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10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

Chapter VII Plans and Programs of Iligan City Solid Waste Management System

The Plan preparation of The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System(ICSWMS) was made possible thru the Executive Order No. 332 Series of 2005 followed by Exec. Or. no. 645 s. 2006, the creation of Iligan City Solid Waste Management Boardand with the Technical Working Committee (TWC) based on the Dept. of Environmentaland Natural Resources (DENR) and Implementing Rules and Regulations of R.A 9003.The ICSWMB-TWC was tasked to prepare Integrated/Comprehensive Solid WasteManagement Plan to achieve the objectives defined in Chapter 6 of this plan to directissues on waste generation, Recovery, Collection, Processing and final Disposal for thenext 10 year.The representatives of local government agency included in the ICSWMB-TWChave undertaken their roles and responsibility to ensure Solid Waste Management systemare the following committees on;1.Planning And Institutionalization2.Financial Resources and Monitoring3.Lot Acquisition4.Implementation Development and Enforcement5.Livelihood Development And Marketing6.Information Education Campaign7.Special / Hazardous Waste8.Brgy. Santiago Closure Dumpsite & ImprovementsCooperation’s of Government Agency and non-Government Agency including theacademic is responsible in preparing the Iligan City Solid Waste Management Plan.Foremost, the Community involvement is the forefront of planning activity. The basis of undertaking the plans and program are:1.PRMDP:

SWM Master Plan Report2.Consultation / Workshop / Conference

•Barangay Environment Committee •Department of Educations •Sanitary/ City Health Office •Personal involvement in Solid Waste Collection •DENR – Iligan City64

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan •

City Government Agencies (LGU)3.Meeting / Study Trips4.Feasibility Study Report on the Iligan City Solid Waste Management SystemProject (ICSWMB)5.Strategic Planning Workshop For ICSWMB & TWC in the implementationof Material Recovery Facility and the omnibus City ordinance for Iligan CitySolid Waste ManagementThe

purpose is to attain the thrust stated to establish, implement a cost effectiveinterrelated and sustainable Solid Waste Management System that will focus inaddressing the Solid Waste Management Programs in Iligan City considering thefollowing components are Source Reduction, Segregation Plan of Sector Involve,Recycling, Collection/Transfer Plan, Composting plan, Diversion of Waste, New Facilityof Central MRCF System Project, Disposal system, Special & Hazardous waste Facility,IEC Plans & activities, and Livelihood Development and Marketing.Based on section 1 DAO-IRR of R.A 9003,

Volume Reduction

at source is themain objective of the Integrated Ecological solid waste management system. That allconstituents shall promote and responsible for sorting and segregation of biodegradableand non-biodegradable recyclable waste at the household in barangay level and all other sources such as markets, commercial, institution, schools, hospitals and industry.The Plan is to reduce the amount of waste disposed by diverting at least 25% of all Solid Waste from the Material Recovery and Composting Facility through Re- Use,Recycling and Composting activities and possible resource recovery activities of Barangay MRF, as provided in Section17, 20 of R.A 9003.

See

Table 3.6

-ProjectedMSW Generation of Estimated Population of 29 Barangay In Iligan City for ICSWMPlan.The City of Iligan is undertaking a Waste Minimization and Recovery project toreduce waste at source has been identified and acknowledged through the efforts of JGCGuevarra Foundation Inc. under the supervision of the Iligan City Solid Waste

Management Board with the IEC advocacy. The implementation of the scheme activityfor the household segregation recycling and composting has been mobilized with the participation of Barangay Buru-un & Maria Cristina. Organization and participationinvolve Barangay community activities on the waste management system thru IEC prior to construction of Central MRCF project. Strengthening the market of the recyclable /recoverable materials shall be made possible to minimized waste stream and increaseeconomic practically in implemented this plan. Price list of Recyclable materials andmarket Junk store are shown in

Table 7.2. • Plans for Waste Reduction at source:

1. Institutionalization

of

SWM

to

all

sectors

at

the

barangay

level

constituentsinvolves in proper handling and collection system of garbage generated atsource by having alternative measure how to keep and process own waste.

2.

Educate

thru

information

how

to

handle

organic

compost

material

mostlygenerated at the household like kitchen waste, papers and cartoons for

alternative decomposition procedure and re-using.

3.

