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When

the sample soil dried out in an oven, its mass reduces to 28.5 kg. determine

i)

Bulk density

ii)

Water content

iii)

Dry density

iv)

Saturated density

v)

Void ratio

vi)

Porosity

vii)

Degree of saturation

Take the specific gravity of solids 2.65.

2. Prove that the degree of saturation of a partially saturated soil can be

expressed as

S=

w

pw

1

( 1+ w )

p

G

cm3. The sample mass is 105 gm after oven drying. Assuming that the

volume does not change during drying, determine the following:

i)

Specific gravity of soil solids

ii)

Porosity

iii)

Void ratio

iv)

Dry density

4. A sample of soil has a volume of 1 liter and a weight of 17.5 N. the specific

gravity of the solids is 2.68. If the dry unit weight of the soil is 14.8

KN/m3.determine a) water content b) void ratio c) porosity d) saturated unit

weight e) submerged density and f) degree of saturation.

5. A saturated soil sample encountered in a deep excavation is found to have a

water content of 23%.Determine its porosity and bulk unit weight. Take

G=2.7.

6. A sandy soil has a natural water content of 27.5% and bulk unit weight of

19.5 KN/m3. The void ratios corresponding to the densest and loosest state

are 0.51 and 0.87.find the relative density and degree of saturation for this

soil. Take G=2.7.

7. A soil sample has a bulk unit weight of 19.6 KN/m 3 at the water content of

10%.Determine the void ratio, percentage air voids and degree of saturation

of this sample. Take G=2.7.

8. The laboratory test results of a sand are e max 0.91, e min 0.48, and G s

2.67.What would be the dry and moist unit weights of this sand when compacted at

a moisture content of 10% to a relative density of 65%?

9. A moist soil has a void ratio of 0.65. The moisture content of the soil is 14%

and G s=2.7.Determine

i. porosity

ii. Degree of saturation.

iii. Dry unit weight.

10. An undisturbed specimen of clay was tested in laboratory and the following

result were obtained

Wet mass=210 gm

Oven dry mass=175 gm

Specific gravity of solids =2.7

What was the total volume of the original undisturbed specimen assuming the

specimen was 50% saturated.

11. A soil deposit to be used for construction of an earth embankment has an

average dry density of 1.62 gm/ml. if the compacted embankment is to have an

average dry density of 1.72 gm/ml, determine the volume of soil to be excavated for

1000 m3embankment.the water content of the soil in the borrow pit is 10%.

12. Prove that water content (w) of the partially saturated soil can be expressed as

( GG )

1

w=

(

Gm

)1

s

13. A sample of clay having a mass of 675 gm was coated with paraffin wax. The

combined mass of the clay and the wax was found to be 682 gm. The volume was

found by immersion in water as 345 ml. the sample was then broken open and the

water content and the specific gravity of solids were found to be 15% and 2.7

respectively. Calculate the bulk density of soil, its void ratio and degree of

saturation. Take specific gravity of wax as 0.89.

14. Show that

a . sat = d + n w

b . sat =n (

c . d =

d .G s=

sat

dwsat ( sat w )

1+ w

)w

w

eS w

( 1+e ) w

Chapter 3.

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