jntuk r10 q paper

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jntuk r10 q paper

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Set No. 1

R10

INSTRUMENTATION

(Open Elective)

Time : 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75

All Questions carry equal marks

*****

1 a) Explain briefly the each stage of the measuring system with a neat block

diagram.

[10]

b) Discuss the following static characteristics

(i) Sensitivity

(ii) Reproducibility

(iii) Drift

[5]

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(i) Quantization process

(ii) Encoding process.

b) In a pulse code modulation system, a 5 bit encoder is used. Suppose each level

represents 1 V, what is the range of encoder? Find out the quantization error on

account of PCM if a voltage of 27.39 V is involved.

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application.

b) The output of an LVDT is connected to a 5 V voltmeter through an amplifier

whose amplification factor is 250. An output of 2 mV appears across the

terminals of LVDT when the core moves through a distance of 0.5 mm.

Calculate the sensitivity of the LVDT and that of the whole set up. The

millivoltmeter scale has 100 divisions. The scale can be read to 1/5 of a

division. Calculate the resolution of the instrument in mm.

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[8]

[7]

[8]

[7]

4 a) How are DVMs classified? What are the two basic DVM circuits used for

measuring voltages.

[10]

b) What are the advantages of successive approximation type DVM over other [5]

types of DVM.

5 a) How is magnitude and phase measured on a CRO for two different waves?

b) An electrostatically deflected cathode ray tube has plane parallel deflecting

plates which are 2.5 cm long and 0.5 cm apart and the distance from their

centre to the screen is 20 cm. The electron beam is accelerated by a potential

difference of 2500 V and is projected centrally between the plates. Calculate

the deflecting voltage required to cause the beam to strike a deflecting voltage

and find the corresponding deflection of the screen?

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[7]

[8]

Set No. 1

R10

[5]

b) Describe the circuits and working of wave analyzers used for audio frequency

and megahertz ranges?

[10]

7 a) Describe the construction and working of LVDT accelerometer with a neat

sketch.

b) An LVDT is used in an accelerometer to measure seismic mass displacement.

The LVDT and signal conditioning outputs are 0.31mv/mm with a 20mm

core displacement. The spring constant is 240N/m and the core mass is 0.05kg.

Find (i) relation between acceleration in m/s2 and the output voltage.

(ii) natural frequency and (iii) maximum acceleration measurable.

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b) Explain the measurement of vaccume using pirani gauge.

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[7]

[8]

[7]

[8]

Set No. 2

R10

INSTRUMENTATION

(Open Elective)

Time : 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75

All Questions carry equal marks

*****

1 a) Enumerate the dynamic characteristics in a measurement system.

b) Discuss the types of systematic errors with suitable examples.

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(i). Continuous time periodic signals

(ii). Aperiodic signals.

b) Explain about the pulse duration and pulse frequency modulation.

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[8]

[7]

[8]

[7]

receiver. Explain how the above pair can be used as an error detector in a

servomechanism.

[12]

b) A parallel plate capacitive transducer uses plates of area 500 mm2which are

separated by a distance 0.2 mm. Calculate the value of capacitance when the

dielectric is air having a permittivity of 8.8510-12 F/m. Calculate the change in

capacitance if a linear displacement reduces the distance between the plates to

0.18 mm.

[3]

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b) List the general requirements of a digital voltmeter.

[8]

[7]

b) Find the frequency of the vertical plates if the frequency applied to horizontal

plate is 50 Hz for the patterns shown.

[7]

[8]

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Set No. 2

R10

6 a) Describe the basic circuit of a spectrum analyzer. Explain how the spectra of

the following is displayed

(i)

Continuous wave signals

(ii)

Amplitude modulated signals

b) Explain the term total harmonic distortion? Describe the harmonic distortion

Analyzers with neat sketch?

[6]

[9]

7 a) Explain with a neat sketch the measurement of angular velocity using toothed

rotor variable reluctance tachometer. Give the advantage and disadvantage of

this method.

b) Explain the construction and working of strain gauge.

[8]

[7]

b) Explain the principle of thermo couple vacuum gauge.

