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Escultura, Abbie Grace L.

2015

January 30,

1 AHR
HIST02
FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO DEVIANCE
In the sociological sense of the word deviance is simply any violation
committed that is not considered one of society’s norms. Deviance behavior
can range from something minor, such as a traffic violation, to something
major, such as suicide or murder. The meaning of deviance may differ
between societies and the cause of deviance behaviors can vary depending
on who you are asking.
There are many different thoughts on what causes a person to perform
in a deviant manner. Some may say its biological or psychological and even
sociological reasons. There have been many studies to try and determine why
people have deviant behavior and what happens to individuals when norms
are broken. Not all behaviors are judged the same by all groups. For example,
some may question if there are conditions under which suicide is an
acceptable behavior. Let's assume same person commits suicide in the face
of a terminal illness but another person is a despondent person who jumps
from a window, the second person may be judged differently. The first
person’s suicide may be looked at with pity which the second person would
be looked at in a shameful way.
Another behavior that would highly be considered deviant would be
committing a crime. For example, juvenile gangs provide an environment
where young people learn to become criminals. Gang members glorify
violence and retaliation as means to achieve social status. Whether it is an
act of a crime or gang violence, criminals learn to be deviant as they
embrace and conform to their street or gang’s norms. Americans consider
such activities as alcoholism, excessive gambling, being nude in public,
starting fires, stealing, lying, prostitution, and being gay to name only a few
as being deviant. Therefore people who engage in deviant behavior are
referred to as deviants.
Social control Theory - This seeks to understand how to reduce deviance.
Ultimately, social control theory is Hobbesian; it presupposes that all choices
are constrained by social relations and contracts between parties. Like
Hobbes, adherents to social control theory suggest that morality is created
within a social order by assigning costs and consequences to certain actions
that are marked as evil, wrong, illegal, or deviant.
Conformity and Obedience - Conformity can occur in the presence of

others, or when an individual is alone. For example, people tend to follow
social norms when eating or watching television, regardless of whether others
are present. As conformity is a group phenomenon, factors such as group
size, unanimity, cohesion, status, prior commitment, and public opinion help
determine the level of conformity an individual displays. On the other hand,
obedience can be seen as both a sin and a virtue. For example in a situation
when one orders a person to kill another innocent person and he or she does
this willingly, it is a sin. However, when one orders a person to kill an enemy
who will end a lot of innocent lives and he or she does this willingly, it can be
deemed a virtue.
Informal Means of Social Control - Informal sanctions may include shame,
ridicule, sarcasm, criticism, and disapproval. In extreme cases sanctions may
include social discrimination and exclusion. An example of a negative
sanction is seen in a scene from the Pink Floyd film The Wall, where the
young protagonist is ridiculed and verbally abused by a high school teacher
for writing poetry in a mathematics class. As with formal controls, informal
controls reward or punish acceptable or unacceptable behavior. Informal
controls differ from individual to individual, group to group, and society to
society. For example, at a women's institute meeting, a disapproving look
might convey that it is inappropriate to flirt with the minister. In a criminal
gang, a stronger sanction applies in the case of someone threatening to
inform to the police.
Formal Means of Social Control - From a legal perspective, sanctions are
penalties or other means of enforcement used to provide incentives for
obedience with the law, or rules and regulations. Criminal sanctions can take
the form of serious punishment, such as corporal or capital punishment,
incarceration, or severe fines. Within the civil law context, sanctions are
usually monetary fines.
Short Story (Premarital Sex)
Having Sex Was a Big Mistake!
Last year, I had a Christian boyfriend who meant the world to me. When we
broke up, I was miserable. But what was worse than losing my boyfriend was
the horrible realization that a big part of me went with him. We had been
sexually active. I was left with shame, guilt and a broken heart.
I felt that because of my sin, nobody could ever love me again.
I still can’t get through a day without thinking about the things we did and
feeling horrible about them. Even though I know God has forgiven me, I’m
still struggling to forgive myself. I won’t forget the pain for a long time. The
few minutes of pleasure were definitely not worth a lifetime of guilt.

I wish somehow I had been aware of the consequences of my actions before I
let my hormones take over. Because sex is glamorized in our society, I
ignored the teachings of the Bible. As a result, I caused grief to myself and
God. I want to tell other teenagers it’s just not worth it. Pregnancy and STDs
aren’t the only risks. I’m left longing for real love, but I fear I’ll never find it.
I’m writing in hope that others won’t make the same mistake I did. I got a lot
more than I bargained for.
Effects of Premarital Sex
Premarital sex is a huge problem in society today; the numbers are
staggering. "Among people who have been married, a raging ninety- three
percent of men, and eighty percent of women (between ages eighteen and
fifty-four) have lost their virginity before their honeymoon". Teens everywhere
are not waiting until they are married to have sex. "Teenagers are saying,
‘sex is fun’ and ‘everybody is doing it’". Teens are less developed, emotionally
and physically before having sex, and they are not prepared for the serious
problems that come along with their decision to have sex.
There are always consequences when a teenager chooses to have sex.
"Teenagers, according to some polls, view premarital sex as acceptable as
long as ‘two people love each other’. If at age sixteen a teenager tells a
parent or someone older that they are in love, the parent will laugh and say
that no teenager at sixteen has experienced true love. Love is something one
experiences when one is mature and ready for a life-long commitment, not
when one is involved in a two-year high school crush. "Premarital sex is based
on selfishness, not on love”. If one has passionate feelings for someone, one
may feel the need to have intercourse with that person. Teens need to open
their eyes and see the harmful effects of premarital sex.