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# By Dr/ Mohamed A.

EL-Hag

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 There are many different forms of energy in the
universe

 Ex. Mechanical, thermal, chemical, electrical and
nuclear energies

By Dr/ Mohamed A. EL-Hag

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Conservation of Energy  “Energy never destroyed or created but it can transformed from one form to another” By Dr/ Mohamed A. EL-Hag 3 .

Conservation of energy in the body  From a physics point of view. food energy and body fats) = heat lost from the body + work done By Dr/ Mohamed A. EL-Hag 4 .e. human body is considered to be an energy converter  Conservation of energy within the body can be expressed as  Change in stored energy in the body (i.

EL-Hag 5 . Our bodies use food energy to  1) operate its organs  2) Maintain constant body temperature  3) Do work By Dr/ Mohamed A.

)  In the French system Joule erg  1 J = 107 erg  The energy value stored in the food is measured in a special unit called calories ( cal)  1 cal = 4.Units of Energy  In the international system (S.18 J By Dr/ Mohamed A.I. EL-Hag 6 .

EL-Hag 7 .48 K J By Dr/ Mohamed A.Energy change in the body  Energy is produced in the body through the oxidation of glucose (the simplest form of sugar)  “The rate of oxidation within the body” is called the metabolic rate  Oxidation of one mole of glucose C6H12O6 (180 gm) produce 686 Kcal = 686 X 4.18 = 2867.

The basal metabolic rate (BMR)  It is defined as “ The amount of energy needed to perform minimal body functions (i. EL-Hag  8 .e.18 BMR   107 J/s (Watt) 60  60 3 By Dr/ Mohamed A. to maintain the life)  BMR = 92 Kcal/ hr 92 10  4.

Work  The Work done (W) by a person is the product of the force and displacement  W = Force X displacement F  W = F. EL-Hag 9 . X X  The unit of work is Joule  Which is the same unit of energy By Dr/ Mohamed A.

I unit for measuring power By Dr/ Mohamed A. EL-Hag 10 .X P  t t  J/s = Watt is the S.Power (P)  It is defined as “ The time rate of doing the work”  w F.

 Answer:  F = 10 N X=2m  W=FX  W= (10)( 2) = 20 J By Dr/ Mohamed A. EL-Hag 11 . Ex: Calculate the work done by a person exerts a force of 10 N to move an object a distance of 2 m.

In the last example calculate the power if you know that the force was affected for 5 S. Ex.  Answer:  W = 20 J t=5S  P=W/t  P = 20 / 5 = 4 watt By Dr/ Mohamed A. EL-Hag 12 .

EL-Hag 13 . The work done by a person to climb a hill or walk upstairs is given by  W = m.h  Where mg is the weight of the person  And h is the height of the hill By Dr/ Mohamed A.g.

By Dr/ Mohamed A. EL-Hag 14 .

 The efficiency of the body (E) as a machine is given by the equation Work done E Energy consumed By Dr/ Mohamed A. EL-Hag 15 .

 Ex: A man of mass 70 Kg climbs a hill of height 15 m. EL-Hag 16 . By Dr/ Mohamed A. What is his muscular efficiency during climbing. if the energy consumed by this man due to climbing is 70 KJ .

Answer  The work done W =m.g.147 3 Energy consumed 70 10 By Dr/ Mohamed A.h = 70 X 9. EL-Hag 17 .29 103 E   0.8 X 15 = 10290 J  Energy consumed due to climbing = 70 KJ  Work done 10.

 The efficiency of muscles in performing external work is at best 20%. the body temperature would quickly rise to a dangerous level  During moderate physical activity. the body temperature would rise by 3 ◦C/hr. EL-Hag 18 . Therefore. a 70-kg man may consume 260 Cal/hr. at least 80% of the energy consumed is converted into heat inside the body  If this heat were not eliminated. at least 208 Cal is converted to heat. If this heat remained within the body. By Dr/ Mohamed A. Of this amount.

EL-Hag 19 . human body is considered to be an energy …… a) Consumer b) Producer c) Converter d) None of the above By Dr/ Mohamed A.Assessment  1) From a physics point of view.

EL-Hag 20 . 2.Human body use food energy to …. a) Operate its organs b) maintain constant body temperature c) Do work d) All of the above By Dr/ Mohamed A.

 3.. a) Joule b) Erg c) Calorie d) Newton By Dr/ Mohamed A.the energy value stored in the food is measured in a special unit called ……. EL-Hag 21 .

EL-Hag 22 .e.………… is defined as “ The amount of energy needed to perform minimal body functions (i. 4. to maintain the life) a) The Metabolic rate b) The basal metabolic rate c) Power of the body d) None of the above By Dr/ Mohamed A.

 5. the work done by this man in this case would be ….a man tried to push a car with a force of 10 N but the car does not move. a) Zero b) 10 J c) 100 J d) None of the above By Dr/ Mohamed A. EL-Hag 23 .

a) Energy b) Force c) Power d) velocity By Dr/ Mohamed A. 6) The time rate of doing the work is called ……. EL-Hag 24 .

a) Equals to 1 b) Less than 1 c) Greater than 1 d) zero By Dr/ Mohamed A. EL-Hag 25 . 7.The efficiency of the body as a machine should be ….