assaults on the family is an increasing contempt for authority.

II. RESPECTING YOUR PARENTS.

The fifth Commandment specifically requires children to honor their parents. This refers
basically to an attitude of respect and reverence.

A. In childhood, honor for parents involves obedience or submission to parental authority


(Colossians 3:20; Eph. 6:1,2). A child must obey his parents “in all things”. In
Ephesians 6:1 however, Paul limits this only to the things that are “in the Lord”, or
consistent with God’s will. For instance, a child instructed to lie by his father is not
required to obey.

During Old Testament times, God prescribed the severest penalties for dishonoring parents.
Striking and even cursing a parent were both punished by death (Exodus
21:15,17). A rebellious and disobedient son was likewise to be surrendered to the
authorities and stoned to death by all the men of the city (Deuteronomy 21:1-21).
Lesson 6 (cont’d)
“All the men of the city”, were to participate in the execution because the whole city
was threatened by such a youth. If left unchecked, the attitude of rebellion grows and
spreads to others.

B. The command to honor father and mother applies to adults also. You are never to treat
your aging parents neglectfully and shamefully. You should remember them with
calls, visits, letters and gifts. An elderly parent dreads few things more than being
forgotten.

Note some Bible examples of honoring parents:


1. Joseph honored his father (Genesis 46:29). He also provided for him (47:11, 12).
2. King Solomon honored his mother (I Kings 2:19)
3. Jesus was subject to His parents (Luke 2:51). He also provided for His mother (John
19:26).
III. THE PROMISE OF LONG LIFE.
The promise attached to this Commandment is, “that thy days may be long upon the land
which the Lord thy God giveth thee”. One of the surest ways to live a long time
is to honor your parents. Many of the rules your parents give you are to help you live
longer. “Don't run into the street”, “Don’t smoke”, etc. If you do not honor your parents
by obeying these rules, your life could be cut short.

CONCLUSION: It is significant that the Apostle Paul, in listing the various sins that will mark
the last days of this age, speaks of the crime of disobedience to parents as one of the most
terrible of sins, then to honor them is the greatest of virtues.

1. List three spheres of authority set up by God and which one is the most important?

2. Where does a person learn obedience and submission?

3. Who is responsible in teaching children obedience and submission? Where should a parent
begin, and, if parents don't, what will be the results?

4. Can you list four ways Satan uses to destroy the home?

5. Is a child to obey his parents if they have him to disobey God's will and commit sin?

6. What was the prescribed penalty for children who struck, cursed, rebelled and disobeyed their
parents?

7. Is a child to obey his parents in all things in the Lord?

8. What promise is connected with this Commandment and to whom is it promised?


Lesson #6
Answer Key
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The Fifth Commandment

1. a. 1. State
2. Church
3. Family

2. In the home.

3. a. Parents
b. Begin by training them to honor you the parent.
c. They will have very little respect for the rest of authority.

4. a. Easy divorce.
b. Covetousness on the part of parents.
c. Women's liberation movement.
d. Gay's liberation movement.

5. No. -- Comment: If a child does obey, the parent will answer to God and not the child. But if
the child grows to adulthood and continues in the sin he was taught, he will then
answer to God being accountable for his own actions. (This is my personal beliefs.)

6. Stone to death.

7. Yes.

8. a. A long life.
b. To children, adult children as well.
Lesson 7
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The Sixth Commandment
Exodus 20:13

INTRODUCTION: The basic principle embodied in this commandment is that human life is
sacred. God has made man in His own image. Therefore, human life is more than just animal
life; it is a reflection of God’s own life. It is human life and not just life in general that is
protected by this commandment. Some people have a misguided reverence for life in general,
refusing to kill any animal or even insects if possible. But human life alone is made in the image
of God (Genesis 1:26, 27). Man is unique because he has a spirit as well as a body. This
distinguishes him from the animal kingdom and makes his life more sacred than theirs.

