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ePariksha Master Guide MEK General

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NOTE: THIS SOLUTIONS ARE FINALISED AFTER EXHAUSTIVE DISCUSSIONS & REFERENCES, IN CONSULTATION WITH CANDIDATES WHO HAVE PASSED THE
EXAMINATIONS,EXPERIENCEDPERSONNELFROMINDUSTRY&SENIORFACULTYINDIFFERENTINSTITUTES.ITISONLYTOBEUSEDASAGUIDANCE.WETRUST
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1. How many non-return valves in I.G.?


a. Two
b. Three
c. If wet seal type then one else two
d. None of above
2. (MCQ) An economizer uptake fire in the engine room is extinguished by
A. Boundary cooling of the uptake
B. Injecting fixed firefighting system if provided
C. Injecting water from the uptake
D. None of the above
3. Chemical compound that prevents caking in DCP type fire extinguisher__________
a. Sodium stearate
b. Sodium bicarbonate
c. Magnesium stearate
d. Magnesium bicarbonate
4. (MCQ) Engaging the turning gear and turning the engine until working temperatures are reduced
A. Blank starting air to the affected cylinder
B. Shut cylinder oil to the affected cylinder
C. Shut all cylinder liner ports of affected cylinder
D. Open relief valve of affected cylinder
5. (MCQ) A diffuser is provided at the end of a mechanical atomizer in boiler onboard
A. To prevent blow back of the flame
B. To mix the air and fuel properly
C. To prevent blow out of the flame
D. To eject the excess fumes from the atomizer
6. Water hammer in a steam heating system can be caused by
A. filling the auxiliary boiler with cold water
B. steam admitted to a cold pipe
C. filling the auxiliary boiler with hot water
D. draining a soot blower line before cracking the steam supply valve
7. Which of the following types of coatings used in tanks of a chemical carrier provides a
comprehensive protection against most solvents?
A. Epoxy coatings
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B. Polyurethane coatings
C. Zinc silicate
D. Phenolic resins
8. Dezincification of brasses may be prevented by introducing which of the following additives during
manufacturing brass?
A. 0.04% Nickel
B. 0.04% Cobalt
C. 0.04%Arsenic
D. 0.04%Tungsten
9. Which of the following types of steam traps uses the pressure energy of the steam to close the outlet?
A. Thermostatic trap
B. Thermodynamic trap
C. Mechanical trap
D. Vacuum trap
10.
Steam stop valve is eased of its seat during boiler start up from cold
A. To allow thermal expansion of parts
B. To allow steam flow during start up
C. To prevent water hammer
D. All of the above
11.
A record of the types and strengths of steels used on a MODU must be included in the
A. General plans
B. Builder's documentation
C. Certificate of Inspection
D. Construction portfolio
12.
The term referring to the number of teeth per inch on a hacksaw blade is known as the
A. Set
B. rake
C. pitch
D. thread gauge
13.
If the superheat value of a thermostatic expansion valve is set too low________
A. The suction line of the compressor will be too hot
B. The suction line of the compressor will be too cold
C. The discharge line of the compressor will be too hot
D. The discharge line of the compressor will be too cold
14.
Efficient soot blowing of exhaust gas economizers and boilers is essential_____________
A. To minimize chances of soot fire
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B. To increase efficiency
C. To minimize chances of heavy corrosion and localized heating leading to tube failure
D. All of the above
15.
(MCQ) Preferential tripping of electrical machineries prevents
A. Overloading of generators
B. Black out in engine room
C. Allows starting of large machineries
D. None of the above
16.
A simultaneous rise in stern tube forward seal tank and drop in level of header tank
indicates_________________
A. Aft seal ring of forward seal assembly damaged or sealing disturbed by foreign object
B. Forward seal ring of forward seal assembly damaged or sealing disturbed by foreign object.
C. Either of the above
D. None of the above
17.
The coating on a electrode used for electric arc welding _____________
A. creates a gas shield to prevent oxidation of the weld material
B. helps the weld formation by shaping the metal transfer
C. provides an electrical insulation for the user
D. All of the above
18.
High pressure cut out of a refrigerant system can activate due to which of the following faults?
A. Improper cooling due to a dirty condenser
B. Overcharge
C. Air in the system
D. All of the above
19.
The static suction lift of a pump is the difference in elevation between the
A. centerline of the pump and the level of the liquid in the suction well when the source of liquid is below
the pump
B. centerline of the pump and the suction liquid level when the source of liquid is above the pump
C. centerline of the pump and the level of the discharge liquid
D. liquid levels of the suction and discharge
20.
The primary advantage of a central cooling system is ______________
A. A more simplified cooling circuit.
B. Most part of the cooling system being fresh water based, corrosion is minimized
C. It allows better control of temperatures by using fewer controllers
D. All of the above

