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GE Energy

Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits


Application Overview
GEI-100538A
This document is distributed for informational purposes only.
It is not to be construed as creating or becoming part of any
General Electric Company contractual or warranty obligation
unless expressly stated in a written sales contract.
2002 - 2005 by General Electric Company, USA. All rights reserved.

Section

Page

Introduction .................................................................................................................3
Acronyms and Abbreviations ......................................................................................3
Product Options ...........................................................................................................4
Architecture .................................................................................................................6
I/O Interface.................................................................................................................8
Diagnostics ................................................................................................................10
Communication .........................................................................................................10
Control Functions ......................................................................................................12
HMI ...........................................................................................................................16
Typical Turbine Instrumentation ...............................................................................18
Packaging ..................................................................................................................19
Typical Power Requirements.....................................................................................20

Ethernet is a registered trademark of Xerox Corporation.


CIMPLICITY is a registered trademark of GE Fanuc Automation North America, Inc.
Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Modbus is a registered trademark of Schneider Automation.
Proximitor is a registered trademark of Bently Nevada.

Introduction
Most existing transmitters,
sensors, and switches are
compatible with the Mark
VI I/O, and, in some cases,
the I/O is totally
compatible.

The Mark VI is a fully programmable gas turbine controller with its own power
supply, processor, communications, and I/O for turbine control, and protection.
Critical functions, such as emergency overspeed, redundant exhaust overtemperature protection, and backup synchronous check protection are provided by
the backup protection module.
Application software is derived from current control and protection algorithms,
originally designed for new gas turbines, and modified only where it is necessary for
compatibility with the existing site conditions. In addition, the controller has the
speed and capacity to implement many new advanced features such as Dry Low
NOx technology. All Mark VI controllers are shipped with application software and
display software.

Acronyms and Abbreviations


ADL

Asynchronous Drives Language

DCS

Distributed Control System

EGD

Ethernet Global Data

FSR

Fuel Stroke Reference

GSM

GE Standard Messages

GUI

Graphical User Interface

HMI

Human-Machine Interface

LVDT Linear Variable Differential Transformer

GEI-100538A

PDH

Plant Data Highway

rms

root mean square

RTD

Resistance Temperature Detector

TMR

Triple Modular Redundant

UDH

Unit Data Highway

UPS

uninterruptible power supply

VME

VERSA module Eurocard

Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits 3

Product Options
The Mark VI controller is available in two state-of-the-art types: simplex and Triple
Modular Redundant (TMR). These vary in cabinet size and I/O configuration
based on the turbine type, application (generator or mechanical drive), and I/O
required at a particular site.
A simplex controller is available in two sizes:

36x 36 (900 mm x 900 mm), which fits into the standard Mark I or Mark II
controller footprint

54x 36 (1350 mm x 900 mm), which fits into the standard Mark II with ITS
controller footprint. This version also provides increased I/O capacity, as well as
a redundant VME rack-power supply.

The standard size of the TMR unit is 54x 36 (1350 mm x 900 mm), which fits into
the standard Mark IV controller footprint (refer to the following diagram).

4 Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits

GEI-100538A Application Overview

Communication from Control Module:


Serial Modbus Slave
Serial Modbus Master
Ethernet TCP-IP Modbus Slave
Ethernet UDP-IP (UDH)

Control
Protection
Monitoring

Emergency Overspeed
Emergency Overtemp
Backup Synch Check

Devices on UDH:
HMI, EX2000, Mark VI

<P>
Protection Module
<R> Control Module

P
S

Additional
Communications
(if required)

P.S.
CPU
I/O

P.S.
CPU
I/O

P.S.
CPU
I/O

Ethernet - IONet

TMR only
<S> Control Module

P
S

Additional
Communications
(if required)

Ethernet - IONet

<T> Control Module

P
S

Ethernet - IONet
System Architecture

GEI-100538A

Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits 5

Architecture
Scalable hardware and software make the Mark VI architecture well-suited for gas
turbine control retrofits.
A TMR system is generally
recommended for base load,
DLN, and cogen
applications.

