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Gulf Cooperation Council

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GCCIA
Engineer

GCC Interconnection Project - Phase I

TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION


Site Acceptance Test Report
Bay Ref:
LOW IMPEDANCE BB PROETCTION
Substation:

P740

REVISION
PAGE 0
1

SUMMARY
1

PURPOSE OF TESTS

REFERENCE DOCUMENT

SCOPE

RELAY TERMINLOGY

TEST EQUIPMENT

PRE-REQUISTES

PROCEDURES

RECORD TEST SHEET

8.1 TOPOLOGY
8.2 BB PROTECTION DETAILS
8.3 RELAY ASSIGNMENTS
8.4 SYSTEM DATA
8.5 SETTINGS
8.6

CT PARAMETER

8.7

BB PROTECTION TEST

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GCC Interconnection Project - Phase I

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Site Acceptance Test Report
Bay Ref:
LOW IMPEDANCE BB PROETCTION
Substation:

P740

1 PURPOSE OF TESTS
The purpose of the tests is to check the full functionality of the protection relay and the complete scheme
related.
This procedure does not intend to check that all alarms and trips are correctly sent to the DCS or
SCADA level. This part is already developed into dedicated DCS or SCADA Commissioning
procedures.
2 REFERENCE DOCUMENTS
DOCUMENT

DOCUMENT
REFERENCE

VERSION/
DATE

REMARKS

Protection Line Diagram


Schematic Drawing
Service Manual
Operation Manual
3 SCOPE
Substation Name :Diameter:
Bay :
Panel Number :
Relay Denomination in Scheme
Scheme to be Checked
4 TERMINOLOGY
Code ( ANSI)
87B1

Terminology
Low Impedance Busbar Protection

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GCC Interconnection Project - Phase I

P740

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Site Acceptance Test Report
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5 TEST EQUIPMENT USED


Sl No
1.

Description

2.

Secondary
Injection Kit
Multimeter

3.

Laptop

Make

Equipment
Sl No.

Calibration
date

Calibration due
date

NA

6. PRE - REQUISITES
PRE-REQUISITES

REMARKS

All Safety Condition Are Ok


All Competent Personnel Available For The Test
AC & DC Supply Availability And Security
PPE Safety Available.
All Other Relevant Safety Instructions Been Followed
Coordination With Other Parties ( GIS, Transformer, Etc..)
7. TEST PROCEDURES
The following procedures are written for demonstrating the main protection functions of the P740
relay using an Omicron test set or similar. This document is to be referred to when performing
commissioning tests in association with the commissioning section of the service manual.
7.1 ID>1 threshold (circuitry fault current) :
The ID>1 threshold is a CUs parameter, this setting is :
ID>1 = A
tID>1 = s
For simplify the test put K ID>1

= 0%

For the search of the current threshold the ID>1 alarm timer is set at the minimum value (100 ms).With
the OMICRON CMC 156, applied a current on I1 of each PU and increase the current by step of 0,01 A
until appear the circuitry fault alarm. (Output relay 3 of CU circuitry fault)
Repeat this sequence for the phase I2 and I3.
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Substation:

The ID>1 alarm timer is checked for each PU after the measurement of the current threshold, the setting
of the ID>1 alarm timer is set at the original value. (5 Sec)
The time delay is measured for a differential current upper than ID>1,the start of the clock is when the
current is applied and the stop of the clock is when the circuitry fault alarm appeared.
7.2 ID>2 threshold (tripping current):
The ID>2 threshold is a CUs parameter, this setting is :
ID>2 = IDCZ>2 =
K2 = KCZ
=
The tripping time is less of one cycle ( <20 ms with Fn = 50 Hz)
With the OMICRON CMC 156, applied a current on I1 of each PU and increase the current by step
of 0,01 A until the trip of the PU (output relay N 1, 2 or 3). The CMC 156 is programmed to stop
when the tripping relay switch on.Repeat this sequence for the phase I2 and I3.
7.3 Slope Test :

K2 = KCZ

I Diff

ID>2 =
IDCZ>2
K1
ID>1
Ibias = A

I Bias

The trip appears in the colored area.


