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POWER ELECTRONICS

Single Phase AC Voltage


Controller of SCR

SINGLE PHASE AC VOLTAGE CONTROLLER

Aim:
To control ac load voltage by phase control technique by
using two SCRs with R and RL Load.

Apparatus Required:

1. Trainer kit- voltage controller

-1 Nos

2. Patch Chords

- Required Nos

3. Power card

-1Nos

4. CRO

- 1 No

5. 10:1 CRO Probe

- 1 No

Circuit diagram:

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T1

T2

R Load

230V/110V
Step Down
Transformer

To CRO
L Load

Figure 2.Single Phase AC Fully Controlled Converter with R Load

Procedure:
CRO Settings:
Time (X) Axis

: 5ms/div

Voltage (Y) Axis

: 20V/div

Probe

: 1:10 CRO Probe is suitable one.

Initial Settings:
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Ensure the 230V Power Supply is in proper with


Tester.
Ensure the CRO is working properly with probe
checking and proper ground line axis.

Mimic Diagram:

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Experiment Steps:
1. The connections are made as per the circuit diagram
given above.
2. The R Load must be 60W bulb or 200ohm/2A Rheostat.
The Load is 120mH/2A.
3. When the load is Rheostat, then it must be in maximum
position.
4. Turn on the SW2 and observe the waveform across
between G1&K1 and G2&K2. And ensure it is like
triggering pulse given in model graph.
5. Turn ON SW1 and observe the waveform across the R
load and RL Load.
6. Measure the X-axis time interval of ON time of Load
Voltage and OFF Time of Load Voltage.
7. Adjust the value of Firing angle and note down the load
voltage and current
8. Repeat the step 6.
9. Repeat the experiment for different values of VGS and
note down Vo.
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Note:
If the connections are wrong the kit will get damage.
Please switch off the kit when not in use.

Model Waveform:

Observation:

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S.NO
1
2
3
4
5

OFF
Time(ms)
4

ON
Time(ms)
6

Alpha( in
Degree)
72

Vo(Volts)

Model Calculation:
1. Total Time Period :

2 x(on time off time)

if F 50 Hz ,

20ms

360 deg ree 20ms

1ms
0.1ms

360 / 20
18 deg ree
1.8 deg ree

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66

when off time is 4ms


alpha
(4 / 0.1) *1.8
72 deg ree

2. Output Voltage:

Vo Vs x D
D on time /(off time on time)

if , Vs 110V , off time 4ms, on time 6ms;


12
D
20
Vo 110 x 0.6
66Volts.

Model graph:
Vm

OFF time

ON time

Figure 3 input voltage and load voltage


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Result:

Thus AC voltage controller using SCR in anti-parallel


connection was constructed and the performance was also
analyzed.

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