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21.
(MCQ) During major repair work in enclosed space onboard
A. Keep log of entry and exit time of personnel
B. Keep adequate first aid equipment at the entrance
C. Provide refreshments
D. None of the Above
22. (MCQ) A high pressure differential in a main engine fuel oil filter onboard can be best reduced by
A. Back flushing the filter manually
B. Stopping the main engine to change the filter element
C. Changing over to stand by filter if provided
D. None of the above
23.
A major controlling factor in the location of the condensate return piping from a heating system
is/are
A. the requirement for a gravity return
B. the requirement for short laterals run
C. the requirement to minimize conflict with headroom and other services
D. all of the above
24.
Which of the following is the material used for manufacturing tube plates of a shell and tube
type heat
exchanger?
A. Cupro-nickel
B. Aluminum Brass
C. Admiralty Brass
D. Gunmetal
25.
Plate type heat exchangers are preferred over shell and tube type ones because ____________
A. They can be cleaned more thoroughly.
B. Their capacity can be altered by adding or removing plates.
C. Turbulent flow and more margin for increased fluid velocity ensures less deposits and hence longer time
interval between cleanings.
D. All of the above
26.
Inert Gas System should be capable of delivering Inert Gas at the rate of at least ___________
A. 110% of the maximum rate of cargo discharge capacity of the ship
B. 133.33% of the maximum rate of cargo discharge capacity of the ship
C. 125% of the maximum rate of cargo discharge capacity of the ship
D. 90% of the maximum rate of cargo discharge capacity of the ship
27.
Which of the following is an example of non-destructive test?
A. Creep test
B. Impact test
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C. Hardness test
D. Ultrasonic testing
28.
(MCQ) Refractory damage in boiler furnace onboard is caused due to
A. Presence of moisture in the boiler before startup
B. Rapidly fluctuating temperatures inside boiler furnace
C. Overheating of boiler tubes due to lack of heat transfer
from tubes due to scale
D. Boiler panting and vibrations
29.
The purpose of an evaporator in the domestic refrigeration system is to
A. Transmit latent heat of evaporation
B. Absorb latent heat of fusion
C. Absorb latent heat of evaporation
D. Transmit latent heat of fusion
30.
In case of failure of the control system of a centrifuge, the correct sequence for manually
desludging a purifier would beA. Stop feed-give sealing water-close sealing water shut operating water-open and close desludging water
quickly
B. Stop feed- shut operating water-open and close desludging water quickly
C. Shut operating water-stop feed- open sealing water for a short time then close-open and close desludging
water quickly
D. Shut operating water- stop feed- open and close desludging water quickly
31. Scale formation in a fresh water generator evaporator can lead to ____________________
A. Impaired heat transfer
B. Reduced capacity
C. Increased shell temperature
D. All of the above
32. (MCQ) Salinity of distilled water produced from fresh water generator onboard depends on
A. Amount of feed set in fresh water production
B. Amount of salt water leaking from condenser if any
C. Temperature of the sea water used
D. Efficiency of brine ejector from the evaporator shell
33. Presence of catalytic fines in fuel oil is significant to engineers on board because __________
A. Catalytic fines tend to impair proper operation of purifiers
B. Catalytic fines lead to abrasive wear in liners , piston rings and fuel injection equipment (ans)
C. Catalytic fines necessitate increase in injection temperature
D. Catalytic fines necessitate increase in storage temperature
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34. Pipe threads are cut with a taper to


