Engineering Department of Mechanical and Industrial _ MEC-616 FLUID MECHANICS il Final Examination


18 April2005 001-004 3 hours

Prof. R S. BudnY EXAMINER: ASSOCIATE: Dr. J. G. Kawall


sheets permitted aids are TWO g.5" x 14" student preparedaid BOOK TEST. 1. cLosED calculator' and drawing instruments' O"rn sides), electronic proand other wirelessdevicesare strictly Cell-phones(text and/or video jisnl,ay), Pa89B, 2. left at the sidesof the test room' hibited "oa -*l be switchedofi and

3. Leaveallcoats,bagsandbriefcasesatthesidesofthetestfoom.flsyglingbackandforth
4. Candidatesmaynotborroworlendanymaterialswhiletheexanisinprogress.


provided' 6 . Answer questionsin the space will be marks may not be awarded' Marks n your work clearly at all times otherwise t . show deducted for incorrect units' 8 . F\rllmarkswillbeawardedforcorrectanswersusingthecorrectmethod. genuine error questions' If you feel that there is a the use engineeringjudgernent wlen ansyering 9. and draw this to the attention of in any question then make ""-*t"*ption or ornisgion and continue with the solution' examiner right on ti" tot paper

Student Name




Final Exam

l. Water pump "A" has an impeller diameter of 0.5 m. The electric motor drivi.E the pump has a shaft torqueof 3.8 N.m at a speedof 3540 RPM. The pump head is 34 m when the mea.sured flowrate is 0.0033-3/s. For water rrsop: 1000kg/m3(a) Determine for pumP uA": i. The brake power to drive the pump, BP (W)' ii. The pump hydraulic efrciency, rlp,'rnpercent. (b) A secondhomologouspump "B' is required to deliver a flowrate of 0.0072 m3/s at a head of 45 m. For this second pump determine: i. The pump speed,N (RPM), ii. The impeller diameter, D (m), and, iii. The breLe power to drive the pump, BP (W). State your a.ssumptions. [NorE: One mark is au/arded for each correGtly nnsu/ered question]'

MEC-616.\M05 2. A centrifugal water (p:

-3of6t000 kS/-3) pump impeller has the following dimensions:
Blade Angle

Final Exam



Outer Radius I-nnerRadius


R^adius Blade Width b r 0.02m 0.2 m 0.03m 0.09m

Ftactional Opening


reduction The fractional opening, /, takes into account the thickness of the blades and the resultitg : g0o) with purely radial infow velocity in flow area. The pun; operates at the design point (i.e. ar flow conditions at the blade inlet. The operating speed is 1200 RPM. Assume that shod(less exist at the inlet and outlet. Deterrnine: (a) The radial (i.e. normal) velocity at the idet, Vrr. (*/s)' (b) The design flowrate, Q (-3/s), (c) The radial (i.e. normal) velocity at the outlet, V2" (m'f s\, (d) The tangential (i.e. wf,irl) velocity at the outlet, V21(m/s), and' (e) The theoretical hydraulic power' P (W). [NOTE: One mark is awarded for each correctly o""a'sred question]'






one reservoir to another by meansof a pumppipe system from Water (p : 1000kS/-3) is delivered a dia,meter elenations is Az : 12 m. The pipe has minor reservoir. tu" aia"r"uce in free-surface higher :0.021, and a total length of L :1000 m' The :0.b m, o "o*,^ot friction factor i i of D of a single p'mp are t" it : 10. The characteristic curves ioss coefflcientsfor the systen amount given by ?p : 900Q 1395083 Ho:20 - 725Q2 and pump hydraulic is the flowrate-in m3/s, .nd ?p is the where Ho is the pump head itr metres, Q Determine: t io prrmpsin paratlel are to be used' efficiencyin percent. For this system : Ho * KQ2 ' pipe system equation grven by Hrv, (a) The consta,nts.EIoand K in the pipe system' Q (*3/")' (b) The resulting flowrate tbrough the pump' qp' b percent' (c) The hydraulic efrciency of each (m)' and' (d) The head acrosseachpunp,Ilp (W)' (e) The total brake power required' BP' [NoTE:Onemarkisawardedforeachcorrectlya'."weredquestion].





Final Exam

grvenby hl : KQr'83 where h/ is in shown in the figure, the pipe losses-axe The Ha^rdy 4. Iu the pipe network in" K 'alues Le giueo o" tn9 diagra.m. p"I#ooa. of water and e is in cubic r""t feet You iav sol.e.the problem 'sing table is to be 'sed for "* *;;#;"t-"!i"r-"=1y' cross method giveu below' format but your ,"frii"" rno6ffitions (a)Chooseasuitableinitialflowguess,Qg,foreachpipeandindicatetheflowmagnitudeand si6n, equation' show this specialformat-for the pipe headloss The Hardy cross method requiresa (b) around the loop' special format and sum the headlosses (c)Anotherspecialsummationisrequfuedforeachloop.Showtheformulaaudevaluatethe
summation, for the loop, and, (d) Evalgate the flow chang€, AQ, (u) Evaluate the new flows in each PiPe'




Final Exam

is releasedat A 0.0?-m-diameterwooden sphere rises through the bottom of a lake' The sphere a rearcbes steady-state the water and eventually determine velocity of U- Using a suitable method' - 10m kg/-t Assumefor water that p U t-ill. i f * t0-6 m2/s. The sphere'svolume is ;j; givenbY \: (trl6)D3'

Cp versus ReP for a SPhere


: u



| l

-D=o.o7m p = 000 kg/m3



Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.