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_____________________________________________________________________GE Power Systems


Training and Development

SPEEDTRONICS MK V
START-UP / SHUTDOWN FLOWCHART
( MS6001B / DLN1 )
( GAS )

4/19/01

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_____________________________________________________________________GE Power Systems
Training and Development

Select MAIN display mode.


< I >Message
SHUTDOWN STATUS
OFF ( ON COOL DOWN )

Select AUTO then EXECUTE.


< I > Message
STARTUP STATUS
AUTO ( NOT READY TO START )

Select Droop then Execute.


(Default mode)
Auxiliary Check of servos ( L3ACS ).
No Gas Fuel Control Faults ( L3GFLT ).
No loss of GRV or GCV position feedback ( L3GRVFLT).
No Gas Control ValveServo Trouble 9 L3GCVFLT )
Inter-valve pressure ( P2 ) not low ( L3GFIVP)
Splitter Valve OK (L3GSVFLT)
Transfer Valve OK (L3GTVFLT)
On total gas ( L84TG )
Multiple starts less then 2 (L62TT2)
Start Check 0: ( L3STCK0 ).
No bus under voltage ( L27BN ) or ( L27BZ ).
Customer permissive to start ( L3CP ).
No Inlet Guide Vane (IGV) Position / Servo Trouble ( L3IGVFLT ) [ Alarm 143 ].
No loss of position feedback ( L3IGVF1 ) {<32 deg}.
IGV'S not in minimum flow position ( L3IGVF2 )
Compressor inlet thermocouples agree ( L86TCI ) [ Alarm 144 ].
No Master Protective Startup Lockout (L86MP)
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4/19/01

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_____________________________________________________________________GE Power Systems
Training and Development

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Start Check 1: ( L3STCK 1 ).


Rotor Below Minimum Speed ( L14HM ).
Lube Oil Tank Temperature Normal ( L26QN ).
No Primary and Secondary Flame Detector Sensor Troubles ( L28FDSCK ).
Off mode selected ( L43O ).
No Hydraulic Protective Troubles ( L86HD ) [ Alarm 171 ].
No Gas Fuel Trip Oil System Pressure ( L63HG1L,2L,3L ).

Start Check 2: ( L3STCK 2).


Compressor Bleed Valves Open ( L86CB ).
Master Protective OK ( L4Y ).
Bleed Heat System Not Operational trip ( L3BHFT ).

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4/19/01

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_____________________________________________________________________GE Power Systems
Training and Development

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Start Check 3: ( L3STCK3 ).


No Vibration Start Inhibit ( L39VD3 ).
( Loss or disabling of more than 1/2 of the vibration sensors will cause this )
Compressor Discharge Press. Bias OK (L3TFLT) [ Alarm 97 ]
L4T Master protective trip logic
L3SMT
Starting DeviceTrip
[ Alarn 123 ]

L4PST
Protective
Status Trip

L4PRET
Pre-ignition
Trip

L4POST
Post Ignition
Trip

L4IGVT
IGV Control
Trouble [Allarm 141 }

Normal Shutdown
( L94X )

Generator Differential Trip


( L86TGT )

Flame Detection Control


( L28FDX )

Loss Of Flame
( L28FDT ) [ Alarm 91 ]

IGV not following


command (CSRV TRIP)
( L86GVT )

Below Hp Accel Speed


( L14HA )

Exhaust duct high pressure


shut down
( L63ETH ) [ Alarm 152 ]

Auxiliary Check Servos


( L3ACS )

High Exhaust
Temperature Spread
( L30SPT ) [ Alarm 160 ]

No Starting Device
Trip
( L4Z )

Fire Protection
( L45FTX )

Cranking Motor Status


( L52CR )

Low Lube Oil


( L63QTX ) [ Alarm 106 ]

Starting Device not Bog


down
( L60BOG )

High Vibration.
( L39VT )

Below Operating Speed


( L14HSX )
Controller Cranking
Motor
(5051CRT)
Zero Speed
(L14HR)
Motor Breaker OK
l$CRT

Emergency Lube Oil Pump


undervoltage
( L27QEL )

All Exhaust Thermocouples


Open
( L86TFB ) [ Alarm 157 ]
Comp. Bleed valve Position
Trouble
( L86CBT )

TCEA HP Accel
( L12H_ACC )

Master Protective Signal


( L4 )

TCEA Overspeed Trip


( L12H_P )

Flame Detection Control


( L28FDX )

Customer Trip
(L4CT)

Ignition Permissive
( L2TVX )

HP Overspeed Fault
Protective
( L12HFD_P ) [ Alarm 73 ]

Gas Fuel Hyd. Pressure Low


( L63HGL )

TCEA Relay Circuit Status


( L4_RLYT )

High Lube Oil Pressure


( 26QT )

HP Overspeed Fault control


input trouble
( L12HFD_C) [ Alarm 71 ]

Electrical Turbine
overspeed
( L12H ) [ Alarm 70 ]

Loss HP Speed Inputs


(L12H_FLT)

No DLN Trip
( L4DLNT )

Gas Scrubber Level


( L71GST1 )
Continued On Next Page

4/19/01

Exhaust Over. Temp Trip


( L86TXT ) [ Alarm 156 ]

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IGV not at min operating


position (50 deg.) at
operating speed
( L4IGVTX )
Master reset
(L86MR1_CPB)
Below Operating Speed
( L14HS )

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_____________________________________________________________________GE Power Systems
Training and Development

Continued From Previous Page

READY TO START ( L3RS ).