I. WHAT IS FORBIDDEN IN THIS COMMANDMENT.


A. Murder in thought. There are many ways to violate human life. We may kill in
thought, word or deed. Many different attitudes and thoughts of the heart are nothing
less than murder (I John 3:15). Malicious, prolonged anger toward a fellow human
being is also murder (Matthew 5: 21, 22; James 1:19). Holding a grudge, refusing to
forgive and desiring to "get even" with someone are also murderous attitudes.
B. Murder in word. Murderous thoughts often escape our hearts through our tongues.
Hateful anger leads to scornful insults. Jesus Christ names two such insults in Matthew
5:22. One is “Raca”, which means “empty-headed" and is comparable to such insults as
- “You dummy! You ignoramus! You stupid jerk!”. The other is “fool”. Murder in
word is clearly seen in threats and curses. Saying to another, “Damn you” or “Go to
hell” demonstrates the ultimate disrespect for him. To wish someone physically dead is
bad. But to wish him to live eternally in the place of punishment prepared for the devil
and his angels is the epitome of hatred.
C. Murder in deed. The most obvious form of murder is homicide. This is the
deliberate, unlawful killing of another person. Jesus says it is satanic (John 8:44).
Another form is abortion, which is the voluntary killing of a living fetus growing within
its mother’s womb. Abortion is wrong for many reasons, but let us consider the two
primary reasons.
1st. from a scientific and medical point of view; from the moment of conception
the developing embryo possesses, in latent form, all the characteristics of a complete
human being.
2nd. from the Biblical standpoint; an individual is considered to be a person while
still in the mother's womb (Psalms 139:13-15; Jeremiah 1:5). If the developing embryo
or fetus is a person, then to kill it is prohibited by the sixth commandment. Any careless
or irresponsible act which leads to injury or death is a violation of this commandment.
There is definitely such a thing as “criminal negligence”. Reckless driving is such an
action and if it results in death, the driver is charged with vehicular homicide. Actions
which harm one’s own body and are a clear threat to health and life are prohibited by this
commandment - drunkenness, overweight, drug abuse, etc.
Lesson 7 (cont’d)

II. CAPITAL PUNISHMENT NOT FORBIDDEN


Many argue that capital punishment is wrong, and even some teach that the sixth
commandment forbids it. Such a conclusion, however, is contrary to the entire teaching
of Scripture. All killing is not murder, and the Old Testament even prescribes death for
certain crimes (Exodus 21:12; 22:18-20). Paul, the inspired apostle, shows that God
executes His own vengeance on civil magistrates (Romans 13:3, 4). In comparing
Romans 12:19 with Romans 13:4, we see that even in the Christian era, capital
punishment is God’s own vengeance on the evildoer.

CONCLUSION: This commandment is a call to exercise and express love towards each . It is
not given to the Christian to retaliate or to seek revenge (Romans 12:17, 19). Let us follow the
steps of our Savior, "who, when He was reviled, reviled not again; when He suffered, He
threatened not". (I Peter 2:23). Hatred is the root of all murder. “Beloved, let us love one
another”.

1. Is all human life is sacred?

2. Can you list two reasons why humans are different from animals?
a.
b.

3. Name the three ways a person can commit murder?


a.
b.
c.

4. Where does all murder, whether by thought, word, or deed, begin?

5. How can murderous thoughts escape our hearts? (Read, Psalms 141:3)

6. Why is abortion a homicide act? (List two reasons)


a.
b.

7. Is capital punishment forbidden by this sixth commandment?

8. Can we use this commandment to retaliate or seek revenge?


Lesson #7
Answer Key
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The Sixth Commandment

1. Yes.

2. a. Humans were created in the image God and animals weren’t.


b. Humans have a soul and animals don't.

3. a. In thought
b. In word
c. In deed

4. From the heart

5. By the tongue

6. a. From a scientific and medical view; the embryo possesses all the characteristics of a
complete human being.
b. From a Biblical standpoint; an individual is considered to be a person while still in the
mother’s womb.

7. No

8. No
Lesson 8
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The Seventh Commandment
Exodus 20:14

INTRODUCTION: In the seventh commandment, God establishes the principle of the sanctity
of the marriage relationship. In the Garden of Eden, God ordained and blessed marriage and
everything related to it (Genesis 2:18-24). Since marriage is good and holy, it must be
respected, honored and protected. Anything which perverts, threatens or destroys the marriage
relationship is forbidden by God. This is why the seventh commandment specifically condemns
adultery.

I. THE NATURE OF MARRIAGE.


Marriage is not just a social convenience which has developed through some mythical
process of evolution. It was deliberately designed by God as part of the original creation.
Hence to understand the nature of marriage, we must turn not to the sociologist or the marriage
counselor, but to the Word of God.