The TMR and simplex versions of the Mark VI controller have equivalent control
and turbine protection capabilities. The primary difference is running reliability.
Running reliability is based on the percent of I/O used in the system, the percent of
I/O classified as critical, and the amount of redundancy.
TMR systems have the highest running reliability, represented by a longer Mean
Time Between Forced Outage (MTBFO) than other types of controllers.
Select a TMR system when:

Co-generation (cogen) plants where the gas turbine exhaust is the only source of
heat to generate steam for the production process and steam turbines

Turbines are equipped with triplicated field devices, for maximized running
reliability

Dry Low NOx (DLN) combustion system upgrades, where instrumentation


standards often require more replicated field devices than standard combustion
systems

Generator drive applications that require continuous base-load operation

Mechanical drive applications where compressors or pumps are critical to the


production process

Select a simplex system when:

Using non-base load applications that are not critical to other plant processes

Customer operating experience indicates this system is adequate

6 Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits

GEI-100538A Application Overview

s=.

Mark VI Simplex 36" by 36" Cabinet

GEI-100538A

Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits 7

I/O Interface
Terminations support the
existing #12 AWG (3.0
mm2) wires at site with
barrier type terminal blocks
for ease of maintenance.

The Mark VI is designed for direct interface to turbine and generator devices such as
vibration sensors, flame scanners, linear variable differential transformers (LVDT),
magnetic speed pickups, thermocouples, and resistance temperature detectors
(RTD). Direct monitoring of these sensors reduces the need for interposing devices
with their associated single-point failures. Direct connection to a field device reduces
long-term maintenance, and enables diagnostics to directly monitor the health of
devices mounted on the machinery.
Contact inputs are normally powered from the 125 V dc battery bus (optional 24
and 48 V dc) through the Mark VI termination boards. Each contact input is optically
isolated and has a 1ms time stamp for Sequence of Events (SOE) monitoring.
Terminations for existing contact inputs can be replaced 1-for-1 or split up for
greater alarm resolution. For example, instead of having several field contacts wired
to a single contact input for the Lube System Trouble alarm on the enunciator
window, they can be separated into multiple contact inputs to provide a separate
alarm message for each problem in the lube oil system.

Diagnostics monitor the


secondary side of each fuse.

Contact outputs are from plug-in, magnetic relays with dry, Form-C, contact
outputs. Turbine solenoids are normally powered from the 125 V dc battery bus with
suppression for each solenoid with a 3.2 A slow-blow fuse on each side of the feeder
circuit.
Analog inputs monitor 4 20 mA (250 ), which can be configured for selfpowered, differential inputs, or as sensors that use a +24 V dc supply from the Mark
VI. Selected inputs can be configured for 0 1mA inputs (5,000 ) or 5, 10 V dc
inputs. This interfaces to

existing 0 1mA generator MW and MVAR transducers

existing Dynesco-type gas fuel pressure and compressor discharge pressure


transducers with 12 V dc supply and 0 5 V dc inputs

Most Mark II generator drive systems already have these transducers; however,
Mark I systems do not. Compressor discharge pressure biases the temperature
control system to improve turbine operation.
Analog outputs can be configured for 4 20 mA output (500 maximum) or 0
200 mA output (50 maximum).
Thermocouple inputs can be grounded or ungrounded. Software linearization is
provided for type J and K thermocouples used on GE gas turbines plus types E, S, or
T thermocouples. Existing control and overtemperature thermocouples are retained
and divided between the Mark VI controller and the backup protection module for
temperature control and overtemperature protection, respectively.
RTD inputs can be grounded or ungrounded. Software linearization is provided for
10 copper, 100/200 platinum, or 120 nickel RTDs. The generator or load
compressor RTDs can be monitored directly by the Mark VI with all turbine and
driven-load temperatures being collected in a common database with other turbinegenerator parameters.