Institute

a

policy

and

ordinance

to

the

barangay

solid

waste

managementinitiating BMRF and committee on collection methods to support themandatory activity of recycling, composting and re-using in promotion to practice clean production system at source.

4.

Strengthening market availability for recovered recyclable materials like bottles,

broken plastic, scrap steel at source

 

.5.

Assist

the

barangay

committee

thru

IEC

to

practice

and encourage

backyardscomposting and 3 R’s (Reduce, re-used, Recycle).

 

6.

Through the efforts of education and information campaign with thecoordination

of barangay committee in all sectors to minimize used of plasticand /or recycle and re-used otherwise used biodegradable wrappers such as basket bag.

7.

Institute a policy

of

an

accord

ordinance at barangay level that “Polluters

MustPay”.

 

8.

Institute a policy to assist each barangay in planning solid waste management.66

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

Collection Plan

Overview

: The setting of new Material Recovery & Composting Facility site islocated 7.8 km away from the national high way at Bangko, Brgy. Bonbonon, where asthe collection of Solid Waste shall be done in a way that prevents spillage andappropriate compartments to ensure safe and efficient collection and transit, provided insection 1 rule X of DAO-IRR no 2001-34 series of 2001 of R.A. 9003.

*

In consideration to ensure safe and efficient collection, transfer and handling of solid waste, the ICSWMB – TWC proposed plans and these are the following;

To have three (3) additional equipments vehicles design to hauledspecific type of waste either segregated and/ or mixed wasted, special/hazardous waste, maintained operational condition, convenient capacity andseparated collection schedules as specified above.

b.To have practical collection in house to house and in two (2) marketsof mixed waste, segregated Biodegradable or recyclable waste andresiduals.

c.To acquired Equipment vehicle type of Compress truck, with 8 to 12cu. m. Capacity of model type favored.

d.To trained and equipped with personal protective collectors. e.To set an alternative collection of mixed waste

device for the personnel

f. Institutes every Barangay or cluster of Barangay responsibility for thecollection, segregation, recycling of biodegradable/recyclable, compostableand re-usable waste for the establishment of BMRF

.g.The project Plan is to install Pilot MRF at Brgy. Del Carmen is on– going and green hills MRF at Luinab facilitated by the Barangay committees.h.To collect Non Organic Residual waste from the Barangay MRF67

7.2 COLLECTION PLAN

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan

METHODS OF COLLECTION * Collection of Solid Waste

The City will continue to collect the MSW using the present fleet of garbagetrucks. This is discussed in detail below.There will be a need for a major waste segregation campaign among thecommunities who are the waste generators. This IEC will be a joint effort between theICSWMB, the Facility Managers, PSD, other stakeholders and NGO’s.

Collection Route and Schedule:Future garbage collection program will involvedaily collection of biodegradable waste and a two times a week collection of non- biodegradable waste, using color coded trucks.

Residuals:Very minimal residuals (mostly toxic or polluting materials) will besegregated and this will primarily baled and compacted, then stored neatly, awaitingfuture utilization or disposition. (As baled materials on storage, there will be no need tointroduce 6-cm- soil cover as required in a sanitary landfill. The soil cover requirement isa very expensive and time-consuming daily work activity.) This CMRCF shalldemonstrate the practical approach and effectiveness of “baled and compacted” residualsconsidered as resources placed on storage for future utilization. This is part of a targetedZero Waste Management program, the first part of which is the conversion of concrete bricks out of shredded residual waste.

Storage And Set Out Plan:

The collection set out of the MSW will be continueon garbage fleet of trucks by the City as referred to the existing public services given toany places of the barangay and time/day scheduled. The waste generator shall providetheir practical storage container that should be easily identifying prior its collection route.

As soon as the Barangays have their own establish Material Recovery Facility for storageand set out, collection may be done in the BMRF.

COLLECTION TRUCK REQUIREMENTS

  • A. Status of the Existing City Garbage Trucks*

The city has eleven (11) garbage trucks (press packs and open dump type) withone (1) 5 CM capacity compactor already non-operational. Eight (8) of these wereacquired way back 1993, while three (3) was obtained in 1998.The ten (10) operational garbage trucks has a total fleet capacity of 153 TPD assuming four (4) trips per day per unit which is the present practice now. This is still possible even with the CMRCF at Barangay Bonbonon because the average one-waytravel or delivery time from the City during off traffic hours is around 20 minutes.Based from the present status of the said trucks, PSD plans to recondition the saidtrucks to extend their operating life to at least 3 to 5 years more depending on the actualusage ad maintenance. (See Table 3.2 Status of the Existing City Garbage Trucks 2005).