A. The Bible tells us that marriage is a complementary relationship Neither man nor
woman was made to live a solitary life. Each without the other is incomplete. But when
joined together, each complements or completes the life of the other (Genesis 2:24).
Thus man and woman were literally “made for each other”. They do not stand separately
as two independent and self-sufficient individuals. Together, they form one whole, one
flesh.

B. It is clear from the Word of God that marriage is an exclusive relationship. The
two who become one flesh form a complete unit. This means there can never be a third
part involved in a true marriage. God is faithful to His chosen people, and He demands
that His people be faithful to Him. We can no more divide our love and loyalty between
two spouses than we can between two gods.

C. Finally, marriage is a loving relationship. A husband and wife must feel themselves
bound together, not just by law or necessity, but by love. Christ’s love for His bride, the
church, is specifically given as the pattern and example for husbands to follow
(Ephesians 5:25-29). How much did Christ love the church? Enough to die for it.
Husbands and wives who share this kind of love experience marriage as God meant it to
be.

II. SEX AND MARRIAGE.


God has created us as sexual beings, male and female (Genesis 1:27). Sex is as part of
our nature as eating and sleeping. This does not mean, however, that it must not be kept under
control. God Himself has told us how it must be regulated. The sexual relationship was
designed by God to be a part of marriage. Sex was made for marriage and not marriage for sex.
Such an idea degrades both marriage and sex.

Lesson 8 (cont’d)
It makes marriage basically a self-gratifying, rather than a self-giving, relationship, and it
makes sex a purely selfish act. Sex is not shameful and impure, as some people think. Rather,
the Bible pictures it as a profound, wholesome, honorable, enjoyable expression of married love
(Hebrews 13:4).

III. WHAT IS FORBIDDEN IN THIS COMMANDMENT.


Because of the profound relationship between sex and marriage, it is evident that
sexual relations outside the bond of holy matrimony are contrary to the will and purpose
of God as expressed in this and other commandments.

A. “Thou shalt not commit adultery” is the specific prohibition of the seventh
commandment. Adultery is the sexual involvement of a married person with anyone
other than his spouse. Such a sin violates the exclusive oneness of the husband--wife
relationship and tends to destroy the marriage bond itself (Matthew 19:3-9).

B. Jesus says that one who lusts after another has already committed adultery in his
heart (Matthew 5 27,28). "Lust" is the mere desire for unlawful sexual relations. If lust
is wrong, then so is anything which stimulates lust in oneself or in others. This is why
certain kinds of dancing, immodest dress, petting, suggestive flirting and pornography
are wrong.

CONCLUSION: Like all other sins, sexual sins make us guilty before God and incur His wrath.
But like other sins, they can be forgiven (John 8:3-11). Better than prayer forgiveness, is prayer
that God will help us avoid these sins in the first place.

1. Who established the relationship between male and female by marriage?


2. The Bible tells us three things about the nature of marriage, can you list them?
3. To understand marriage we must turn to sociologist and to marriage counselors?
True or False (If false, what are we to turn to?)

4. Was man or woman made complete, independent and self-sufficient, without the other?
5. When two people male and female, get married they form a __________ __________.
6. What metaphor is given in the Bible to describe the loving relation ship between the husband
and wife?

7. Is sex shameful and impure?


8. What two ways can we commit adultery?
Lesson #8
Answer Key
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The Seventh Commandment

1. God

2. a. Marriage is a complementary relationship


b. Marriage is an exclusive relationship
c. Marriage is a loving relationship

3. False

4. No

5. Complete unit

6. Christ and the church

7. No

8. a. By sexual acts outside of marriage


b. By lusting in your heart, a desire to commit the act of sex.
Lesson 9
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The Eight Commandment
Exodus 20:15

INTRODUCTION: The eight commandment establishes the principle of the sanctity of private
ownership. Evan a small child understands the meaning of “my toy” or “my doll”. The private
ownership of property and goods is a right which must be recognized and respected by all. This
right should not be taken for granted, however. The Christian should realize that it is a privilege
granted by God and guarded by His Word.

I. WHAT THIS COMMANDMENT FORBIDS.


This law prohibits stealing, which is anything that violates the right of private
ownership, or anything which, in any way deprives another of his own property. There are
many ways to steal. Of course common stealing, included under such acts as burglary, robbery,
house breaking, larceny, etc., are forbidden by this commandment. But there are other ways in
which this commandment is broken. They are less open and spectacular, yet they are theft just
the same.

