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P.O BOX 50816-00200 GPO



Report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree
of Bachelor of Science in Environmental and Bio systems engineering.

Submitted by;


Name of student……………………………………………………………………………….. Signature………………………………… Date……………………………………….... .DECLARATION This attachment report is my original work and has not been presented in any other organisation.

desire and effort to assist me. Isaiah Odhiambo Seii. National coordinator building and construction. . and in extension. I am deeply indebted to Stephen Maina Munyiri for offering me an opportunity with world vision Kenya My sincere gratitude is equally extended to Hanah Ngugi. Much thanks is also extended to. I truly thank the Lord Almighty for the opportunity of a memorable fruitful industrial attachment at World vision kenya. I would also like to extent my heartfelt gratitude to my family for their invaluable support (moral and otherwise) throughout my attachment. Josephat Mukindia. Charles Bichange and the WASH office and in extension to the operations department for their warm reception. God bless you all. both in the field and office. moral or otherwise – in seeing me through. First and for most. my supervisor whose advice and guidance throughout my stay have been valuable. To them I owe a debt of gratitude for their support.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Many an individual has contributed to the fruition of my undergraduate studies. the attachment component.

ABBREVIATIONS WASH Water. Sanitation and Hygiene ADP Area Development Programme IPA Integrated Program Area UNICEF United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund SWASH School Water Sanitation & Hygiene WVK World Vision Kenya WRUA Water Resources Users Association CLTS Community Led Total Sanitation ODF Open Defecation Free .

. It details the background information on world vision Kenya.Structural Design. Karen. families and communities. Water Supply Design (pans & Pipelines). GIS Mapping and the actual work and experiences that I gained both at the office and during field work. Also included in this report is detailed write up of the fields I got exposed to in my three month stay at WVK . Environmental Social Impact Assessment. its inception.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This report has been developed with the view of detailing the activities carried out at World Vision Kenya. National office. during the months of June to September 2014. Engineering Drawings using CAD. its vital role in the fight for both poverty and injustice for the betterment of the lives of children. Further it details the challenges faced as well as recommendations for the improvement of the attachment process.

0 INTRODUCTION 1. Public Policy & Advocacy. Motived by God’s love. WVK implements its activities through ADPs also known as IPAs as an entry point within the integrated communities.1 ABOUT THE ORGANIZATION World Vision is a Christian relief. HIV &AIDS. world vision serves alongside the poor and oppressed focusing on those who are most vulnerable. Humanitarian Emergency Response. families and communities to overcome poverty and injustice. Nutrition. Economic development and WASH. . World Vision began its operations in Kenya in 1974 and currently provides hope and assistance to children and communities in 35 of the 47 counties in Kenya. development and advocacy organization dedicated to working with children. ethnicity or gender.CHAPTER 1 1. WVK is committed to the well-being of children. World Vision Kenya’s strategic goal is to contribute to the increased well-being of 2 million vulnerable children by facilitating empowerment and transformation of families and communities to tackle the root causes of poverty. WVK’s priority Programme interventions include Food security. race. Education. By 2015. health. regardless of a person’s religion.

2.2. expressed by six core values that determine our actions:  We are Christian  We are committed to the poor  We value People  We are Stewards  We are partners  We are responsive . to promote human transformation. VISION & VALUES 1. seek justice and bear witness to the good news to the kingdom of God.2 Vision ‘Our vision is for every child.2.1. our prayer for every heart.’ 1. life in all of its fullness. the will to make it so.3 Core Values The World Vision partnership shares a common understanding of how to live out the mission statement.1 Mission Statement ‘World Vision is an international partnership of Christians whose mission is to follow our lord and Saviour Jesus Christ in working with the poor and the oppressed.’ 1. MISSION STATEMENTS.2 ORGANIZATION OBJECTIVES.

Under the national director there are various departments such. people and culture. quality assurance. programs development / grants acquisition. World Vision Kenya. Integrated programs is further broken down into various programs such as Food Aid.3 ORGANIZATIONAL STRUTURE The National Director Leads the World Vision Kenya Ministry. Integrated Programs Director Associate Director. He (National Director) reports to the WVK Board and the Regional Leader who is also a member of the board. support services. Sponsorship.1. Below is a breakdown of the WASH structure. security and integrated programs.Food Assistance WASH Project Director Executive Assistant CTS Coordinator Driver Drilling Manager Communicati ons Officer CTS Officer Program Officer-WASH WASH Associate Director Sanitation & Hygiene Coordinator WASH Associate Director Survey & Design Team Program Officer -FA Logistics Officer Senior Commodity Commodity Officer DME OfficeFA Accountability Officer . regional managers and WASH where I was attached at. finance.