A. prevent over tightening the joint
B. provide a leak-proof fit
C. permit easy joint disassembly
D. produce a fine even thread
35. The ash content of a fuel oil is significant to the operating engineer because it
A. is an indication of the amount of non-combustible material present in the oil
B. indicates the quantity of energy released by burning a unit amount of the fuel
C. is useful for determining proper atomization temperatures
D. reflects the overall thermal efficiency of the fuel oil service system
36. Enlarging one tube end so the end of another tube of the same size will fit inside is termed
A. Belling
B. Stretching
C. Flaring
D. Swaging
37. MCQ -To prevent electric shock during electric arc welding
A. Wear dry clothes
B. Wear insulated shoes
C. Keep first aid equipment ready
D. None of the above
38. In case of failure of control air supply, some valves continue locked in the position they were at
the time of failure. They are said to beA. Fail-safe
B. Fail proof
C. Fail-set
D. Fail blocked
39. MCQ- Principle of firefighting onboard is
A. Watering of fire
B. Starving of fire
C. Cooling of fire
D. Smothering of fire
40. The static suction head of a pump is the
A. distance of the suction liquid level above the center line of the pump
B. distance the suction liquid level is below the center line of the pump
C. force necessary to overcome frictional losses in the pump and piping
D. amount in inches of mercury the total suction head is below atmospheric pressure
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41. A major controlling factor in the location of the condensate return piping from a heating system
is/are
A. the requirement for a gravity return
B. the requirement for short laterals run
C. the requirement to minimize conflict with headroom and other services
D. all of the above
42. If the superheat value of a thermostatic expansion valve is set too low________
A. The suction line of the compressor will be too hot
B. The suction line of the compressor will be too cold
C. The discharge line of the compressor will be too hot
D. The discharge line of the compressor will be too cold
43. Which combination of the main shaft segments listed below, that are located furthest from the
main engine, are connected by the inboard stern tube shaft coupling?
A. Line shaft and thrust shaft
B. Line shaft and stern-tube shaft
C. Thrust shaft and stern-tube shaft
D. Stern-tube shaft and tail shaft
44. If the watch keeping engineer encounters a Main Engine Slow down alarm he should _______
A. Immediately cancel the slowdown in the control panel
B. If navigation circumstances permit, after consulting chief engineer he should tell bridge to stop
engine, investigate the fault, rectify it in consultation with senior engineers and then prepare for
restarting the engine
C. He should raise engineer's alarm and wait for all engineers to reach the engine room
D. He need not take any action and wait for the alarm to resolve on its own and then cancel the
slowdown
45. To prevent main engine stoppage during periods of bad weather
A. Ensure lube oil level is topped up
B. Ensure over speed trip override switch set up to rough sea setting
C. Ensure reduced speed setting to prevent overload
D. All of the above
46. Amount of distilled water produced in fresh water generator onboard decreases with
A. Increase in vacuum in the fresh water generator shell
B. Decrease in sea water temperature
C. Decrease in efficiency of heat exchanger
D. Increase in sea water temperature
47. Auto Klean filters are cleaned by
a. Compressed air
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b. Turning the spindle


c. Backflushing
d. All of the above
48. Prior to major overhaul of main engine onboard, the engine room crane is tested by
A. Operating the crane through the normal range
B. Testing of the crane with two sample abnormal conditions
C. Inspection of the crane hook and other safety arrangements
D. Stress testing of crane wire with peak loads
49. Which of the following statements is true?
A. The rotary vane type steering gear generally operates at higher oil pressures than the ram type.
B. The ram type steering gear generally operates at higher oil pressures than the rotary vane type.
C. Both ram type and rotary vane type steering gears generally operate at similar oil pressures
D. None of the above
50. Marine boilers burning H.F.O. face a problem of cold corrosion due to high sulphur content.
The minimum flue gas temperature within any boiler part is kept above due point of H2SO4.
The actual dew point of H2SO4 in flue gases depends on the :
A. Boiler furnace temperature
B. Ambient air temperature
C. Boiler operating pressure
D. HFO sulphur content and moisture in combustion air
51. How is the concentration of dissolved oxygen in the feed water of an auxiliary boiler maintained
at acceptable limits?
A. Feed water is cycled through a DC heater.
B. Feed water is treated with phosphates.
C. Oxygen is liberated in the three-stages of feed water preheating.
D. Oxygen is liberated by maintaining the highest practical feed water temperature
52. Prior to lighting off a cold automatically fired auxiliary boiler, you should
A. check and regulate the water level
B. close the air cock once fires are lit
C. blow down the gage glass
D. crack the steam stop to assure protective steam flow
53. Steam temperature control for the ESD-II boiler is achieved by :
A. Fitting a de-superheater between 1st & 2nd passes of superheater
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B. Fitting an attemperator between 1st & 2nd passes of superheater


