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UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PERLIS

Session
2013/20
14

School of Environmental
Engineering

EAT 356 Water and Wastewater Engineering


WATER TREATMENT PLANT FOR THE PROPOSE HOUSING AND
PUBLIC DEVELOPMENT PROJECT IN PAUH, PERLIS
1.

Introduction
As engineer in the consultant firm, your group are assigning to design a water

treatment plant for the proposed housing and public development project in Pauh, Perlis.
2.

Scope of Work
The scope of work shall comprise the following;
(a) Project Description
(b) Population projection
(c) Computation of water demand
(d) Propose Water Intake Collection and Water Intake Structure
(e) Determination of Water Quality Index (WQI)
(f) Propose and design water treatment plant
(g) Propose water distribution layout

3.

Project Description
Should includes; the purpose of design project, study of project area (such as project

location and existing environment i.e. land use, topography, geology and meteorology (wind
profile and rainfall)) and project elements (electricity, telecommunication, access road,
drainage and sewerage.)
4.

Population Projection
Previous data from the population and housing census done by Department of

Statistics in Pauh, Perlis is given in the following table.

Year
Population

1980
3000

1990
5700

2000
6400

2010
9600

Assume the design years of the water supply scheme. Choose one of the following
methods of population projection and estimate your population:

5.

i)

arithmetic growth

ii)

geometric growth

iii)

incremental increase

iv)

decreasing rate of increase

Water Demand
The daily water demand for the whole development is .. L/day and is

computed based on guideline provided by JBA Perlis:

Housing and Public


Development
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Terrace house
Semi-D
Bungalow
Apartment
Mosque
Daily school

7.
8.

Boarding school
Kindergarten

Assume
Assume
Assume
Assume
1 unit
1 unit
1 unit
2 unit

People/Unit of
Development

Water Demand
per person
(L/capita/day)

5
Assume
Assume
5
Assume
20% per
population
Assume
20% per
population

1500
2000
2000
1500
50
50

Unit of
development

Water Demand
per unit (L/day)

Assume
2
1
1

2000
50000
25000
1500

Total Water
Demand (L/day)

250
30

Total
Trade Development
1.
2.
3.
4.

Shop lots (single-storey)


Petrol station
Wet market
Light industry workshop
Total

Total Water
Demand (L/day)

Water Demand Fluctuations


Average annual demand is not sufficient for design of water systems due to water
demand fluctuations. Generally, monthly fluctuation is used for design of dam and storage
tank. Flow of water required during maximum daily demand can be used to design water

treatment plant, while flow required at peak hour demand can be used for design of water
distribution system (pumping, service tank, water mains).
Given:

6.

Maximum daily demand

= 180% of annual average demand

Maximum weekly demand

= 148% of annual average demand

Maximum monthly demand

= 128% of annual average demand

Maximum hourly demand

= 150% of maximum daily demand

Propose Water Intake Collection and Water Intake Structure


- Type of water collection: justify your selection
- Type of water intake structure: justify your selection

7.

Determination of Water Quality


Water quality study is an important criterion in the design of water treatment plant.

Therefore, each group of student is needed to carry out field work by collecting river water
sample for the analysis of its water quality. All the parameters that been selected should can
be calculated for the Water Quality Index (WQI). Therefore, each group of student is required
to classify the water quality level for the selected river water sample based on the result
obtained from the WQI.
8.

Propose Water Treatment System


Prepare a design for the proposed water treatment system at new housing and public

development project in Pauh, Perlis. A design should include an estimate of the flow to be
treated, the water quality of the water, specification of the unit processes to be included in the
treatment system, the size of the treatment units (i.e., dimensions, flow capacities, etc.), and
an estimate of the water quality that would result from the system.
9.

Propose Water Distribution System


Dead end system, ring or circular system, grid system
Should includes, description of method and layout water distribution system.

10.

Format report
The full report should follow the sequences of FRONT COVER, TABLE OF

CONTENT, INTRODUCTION, SCOPE OF WORK PROJECT DESCRIPTION, POPULATION

PROJECTION, PROPOSED WATER DEMAND, PROPOSE WATER INTAKE COLLECTION


AND WATER INTAKE STRUCTURE, DETERMINATION OF WATER QUALITY, PROPOSED
WATER TREATMENT PLANT DESIGN, PROPOSED WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
DESIGN, LAYOUTS and CONCLUSION.