Ready to Start Logic 1 ( L3RS1 ).
Start Check ( L3STCK ).
Ready to Start Logic 2 ( L3SR2 ).
Auxiliary Check Servos ( L3ACS ).
Generator breaker open ( L52GX ).
< RST > Status Good ( L3VOTE_Q )..
< I > Message
READY TO START

Select START then EXECUTE.


"START" lettering changes to yellow.
MASTER PROTECTIVE SET ( L4S ).
Unit below minimum speed ( 20 % ) ( L14HM ).
Master Protective OK ( L4Y )
Master Protective OK ( L4SX )
Ready To Start ( L3RS )
TCEA 4 Relay Status Good ( L4_FB )
Lube Pressure OK ( L63QT )
Cooling Water Pressure OK ( l63WCL )
Start Up Permissive Passed ( L1X )
No Emergency Manual Trip Given ( L5EX )
No Control System Fault Trip ( L3SFLT )
Start Signal ( L1S )

Permissive To Link ( L1XX )


No Normal Shut Down ( L94X )
Generator Breaker OK ( L2G )
Mult Start Counter ( L62TT@ )
Cranking Motor OK ( L5051CRT )
Water Wash Off ( L83BW )

Turbine speed reference set to 100.3% ( L83PRES2 ).


< I > Message
START SELECTED

Aux. hydraulic oil pump start Permissive ( L4HQZ ).


Master Control ( L4 )
Master protective trip ( L4T ).
No Fired Shutdown ( L94T ).
Master protective set ( L4S ).
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4/19/01

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_____________________________________________________________________GE Power Systems
Training and Development

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If gas fuel is selected ( L43FTG ) and on total gas ( L84TG ) the gas stop valve
( L20FGX ) is energized.

Hydraulic Ratchet begins to Turn Rotor.


Cranking Motor Starts.
Torque Converter fills ( L20TU1X ).
Torque Converter Set for Breakaway / Purge Torque ( LPURGE ).
Lube Oil Mist Eliminator Fan Start Permissive ( L4QVZ1A ).

< I > Message


STARTING
SEQ. IN PROGRESS
START-UP CONTROL

Unit is "CRANKING" if
Speed is above (>)0.31% speed ( L14HRZ ).
No Flame Detected ( L28FD ).
No startup firing fuel level ( L83SUFI ) { 0% FSR }.
<I> Message
CRANKING

IGV solenoid energized to permit IGV control ( L20TV1X ).


Gas fuel vent solenoid energized ( L20VG1X ).
Liquid Fuel Selected

Gas Fuel Selected

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_____________________________________________________________________GE Power Systems
Training and Development

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Turbine rotor driven by starting motor to


min. speed (L14HM ) {16%/576rpm }.
Purge Timer ( L2TV ) starts.
Starting motor continue to turn rotor
throughout purge cycle.
Rotor speed increases above L14HM.
At the end of the purge cycle the oil drains
( L20TU1X ) from torque converter.
Turbine rotor speed decreases below 9.5%
( 342 rpm ).
Torque converter set for firing torque
( LFIRE ).
After rotor speed decreases below 9.5%
speed, Torque converter fills with oil.
Starting motor increases rotor speed up to
16%/576 rpm.
Unit is now ready to "FIRE
Gas control valves STOP/SRV and GCV
open permissive ( L3GRV and L3GCV ).
Ingition permissive ( L2TVX ).
Purge timer ( L2TV ) complete.
Firing timer ( L2F ) not complete
( 60 sec ).
Min firing speed ( L14HM ) {16% / 576
rpm }.
Neither "OFF" nor "CRANK" selected.
( L43O_C ).
"WATER WASH" not selected.
( L43BWX ).

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4/19/01

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_____________________________________________________________________GE Power Systems
Training and Development

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Igniters energized.
FSR set for FIRING ( L83SUFI ).16.3%
<I> Message
FIRING
START-UP CONTROL

Combustion confirmed by primary flame detectors.


<I> Message
FLAME # A # etc.