C. Gas dampers in boiler uptake
D. Bypassing the superheater
54. If the combustion control system of an automatically fired auxiliary boiler fails to sustain burner
ignition after a normal shutdown, you should check for a/an
A. faulty photocell detector
B. low steam pressure
C. high voltage on the ignition electrode
D. open air damper
55. Which of the following conditions is responsible for the fuel oil to atomize when using a steam
atomizer in auxiliary boiler?
A. Expansion of the steam in the furnace.
B. Expansion of the steam in the whirling chamber.
C. Expansion of the steam in the orifice plate.
D. All of the above.
56. It is a known fact that centrifugal pumps require priming for pumping liquids , as they cannot
handle air and will lose suction due to air entry . But on the other hand T/Cs use centrifugal
compressors for supercharging. Which of the following do you think makes a centrifugal
compressors to pump air and behave differently than the centrifugal pumps?
A. Presence of air cooler
B. Presence of Labyrinth seal
C. High speed of rotation , very fine internal clearences and large impeller diameters
D. Difference in principle of operation
57. If an operating auxiliary boiler has a water pH reading of 7, you should
A. bottom blow the boiler
B. treat the water with caustic soda
C. treat the water with chemical scavengers
D. reduce the water alkalinity to recommended readings
58. If the boiler tubes are scaled on the water side then A. Heat conduction through the tubes will be very high leading to rapid evaporation
B. The boiler furnace can get damaged due to excessive temperatures
C. The surface of the tube will be overheated as heat transfer is impaired
D. The natural circulation of water within the boiler will be more efficient
59. Any steering gear system alarm can only be successfully acknowledged from _________
A. The bridge
B. The engine control room
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C. The steering compartment


D. The ship's office
60. To check the setting of the overspeed trip on a diesel powered generator, you would use a
A. tachometer
B. torsion meter
C. dynamometer
D. pony brake
61. In a coil type auxiliary water tube circulation boiler
A. unevaporated feed water collects in the bottom of the flash chamber
B. all generated steam is re-circulated through heating coils in the boiler
C. heated water flashes to steam in the boiler heating coils
D. response to steam demand is slower than in a fire tube boiler
62. If the superheat value of a thermostatic expansion valve is set too low________
A. The suction line of the compressor will be too hot
B. The suction line of the compressor will be too cold
C. The discharge line of the compressor will be too hot
D. The discharge line of the compressor will be too cold
63. Efficient soot blowing of exhaust gas economizers and boilers is essential _____________
A. To minimize chances of soot fire
B. To increase efficiency
C. To minimize chances of heavy corrosion and localized
heating leading to tube failure
D. All of the above
64. Preferential tripping of electrical machineries prevents
A. Overloading of generators
B. Black out in engine room
C. Allows starting of large machineries
D. None of the above
65. Which of the listed conditions can lead to cavitation in a centrifugal pump?
A. Vapor pockets formed in the suction flow stream
B. Rough casing volute surfaces
C. Worn wearing rings
D. Heavy fluid in the flow stream
66. Water carryover from boiler onboard through the steam causes
A. Erosion of the steam plant machinery
B. Low water level inside the boiler
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C. Build-up of deposits on the steam plant machinery


