RYERSON UNIVERSITY

Engineering Department of Mechanical and Industrial _ MEC-616 FLUID MECHANICS il Final Examination

DATE: SECTIONS: TIME:

18 April2005 001-004 3 hours

Prof. R S. BudnY EXAMINER: ASSOCIATE: Dr. J. G. Kawall

INSTRUCTIONS:

sheets permitted aids are TWO g.5" x 14" student preparedaid BOOK TEST. 1. cLosED calculator' and drawing instruments' O"rn sides), electronic proand other wirelessdevicesare strictly Cell-phones(text and/or video jisnl,ay), Pa89B, 2. left at the sidesof the test room' hibited "oa -*l be switchedofi and

3. Leaveallcoats,bagsandbriefcasesatthesidesofthetestfoom.flsyglingbackandforth
tocoats,bagsandbriefcaseswhitethetestisinprogressisNoTpermitted.
4. Candidatesmaynotborroworlendanymaterialswhiletheexanisinprogress.
o.

DoALLFIVE(5)questions.Questionsareofequalpercentvalue(20%each).

provided' 6 . Answer questionsin the space will be marks may not be awarded' Marks n your work clearly at all times otherwise t . show deducted for incorrect units' 8 . F\rllmarkswillbeawardedforcorrectanswersusingthecorrectmethod. genuine error questions' If you feel that there is a the use engineeringjudgernent wlen ansyering 9. and draw this to the attention of in any question then make ""-*t"*ption or ornisgion and continue with the solution' examiner right on ti" tot paper

Student Name

4v

MEC-616.W05

-2of6-

Final Exam

l. Water pump "A" has an impeller diameter of 0.5 m. The electric motor drivi.E the pump has a shaft torqueof 3.8 N.m at a speedof 3540 RPM. The pump head is 34 m when the mea.sured flowrate is 0.0033-3/s. For water rrsop: 1000kg/m3(a) Determine for pumP uA": i. The brake power to drive the pump, BP (W)' ii. The pump hydraulic efrciency, rlp,'rnpercent. (b) A secondhomologouspump "B' is required to deliver a flowrate of 0.0072 m3/s at a head of 45 m. For this second pump determine: i. The pump speed,N (RPM), ii. The impeller diameter, D (m), and, iii. The breLe power to drive the pump, BP (W). State your a.ssumptions. [NorE: One mark is au/arded for each correGtly nnsu/ered question]'

MEC-616.\M05 2. A centrifugal water (p:

-3of6t000 kS/-3) pump impeller has the following dimensions:
Blade Angle

Final Exam

Location

p

Outer Radius I-nnerRadius

25"
200

R^adius Blade Width b r 0.02m 0.2 m 0.03m 0.09m

Ftactional Opening

I
0.955
0.9414

reduction The fractional opening, /, takes into account the thickness of the blades and the resultitg : g0o) with purely radial infow velocity in flow area. The pun; operates at the design point (i.e. ar flow conditions at the blade inlet. The operating speed is 1200 RPM. Assume that shod(less exist at the inlet and outlet. Deterrnine: (a) The radial (i.e. normal) velocity at the idet, Vrr. (*/s)' (b) The design flowrate, Q (-3/s), (c) The radial (i.e. normal) velocity at the outlet, V2" (m'f s\, (d) The tangential (i.e. wf,irl) velocity at the outlet, V21(m/s), and' (e) The theoretical hydraulic power' P (W). [NOTE: One mark is awarded for each correctly o""a'sred question]'

4s

MEc-616.w05

-4of6-

Final

Exam

one reservoir to another by meansof a pumppipe system from Water (p : 1000kS/-3) is delivered a dia,meter elenations is Az : 12 m. The pipe has minor reservoir. tu" aia"r"uce in free-surface higher :0.021, and a total length of L :1000 m' The :0.b m, o "o*,^ot friction factor i i of D of a single p'mp are t" it : 10. The characteristic curves ioss coefflcientsfor the systen amount given by ?p : 900Q 1395083 Ho:20 - 725Q2 and pump hydraulic is the flowrate-in m3/s, .nd ?p is the where Ho is the pump head itr metres, Q Determine: t io prrmpsin paratlel are to be used' efficiencyin percent. For this system : Ho * KQ2 ' pipe system equation grven by Hrv, (a) The consta,nts.EIoand K in the pipe system' Q (*3/")' (b) The resulting flowrate tbrough the pump' qp' b percent' (c) The hydraulic efrciency of each (m)' and' (d) The head acrosseachpunp,Ilp (W)' (e) The total brake power required' BP' [NoTE:Onemarkisawardedforeachcorrectlya'."weredquestion].

I L

44

MEC-616.wos

-5of6-

Final Exam

grvenby hl : KQr'83 where h/ is in shown in the figure, the pipe losses-axe The Ha^rdy 4. Iu the pipe network in" K 'alues Le giueo o" tn9 diagra.m. p"I#ooa. of water and e is in cubic r""t feet You iav sol.e.the problem 'sing table is to be 'sed for "* *;;#;"t-"!i"r-"=1y' cross method giveu below' format but your ,"frii"" rno6ffitions (a)Chooseasuitableinitialflowguess,Qg,foreachpipeandindicatetheflowmagnitudeand si6n, equation' show this specialformat-for the pipe headloss The Hardy cross method requiresa (b) around the loop' special format and sum the headlosses (c)Anotherspecialsummationisrequfuedforeachloop.Showtheformulaaudevaluatethe
summation, for the loop, and, (d) Evalgate the flow chang€, AQ, (u) Evaluate the new flows in each PiPe'

[NoTE:onemarkisawardedforeachcorrectlyn',"qTgredquestion].

MEC-616.w05

-6of6-

Final Exam

is releasedat A 0.0?-m-diameterwooden sphere rises through the bottom of a lake' The sphere a rearcbes steady-state the water and eventually determine velocity of U- Using a suitable method' - 10m kg/-t Assumefor water that p U t-ill. i f * t0-6 m2/s. The sphere'svolume is ;j; givenbY \: (trl6)D3'

Cp versus ReP for a SPhere

Co

g
: u
t

to-'i

I

| l

-D=o.o7m p = 000 kg/m3

wood

4{

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