Unit goes to "WARM UP" if flame is detected within 60


seconds firing time ( L2W ).
Confirmation of flame is by all primary flame detectors ( 28FD ).
After flame is detected:
Rotor speed increases slightly during WARM-UP.
FSR set for WARM-UP value ( L83SUWU ).13.8%
Warm-up timer ( L2W ) { 60sec } starts.
OPERATIONAL NOTE: If Operation Selector is not
set for AUTO the start-up will not progress beyond
WARM-UP.

<I> Message
WARMING UP

WARM-UP TIMER COMPLETE.


Torque converter set to acceleration torque
FSR increases ( ramps ) at 0.05% / sec ( FSKSU_IA ) ,increases fuel
flow and rotor speed.
<I> Message
ACCELERATING

Acceleration Control assumes control of fuel flow ( decreasing FSR )


when rate of speed increase exceeds acceleration rate ( TAKLn ).
<I> Message
ACCEL. CONTROL

When turbine speed exceeds cranking speed stop setpoint ( TNK14HC1 )


{ 60% / 2160 rpm }:
Oil drains from Torque Converter ( L20TU1X ) to unload the Starting Motor.
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4/19/01

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_____________________________________________________________________GE Power Systems
Training and Development

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Turbine operation is self-sufficient. Rotor acceleration continues due to fuel flow.


Depending on ambient conditions and turbine speed, the Variable Inlet Guide Vanes
will start to modulate to their intermediate position to maintain positive fifth stage
pressure and prevent compressor stall.

At approx. 95%/3420 rpm speed ( L14HS ):


Combustion monitor enabled.
Exhaust frame blowers on.
Aux. lube oil pump shut down.
Aux. hydraulic pump shut down.
Compressor bleed valves close.

Start field flashing


Start Exication ( L4EX_STRT_SS ) at L14HF ( 95%/3420 rpm ).
Complete Sequence ( L3 )
Emergency lube oil pump not running ( L72QEZ ).
Aux. Hydraulic pump not running ( L52HQ ).
Aux. Lube oil pump not running ( L52QA ).
FSR Speed droop control ( L30FD_ND ).
Above operating speed ( L14HS ).
No shutdown initiated ( L94X ).
Unit is at FSNL ( 100% ), ready for generator to synchronize and breaker to close.
<I> Message
SPEED CONTROL

Full Speed No Load


Auto Sync Select
( L43A ( AUTO )
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4/19/01

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_____________________________________________________________________GE Power Systems
Training and Development

Continued From Previous Page

Load Selection
Spinning Reserve
Pre-selected
Base
Peak

No load selected
( L83PS )
( L83B )
( L83P )

Auto sync permissive ( L52SX ).


Breaker not closed ( L52GX ).
Startup permissive ( L1X ).
Complete sequence ( L3 ).
Speed / Frequency match ( L60TNML / L60TNMR ).
Voltage match ( L60SYNL / L60SYNR ).
Generator breaker closed
( 52G )
<I> Message
LOADING

Generator load raises automatically ( L90LR ) to the selected load point.


With no load point selected, the load will be spinning reserve ( 4 mw ).
To change from one selected load point to another, select the new target
and execute. The manual raise ( L70R ) or manual lower ( L70L ) targets
can be executed to select any desired load.

4/19/01

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_____________________________________________________________________GE Power Systems
Training and Development

FIRED SHUTDOWN
Turbine trips are part of the Protective Systems. These types of trips cut fuel off
immediately and unit coasts down. This is different from a FIRED SHUTDOWN
where fuel decreases gradually allowing rotor speed to decrease to reduce the
thermal stresses.
AUTO SHUTDOWN

STOP and EXECUTE ( L1STOP_CPB )

Vibration input groupe disabled ( L39VD2 ).


Generator vent. trouble shut down. If 2 or
more RTD's => 100 deg F at generator
stator coupling end ( L94GEN ).
Redundant Sensor Protection For Inlet Press ( L63TFH )
DGP Critical Self Test Failure ( L74CR )
Combustion Protection Shutdown Lockout ( L94GSDW )

Auto shutdown initiated ( L94AX ).

Normal shutdown initiated ( L94X )


<I> Message
Unloading
Seq. in Progress
Stop

Unit unloads to 0 mw.


Breaker opens on reverse ( L32DW ) {-3 mw}
Speed reference ramps to minimum value.
At L14HS:
Exhaust frame blowers shut down.
Aux. lube oil pump starts.
Compressor bleed valves open.

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4/19/01

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_____________________________________________________________________GE Power Systems
Training and Development

Continued From Previous Page

Depending on ambient conditions and Turbine speed the


Variable Inlet Guide Vanes will start to modulate closed
to prevent compressor stall and negative 5th stage
pressure.
Unit trips ( L94T ) 8 minutes after breaker opens ( L94XZ). ( K94XZ )
OR
Loosing flame in either can ( L28FD ) and ramp to blowout
detected ( L83RB ).

Turbine coast to zero speed ( L14HR ).


Aux. hydraulic oil pump started.
Ratchet sequence started.
Normal cooldown sequence started.

4/19/01

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