D. None of the above

67. Which of the following factors will have the greatest effect on the heating load within a
conditioned space?
A. Solar gain
B. Infiltration and ventilation air
C. Occupants inside the space
D. Entertainment equipment within the space
68. Frequent cutting- in & cutting -out of a fresh water pump on a hydrophore system indicates
which of the following?
A. Nothing abnormal
B. Excessive air charge
C. Insufficient air charge
D. The differential setting between cut-in and cut out is too low
69. Overall length of pairs of rams is reduced in which of the following tiller designs of a steering
gear arrangement?
A. Forked tiller design
B. Round arm tiller design
C. Conventional tiller design
D. None of the above
70. Overall length of pairs of rams is reduced in which of the following tiller designs of a steering
gear arrangement?
A. Forked tiller design
B. Round arm tiller design
C. Conventional tiller design
D. None of the above
71. Following items must be verified prior to using the Oily water separator onboard
A. 15ppm alarm and auto shutdown of bilge pump
B. Oil and water interface level
C. Position of the vessel
D. All of the above
72. Prior to man entry into an empty cargo tank of an LNG carrier, what should be the first
operational procedure
adopted?
A. Purging
B. Aerating
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C. Inerting
D. Warming
73. Two compressors should not be run in parallel because
A. It is not efficient to run two compressors
B. It will give over capacity in the system
C. There is possibility of losing oil from the compressors
D. A and B
74. Liquid ring primer used for priming main and emergency fire pumps onboard
A.Is to be filled with water in the water tank to maintain water level
B.Is to be capable of automatic engagement and disengagement with drive shaft
C.Is to have sufficient capacity to exhaust air out from pump in all sea conditions
D.All of the above.
75. Back pressure valve in a refrigeration system with multiple chambers is fitted_____________
A.At the refrigerant exit end of evaporator of each chamber
B.At the refrigerant exit end of evaporators of chambers with higher temperature settings
C.At the refrigerant exit end of evaporators of chambers with lower temperature settings
D.None of the above
76. Inert Gas System on board tankers is used during which of the following operationsA. Inerting of empty tanks
B. Inerting during crude oil washing
C. Purging before gas freeing
D. All of the above
77. Which of the following statements is false about corrosion due to galvanic action?
A. Metals close to the anodic end of galvanic series corrode in preference to the ones close to the
cathodic end.
B. When any single metal exists in a system, it cannot corrode due to galvanic action.
C. Zinc is anodic to steel and is often used as a protective coating
D. Corrosion rate is affected by temperature
78. Cadmium coatings provide corrosion protection . Cadmium coatings are commercially carried
out using which of the following methods :A. Metal Spraying
B. Electro-plating
C. Hot-dipping
D. Metal diffusion

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79. Wheel operated butterfly valves are operated through a reduction gearbox. The Gear
arrangement inside of gear box is of _________ type
A. Bevel Gear
B. Rack & Pinion Gear
C. Planetary Gear
D. Worm & Worm Wheel
80. Correct method of greasing a centrifugal pump bearing is:
A. To pump the grease until you feel high back pressure on the Grease pump
B. To pump the grease for 3-4 pumping strokes of Grease pump for each bearing
C. To pump the grease when the pump is stopped and drain any old grease at the same time by opening
the drain plug, giving only 3-4 pumping strokes on Grease pump for each bearing. the drain plug
should then be replaced
D. To pump the grease when the pump is running and drain any old grease at the same time by
opening the drain plug, until all the old grease is removed and new grease starts coming out of the
drain, repeating same for each bearing. the drain plug should then be replaced
81. Sherardising , Chromising and Calorising fall under which of the processes of metal coating
application :
A. Thermal spraying
B. Electroplating
C. Diffusion coating
D. Metal cladding
82. A ball valve was found leaking in service. Upon inspection it was found that the PTFE seat had
worn out and was renewed. The valve stopped leaking in closed condition. How do think a ball
valve provides perfect sealing?
A. The seat fitted is slightly smaller than the outer dimensions of the ball, thus providing interference
fit when closed
B. Either a floating seat is pressed onto trunnion supported ball by liquid pressure or floating ball is
pressed onto the seat
C. Ball is not exactly spherical and is shaped such that during closure the surface coming into contact
with seat is of slightly bigger diameter providing sealing
D. Seat is not exactly spherical, but slightly tapered so that during closure the ball sits tightly on the
seat
83. In a Parallel-Gate type valve the sealing between the valve and the disc is provided by:
A. Appropriate tightening torque of the valve spindle
B. Gate and valve seat have a taper and when tightened they will seal against each other
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C. Either the seat or the disc Gate are free-floating, allowing upstream pressure to seal the seat and
disc against any unwanted leakage
D. For a gate type valve the sealing is never perfect and they always allow some leakage
84. In dual pressure boiler, secondary drum pressure is ............ primary drum pressure
a. less than
b. more than
c. equal to
d. slightly higher than
85. Metal cladding provides protection to the metal essentially for the life of ship because
A. During cladding the protective coating reacts chemically with the base metal and inhibits corrosion
B. This is the only method in which the completeness of the metal coating can assured, while other
methods are liable to defects
C. The thickness of protective coating is greater compared to any other metal coating method used
D. The adherence of coating is best in case of metal cladding
86. You must have used reinforced rubber joints. The reinforcement is normally provided using
non-asbestos fibres. The reinforcement is provided because
A. Ordinary rubber gasket have a porous matrix, having capillaries which can allow liquid leakage
when subjected to high pressure
B. To increase the load carrying capacity of joint so it can withstand higher pressures
C. To increase the temperature resistance of the joint
D. To protect the joints from fire or other accidental damage
87. You have overhauled a centrifugal pump and while assembling forgot to install the o-ring
between the sleeve (provided in way of gland packing) and the shaft. What impact does this
have?
A. It will not affect the pump in any way
B. It will cause leakage of fluid (air/water) in between the shaft and the sleeve and will affect the pump
performance
C. It will not affect the pump performance n any way but will corrode the shaft between the o-ring and
shaft
D. It will cause dynamic imbalance of the shaft
88. NPSH and the Total suction head are two terms which are commonly used for pumps. Which of
the following is a true statement?
A. They are one and the same thing
B. Total suction head is greater than NPSH
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C. NPSH is always greater than Total suction head


