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Catch Weight Management

In some industry sectors (for example, diary/meat, pharmaceutical, chemical, steel, or paper industry sectors), the
composition or attributes of products vary to some degree. Therefore, you cannot use a fixed conversion factor to convert
quantities of these products into various units of measure. Instead, each batch has to be given an individual conversion
factor.
The weights can vary from piece to piece, either due to biological variations or because of weight loss during storage. This
variability should not be lost by using fixed conversion factors, because this would mean that many business processes
would be based on incorrect values.
In SAP such process can be mapped by two ways

Batch-Specific Units of Measure


Catch Weight Management - IS-CWM Functionality
This document will give you some light on these SAP functionalities.

1. Catch Weight with Batch-Specific Units of Measure


Customization Requirement
Create No Dimensions Unit of Measurement

Create two no dimensions units LBI and CS/LB. LBI will represent as Batch
Specific Unit of measurement which will assigned to its original unit of
measurement i.e. LB (Pounds). CS/LB is a no dimension unit which will be used to
define fraction between cases (CS) and Pounds (LB).

Click on Unit of measurement to create units LBI and CS/LB. Please refer the screen below.

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Catch Weight Management

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Catch Weight Management

Maintain the details of LBI and CS/LB as per the above screen.

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Activate Batch Specific Unit of Measurement

The batch-specific material unit of measure is an alternative unit of measure of a material,


for which base unit of measure can be defined on a batch-specific basis.
While the conversion ratio for other alternative units is predefined in the material, for batchspecific material units of measure, we define:
The planned conversion in the material
The actual conversion ratio to the base unit of measure for the batch.

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Catch Weight Management

Batch-specific material units of measure are used when the conversion ratio for the unit of
measure to the base unit may vary for different batches of a material.
In this case, Base unit of measure is CS (Case) and valuation unit is LBI (Pounds). Planned
conversion ratio between these units is defined in the material master, but actual conversion
ratio varies batch to batch which may depend on the environmental factors.
To control these situations in SAP, we need to activate Batch-Specific material
units of measure.

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Catch Weight Management

We need to activate batch specific UOM as per the above screen.

Define Batch Specific Unit of measurement


Create a Batch specific UOM.

We need to execute process step as mentioned above.

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Catch Weight Management

Click on New Entries in the screen above to define batch specific UOM.

Define the Batch Specific UOM and linked it with actual UOM. Here LBI is batch
specific UOM which is linked to actual weight unit (dimension Mass) LB.

Define Calculation of Proportion quantity from Base Quantity

Define the ratio of the proportion unit to the base unit. This ratio is needed to convert base units to
proportion units of measure.

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Catch Weight Management

Click on New Entries in the screen above to define calculation of proportion/product quantity
from base quantity.

As per screen above, we have linked batch specific UOM with base unit of measurement.

Define Calculation of Base Quantity from Proportion quantity

Define the quantity calculation with reference to base unit of measurement.

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Catch Weight Management

Here we have defined CS and LBI calculation for no dimension unit CS/LB.

Define attributes of system messages

We need to maintain message XU-033 as information message. In standard SAP,


this message would set to error message. Please remove message category E
and set as blank.
In standard SAP, fraction between two units of measurement is set till two decimal points. If
fraction value is defined for three or more decimal value, then system will issue this as error
message XU-033.
In our case, we need are considering fraction value till five decimal points, so that we can
get more accurate values after conversion. Take the following case:Number of Cases

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Catch Weight (LB)

39

Ration (CS/LB) = 0.26 when only two decimal allowed

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Ration (CS/LB) = 0.25641 when five decimal allowed


From the calculation above, its clear that we would get more accurate result
when we go for higher decimal points.

So as per the screen below, we have changed error message category to blank.

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Catch Weight Management

Master Data Requirement:


Create following master data for catch weight management,

Create Characteristics CT04

Create three characteristics. One characteristic will store the actual fraction
between number of cases and actual catch weight. So we have characteristics
CATCHFRACTION, CATCHWEIGHT and NUMCASES to create. We need to call
CT04 transaction code to create these characteristics in SAP.
Below mentioned screen shots will tell about the properties of these characteristics.