8 Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits

GEI-100538A Application Overview

Speed inputs. Redundant, passive, magnetic speed sensors provide an input to the
control module(s) for speed control and overspeed protection. Emergency overspeed
protection is provided electronically; mechanically on older turbines. A separate
backup protection module is provided with separate power supplies, processors, and
I/O cards to provide enhanced machine protection. Overspeed detection by either the
primary or emergency electronic trip systems or the mechanical overspeed bolt
automatically de-energizes the hydraulic solenoids.
Flame inputs. A direct interface is provided for ultra-violet flame scanners that
produce a pulsed output. This eliminates any interposing transducers and enables the
diagnostics to monitor the actual light level. An alarm is initiated if the light level
diminishes below an acceptable level due to carbon or other deposits on the scanner
window.
Integrating servo interface. The Mark VI provides a direct interface to the bipolar
servo actuator and LVDT valve position feedback. Bi-polar integrating servo current
outputs are provided in 10, 20, 40, 80, and 120 mA ranges for fuel valves and Inlet
Guide Vane (IGV) control. Mark VI LVDT excitation is 7.0 Vrms at 3.2 kHz. Pulse
rate inputs are also provided for servo control loops using liquid fuel-flow, pulse-rate
feedback.
Vibration protection. A direct interface is provided for vibration protection sensors,
which are required to trip the turbine. This includes seismic (velocity) type sensors
used on heavy-duty gas turbines and accelerometers on aircraft-derivative gas
turbines. This eliminates the single-point failure of a separate monitoring system, and
allows Mark VI diagnostics to monitor seismic sensors when the turbine is running
or stopped. Aircraft derivative applications primarily use accelerometers, which
produce a velocity signal from external charge amplifiers. The Mark VI contains
speed-tracking filters to isolate the appropriate vibration frequencies of each shaft for
the display, alarm, and trip.

Proximitor monitoring provides monitoring and protection for GE gas-turbine


applications. Mark VI provides a direct interface to the keyphasor, radial proximitor,
and axial proximitor inputs, which are collected in a common database with turbine
parameters. The fundamental (1X), first harmonic (2X), and composite vibration
signals are collected by the Mark VI and displayed with both magnitude and phase
angle on the Human-Machine Interface (HMI). Active isolators provide buffered
outputs to BNC connectors on the Mark VI termination boards for temporary
connection to portable analysis equipment.
The PTs are paralleled to
the backup protection
module for redundant
backup synch check
protection.

GEI-100538A

Synchronizing interface includes one generator PT and one line PT to match the
generator frequency (turbine speed) to the line frequency and match the generator
voltage to the line voltage through commands to the generator excitation control.
The Mark VI monitors actual breaker closure time and self-corrects each time the
breaker closes.

Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits 9

Diagnostics
Mark VI diagnostics include power-up, background, and manually initiated
diagnostic routines capable of identifying both control panel, sensor, and output
device faults. These faults are identified down to the VME board and terminal board
level for the panel, and to the circuit level for sensors and actuators.

Communication
The Mark VI uses the following communication networks.

Refer to the section, HMI,


for information on the user
interface.

I/O Net is an Ethernet-based network between a control module, the three


sections of the backup protection module, and expansion I/O modules (if
required). I/O Net uses Asynchronous Drives Language (ADL) to poll the
modules for data instead of using the typical collision detection techniques used
in Ethernet LANs.

Unit Data Highwat (UDH) is an Ethernet-based network that provides peer-topeer communication between the Mark VI and a GE generator excitation
control. The network uses Ethernet Global Data (EGD), a message-based
protocol with support for sharing information with multiple nodes based on the
UDP/IP standard. Data can be transmitted unicast or broadcast to peer
controllers on a network with up to 10 network nodes at 25 Hz.