D. Total suction head and NPSH have no relationship
89. In a shell and type M/E L.O. cooler, the temperature of L.O. is controlled by an automatic
temperature control valve. Out at sea with M/E running at sea load it is observed that the
temperature control valve opening to the cooler is increasing day by until it becomes 100% open
to the cooler. The L.O. outlet temperature _______________ after the above condition has
reached
A. Starts decreasing immediately
B. Starts increasing immediately
C. Will be maintained at the set point of the temperature controller
D. Cannot be maintained at the set point and will increase slowly
90. A reciprocating pump is used for Engine room bilge service because:
A. Reciprocating pumps are designed for smoother discharge
B. Only small capacity pumping capacity is required, while other pumps are of higher capacity
C. It doesnt churn and mix the bilge water unlike other types of rotary and rotodynamic pumps
D. Shipbuilding industry is still going on old concept, future ships will have centrifugal pumps
installed
91. When both the steering motors are in use?
A. 12 nautical miles near port
B. pilot on-board
C. navigational problem
D. all of the above
92. Use of synthetic polymer treatment limited to low pressure boiler. Why?
A. does not prevention of scale formation
B. Does not help in corrosion prevention
C. does not form phosphate to tackle caustic
D. all of d above
93. In a D- type water tube boiler with a secondary steam drum and super- heater, the steam is
heated above the boiling point of water in the __________________
A.Primary steam drum
B.Risers
C.Super- heater
D.Secondary steam drum
94. An inadequate reciprocating bilge pump discharge is most often caused by
A. defective intake valves
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B. clogged suction strainers


C. scarred cylinder walls
D. clogged drain valves
95. How is the water circulated between water and steam drums in a water tube D- type boiler?
A. By the boiler feed water pump
B. By a circulating pump outside the boiler
C. Due to difference in densities of water and steam
D. None of the above
96. As per regulations, the velocity capacity of a steering gear system should be such so as to be able
to turn the rudder__________________________
A. 35 degrees one side to 35 degrees on the other side, in 28 seconds at maximum service speed
B. 35 degrees one side to 30 degrees on the other side in 28 seconds at maximum service speed
C. 35 degrees one side to 35 degrees on the other side, in 28 seconds at normal service speed
D. 35 degrees one side to 30 degrees on the other side, in 28 seconds at normal service speed
97. Better freeing arrangements on tanker decks inform of open rails for 50% of length are
provided:
A. To ensure no seawater gets into the tanks.
B. Because tankers have less freeboard.
C. Both A and B
D. None of the above
98. Fusible plugs are installed in fire-tube boilers to
A. provide a means of draining the boiler
B. warn the engineer of low water level
C. cool the crown sheet at high firing rates
D. open the burners' electrical firing circuits
99. A closed freshwater cooling system is commonly used with marine diesel engines because the
A. need for water treatment is eliminated
B. cooling water temperature differential is greater
C. cooling water pumps are directly reversible
D. jacket water temperature is more easily controlled
100.
Boiler Combustion Control is necessary to regulate A. Steam flow
B. steam pressure

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C. both
D. none
101.

In a reciprocating pump the direction of flow depends upon:

A. Direction of rotation of the pump


B. Position & fixing of suction and discharge valves
C. High pressure to low pressure
D. Whether pump is single acting or double acting

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