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Test 1 - Reading


40 minutes

Answer all the questions

Write all your answers on the separate answer sheet
You must not speak to the other candidates

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Test 1 - Reading

Task One: Short Texts (10 minutes) Questions 1-5

Read the magazine extracts about advice for meetings and match each magazine extract with
one of the suggestions.
There are two suggestions which you will not need.
The first one has been done for you as an example.
Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.


Avoid wasting time and resources

Limit attendance

Meetings must finish on time

Encourage participation

Identify the purpose of the meeting

Have a set agenda

Keep meetings short

Concentrate on the subject being discussed

Copyright 2007 Euro Examination Centre.


Page 3

Test 1 - Reading

If eight employees at a
company meeting earn an
average of $30,000 per year,
and they meet for 90
minutes, the cost of the
meeting is about $180 in
salaries, plus expenses.
When a meeting takes
place, make sure it is a
profitable use of company
The answer is A

What do you want to
accomplish between the
beginning and the end
of the meeting? Is it to
come up with a plan of
action, brainstorm a
long-standing problem,
educate or inform?
Whatever it is you want
to achieve, make sure
everyone at the meeting
has a clear objective.

Failure often comes from

a lack of thoughtful
planning, and meetings
are no different. Put
together a simple
outline before everyone
arrives, and keep to it.
List the topics you need
to discuss and the
amount of time you will
spend discussing them.



Meetings get less
productive as the
number of participants
increases, so be
selective when choosing
who should come to the
meeting. Also, ask
yourself if it is really
necessary for everyone
to stay through the
entire session.

Copyright 2007 Euro Examination Centre.


Meetings are more

effective when a leader
is there to direct the
course of the talks.
Participants inevitably
move onto issues that
are not connected with
the main points of the
meeting. Having a
chairman ensures that
people quickly return to
the matters at hand.

It is advantageous to
impose a guillotine,
i.e. a time restriction on
meetings as this creates
a sense of focus, and
meeting participants
usually react by
concentrating on the
issues. A time limit
encourages attendees to
be more efficient and
effective, especially as
the end of the meeting

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Test 1 - Reading

Task Two: Paragraph Headings (10 minutes) Questions 6-11

Read the text and match each paragraph with the appropriate heading.
There are two paragraph headings which you will not need.
The first one has been done for you as an example
Write your answers onto the separate answer sheet.

Paragraph headings










Copyright 2007 Euro Examination Centre.


Page 5

Test 1 - Reading


Is this a joke? Surely, English is the lingua

franca of business. But who speaks
Esperanto? The IKEF - Internacia Komerca
kaj Ekonomia Fakgrupo, which is Esperanto
for International Specialist Group for
Commerce and Economics, thinks that
business people should be chatting to each
other in a planned language.

The first step was to ask for comments

among those members of the World
Esperanto Association. Inquiries went out to
more than 150 addresses in 67 countries,
and included clear requests for collaboration.
The reaction was so encouraging that the
only way to keep in touch was by issuing a
newsletter, which has since evolved under
the editorship of Dr Thomas Goldman into the
magazine La Merkato (The Market).

In accordance with its constitution, IKEF has
the aim of widening the knowledge and use
of the international language, Esperanto, in
the fields of commerce, economics and
economic science generally. Most important
in this task is publishing and maintaining up
to date technical wordlists for use in the
concerned fields.

The Group arose from an initiative jointly
agreed in 1984 by Mr Braun, a purchasing
director of a large engineering company, and
Mr Mee, who was co-proprietor of a specialist
language school in Rotterdam in The
Netherlands. They began to publicise the
idea of increasing the use of the language in
the fields of commerce and economics, and
to recruit likeminded supporters of Esperanto
to work with them.

A previous specialist group with broadly
similar aims was The Institute for Esperanto
in Commerce and Industry which had run
under the direction of Mr F.L.M. Wensing
from The Netherlands, Mr Erik Carlen of
Sweden, and Mr Bruno Vogelmann from
Germany. The Institute had been most active
in the 1960s and 1970s.

Copyright 2007 Euro Examination Centre.

