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Std: 6

1

CHAPTER – 3 & 4
SSSV

SCIENCE SEM –

STUDY MATERIAL
PURVESH SIR (Ph): 9429976149

Q – 1 Blanks/MCQ:
1). After the crops have been harvested, the grains need to be separated from
the ...................................
2). .......................................................................... makes use of the fact that chaff
is lighter than the grain.
3). Hand picking is preferred when the quantity of the mixture
is ................................................
4). If the components of a mixture are of different sizes, they can be separated
by ..............................................................................
5). The particles of the insoluble solid should
be ..................................................................... than the holes in the filtering device.
6). Chalk and sand are .................................................................................................
in water.
7). The substance in which the solute dissolves is called
a .....................................................................
8). The quantity of substance that can dissolve
in ........................................................ water is much more compared
to ..........................................................
9). Sugar in the ..................................................................... form dissolves first.
10). Grains or seeds are separated from the stalk
by ...................................................................
11). Winnowing is used to separated the grain from
the .........................................................
12). Hand picking is preferred when
(A) the quantity of the mixture is small
(B) the unwanted substance is present in large quantities.
(C) the unwanted substance can dissolve
(D) the size or colour of the unwanted substance is the same as the useful one
13). Condensation takes place only
when .............................................................................................................
(A) water vapour hits a cold surface
(B) water vapour hits a hot surface
(C) a hot surface hits a warm surface
(D) water is heated
14). Which of the following is soluble in
water? .........................................................................................................
(A) Chalk (B) Sugar (C) Sand (D) Wood
15). The substance that gets dissolved is
called .............................................................

...... 31)............................. 24)............................ (A) Harvesting (B) Ginning (C) Spinning (D) Weaving 25)....... ........... are obtained from plants....................... 21)... After harvesting..... (A) Cotton & jute (B) Coir & silk cotton (C) Hemp & flax (D) All of these 23)...................... 18)....... which are then ........................ 27)............................. The process of pouring out the clear upper liquid without disturbing the sediments is called ........... The process in which a liquid changes into gas is called ............................................. Which process is used to separate cotton fibres from seeds? ........................... cotton is sent for ........16)..... or .............................. 33)............................... 19)...... The process of separating cotton fibres from its seed is called ........... and ........ Fabric is made from ......... The ability of a substance to get dissolved in a given liquid ......................... 20)................... net and paper? .......................................... ............................................... soil............................................................................ Which of these helps to make yarn from fibres? ............. ........................................ 30)......................................................................................................................................................................................... Which of the following fabric came into widespread use around 3000 BC in India? ... 29)........................................................... 26)........................................................ carpet............ The process of separating insoluble solids suspended in a liquid by allowing them to settle down is called .......................... The process of removing the sticky substance from the stems to obtain the jute fibre is called ........................................................ Which of these do we get from plants? .................................. The process of beating harvested crops to separate grains from the stalk is called .......................................................... Jute grows best in ........................................................................... The process by which fabric is made from fibre using looms................................................................. Which of the following fibres is used in the production of rope............ 32)..................................................................................................................................................... The process of making yarn from fibres is called ............................. 17)........ 28)........ 22)...................................................................................................................

............... 37)......................... and ...... Animal fibres ......... ............................................ 5)............................................................................................... Synthetic fibres ....................... .................................................... ............... 36)................................................................................. 2)......................................................................................... 40)....................... The process by which fabric is made from fibres using looms – ..............................34).................................................................................................. 41)................ is used as a stuffing in life jacket and pillow................................................ 2)............. Jute growing countries ................................................................................................... Kapok tree gives us .................................................... Cotton and ........................... 38)...... The material made by weaving threads from fibres – ..................... are obtained from animals.... 39).................................................. Q – 2 Write two examples: 1).. Khadi is a coarse hand-woven cloth made from .................................................................................................. ( jute/ silk cotton) 42)................................................... Q – 3 Write One Word: 1)........... ............................................................. 4).............. Plant fibres .............................................................................. Coir is obtained from the ............................. Things made of coir ........... 35)................. Retting is needed to extract .................. Things made of hemp .......................... 6)........................................................ 3)........................................... (jute/ wool) are commonly used fibres obtained from plants............................... is done on a machine called loom.... .................................................. Salt is obtained from seawater by ...................... tree...............................................

............................................................. The process of pouring out the clear upper liquid without disturbing the sediments – .... 11).................................................................................................. 12)....................................... The process of separating cotton fibres from its seeds – ...................................................... .................................. Q – 4 True or False: 1)....................................................... 4)........................... 10).................................... The process of making yarn from fibre – .............................................. 5)....... The substance that gets dissolved – ...... A mixture of sand and water can be separated by sedimentation only..... _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ 2)....3)................................................................................................................................. 8)............................. ........................................................................ 9)............. The process of beating harvested crops to separate grains from stalk – ............. Separation of insoluble solids suspended in a liquid by allowing them to settle down – ..... Changing of a liquid into gaseous form – ................................ .......... The process of removing the sticky substance from the stems to obtain the jute fibre – ............ The substance in which solute dissolves – .. 6)................................ 7)............ The ability of a substance to dissolve in a given liquid – .......................................................................... The solid particles that settle down during sedimentation are called supernatant..............

.................................. _____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________ ........ ...... ......................... Jute is used as a stuffing in life jacket and pillow. The substance that dissolves is called the solvent..... _____________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________ 4).... Salt is obtained from seawater by condensation... ................................. Filtration is done to remove pulp from fresh fruit juice..... _____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________ 7).............................................. The solubility of a solute cannot be increased by stirring............................. Retting is needed to separate cotton fibres from the stem of the plant......................... ............................................. _____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________ 9)... ..... _____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________ 6)........... ..._____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ 3). _____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________ 8).... ........................................ Jute is the fibre obtained from the outer covering of the jute fruit.................. _____________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________ 5)..........................................

........ _____________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________ 16)............ ..................... Retting is needed to extract silk cotton.......................... _____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________ 13)......10)...... .................... .......................... ......... Coir is obtained from the kapok tree..... Sedimentation is the opposite of evaporation.......... . _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________ 17)....... _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________ 11)....... ......................... Khadi is a coarse hand-woven cloth made from jute.......................... Nylon and rayon are natural fibres. Knitting is done on a machine called loom. . ................................................ _____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________ 14)........................................... _____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________ 18)............................... The grains are separated from the stalks (the dried stems) by the process of winnowing............. Silk cotton is obtained from silkworm...................................... ..................... _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________ 15)........................ _____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________ 12)....................... After harvesting.......................... _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ ................ cotton is sent for spinning........

....................... Silk cotton is obtained from the kapok tree.............. _____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________ ................... ..19)..........