The tank had been built but failed at the base and thus there was need to redesign its foundation. I also got the chance to draw on AUTOCAD. literature research. . ESIA study for a proposed water pan in Maralal. This horned my skills in AUTOCAD and I can confidently say that I can now handle anything required of me in AUTOCAD. some of the projects I was privileged to participate in were. The first instance being. Lodariak dormitory construction. water supply pipeline and 5 water pans in bamba and Survey and GIS mapping of WVK projects in Mwatate.0 WORK EXPERIENCE During my attachment at WVK I managed to familiarize myself with different ongoing projects and activities as well as the staff charged with the various tasks. There were weekly departmental meetings which I participated in. meetings.1 DRAWING My first task at WVK after the familiarization process was to re-design the foundation for a tank that was elevated on four columns. This was my first opportunity to apply what was learnt in structural design. 2. Apart from the daily office activities.CHAPTER 2 2. electrical. Thus there was fieldworks. The next instance was when we were asked to reduce the structural. and design. CAD drawings. Discussed below is a summary of the activities carried out in my 3 month stay with the WVK national office. copying drawings that had been previously drawn and redrawing them. During this exercise I got to learn that the tank was less likely to fail if one foundation footing was constructed for the four slabs than if it each had its own footing. architectural and mechanical drawings of a 42 bed dormitory down to a 12 bed dormitory.

2. . Review of previous design reports also helped expand my understanding and knowledge of water design. From the calculations.1 Water pans & Pipeline design (Bamba and Bandaptai ADPs) Being attached at the national office exposed me and awarded me the opportunity to participate in the designs of water pans and water supply pipelines. I also got the opportunity to compile preliminary design reports for Bandaptai water projects. calculation of the water demands and even got the chance to finalize the design of a water pan. 2. My ability to compile reports has been greatly enhanced. I can say this was the highlight of my attachment as I participated in the designs of water supply systems for Bamba. 2.2. From this I learnt that a single strip foundation for all the columns than assigning each column its own foundation footing. I participated in the projections of the population for these ADPs.2 Foundation Design Structural design was also part of design work I got to participate in. we were tasked with the redesign of foundation and reinforcement for a steel water tank since the tank had failed. This was done in partnership with the WASH engineers in the two ADPs and under supervision and guidance of my supervisor.2.2 DESIGN 2. preliminary designs for Bandaptai. I also compiled the report for a water pan in Bamba.3 REPORT WRITING I also got involved in the writing of some reports during my training. we developed drawings for the plans and sections of the foundations and reinforcements. This being a field I am keenly interested in. I got to participate in the writing of ESIA reports especially the ESIA reports for a water pan in Maralal and Kodero-pala pipeline.

At this meeting we were familiarized with the procurement process at WVK and had a talk on comprehensive school health given by a representative of public health This was my first official meeting at WVK.5 FIELD WORK 2.4. I also got enlightened on school health.1 VISIT TO LORROKI IPA This a visit to Lorroki IPA.1 UNICEF /SWASH START UP MEETING I had the privilege to attend this meeting which was start up meeting for a SWASH project that was a UNICEF DFID CFS project implemented by World Vision Kenya.  Conducting a stakeholder meeting to solicit their thoughts and opinions on the proposed project and  Visiting existing water resources within the area to assess their functionality and thus help predict the most likely impacts that would result from the proposed water pan at Kitabor.2. their goals and the frequency with which to submit reports and feedback.5. the project officers and some representatives from national office. Attending the meeting was a representative from UNICEF. Wajir and Tana River). Samburu. It also provided a platform for me to network with the young engineers.4 MEETINGS 2. The major activities of this fieldwork included  Gathering baseline information on the proposed project site and its environs. Maralal to carry out an environmental impact assessment for the proposed Kitabor water pan supported by SAAPLIP project. and it provided me with an opportunity to learn about project management as the project officers were GRIP graduates who were starting on their first projects. a public health officer. . The project was to be implemented in 56 schools in four counties (Turkana. We were first given an overview on how DFID funded projects are handled. the requirements and obligations thereon. 2.