The Mark VI can communicate to a GE HMI or directly with a plant Distributed


Control System (DCS) network or Plant Data Highway (PDH) through Ethernet

serial Modbus slave/master, Ethernet TCP/IP Modbus slave, or Ethernet TCP/IP


with GE Energy Standard Messages (GSM).
GSM is only available from a Mark VI HMI; its protocol provides

Administration messages

Spontaneous event-driven messages (with local time tags)

Periodic group data messages at rates to one second

Common request messages

10 Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits

GEI-100538A Application Overview

Plant Data Highway

Ethernet TCP/IP
Modbus
RS-232C/RS-485
Modbus

Ethernet TCP/IP GSM


Ethernet TCP/IP Modbus
RS-232C/RS-485 Modbus

Plant DCS
IRIG-B
Time Sync
HMI
Operator
Station

HMI
Operator
Station
Ethernet UDP/IP

Unit Data Highway

Gas Turbine
Control
Mark VI

Generator
Excitation
EX2100

Typical Network for Mark VI and EX2100 with Direct Connect to DCS Option

GEI-100538A

Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits 11

Control Functions
The control functions below are typical for a single-shaft generator drive application.
Nozzle control for two-shaft machines and load compressor controls are also
supported by Mark VI.
Startup control is an open-loop system that increases the fuel stroke reference as the
turbine startup sequence progresses to preassigned plateaus.
Acceleration control adjusts the fuel stroke reference according to the rate of
change of the turbine speed to reduce the thermal shock to the hot gas path parts of
the turbine.
Speed control uses the median speed from three speed sensors for droop and
isochronous speed control with an automatic transfer to isochronous upon loss of the
tie-line breaker. Separate shaft speed-control algorithms are provided for each shaft
in multi-shaft machine applications. The Mark VI varies shaft speed to control real
power (megawatt) output in a mechanical (compressor or pump) drive application. In
a generator drive application, the Mark VI maintains a constant generator shaft speed
to meet the electrical power demand and also controls the generator field through the
use of VAR/Power Factor (PF) control algorithms to generate excitation raise and
lower commands.
Generator load control compares the load setpoint with the MW feedback from a
single-phase transducer and adjusts the speed setpoint to regulate the load. A
Spinning Reserve selection allows the machine to start automatically and await an
operator input to synchronize to the grid. Selection of Fast Load Start or Preselected Load raises the output to the Pre-selected Load setpoint limit. Selection of
base or peak raises this setpoint to the maximum limit.
Exhaust temperature control algorithms sort the input from each thermocouple
from the highest to the lowest temperature. They automatically reject bad
thermocouple data, average the remaining data values, and execute the control
algorithm based upon the average calculated temperature. Redundant transducers
monitor the compressor discharge pressure and bias the temperature control to
correct for ambient conditions and the corresponding variations in mass flow.
Inlet guide vane control modulates the position of the compressor stator vanes to
provide optimum compressor and unit operation. During startup, the guide vanes
open as the turbine speed increases. When the unit is online, the guide vanes
modulate to control turbine airflow temperature to optimize combustion system and
combine-cycle performance.
Fuel control is a reference from the governor and feedback of the fuel control
valves. The Fuel Stroke Reference (FSR) is determined by the turbine parameter
(speed, temperature, and so on) calling for the least fuel. FSR calculation occurs in
the main processor, then is transmitted to the servo valve cards on the backplane of
the control module(s). Liquid fuel control establishes the FSR of the bypass valve.
Fuel flow is proportional to the speed (Fuel Flow = Speed X FSR). Gas fuel control
uses a Gas Control Valve (GCV), where fuel flow is a function of pressure (Fuel
Flow = Fuel Pressure X FSR). An added Stop/speed Ratio Valve (SRV) opens as a
turbine speed function, so pressure becomes a function of speed and the liquid fuel
control system and the gas fuel control systems have the same characteristic.

12 Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits

GEI-100538A Application Overview

Emissions control is available with diluent (water or steam) injection through a


multi-nozzle quiet combustor to quench flame temperature and reduce thermal NOx
formation. Lean-burning, pre-mixed flame combustors are available for lower NOx
levels without the need for water or steam injection called Dry Low NOx (DLN).
Load compressor control adjusts the turbine power output (speed) and provides
valve sequencing and surge control to optimize compressor operation.
Generator excitation control for voltage matching during synchronization and
VAR/PF control after breaker closure can be integrated into the turbine control.
When a reference or setpoint is entered, feedback from a single-phase VAR
transducer regulates the setpoint in the Mark VI. Mark VI calculates PF from MW
and MVAR inputs, or an external PF transducer can be connected to the Mark VI.
Setpoints are transmitted from the turbine control to the generator excitation control.
Gas Fuel