  • B. Collection Truck Requirements*

With the reconditioning, proper usage, and a good preventive maintenancesystem, it is expected that the 1993 batch of trucks may be usable up to 2008, while the1998 batch could be used up to 2013. This means that with the extended life

span of theexisting fleet only a few additional units has to be acquired to meet the expected volumeof MSW. The collection truck requirements for the City are projected as shown in

Table7.1.

The total of five (5) trucks that are need to be acquired up to 2019, particularlywhen the present fleet of eleven (11) trucks will be retired by 2013. This requirement assumes using 8 C.M capacity garbage trucks (press packs and/or dump truck) since bigger trucks would be difficult to maneuver in the old and narrows streets of the City,and may even damaged the concrete roads of some subdivisions due to the heavy weightof the said trucks when fully loaded

Based form this evaluation, an additional of three (3) trucks (including 1 unit standby capacity in case of downtime, repair and maintenance) is needed up to 2007. The remaining requirement could be purchased gradually under the 20% CDF on a yearly basis, until the full compliment of trucks is acquired by the City.This approached is the most practical approach with the considerable investment necessary to buy brand new garbage trucks, and one which takes into consideration theeffort of PSD to prolong the actual usage of their existing fleet through reconditioning and maintenance.

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 1.AT THE HOUSEHOLD BARANGAY LEVEL: Review and proposed an accord ordinance

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 1.AT THE HOUSEHOLD BARANGAY LEVEL:

Review and proposed an accord ordinance related on segregation of Solid Wasteat Household level

POLICY:

Based on Section 1 of Rule VIII & Rule IX of R.A. 9003 DAO-Implementing Rules & Regulation, Household owners shall be responsible in segregatingand keeping their sorted wastes in the containers prior to the arrival of garbage collector.For the Iligan City Solid Waste Management System, the plan to segregate of thedifferent types of solid waste shall be implemented, practiced and regularly observed atsource.

The Solid Waste shall be store in a segregated container, receptacle or stock with properly mark as “Biodegradable”, “Recyclable” or “Special Waste” separately atdesignated area for-on site collection. Classify the receptacle with color cords for convenience to identify prior its collection by the garbage collection;

GREEN FOR COMPOSTABLE YELLOW FOR RECYCLABLE BLACK FOR RESIDUAL WASTE AND SPECIAL WASTE (non-infectious)

Institutionalization of Policy:

1.“ No Segregation – No Collection” Policy

2.Fines / penalty and measure take effect the implementation to segregate atsource in the household Barangay level and mobilization of the Purok leaders for monitoring.

3. Installation and establishment of Barangay MRF participation

4. Ordinance to handle Special / hazardous waste

Review and proposed

an

accord

Local

Ordinance

on

the

manner

of

collectionschedule services.-Compostable – Daily- Recyclable - 2 days (T -TH)71 Residuals - 1 day (Sunday)- Special/ hazardous Waste - 1 day (Sunday) 2. AT THE MARKET / INSTITUTION / COMMERCIAL LEVEL:

POLICY: Based on Section 1 of Rule VIII & Rule IX of R.A. 9003 DAO-Implementing Rules & Regulation, Market, Commercial establishment and Institutional personnel shall be responsible in segregating and keeping their sorted wastes in thecontainers prior to the arrival of garbage collector. For the Iligan City Solid WasteManagement System, the plan to segregate of the different types of solid waste shall beimplemented, practiced and regularly observed at source.

The Solid Waste shall be store in a segregated container, receptacle or stock with properly mark as “Compostable”, “Recyclable” or “Special Waste”separately at designated area for-on site collection. Classify the receptacle withcolor cords for convenience to identify prior its collection by the garbagecollection;

GREEN FOR COMPOSTABLE YELLOW FOR RECYCLABLE

BLACK FOR RESIDUAL AND SPECIAL WASTE (non-infectious).