Project site. The VIP latrines were still under construction in all the water pans. We also visited the nearby dispensary to get an idea of the prevalent diseases in the area especially the waterborne diseases. Ledero.We first visited the proposed site to gather information on the proposed site. I also got a chance to address the community. Most of the water pans had been completed save for lkujita that had its spillway sited wrongly and had to be redone. location of the area (GPS coordinates).Ngano. The information needed on the area included vegetation in the area. Thereafter there was a meeting with the stakeholders (Kitabor water committee and select few community members and a NEMA representative). We also visited the existing water resources to meet with their committees and assess the general conditions to help in predicting the impacts that would likely occur on the construction of the new water pan. This creates the need to involve the community and make them believe the projects are their own and not world vision’s so as to create a sense of ownership. The five water pans visited were Nkokin. Care was also taken to ask for their opinion on the water pan. This was done via a questionnaire. general slope of the land. economic activities near the site. The community and committee were educated on the need for emphasis on sanitation and hygiene in the surrounding area. The problems witnessed were neglect and vandalism as a tap and wash out cap had been vandalized in nkokin and lorok oriek. Lorok oriek and Lkujita water pans. nearby water resources and human activities in the area. .

Muyuni-Katendewa. Kakamini. Mafuye.Nkokin water pan During this field work I was able to fully understand and participate in an ESIA study.5. While meeting the communities we were notified of the problems they had as a community as a result of the water shortage in the area. This was to help improve and better our design. We first visited the Bamba water tank to assess its capacity and try to understand the cause of the water shortage in the area despite there being an existing water supply. I can confidently say I understand and conduct the process. Meeting with Mkombozi WRUA . Mwabogo and Segasega). Aside from the new cultures I got exposed to. thus more water flows to Kilifi and as a result water shortage in bamba. The off take from the Baricho supply line was at the same point as that for Kilifi. This coupled with my coursework on EIA. I also learnt on how to work with. We then set out to assess the various areas that the new pipelines would supply water to and meet the communities as well as the chief and WRUA. 2. We found out that the problem was with the general layout of the piping as water did not flow through some pipes despite there being a supply existing. The community had to walk as far as 10km to get water or buy a Jerrican (20 litres) of water at 80 shillings. which is on a lower level than Bamba. Katendewa-Muungano and Mirihini- Katendewa) and five water pans (Kwa mhindi. handle and relate with communities.2 Visit to Bamba IPA The purpose of the visit to Bamba was to finalize on the designs of the water supply pipelines (Bamba-Chapungu-Maryango.

2.e      site visit Design Bill of quantities Tendering Construction The requirements for being a contractor were also highlighted at this meeting. At the sites we met the water communities with whom their input was valued on how and where the pans were to be sited.5. During the stakeholder meeting. The school doubled up the library as a makeshift dormitory for some of the girls in class 8. We took coordinates of the area using GPS to help in determining the size of the catchment area. Some of the children had to walk up to 10km to get to the school. Finally. The school was in need of a dormitory to house the girls in class 8 and 7 to help minimize drop out. They had made an effort to ensure that every member of the community had a toilet and most of the villages were just a few homesteads away from ODF.3 VISIT TO LOODI-RIAK The purpose of this visit was to meet with the stakeholders and to survey the site conditions. Segasega and Mafuye were to be expanded to increase their volume. Sanitation was one of the issues that was emphasized to the community if the water pans were to be beneficial. We also paid a courtesy call to the area chiefs to get information on the population of the areas as well as the number of households to be served by the various pans. we were taken through the project life cycle i. we got down to consolidate on our findings and finalize the designs for the five water pans right from the population projection to the final volumes of the water pans. The project was a Girl’s dormitory to be constructed in Loodi Riak primary school.We also visited the proposed sites for the five water pans. . Throughout this process I was able to fully understand and participate in the design of a water supply line as well as a water pan. Kwa mhindi and Kakamini were new proposed sites whereas Mwambogo.