A. Shoplifting. Is one way of stealing, which is becoming more and more common.
Many try to justify their shoplifting by stealing from large stores and saying, "They are
so big they will never miss it". They do miss it, of course; and in the end the ones who
suffer are the store's customers, who are charged higher prices in order to make up for
the loss. What we must realize is that stealing is stealing whether it be from a pauper or
from a millionaire.

B. Employer theft. This is another widespread practice. Many millions of dollars


worth of goods and equipment disappear from offices, stores and factories each year. A
Christian will respect his employer’s property, whether it be a power saw or a small
office item.

C. Loafing on the job. One of the greatest temptations to break this commandment in
our country today is the matter of loafing on the job, or not giving an honest day’s work
to your employer.

D. Not tithing. The most serious form of theft is described in the book of Malachi (3:8-
10). Since it is a sin to fail to respect the rights and property of our fellow-men, how
much greater is the sin of failing to respect the rights of Almighty God. The Christian
steals when he refuses to give regularly and proportionately (ten percent) to the work of
the Lord.
Lesson 9 (cont’d)

II. HOW TO AVOID THE SIN OF STEALING.

A. True conversion makes a person honest. Zaccheus was a man with a dark past.
When he was converted, he made the Lord a promise (Luke 19:8). It is a fact that when
we get right with God we get right with man.
B. Realize the injury that it works to others. Sometimes in our desire to get, we lose
sight of what it has cost the one from whom we have obtained. Whether we steal a
man’s money, his rights or his good name, we injure him; and sometimes the injury is a
permanent one. Had David known of the injury that would come to Bathsheba’s family,
he would not have stolen her away from her husband. When Jacob stole the birthright
and the blessing from Esau, Esau never fully recovered from the shock.
C. Realize the hardship that comes to the one who steals. The N.T. records the tragic
story of Ananias and Sapphira (Acts 5:1-11). Their sin meant a sad and shameful end for
the man and his wife. Before an opportunity was given them to enjoy the money, God
struck them dead. Would they have robbed God if they had known the price they would
have to pay for their sin?
CONCLUSION: If you have stolen, to the best of your ability, restore what has been
wrongfully taken. Confess your sin to God, then heed the instruction of the Apostle Paul
(Ephesians 4:28). Additional scripture references: Leviticus 19:35,36; Psalms 37:21; Proverbs
29:24; Matthew 15:19; II Thessalonians 3:10.

1. What does this commandment establish?

2. Define stealing. (use your own words)

3. When someone shoplifts who suffers? (list three people)


a. b. c.

4. Have you ever taken something from your employer without asking? (Such as rubber bands,
paper clips, paper, etc.)

5. Can you see how loafing on the job. is stealing from your employer? How? (Talk this over
with your family)

6. How can you as a Christian steal from God?

7. List three ways to help someone to avoid the sin of stealing?


a. b. c.

8. If you have stolen, what should you do, if you can?


a. b. c.
Lesson #9
Answer Key
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The Eighth Commandment
1. The principle of the sanctity of private ownership

2. Taking something that doesn't belong to you

3. a. The store owners


b. The customers
c. The shoplifter; he too has to pay for higher prices

4.

5. a. Yes
b. He has paid me to do something for him in the time he allotted and if I loaf I am
stealing his money by misusing his time and time is money.

6. By not giving the tithe and offerings that belong to God.

7. a. Salvation
b. Realize the injury that it works to others
c. Realize the hardship that comes to the one who steals

8. a. Restore what you have taken


b. Confess your sin to God and ask for forgiveness
c. Then don’t do it again
Lesson 10
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The Ninth Commandment
Exodus 20:16

INTRODUCTION: Language, or the faculty of speech, is one of the most useful and
necessary gifts ever bestowed by God upon human beings. Almost all we know has come to us
through what we have heard or read. But how sad when we use the gift of language to lie or
ruin the reputation of another human being. The tongue is a difficult member to tame (James
3:6). This ninth commandment, “Thou shalt not bear false witness”, demands that we be
truthful. The third and ninth commandments are closely related in that both deal with sins of the
tongue. In the third commandment God seeks to protect His own name, but in this
commandment we find God protecting our neighbor’s name by forbidding us to bear false
witness against Him.