Control Module

Main Processor
Constants

FPRG

Logic
TNH (Speed)

VCMI
Card

Termination
Board

VSVO Card
Software
Regulator

Servo
90SR

D/A
TSVO

+
-

LVDT
96SR

A/D

VAIC Card

TBAI
D/A

FSROUT

Software
Regulator

Gas Fuel
Pressure
96FG

Gas Control
Valve

VSVO Card
Logic

Stop/Speed
Ratio Valve

Servo
65GC

D/A
TSVO

LVDT
96GC

A/D
FSR2

Combustion
Chamber

Logic
Fuel
Splitter

FSR

Stop/Speed
Ratio Valve
FSR1

Pulse
77FD

A/D

VSVO Card

FSROUT

Flow
Divider

TSVO

TNH (Speed)
Logic

Software
Regulator

Servo
65FP

D/A

Liquid Fuel

Typical Dual Fuel Control System

GEI-100538A

Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits 13

Sequencing
Turbine control can include automated startup and shutdown sequences customized
to meet operator requirements, as well as control and monitoring of all gas turbine
auxiliary and support systems. Operators can have the turbine automatically
sequence to intermediate hold points by selecting Crank, Fire, or Auto without
enabling automatic synchronization. All ramp rates and time delays are preprogrammed for optimum performance. Timers and counters record long-term
turbine operating information that can include:

Total fired time

Separate DLN operating mode timers

Manually initiated starts

Total starts

Fast load starts

Fired starts

Emergency trips

This automation enables gas-turbine operation from a remote site with the assurance
that the turbine fully protected. Diagnostics capture a record of any abnormal
conditions.

Protection
Turbine control monitors all control and protection parameters and initiates an alarm
if an abnormal condition is detected. If the condition exceeds a predefined trip level,
the turbine control drives the gas/liquid control valves to a zero-flow position and deenergizes the fuel shut-off solenoids. All control, protection, and monitoring
algorithms are contained in the control modules for efficiency in sharing common
data. The protection module includes standard backup turbine protection that meets
OEM tripping reliability requirements for turbine overspeed, overtemperature, and
sync-check protection.
In a typical installation, a trip solenoid is powered from the 125 V dc floating battery
bus with:
Contacts from the control module in series with the negative side of the bus
Contacts from the backup protection module in series with the positive side of
the bus
Additionally, diagnostic and
trip data is communicated
between the control module
and the backup protection
modules on the triple
redundant I/O Nets for
cross-tripping.

Diagnostics monitor:
Contact from each relay
Voltage directly across the trip solenoid
Overspeed protection includes a primary overspeed monitoring system in the three
control modules and an emergency overspeed monitoring system in the backup
protection module that replaces the mechanical overspeed bolt used on older
turbines. The control module and each section of the backup protection module
monitors magnetic speed sensors from 2.0 rpm on a 60-tooth wheel. Diagnostics
monitor the speed and acceleration, then exchange the data between the control
module and the protection module on startup to verify that all sensors are active.

14 Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits

GEI-100538A Application Overview

Typical gas turbine trip protection system


Trips

Types

Pre-ignition

Auxiliary check (Servos)


Seal oil dc motor undervoltage
dc lube oil pump undervoltage
Startup fuel flow excessive
Failure to ignite

Post-ignition

Loss of flame
High exhaust temperature
Exhaust thermocouples open
Compressor bleed valve position trouble
Load tunnel temperature high
Gas fuel hydraulic pressure low
Turbine lube oil header temperature high
Turbine electronic overspeed

Protective Status Starting device trouble


Inlet guide vane trouble
Manual trip
Control speed signal lost
Exhaust pressure high
Protective speed signal trouble
Control speed signal trouble
Breaker failure trip lockout
Vibration trip
Loss of protection HP speed inputs
Customer trip
Control system fault
Low lube oil pressure
Fire indication
Generator lockout trip

