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Ade Hermawan

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Problems
13.2 What type of corrosion is associated with each of the following circumstances?
a. Two metals are touching each other.
b. A small crack separates two metals
c. A metal automobile body rusts in atmosphere
13.2 Using the internet, find three cases where corrosion was cause the some sort of failure
or malfunction of a device or a structure

Solutions
13.1 According explanation in chapter 13 pages 437 and 438, these are my answers about
three circumstances above.
a. Galvanic Corrosion
b. Crevice Corrosion
c. Uniform Corrosion
13.2 Three cases where corrosion cause some failure in structure:
a. Silver Bridge Collapse
On December 15, 1967 at approximately 5 p.m., the U.S. Highway 35 bridge connecting
Point Pleasant, West Virginia and Kanauga, Ohio suddenly collapsed into the Ohio River.
This bridge was the countrys first aluminum painted bridge. The cause of failure was
attributed to a cleavage fracture in the lower limb of eye-bar 330 at joint C13N of the north
eye-bar suspension chain in the Ohio side span. The fracture was caused from a minute

crack formed during casting of the steel eye-bar. Over the years, stress corrosion and
corrosion fatigue allowed the crack to grow, causing the failure of the entire structure.
Reference: http://corrosion-doctors.org/Bridges/Silver-Bridge.htm
b. Minneapolis Bridge Collapse
On August 1, 2007 the collapse of the I35W Bridge in Minneapolis. There are a lot of
theories that said how the bridge collapsed. In 1964, the bridge was designed so that its
strength far exceed the critical stress or failure stress. Over time, the bridge strength had
deteriorated because of a variety of factors, some unknown at this time. At the time of
failure, there was corrosion evident on the bridge, there were fatigue cracks in structural
members and there were deformations to various structural elements.
Reference: http://www.croberts.com/minneapolis-bridge-collapse.htm
c. Lowes Motor Speedway Bridge Collapse
On May 20, 2000, as hundreds people were crossing a pedestrian bridge, two loud cracks
were heard. Then the pedestrian bridge collapsed. The bridge failure injured 107 people, at
least 13 were injured critically. Investigators identified corrosion as the cause of the spans
weakened steel supports. The corrosion was caused by calcium chloride, a highly corrosive
chemical compound, which was a component of the grout surrounding the steel prestressing cables in the bridge. After the collapse, some engineers suggested that the
corrosion was detectible from the outside and should have been discovered by inspections.
Because the bridge was privately owned, it was not subject to the biannual inspections
mandated on state and federally owned bridges by the Federal Highway Administrations
(FHWA) National Bridge Inspection Standard.
Reference: http://www.nace.org/CORROSION-FAILURES-Lowes-Motor-SpeedwayBridge-Collapse.aspx