The first meeting of interested participants
was held on 19th April 1985 in Brugge,
Belgium, at the invitation of Mr Rotsaert. He,
with Messrs Braun and Mee, agreed that the
indications of support were sufficient to go
ahead with a plan to set up a formal
international specialist group. The inaugural
meeting of that group took place in Augsburg,
Germany, on 6th August 1985 during the
70th World Esperanto Congress with an
attendance of 30 interested specialists.

Since that inaugural meeting, membership of
the Group has steadily increased. Eight years
later, the registered membership surpassed
100, and the decision was taken to seek
official affiliation to the World Esperanto
Association in Rotterdam. During the 79th
World Congress, 1994, in Seoul, South
Korea, the Committee of the world body
accepted the group as an affiliated specialist
group. By the end of 1999, membership
stood at 150 members, in 36 countries.

Test 1 - Reading

Page 6

Task Three: Scanning for Information (10 minutes) - Questions 12-18

Read the texts about four men who run a small business
successfully and decide if the information is in text A, B, C or
The first one has been done for you as an example.
Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Read the text and decide if the information is in text A, B, C or D.


Lack of money gave the idea for this business.

The correct answer is: A

Information to Find

This business provides an interesting present you can give to your loved ones.
This mans business idea came from his interest in art.
In this business work takes place in several locations.
This man followed the example of others.
This man learned from his own mistakes.
You can keep a supply of the product of this business for the moment when it is needed.
This business didnt make its owner rich.

Text A: Alan
My field of business is website design for small businesses and home-based companies.
I sometimes do them for personal web sites too, but not very often. It all started in 1998.
I wanted my own website and looked into the cost of having one designed for me. I was
astonished at the prices, some were more than 2,000 Euros. After much trial and error I
taught myself website design. I then discovered that lots of people wanted to have a site
for their own small business but could not afford the high price for a "professional" site.
They often had great ideas and products but awful websites, or none at all. That was
when I decided to concentrate on creating professional and effective sites but at
reasonable prices. No, I have not become a millionaire, but I do have loyal clients,
websites I am proud to have my name on, extra money for vacations and a good feeling
knowing I have helped other people to achieve their goals.

Copyright 2007 Euro Examination Centre.

Test 1 - Reading

Page 7

Text B: Bryan
We create cartoon caricature maps of towns and cities across the country. Our cartoon
maps portray local area businesses, points of interest, historical sites, and lots of fun stuff
about the community. Basically, the biggest reason I started the business is that I love to
draw. I also like to put some humour into life. I started the business in September 1992
and we have made thousands of maps. We have four people who are part of the
company. Our main art studio is where the creative work gets done. Years ago, the place
looked like a childs playroom as we used coloured markers and ink to create maps. Then
the digital age propelled us into computer graphics. That also means that at times,
especially when were busy, we'll work from home or even out of hotel rooms if we need
to.The best part of our work is when we deliver the maps. People are genuinely happy to
see themselves or their business on the map. Over the years Ive really enjoyed meeting
so many interesting people from all over the place. Right now, we are expanding and
offering other entrepreneurs the opportunity to create cartoon maps in their local areas as
a franchise. A lot of people have shown interest.

Text C: Cyril
It had always been my dream to open up my own business. I no longer wanted to work
for other people, helping them to make money. Then I had a brilliant idea: I could
replace greeting cards with Greeting Cakes, they would be so much more interesting
than just a card. I set up the company and advertised them as a fun way to send the
perfect gift for family or friends. Each Greeting Cake box comes complete with cake mix,
a mixing cup, a measuring spoon, a "pan" to bake the cake in, a candle and even some
decorations for the top. You can bake the cake in under two minutes in the microwave.
The boxes have a shelf life of one year so you can stock up on them and send them
when you remember a birthday or celebration. So far business has been good, Im trying
to think of another original idea that is just as good but I havent found the right
inspiration yet.

Text D: Dwain
Speedtype provides administrative and secretarial assistance to small businesses and
entrepreneurs who, for whatever reasons, choose not to employ full-time staff. I help my
clients by taking care of those day-to-day administrative tasks that take up their valuable
time and energy. Strange as it may sound to some, I had always wanted to be a
secretary. I took the standard typing and word processing courses, and landed my first
secretarial position at a major company straight after college. I loved both the technical
and administrative sides to my job but soon tired of the corporate rat race and of all the
office politics which became so tiresome and negative. I dreamed of having my own
business so that I could do what I loved to do, but on my own terms. Finally, in early
1999, I quit my job and just spent some time deciding what to do next. A couple of
months later, I found something on the internet about people providing secretarial
services for others while working from home and how they did it. I was impressed by
their enthusiasm and Speedtype started up soon after that.