GEI-100538A

Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits 15

HMI

The HMI or user interface is provided through a GE CIMPLICITY graphics

window with unit-specific screens, a Microsoft Windows operating system, and a


Control Systems Toolbox with editors for application software. It can be applied as:

Primary user interface for single or multiple units

Gateway for communication links to other controllers

Permanent or temporary maintenance station

Engineering workstation

All control and protection is resident in the Mark VI controller, which allows the
HMI to be a non-essential component. With the turbine running, it can be
reinitialized or replaced with no impact on the controller. The HMI communicates
with the processor in the controller through the UDH.
Gas turbine control screens show a diagram of the turbine with the primary control
parameters. The diagram is repeated on most of the screens to provide a visual image
of the turbines performance while changing screens.
Typical Gas Turbine Screens
Control
Screens
Startup

Motors
FSR control
Generator/exciter
Synchronizing

Buttons on the right side of


all screens produce submenus of category-specific
screens.

Monitor
Screens
Bearing
temperature
Exhaust
temperature
Generator RTDs
Wheelspace
temperature
Seismic vibration

Auxiliaries
Flame

Tests
Overspeed
test

Water wash
Start check
Trip diagram
Timers

The main screen is the Startup screen. Since the gas turbine control provides fully
automatic startup including all interfaces to auxiliary systems, all basic commands
and all primary control parameters and status conditions start from this screen.
For example, the Start command can be sent to the Mark VI when Ready to Start
displays in the startup status field. A pop-up window displays above the Start-up
button for verification. Upon verification, the application software checks the startup
permissives and starts a sequence that displays Starting and Sequence in Progress
messages.
If startup permissives were not satisfied, the message Not Ready to Start displays,
with a message in the alarm field that identifies the reason. Additionally, when the
Aux button is clicked and the Start Check screen is selected, it displays graphical
information for the Start Check/Ready to Start permissives.

A message reminds you to


investigate the nature of the
latched trip prior to clicking
Master Reset.

Trip conditions that display in the alarm field and in the Trip Diagram are accessed
by clicking the Aux button and selecting the Trip Diagram screen. A trip during
startup causes the message Not Ready to Start.

16 Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits

GEI-100538A Application Overview

Mark VI also allows you to change a numeric setpoint, such as Megawatts (MW) for
a generator drive or Speed Reference (TNPREF) for a mechanical drive, by entering
a setpoint value rather than issuing continuous discrete raise/lower commands. The
Mark VI application compares the requested setpoint with acceptable limits and the
present output to determine a suitable ramp rate to the new target.

o 00

vi a

000

The Mark VI supports trending displays for comparing operating parameters. A


startup trend can be set with pre-assigned parameters, such as mean Exhaust Gas
Temperature (EGT), speed, maximum vibration, Compressor Discharge Pressure
(CPD), and Fuel Stroke Reference (FSR). More detailed information and trending are
provided on supporting screens, along with the capability to create customized
trends.

Typical Turbine Instrumentation

GEI-100538A

Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits 17

Typical Turbine Instrumentation


Analog and digital devices found on a typical dual fuel gas turbine without emission
suppression are provided in the following tables.
Analog Turbine Devices
Device

Parameter

Device Type

28FD

Flame detector

Flame scanner

39V-x

Vibration sensor

Velocity pickup

65FP

Liquid fuel pump servo

Torque motor

65GC

Gas control valve servo

Torque motor

65NZ

Nozzle control servo (2-shaft only)

Torque motor

77FD

Liquid fuel flow

Magnetic pickup

77NH

High Pressure shaft speed

Magnetic pickup

77NL

Low Pressure shaft speed (2-shaft) Magnetic pickup

90SR

Gas ratio valve servo

Torque motor

90TV

Inlet guide vane servo

Torque motor

96FG-2

Gas fuel control pressure

Transducer

96GC

Gas control valve

LVDT

96NC

Nozzle control (2-shaft only)