[8]

[7]

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Set No. 3

R10

INSTRUMENTATION

(Open Elective)

Time : 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75

All Questions carry equal marks

*****

1 a) Distinguish between systematic and random errors in a measurement.

b) List out the sources of errors in measuring instruments.

2 a) Describe the following modulation processes

(i) Pulse amplitude modulation.

(ii) Pulse frequency modulation.

b) Explain briefly the types of test signals used for determination of dynamic

characteristics.

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b) Enumerate the applications of LVDT?

c) A resistance, wire strain gauge with a gauge factor of 2 is bonbed to a steel

structural member subjected to a stress of 100MN/m2. The modulus of

elasticity of steel is 200 GN/m2. Calculate the percentage change in the value

of the gauge resistance due to the applied stress.

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4 a) With a neat block diagram explain the microprocessor based ramp type digital

voltmeter.

b) What are the operating and performance characteristics of a digital voltmeters.

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5 a) An electrically deflected CRT has a final anode voltage of 2000V and parallel

deflecting plates 1.5cm long and 5mm apart. If the screen is 50cm from the

centre of deflecting plates. Find (a) beam speed (b) the deflection sensitivity of

the tube and (c) the deflection factor of the tube.

b) The deflection sensitivity of an oscilloscope is 35 V/cm. If the distance from

the deflection plates to the CRT screen is 16 cm, the length of the deflection

plates is 2.5 cm, and the distance between the deflection plates is 1.2 cm. What

is the acceleration anode voltage?

b) Explain with a neat diagram the working of a vector impedance meter.

7 a) Derive the expression for gauge sensitivity of strain gauge.

b) Explain the construction, working of a drag cup type tachogenerator.

8 a) Describe the different electrical methods for measurement of liquid level.

b) State the advantages of ultrasonic flow meter.

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[9]

[6]

[8]

[7]

[8]

[3]

[4]

[12]

[3]

[7]

[8]

[5]

[10]

[7]

[8]

[10]

[5]

Set No. 4

R10

INSTRUMENTATION

(Open Elective)

Time : 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75

All Questions carry equal marks

*****

1 a) Explain the errors in measurements by giving suitable examples. how they

are usually minimized.

b) Explain statistical analysis of random errors.

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b) Discuss with the help of a daigram the periodic, aperiodic signals & modulated

signal.

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[10]

[5]

[8]

[7]

b) What are thermistors? Draw their resistivity versus temperature characteristics?

c) A strain gauge having a gauge factor of 4 is used for testing a machine. If the

gauge resistance is 100 , and the strain is 2010-6. How much will the

resistance of strain gauge change?

[8]

[4]

b) Explain, with the help of a neat circuit diagram, the working of a dual slope

DVM.

[7]

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to deflect an electron beam if the effective length of the deflection plates is 2

cm and the accelerating potential is 1000V?

b) Calculate the ratio of vertical to horizontal frequencies for an oscilloscope

which displays the following Lissajous figures shown.

[3]

[8]

[7]

[8]

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Set No. 4

R10

b) The self capacitance of a coil is measured by using the Q meter. The first

measurement is at f1=1 MHz and C1=500 pf. The second measurement is at

f2=2MHz and C2=110pf. Find the distributed capacitance. Also calculate the

value of L.

7 a) Explain the principle of measurement of torque using magnetostrictive

transducer.

b) A mild steel shaft is used to connect a motor drive to a constant load torque. A

foil strain gauge having a resistance of 120 and a gauge factor 2 is mounted on

a shaft with its active axis at angle of 45 degrees to the axis of the shaft. The

shear modules of steel is 80GN/m2, the shaft radius is 15mm and the change in

strain gauge resistance due to the load 0.24 . Find the load torque.

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[7]

[8]

[8]

[7]

advantages.

[10]

b) The emitted radiant energy from a piece of metal is measured and the

temperature is found to be 10650C assuming a surface emissivity of 0.82. It

was later found out that the true emissivity is 0.75. Calculate the error in

temperature measurement.

[5]

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