The process involved going to the site.4 VISIT TO MWATATE This purpose of this field study was to survey and map all projects done by world vision in Mwatate ADP. proximity to class. siting of the dormitory was also done. filling the questionnaires with the help of the correspondents who we would find at the sites. and allowing space for expansion of the school further in the near future. be financially capable The major constraints to realizing this. . The projects to be mapped included projects in schools. We also visited the nearby secondary school to assess their recently built dormitory to help in the design and construction of the dormitory.5. During this field visit.     Must be registered with NCA Must be incorporated Must be a tax payer Have at least 3 years’ experience And finally. The major considerations were security of the girl. I also got to witness the great work world vision is doing to improve the living standards of community in Kenya. dispensaries. was finances as the money available could only build a 12 bed dormitory yet the target of the school was a 22 bed dormitory. boreholes within the ADP. the software that had the questionnaires that were used in the survey. The forms would then be saved and then forwarded to a central server where the data is to be analyzed and mapped. take pictures and the GPS coordinates of the area . Their contractor was also contacted to apply for the tender because of familiarity with the region. 2. water points. This field visit exposed me the use of GIS mapping in real life projects and my people skills were greatly improved as we had to approach and talk to each of the correspondents. First we had to train the enumerators on how to use the tablets as well as the ODK.

The challenges they faced were great and some lacked the basic human needs. To see that some children lack that necessity because of the distances from their homes to the schools showed me the need for interventions in communities like those. My field trip to Loodariak primary school exposed me to some of the living conditions of some communities. it will not be a problem. My trip to Maralal also exposed me to some of the challenges the communities in the ASAL areas face. I therefore found it necessary to encourage the community members to dig pit latrines for their own health status and also emphasize the need of using them by explaining the dangers that could come about if the water is contaminated. One of them is the ability to generate an ESIA report for a project. In addition to that I also had the chance to generate drawings in AUTOCAD and am therefore confident that if any assigned any task related to coming up with architectural or structural drawings in the future.1 IMPACT OF THE PRACTICUM The three months attachment provided a platform for me to put to practice what was learnt in the classroom and also exposed me to lifestyles of many a community in Kenya. Constructing the water pans was not enough. thus the need to set up water pans for their use and also for the livestock. This made me appreciate all cultures. they also do not have toilets. Education is an important aspect of our lives and is therefore a necessity for everyone living here on earth. I have also learned how to design a water supply system and am hoping to do that for my project for my final year in the university. Aside from that. The rainfall is not sufficient. This poses the risk of contamination if the water pans are constructed. I have also acquired numerous skills from my attachment. .CHAPTER 3 3. it was also necessary to educate them on how to treat the water to avoid water-borne diseases.0 EVALUATION OF THE ATTACHMENT 3.

I believe I have left the organisation a better person compared to when I first came in.1 Conclusion My three months attachment at World Vision Kenya was very fruitful.2 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 3. My experience here really motivated me to learn more than just engineering. When it comes to construction projects like the water pans. I would recommend the following. I also learned how water pans work from the point they are taken in from the filtration trap where the water passes through to the tap and the importance of constructing the water pans in the right way for sustainability. From my observation during my attachment. It also inspired me to look forward to finishing school and work in the communities where I will get to empower them.2. protection and opportunity to every child. 3. .2 Recommendations Being attached at World Vision was a life changing experience for me. Being at the national office I also had a chance to review some of the projects WV is doing country wide. The objectives of this attachment were clearly achieved and my experience working with WV could not have been any more fulfilling both in my spiritual welfare and in my career. The organization should also start thinking about doing their own constructions the same way they drill their own boreholes as opposed to tendering out to contractors. The devotions in the morning in the transteams and services also helped me in my spiritual life.I also learned how to go about implementation of a project from the UNICEF meeting. In future I hope to become part of the World Vision team and offer peace. especially the importance of the involvement of the relevant people from the county office. 3.2. This will ensure that the job is well done and in the long run it might also save the organization a lot of money. The staff was more than willing to go out of their way for my learning process and they assisted me in all areas. I hope to carry the good will and the lessons I have learnt to the next place I will go. I would recommend that local contractors to be given priority.

This in turn will benefit the organization.I would also recommend that the staff be encouraged to learn more about the other fields just not what their scope is about. APPENDIX Ongoing construction of VIP latrines at Lkujita water pan Filtration trap at Lkujita water pan Water pan for Runoff Harvesting Water tank in Bamba . This includes attending trainings of different fields regardless of what they do so that they will grow and expand their knowledge.