LVDT

96SR

Gas ratio valve

LVDT

96TV

Inlet guide vane

LVDT

CTDA

Compressor discharge temperature Thermocouple

CTIF

Compressor inlet temperature

Thermocouple

TTWS-x GT wheelspace temperature

Thermocouple

TTXD-x GT exhaust temperature

Thermocouple

18 Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits

GEI-100538A Application Overview

Digital Turbine Devices


Device Parameter

Device Type

12HA

Mechanical overspeed bolt sensor

Limit switch

20FG

Gas fuel trip oil

Solenoid valve

20FL

Liquid fuel trip oil

Solenoid valve

26FD

Liquid fuel temperature

Temperature switch

26QA/T Lube oil temperature high alarm / trip Temperature switch


26QL/M Lube oil temperature low / moderate Temperature switch

GEI-100538A

26QN

Lube oil temperature normal

Temperature switch

33CS

Starting clutch

Limit switch

33FL

Liquid fuel stop valve position

Limit switch

33HR

Ratchet position

Limit switch

45F-x

Fire detector

Temperature switch

63AD

Atomizing air differential pressure

Pressure switch

63FD

Liquid fuel pressure

Pressure switch

63FG

Gas fuel pressure

Pressure switch

63HG

Gas fuel trip oil pressure

Pressure switch

63HL

Liquid fuel trip oil pressure

Pressure switch

63LF1

Liquid fuel filter pressure

Pressure switch

63LF2

Liquid fuel forwarding filter pressure

Pressure switch

63QA/T Lube oil header / bearing pressure

Pressure switch

63QL

Lube oil pressure

Pressure switch

63TF

Inlet filter pressure

Pressure switch

71QH

Lube tank high level

Pressure switch

71QL

Lube tank low level

Level switch

71WL

Water tank low level

Level switch

Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits 19

Packaging
Mark VI packages can be customized to meet any site requirement. Package options
that fit into the Mark I, Mark II and Mark IV footprints are shown below.
Component

Description

Card Backplane

VME type (VERSA module Eurocard)

Cabinet

NEMA 1 convection cooled, similar to IP-20

Cable Entrance

Top and/or bottom

Material

Sheet steel

Terminal Blocks

24-point, barrier type terminal blocks that can be unplugged for


maintenance. Each screw can terminate two #12 AWG (3.0
mm2), 300-volt insulated wires.

Width
Dimensions
- Cabinet Option #1 36" (900 mm)

- Cabinet Option #2

GEI-100538A

54" (1350 mm)

Depth

Height

Weight

36" (900 mm) 91.5" (2,324 mm) 1300 lbs


(590 Kg)
36" (900 mm) 91.5" (2,324 mm) 1600 lbs
(725 Kg)

Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits 19

Typical Power Requirements


The control cabinet is powered from a 125 V dc battery bus that is normally shortcircuit protected in the motor control center. Both sides of the floating 125 V dc bus
are continuously monitored for grounding. A floating bus eliminates the need for the
dc ground relay and dc under-voltage relay present in older controllers. The 125 V dc
bus is fuse-isolated in the Mark VI power distribution module and sent to:

A separate
uninterruptible power
supply (UPS) is required
to power the HMI and
network equipment.

Steady-state Voltage

VME rack power supply for each control module

Termination boards for the field contact inputs and the turbine solenoids

Additional 3.2 A fuse protection is provided on the termination board for each
solenoid. A 120 V ac feed is provided for ignition transformers. Control cabinet
power specifications are shown below.

Frequency

125 V dc (100 to 145 V dc)

Load

Comments

10 A dc

Ripple <= 5% (Add 0.5 A dc continuous for each dc


solenoid.)

120 V ac (105 to 132 V ac)

47 - 63 Hz

15 A rms

Harmonic distortion < 7% (Add 6.0 A rms for a


continuously powered ignition transformer.)

240 V ac (210 to 264 V ac)

47 - 63 Hz

7.5 A rms

Harmonic distortion < 7% (Add 3.5 A rms for a


continuously powered ignition transformer.)

GE Energy
1502 Roanoke Blvd.
Salem, VA 24153-6492 USA
+1 540 387 7000
www.geenergy.com

GEI-100538A
Revised 051109
Issued 020525