Copyright 2007 Euro Examination Centre.

Page 8

Test 1 - Reading

Task Four: Reading for Detailed Information (10 minutes) Questions 19-25
Read the article about The Golden Eagle Pub in Meckham. For each question choose the
correct option A, B, C or D.
Write your answer on the separate answer sheet.

Good-Bye to The Golden Eagle

The Golden Eagle Pub in Meckham has been through every system of management
imaginable. Saul Denman reviews its history.
There is evidence that there has been a pub at the corner of the Market and the High Street
since Mediaeval times. But The Golden Eagle is first recorded in the 19th Century, when the
site came into the hands of the Brandt family and became a place associated with
disreputable characters. The local council fought to close the business many times because,
in its opinion, the drinkers behaviour upset respectable people living in the town centre.
Industrial expansion, especially with the arrival of the railway in the 1850s, saw the growth of
the town and its potential workforce. As a result more than twenty new pubs opened by the
turn of the century. Despite the competitive market, workers often complained about the price
of drinks, and when The Golden Eagle came onto the market in 1930 it was bought and run by
a co-operative, set up by the workers from the Hart Shoe Factory.
Jack Hemmingway, now eighty-five, recalls, I remember as a young kid going hungry, so
father could buy his share in the co-operative. It was tough back in those days, but I think back
to the pride we felt in our street at having our own pub.
In the Second World War the pub was badly bombed, but as a result of popular pressure it
was bought and operated by the Meckham Town Council. In many ways the 1950s were the
heyday of the pub, as Jack Hemmingway recalls, I remember going there after work on
Friday night for a drink, a chat and a sing-song.
The Golden Eagle became privately owned in the 1960s, and was bought by the Sindo
brothers. Again, the pub came under investigation from the authorities when it became a
centre of drug-dealing in the area. After the jailing of the Sindos in the mid-seventies, it was reopened through the small business enterprise scheme as a pub and vegetarian restaurant.
This formula worked for over two decades.
Danny Noble, unemployed since leaving school in 1990, made the pub his second home. I
loved the atmosphere down there. For lunch you could get bread and bean soup cheaply
enough, and then you could drink in the evenings. Fantastic place!
The Golden Eagle, now shut for refurbishment, will carry on next year as an up-market
restaurant. Mr Hector Jenner, a local management consultant, is clear, Rising property prices
and a richer clientele in the area has meant the writing has been on the wall for a dirty
establishment of that kind. Im relieved to see it go
One thing is certain, though, the new restaurant will look nothing like the pub that Jack
Hemmingway and Danny Noble knew.

Copyright 2007 Euro Examination Centre.

Page 9

Test 1 - Reading

Questions for Task Four:

The town authorities wanted to

close The Golden Eagle because its
were involved in crime.
sometimes started fighting
politically opposed the council
offended local residents


Regarding the Golden Eagle,

Danny Noble...


visited the pub after school.

lived in the pub.
enjoyed the cheap beer.
often had a simple inexpensive midday


Regarding the Golden Eagle, Mr




The workers co-operative bought

The Golden Eagle because
they wanted cheaper drinks.
no other buyers wanted to keep the
pub open.
the pub was a good investment.
they wanted to create more jobs.


Mr Jack Hemmingway

was involved in the sale.

says old clients will like the new
thinks the new restaurant will attract
local well-off people.
has no opinion about the old pub.


had a father who was a drunk.

visited the pub before the Second
World War.
supported the purchase of the pub by
the local council.
visited the pub when at the peak of its


The article writers intention is to

present the Golden Eagle pub


in a positive way for potential buyers.

as a building with a complex past.
to demonstrate the current character
of the town.
as an example in a campaign against





In the 1960s and 1970s the Golden



changed hands at least twice.

was privatised because of drug-dealing.
was turned into a vegetarian restaurant
by the Sindo brothers.
was associated with crime throughout
this time.

Copyright 2007 Euro Examination Centre.