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Above screen tells about CATCHFRACTION property.

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Above screen tells about CATCHWEIGHT property.

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Above screen tells about NUMCASES property.

Maintain Dependency

Dependency will be used to calculate the fraction between number of cases and actual catch
weight. Call SAP transaction CU01 to create dependency.

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Create Class CL01

Create class for catch weight material. We need to assign all characteristics as
mentioned above Important thing to note is that organization area in the class
must be equal to S. Call CL01 to create class and assign the characteristics.

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Assign Characteristics to Batch Class

Assign characteristics to class CL01

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See the screen above for characteristics assignments. We must put


Organizational Area equal to S against the characteristics which will be used
for CS/LB conversion.

Maintain Material Master MM02

Assign the catch weight class to material master classification view and update other
parameters in the material master. please see the screen below to know about various
important data in material master.

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Catch Weight Management

Select the additional data information in the material master and click on the
proportion/prod unit tab to maintain planned conversion factor.

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Catch Weight Management

Maintain the planned conversion value into plan value as per the screen below.

Valuation category of material must be equal to X.

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Catch Weight Management

Create vendor Info record

Maintain the vendor info record for batch specific UOM.

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Price are maintained at batch specific UOM.

Transaction Data:-

Receiving actual CW at the time of MIGO

Create Purchase Order

Use ME21N transaction to create Purchase Order. Here we are using material 69 for which
Batch specific UOM is active.

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Catch Weight Management

Perform goods receipt (MIGO)

We need to enter actual CW and GR quantity in the classification view as,

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Display Stock (MMBE)

Here we can see that, inventory is as per actual CW. System is showing actual CW for the
batch GR.

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2. Catch Weight Management IS-CWM Functionality


IS-CWM is the industrial solution developed by SAP AG The term Catch Weight
materials or CW materials for short, is used for materials with variable weight.
Catch weight management business scenario has variants across process such as
(a) Procure to Pay
(b) Order to Cash
(c) Manufacturing
(d) Inbound and Outbound Logistic
(e) Inventory Controlling & Accounting

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1. IS-CWM enables use of one UOM in Logistics and another UOM suitable for Financials and Controlling for
the same material.
2. Relationships between the two UOMs can be variable and defined in the material master.
3. Goods movement can be recorded in both UOMs base unit of measurement as well as
parallel unit of measure.
4. The valuation UOM can be either the Base UOM or the parallel UOM this can be specified in
the material master.
5. CWM is based on a new Architecture comprising of

a) LIME Lean Inventory Management Engine Enables recording and reporting


of Inventory in different UOM.
b) Inventory Accounting Enables postings with new valuation UOM in FI
and CO.

The fullfilment of purchase orders can be recorded and controlled more accurate for catchweight materials. While posting goods receipt it is possible to post quantity in two different
unit of measure.
For inventory, the logistics unit of measure (UOM e.g. EA ) and parallel unit of measure (e.g.
KG)

Good Receipt MIGO

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Same way it can be used for production/process order good receipts, posting of goods
receipt is possible to post quantity in two different unit of measure EA and KG.

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Stock Overview
You can view the stock in both the unit of measurement i.e; in Base unit of measure and
Parallel unit of measure.

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Material consumption in PI Sheet with CWM


The goods issues and goods receipts related to process or production orders can be
recorded and controlled more accurate for catch-weight materials. All movements are posted
in two units of measure (UOM) & parallel unit of measure

Delivery
In the sales order the price is calculated based on sold number of Kilo, number
of Each is charged. The actual weight is assumed to be entered into the Net
weight field in the delivery document.

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Reference:
Batch-Specific Units of Measure in Logistics - Batch Management (LO-BM) - SAP
Library
Note 863498 - functional restricions in SAP Catch Weight Management
Note 956923 - IDES ECC 6.0 Catch Weight Management Version 2

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