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Example 1

EXAMPLE 1
CONVERGING FLOW OF A BIRD-CARREAU LIQUID
AT A LOW FLOW RATE
DESCRIPTION
As a first example, we consider the 3/1 axisymmetric converging flow of a shear-thinning
liquid at low volumetric flow rate (Q = 0.5 cm3/s). The flow geometry and the relevant
boundary conditions are displayed in Fig. 1, while the finite element mesh is shown on Fig. 2.
Moreover, the material parameters are:
0 = 1000 poises,
 = 0.5 s,
n = 0.4.
outflow

axis of
symmetry
rigid wall

inflow
Q = 0.5

Fig. 1. Flow geometry and boundary conditions.

Fig. 2. Finite element mesh.

In view of the low volumetric flow rate, the viscous behaviour will essentially occur in the
plateau zone of the Bird-Carreau viscosity curve.

September 2013

1.1

Version 15.0.0

System of units for CFD-Post: metric_cm/g/s/A+Celsius .Read a mesh file: conv.) September 2013 1. .Probes: .E. Flow Boundary Conditions: BS1: Axis of symmetry BS2: Inflow: Flow rate: Q = 0. 2D axisymmetric geometry . 7.5 expo = 0. probe 2: prefix = cnvini_2.Filename syntax: .Assign the stream function: .Example 1 In the present case. BS4: Outflow (Zero normal force imposed) .Default output : CFD-Post . POLYDATA SESSION .5 (Automatic calculation. location = (0. Steady-state. 11. conv_ini. conv_ini. KEYWORDS Generalized Newtonian flow. The stream function vanishes at the node closest to coordinates: (X = 3.Create a subtask: Generalized Newtonian isothermal flow problem . boundary conditions. no gravity. probe 3: prefix = cnvini_3. no inertia.) . . volumetric) BS3: vn = vs = 0.) .Create a new task: F.File preferences: .msh. Domain: S1 (whole mesh) . four boundary sets are selected: they correspond to the axis of symmetry. 9. location = (0. Material Data: Shear-rate dependence of viscosity: Bird-Carreau law: fac = 1000 tnat = 0. FILENAMES conv. . task.cons.dat. conv.Ouputs: . location = (0.0.msh .mdf.M.4 no density. the inflow. . New prefix: conv_ini . the rigid wall and the outflow.) See note 1 .2 Version 15. probe 1: prefix = cnvini_1. .0 . Y = 0.

The first information concerns topological operations and can be useful for fixing any problems related to mesh generation. The suffix are selected by Polydata itself. a vanishing value is imposed at the closest nodal point to the specified position. One observes.3 Version 15.lst will be produced.0 .res Note 1 Once the velocity field is known. Let us now have a look at the listing file conv_ini.Polyflow result file: conv_ini. subdomains and boundary sets. September 2013 1.res. a listing conv_ini. and that the prefix is "conv_ini". that the computation of boundary conditions and of the 2-D flow has succeeded. As standard output file. 3.lst.CFD-Post: conv_ini. in particular. It also needs boundary conditions.res (for a restart). a result file conv_ini.msh and conv_ini.Polyflow mesh file: conv.cfx.Save and Exit: . Here. for instance.dat. Other files are also created.dat . The important information.res . is related to the solver.cfx.Example 1 . we have two major input files.0. GRAPHIC POST-PROCESSING In Figs.Polyflow data file: conv_ini.msh . The last one is the standard input file for POLYFLOW. an additional file is generated. Convergence messages for the various problems are printed. which can be used as input files for graphic post-processing: conv_ini. we display the velocity vectors and the stream function. Since the stream function can be defined within an additive constant. Finally. at this stage. the stream function can be computed by means of a Poisson equation. namely conv. RUNNING POLYFLOW At the present stage. Let us recall here that we have selected a filename syntax with “prefix” and “suffix”. it is enough to specify a point where the stream function vanishes.

Converging flow of a Bird-Carreau liquid: velocity vectors (left) and streamlines (right).0.4 Version 15.Example 1 Fig 3. September 2013 1.0 .