I. WHAT THIS COMMANDMENT FORBIDS.

A. False testimony (perjury). Perjury is committed when someone takes an oath to tell
the truth and then lies. Many people have been condemned because of a false testimony
that someone gave against them (Example: Jesus Christ).
B. Slander. When you tell a false tale about another in order to hurt his reputation, you
are guilty of slander. Slander is of the devil, for the devil is the accuser of the brethren
(Rev. 12:10). When God praised Job by calling him "a perfect and an upright man, one
that feareth God and escheweth evil", Satan answered, “Doth Job fear God for naught?”
(Job 1:8, 9). He did not speak out against Job, he merely asked a question. But behind
that question was the intent of slander.
C. Whispering and backbiting. A Whisperer is a secret slanderer who peddles secret
reports. The Bible speaks out against whisperers and backbiters, both of whom are guilty
before God (Romans 1:29, 30). God alone has the record of that large number of people
who have been driven to their graves prematurely because of someone’s evil tongue.
D. Talebearing. Solomon gives this helpful advice, "He that covereth a transgression
seeketh love, but he that repenteth a matter separateth very friends" (Proverbs 17:9).
Christians ought to be very careful not to repeat unkind things about others (I Timothy
5:13).
E. Lying. Lying is one of the things God hates (Proverbs 6:16-19). Liars belong to the
devil's family, for the devil is the father of liars (John 8:44). Even among Christians this
sin is not uncommon and must be guarded against (Colossians 3:9).
F. False flattery. Honest compliments are good and should be given more often than
they are. We too often fail to express our gratitude. On the other hand, false flattery is
wrong (I Thess. 2:5). The wise man Solomon said, “Meddle not with him that flattereth
with his lips” (Proverbs 20:19).
Lesson 10 (cont’d)

II. THE EFFECTS OF A FALSE WITNESS.

Someone said, "Words are immortal". Everything we speak God takes into
account, even the idle words, and one day we shall have to answer for them (Matthew
12:36, 37). The Judgment Seat of Christ will bring shame and disappointment to many
Christians who have violated this ninth commandment. The person who persist in this
sin risks the danger of premature death (Psalms 101:5).

It was a false witness against God that plunged the whole human race into sin and
judgment. God very clearly told Adam and Eve that death would be the consequence of
disobeying Him (Genesis 2:17). Satan bore false witness against the Lord when he said
to Eve: “Ye shall not surely die” (Genesis 3:4). How terrible the consequences of that
false witness.

CONCLUSION: If you have been guilty of bearing false witness, come to God in prayer, and
confess your sin to Him. And wherever possible, seek to right whatever wrongs have resulted
from your false witness. We should desire above everything else to be known for the truth (III
John 12).

1. Is the tongue a hard member of the body to tame or control?


2. What other commandment is closely related to this one? How?
3. What is perjury?
4. What is slander? and it comes from who?
5. What is whispering and backbiting? and does the Bible condone?
6. What is tale-bearing?
7. What is lying? Does God like lying? and Who is the father of lies?
8. What is false flattery?
9. Will Christians give account for breaking this commandment? When?
10. If a person persist in this sin what does he risk?
11. What was the first lie? Who said it? and To whom was it against?
12. What should we do if we are guilty of this sin?
Lesson #10
Answer Key
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The Ninth Commandment

1. Yes.

2. 1. The third
2. We us our tongue to use God's name in vain and bearing false witness against our
neighbor.

3. Taking an oath to tell the truth and then lie.

4. 1. A false tale about another in order to hurt his reputation.


2. From the devil

5. 1. A whisperer is a secret slanderer who peddles secret reports behind someone’s back.
2. No

6. Repeating something that is unkind or untrue about others.

7. 1. Telling something that is false or untrue


2. No
3. The devil

8. To praise insincerely or a hypocritical compliment not meaning it from the heart what you
say.

9. 1. Yes
2. At the Judgment Seat of Christ

10. A premature death

11. 1. “Ye shall not surely die”.


2. Satan
3. God, The Lord

12. 1. Come to God and confess it and ask for forgiveness


2. Wherever possible make right the wrongs that have resulted from your lies.
Lesson 11
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The Tenth Commandment
Exodus 20:17

INTRODUCTION: Why does a person murder? Because he has hatred or anger in his heart.
What leads to adultery? Lust in the heart. Pride leads to boasting. A person steals because
inwardly he is filled with covetousness (Matthew 15:18, 19).

The last of THE TEN COMMANDMENTS focuses primarily upon the inward life.
“Thou shalt not covet”, it says. Here God is telling us to have the right attitude toward things.
Instead of being covetous, we must learn the grace of contentment. This is the basic principle
underlying the last Commandment.

