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UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI

DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND BIOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING
FEB 540: ENGINEERING PROJECT DESIGN
2014/2015 ACADEMIC YEAR

CONCEPT NOTE

DESIGN OF A GRAIN STORAGE UNIT IN NYADIANG’A VILLAGE

COMPILED BY
: POLYCARP OMONDI ORINDE
REGISTRATION No. : F21/1728/2010
SIGN …...…

SUPERVISOR
:
SUBMITTED TO
:
SUBMISSION DATE :

Eng. Dr. Mbuge
ENG. ALBERT INIMA
10th October 2014

Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Degree of
Bachelor of Science in Environmental and Biosystems Engineering of

low yields are some of the resultant problems. Traditional storage practices in developing countries cannot guarantee protection against major storage pests and pathogens. low income. But this will not be achieved if post-harvest losses of the produce scale up to 30%. Food insecurity. It is. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM AND PROBLEM ANALYSIS There is lack of sufficient and effective grain storage facilities in Nyadianga village. timely to consider how to minimize postharvest food losses. It is thus necessary to develop alternative methods for grain storage if we are to improve the wellbeing of rural dwellers. Storing rains using traditional methods lowers the viability and germination of grains thus reducing greatly the crop yields for next planting season.     Lack of viable seeds for next planting Loss of grain due to pests and pathogens Low income from agricultural produce Food insecurity in the region Grain viability and germination is dependent on the methods of storage. and eventually improve the human well-being of the people of Nyadiang’a. OBJECTIVES Main objectives To Design of a grain handling facility and related amenities for nyadian’ga village Specific objective . SITE ANALYSIS AND INVENTORY The project is located in Nyadiang’a village in Alego Usonga Constituency in south South west West Alego.INTRODUCTION The population of the world is ever on the increase and thus food production should be increased to meet the rising demand. therefore. The traditional methods deployed have resulted in consequent problems such as. Siaya County.

Design To design a testing and receiving area for the facility LITERATURE REVIEW The various grain storage system types include Silos. Sheds & bunker. Design To design a ventilation system that regulates the temperature and humidity of the facility 3. hanging over fire places. temperature and humidity 2. and traditional methods like granaries. 1. An office for administration of the facility 3. Comparative analysis of these systems have been done to determine the most suitable system. Design To design an office area for the facility 4. Design and constructTo make a structural design for a grain storage facility that can store up to 200 bags of grain for the next 30 years. sisal sacks kept in living rooms.1. 2.         Decreased grain storage losses Postponed sales of surplus grain realizing higher grain prices thus higher profits Increased credit rating for farmers as grain is available as collateral Increased household food security Increased and more stable grain production meeting demands as viability is preserved Greater stability of grain prices and more reliable grain supply Creation of Employment in the grain store and business opportunities for traders Increased income generation among farmers stimulating rural development References . testing and handling area Alternative Design The alternatives design would the design of a metal silo storage with an adjacent office and grain reception and testing area. A grain reception. A grain store with a controlled environment. Project Layout & Main Components The project will involve the design and construction of a structure that is to be portioned into. EXPECTED RESULTS The expected results include. Grain storage bags.

se. (2011). 22-25 September 2013.C.slu. B. http://www. Date.1. Tunisia 3.sII.. Bennet. Hodges. Buzby. Pats P A Survey on maize and potato storage in Kenya with particular reference to post harvest losses caused by insects.. Jonathan. Tabitha Mab.bibul. Postharvest Losses and Waste in Developed and Less Developed Countries: Opportunities to Improve Resource Use.b Comparative Analysis of Maize Storage Structures in Kenya Contributed paper prepared for submission to the 4th Conference of the African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE). R. issue no.J. Nduku. Hugoa and Nzuma. M.... J. etc. Journal of Agricultural Science. 1985 2. . De Groote.