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4.1.

INTRODUCTION
In applications where non isolation, step-down conversion ratio, and high output current with
low ripple are required, an interleaved buck converter (IBC) has received a lot of attention due to
its simple structure and low control complexity. However, in the conventional IBC, all
semiconductor devices suffer from the input voltage, and hence, high-voltage devices rated
above the input voltage should be used. High-voltage-rated devices have generally poor
characteristics such as high cost, high on-resistance, high forward voltage drop, severe reverse
recovery, etc. In addition, the converter operates under hard switching condition. Thus, the cost
becomes high and the efficiency becomes poor.
To overcome the aforementioned drawbacks of the conventional IBC,
modification of buck converter is presented and its simulation is done in the
PSIM in the first phase of the main project.
4.2. DESCRIPTION
It is suitable for applications with high input voltage and duty ratio is below 50%. Unlike the
conventional interleaved buck converter switches are connected in series and coupling capacitor
is introduced in the power path. Since duty cycle of the converter is less than 50% the voltage
stress on the switches are half of the input voltage compared to conventional interleaved
converter. The proposed converter have higher efficiency and high switching frequency. And also
have high step-down conversion ratio and output current ripple is low.

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4.4. Since the proposed IBC also operates at CCM. It is similar to the conventional IBC . typically below 200V. The conversion ratio and output current ripple are lower than those of the conventional IBC. The two active switches are driven with the phase shift angle of 180◦ and the output voltage is regulated by adjusting the duty cycle at a fixed switching frequency. . which is suitable for the applications where the input voltage is high and the operating duty is below 50% . the capacitive discharging and switching losses can be reduced considerably. the current stress is low. During the steady state. the voltage stress across all active switches before turn-on or after turnoff is half of the input voltage.1 .Modified interleaved buck converter The new IBC.1 .The proposed circuit is shown in fig. The voltage stress of the freewheeling diodes is also lower than that of the conventional IBC so that the reverse-recovery and conduction losses on the freewheeling diodes can be improved by employing schottky diodes that have generally low breakdown voltages. Thus. Figure. but two active switches are connected in series and a coupling capacitor is employed in the power path. The features of the new IBC are similar to those of the conventional IBC.

and its level is positive. 3) All power semiconductors are ideal. Each switching period is divided into four modes. whose operating circuits are shown in Figs. the current of L1 . is the negative output voltage.CIRCUIT OPERATIONS Fig. Figs. iL 2(t). and the output voltage VO . In order to illustrate the operation of the proposed IBC. This is the same as that for a conventional IBC. Circuit has four modes. The structure is similar to a conventional IBC except two active switches in series and a coupling capacitor employed in the power path. it can be seen that switches Q1 and Q2 are driven with the phase shift angle of 180◦. Then. The current of L2 . Mode 1 [to –t1] Mode 1 begins when Q1 is turned ON at to . 3 and 4 show the key operating waveforms of the proposed IBC in the steady state. the voltage of the coupling capacitor VCB. iL 1 (t) increases linearly from the initial value. CB . and L1 and the voltage of the coupling capacitor VCB is charged. VL 1 (t). the voltage across L1 . 4) The coupling capacitor CB is large enough to be considered as a voltage source. freewheels through D2 . 4. Referring to the figures. is the difference of the input voltage VS .3. That are given below. During this mode.4. flows throughQ1 .1 shows the circuit configuration of the proposed IBC. some assumptions are made as follows: 1)The output capacitor CO is large enough to be considered as a voltage source. VL 2 (t). The voltage across L2 . 2) The two inductors L1 and L2 have the same inductance L. Hence. 5 and 6. iL 1 (t). .

(c) Mode 3. Hence.Operating circuits of the modified IBC when D ≤ 0. and L2 . Then. [t1 –t2] Mode 2 begins when Q1 is turned OFF at t1 . iL 2 (t) increases linearly.4. iL 1 (t) and iL 2 (t) freewheel through D1 and D2 .respectively. The equations are given below.5. iL 1 (t) freewheels through D1 and iL 2 (t) flows through D1 . Mode3 [t2 –t3] Mode 3 begins when Q2 is turned ON at t2 . iL 1 (t) decreases linearly. Mode 2. and hence. D2 is turned OFF. and hence. Q2 . At the same time. iL 1 (t) and iL 2 (t) decrease linearly. (a) Mode 1. VL 1 (t) is the negative VO . During this mode.Figure . (b) Mode 2 or 4.2. VQ1 (t). During this mode. CB . Thus. VCB is discharged. Both VL 1 (t) and VL 2 (t) become the negative VO . the voltage across Q1 . VL 2 (t) is equal to the difference of VCB and VO and its level is positive. . Then. is equal to the difference of VS and VCB and VQ2 (t) becomes VCB.

. Figure 4.5. Key operating waveforms of the modified IBC when D ≤ 0.Mode 4 [t3-t4] Mode 4 begins when Q2 is turned OFF at t3 .3. and its operation is the same with that of mode 2.

ANALYSIS AND RESULTS This convereter is mainly used for the applications where duty cycle is less than 0.5.(28) &(29) DC Conversion ratio M can be calculated as.. 4.4. The voltage of the coupling capacitor is From (27). . DC Conversion ratio DC Conversion ratio can be calculated by inductor volt-second balance.