I. THE SIN OF COVETOUSNESS.

Covetousness is a sin of the heart, a wrong attitude toward things. Basically it is desire -
the desire to acquire, possess, and use things. Now certainly not all desire is covetous desire and
therefore forbidden. Covetousness is a particular kind of desire, a sinful and unlawful desire to
acquire and own a particular item. How can we tell the difference? How can we identify
covetousness in our lives?

A. Covetousness is wanting forbidden things. We know we are guilty of


covetousness if we find ourselves wanting forbidden things. Things which belong to
someone else or things to which we have no rightful claim. The commandment
specifically forbids harboring covetous desires for a neighbor's possessions. "Thou shalt
not covet ... any thing that is thy neighbor's." Covetousness may also be the desire to
possess a thing which has been specifically forbidden by God. This was the sin of which
Achan was guilty (Joshua 7:19-21). Covetousness may take the form of a “something-
for-nothing” attitude, in which we desire to acquire a thing without expending any
money or effort for it (for example: Welfare, sweepstakes, lotteries, gambling, etc.).

B. Covetousness is wanting too many things. It is the desire to accumulate


possessions or money far beyond the point of need or usability. This is the sin of greed,
it is a sin which has ruined many a life (I Timothy 6:9).

C. Covetousness is worshiping things. It is the desire to acquire earthly


possessions for their own sakes or for selfish reasons. I Timothy 6:10 calls it “the love of
money”. Colossians 3:5 calls it “idolatry”. It is the setting of one’s affection on things
on the earth (Colossians 3:2). Jesus calls it serving Mammon (money) in the sense of
making it a God (Matthew 6:24). It is the sin of materialism (Luke 12:13-21).

Lesson 11 (cont’d)

II. THE SERIOUSNESS OF COVETOUSNESS.


Our Lord warned, "Take heed, and beware of covetousness" (Luke 12:15). First,
covetousness is serious because it leads to all kinds of other sins (I Timothy 6:10). It leads to
theft, prostitution, gambling, tax evasion, profaning of the Lord’s Day, cheating on exams,
neglect of parents, etc. The list is endless.
Another sad consequence of covetousness is that it hinders God’s cause and kingdom. It
robs God’s church of the tithes and offerings needed for effective service at home and abroad. It
robs the kingdom of many talented young men and women who choose vacations for the sake of
money rather than ministry. It robs Christians of time they could be spending in local church
work.
The seriousness of covetousness is seen finally in the punishment that comes upon those
who practice it. God’s word is specific and sever: the covetous shall not enter the kingdom (I
Cor. 6:10).

III. THE SOLUTION OF COVETOUSNESS.


God’s solution to the evil attitude of covetousness is the development of another attitude
-- contentment (I Timothy 6:6-8).

CONCLUSION: There is no sin more deadly and damaging than covetousness. We must be
like Paul who said, “I have learned, in whatsoever state I am, therewith to be content"
(Philippians 4:11).

1. Instead of having the wrong attitude toward things, we should be ___________ in the
things we have.

2. Under “wanting forbidden things”, list two ways we can be guilty of covetousness.
a. b.

3. Can covetousness or greed ruin a person's life?

4. What did Jesus and Paul say about the sin of covetousness?

5. Can covetousness lead to other serious sins?

6. List three ways that covetousness hinders God‘s cause and church?
a. b. c.

7. How can covetousness keep anyone out of heaven?

8. What is God's solution to the evil attitude of Covetousness?


Lesson #11
Answer Key
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
The Tenth Commandment

1. Contented

2. a. A desire to possess a thing which has been specifically forbidden by God.


b. A desire to acquire a thing without expending any money or effort for it - something
for nothing attitude.

3. Yes

4. Jesus says: It’s “idolatry” serving Mammon; making it a God. Also, the sin of
“materialism”.
Paul says: It’s “The love of money” and “Idolatry”

5. Yes

6. a. It robs God’s church of tithes and offerings


b. It robs men and women from the ministry by choosing another vocation.
c. It robs Christians of time they could be spending in a local church work.

7. It can keep you from seeing your need of Christ, blinded by material things. Also, by
robbing them of time, they don’t have time to seek or bother with Christ or church. Can
you think of other ways?

8. To develop another attitude, which is contentment. Be content in what you have.