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# PHY094

FOUNDATION PHYSICS 1
NEWTONS LAWS OF
MOTIONcont

## Megat Mohd Izhar Sapeli

(B.Sc Physics (Hons), M.Sc Microelectronics)
Bilik Pensyarah 21
Level 7, FSK 1,5
UiTM Puncak Alam

## Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

megatizhar@puncakalam.uitm.edu.my
+60332584961

Units of Chapter 5
5.1 Force and Mass
5.2 Newtons First Law of Motion
5.3 Newtons Second Law of Motion
5.4 Newtons Third Law of Motion
5.5 The Vector Nature of Forces: Forces in
Two Dimensions

5.6 Weight
5.7 Normal Forces

11.1 Torque
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5-6 Weight
The weight of an object on the Earths surface
is the gravitational force exerted on it by the
Earth.

F ma

W mg
W mg

W mg
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## Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Apparent weight:
When elevator moving downward comes to rest,
we feel heavier.
When elevator moving upward comes to rest,
we feel lighter.

ma

Wa W ma
Wa ma W
Wa ma mg
Wa m(a g )
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## The normal force is

the force exerted by
a surface on an
object.
Normal force always
perpendicular to the
surface.
The normal force may be
equal to, greater than, or
less than the weight.
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m 12kg
F 45 N
20
N ?

ma

Wy Fy N y ma
mg F sin 20 N 0
N mg F sin 20
N (12)(9.81) 45sin 20
N 103 N
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the surface.

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Wx W sin mg sin
Wy W cos mg cos
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## Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

11-1 Torque
From experience, we know that the same force
will be much more effective at rotating an
object such as a nut or a door if our hand is not
too close to the axis.

## We define a quantity called torque:

rF
The SI unit for torque is N.m

## The torque increases as the force increases,

and also as the distance increases.
Consider only F tangent to r
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a torque:

r ( F sin )

rF

## If the torque causes a counterclockwise angular

acceleration, it is positive; if it causes a
clockwise angular acceleration, it is negative.

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Summary of Chapter 5
Force: a push or pull

## Mass: measures the difficulty in

accelerating an object
Newtons first law: if the net force on an
object is zero, its velocity is constant
Inertial frame of reference: one in which the
first law holds

## Free-body diagram: a sketch showing all the

forces on an object
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Summary of Chapter 5

F
Newtons third law: If object 1 exerts a force

## on object 2, then object 2 exerts a force F on

object 1.
Contact forces: an action-reaction pair of
forces produced by two objects in physical
contact

## Forces are vectors

Newtons laws can be applied to each
component of the forces independently
Weight: gravitational force exerted by the Earth
on an object
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Summary of Chapter 5
On the surface of the Earth, W = mg
Apparent weight: force felt from contact with a
floor or scale

## Normal force: force exerted perpendicular to a

surface by that surface
Normal force may be equal to, lesser than, or
greater than the objects weight