Review and proposed an accord ordinance related on segregation of Solid Wasteat the market, institution, commercial;1. “No Segregation – No Collection”2. Fines / penalty and measure take effect the implementation to segregate atSource3. Installation and establishment of Barangay MRF participation

Review and proposed

an

accord

Local

Ordinance

on

the

manner

of

collectionschedule services. Future garbage collection program will involve dailycollection of biodegradable waste and a two times a week collection of non- biodegradable waste, using color coded trucks.-

Compostable – Daily- Recyclable - 2 days (T -TH)- Residuals - 1 day (Sunday)- Special/ hazardous Waste - 1 day (Sunday) 3. AT THE HOSPITAL / INDUSTRIES LEVEL:

General wastes from hospitals and other health care establishment are treated asordinary waste, while medical waste are treated as a special and hazardous waste whichwill be handled by the Special and Hazardous waste Facility of the Central MaterialRecovery and Composting Facility (

see Annex: Special & Hazardous Waste Facilityfor details).

The household wastes coming from factories shall be processed at the CentralMaterial Recovery and Composting Facility, while the hazardous industrial waste shall behandled by the concerned factory in a special waste management area within their premises or properties in accordance with the requirements of the Environmental ImpactSystem (EIS) imposed by the DENR.The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Facility also addresses theHealth Care Waste (HCW) coming from Hospitals in the City and including household’shazardous waste. The solid waste from hospitals and other health care establishments areclassified and coded as follows (Source: DOH Health Care Waste Management Manual,2004):*

CATEGORIES OF HEALTH CARE WASTE (HCW);

1.

General Waste

- Comparable to domestic waste, this type of waste does not pose special handling problem of hazard to human health or to the environment. Itcomes mostly from the administrative and housekeeping functions of health careestablishments and may also include waste generated during maintenance of health care premises. General waste should be dealt with by the municipal wastedisposal system. (Color coding of containers: Green)2.

Infectious Waste-

This type of waste is suspected to contain pathogens(bacteria, viruses, or fungi) in sufficient concentration or quantity to cause diseaseinsusceptible host. (Color coding of container: yellow)3.

Pathological Waste-

Pathological waste consists of tissues, organs, body parts, human fetus and animal carcasses, blood and body fluids. Within this73

10-Years Solid Waste Management Plancategory, recognizable hu man or animal body parts are also called anatomicalwaste. This category should be consider as a subcategory of infectious waste,even though itmay also include healthy body parts. (Color coding of container: yellow)4.

Sharps-

Include needles, syringes, scalpels, saws, blades, broken glass,infusion sets, knives, nails and any other items that can cause a cut or puncturewounds. Whether or not they infected, such items are usually considered as highlyhazardous health care waste. (Container: puncture proof)5.

Pharmaceutical waste-

Includes expired, unused, spilt, and contaminated pharmaceutical products, drugs, vaccines, and sera that are no longer required andneed to be disposed of appropriately. This category also includes discarded itemsused in handling of such as bottles or boxes with residues, gloves, and masks,connecting tubing and drug vials. (Color coding of container: yellow)6.

Genotoxic Waste-

Genotoxic waste may include certain cytostatic drugs,vomit, urine, or feces from patients treated with cytostatic drugs, chemicals, andradioactive materials. This

type of waste is highly hazardous and may havemutagenic, teratogenic, or carcinogenic properties. (Color coding of container:orange)7.

Chemical Waste-

Chemical waste consists of discarded solid, liquid, andgaseous chemical, for example from diagnostic and experimental work and fromcleaning, housekeeping, and disinfecting procedures. Chemical waste from healthcare may be hazardous or non-hazardous. (Color coding of container: yellow with black band)8.

Waste with high content of heavy metals-

Wastes with a high heavy-metalcontent represent a subcategory of hazardous chemical waste, and are usuallyhighly toxic. Mercury wastes are typically generated by spillage from brokenclinical equipment (thermometers, blood pressure gauges, etc.) Whenever possible, spilled drops of mercury should be recovered. Residues from dentistryhave high mercury content. Cadmium waste comes mainly from discarded batteries. Certain “reinforced wood panels” containing lead is still being used inradiation proofing of X-ray and diagnostic department. A number of drugs contain

Fotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery AndComposting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engr. Merlito C. Catolico, ICSWMB-TWCFotenote*: A Feasibility Study Report On The Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Project: City Material Recovery AndComposting Facility, Prepared by the ICSWMB, Engnr. Merlito C. Caolico, ICSWMB-TWC

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