Methodology of 2 current on bus :
With Omicron box put :
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I1 => on phase I1 of one PU


I2 => on phase I1 of another PU
1. Fixed a bias current > Ibias0
2. Increase the differential current until the busbar trip, by 2 opposite ramps of current on I1 and I2
with the same speed so that the bias current is always constant.
The trip of the busbar differential protection appeared when the two conditions are respected :
1. Idiff > ( K2 * Ibias = KCZ * Ibais )
2. Idiff > ( ID>2 = IDCZ>2 )
IDCZ>2

ID>2
Ibias =

K2

KCZ

3. Idiff > K x Ibias


4. Idiff > Id>2
I Bias = I1 + I 2
I Diff = I1 I 2
Slope K = I Diff operated / I Bias
7.4 Dead Zone threshold and Timing Test :
The I>DZ threshold is a PUs parameter, this setting is :
I> DZ
DZ Time

=
=

With the OMICRON CMC 156, applied a current on I1 of each PU and increase the current by step
of 0,01 A until the trip of the PU (output relay N 1, 2 or 3). The CMC 156 is programmed to stop
when the tripping relay switch on.Repeat this sequence for the phase I2 and I3.
The tDZ timer is checked for each PU after the measurement of the current threshold, the setting of the
tDZ alarm timer is set at the original value. ( Sec)
The time delay is measured for a differential current upper than I>DZ,the start of the clock is when
the current is applied and the stop of the clock is when the circuitry fault alarm appeared.

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8.1- TOPOLOGY :-

8.2- BB Protection Details :


8.2.1- Central Unit :
Quantity

Model Number

Serial Number

Address

Soft issue

8.2.2 Peripheral Unit :


Quantity

Model Number

Serial Number

Address

Soft issue

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Substation:

8.4

Relay Assignments :

8.41

P741 logic I/O assignment

Opto N#

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

P741
TERMINAL
N#
K1-K2
K3-K4
K5-K6
K7-K8
K9-K10
K11-K12
K13-K14
K15-K16

Assignment

Test

SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE

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P740
Relay N#

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Led N#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

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P741
TERMINAL N#
J1-J2
J3-J4
J5-J6
J7-J8
J9-J10
J11-J12
J13-J15 (R)
J14-J15 (T)
J16-J18 (R)
J17-J18 (T)
Color
Red
Yellow
Green
Red
Yellow
Green
Red
Yellow
Green
Red
Yellow
Green
Red
Yellow
Green
Red
Yellow
Green
Red
Yellow
Green
Red
Yellow
Green

Assignment

Test

SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
Assignment
87BB Fault Phase A
SPARE
SPARE
87BB Fault Phase B
SPARE
SPARE
87BB Fault Phase C
SPARE
SPARE
87BB Trip Zone 1
SPARE
SPARE
Circuitry faulty Zone 1
SPARE
SPARE
Zone 1 Blocked
Zone 1 Checked
Zone 1 Protected
Fiber Comm. Error
Fiber Comm. Change
Fiber Comm. OK
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE

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P740

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Site Acceptance Test Report
Bay Ref:
LOW IMPEDANCE BB PROETCTION
Substation:

8.3.2 P742 logic I/O assignment( P742@7,8,9,10,11)


Opto N#

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Relay N#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
WD

P742
terminal N#
C1-C2
C3-C4
C5-C6
C7-C8
C-9C10
C11-C12
C13-C14
C15-C16
A1-A2
A3-A4
A5-A6
A7-A8
A9-A10
A11-A12
A13-A14
A15-A16
P742
terminal N#
D1-D2
D3-D4
D5-D6
D7-D8
D9-D10
D11-D12
D13-D15
(R)
D14-D15 (T)
D16-D18
(R)
D17-D18 (T)
E11-E12 (R)
E12-E13(T)

Assignment

Test

SPARE
SPARE
50BF INT ( Ext 3 Ph Trip )
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
3 ph CB Open
3 ph CB Closed
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
Assignment

Test

BB PROTECTION TRIP
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE
SPARE

RELAY FAULTY (WATCHDOG CONTACT)

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LOW IMPEDANCE BB PROETCTION
Substation:

Led N#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Assignment
CB OPEN
CB CLOSED
CB STATUS ALARM
DEAD ZONE FAULT
87BB TRIP
FIBER COMM ERROR
EXT CBF INITATION
SPARE

8.4

System Data :

8.41

CT Data :-

feeder

8.42

TYPE

Make

Ratio

Test

Class KSCC Vk

Imag Burden

Network Data :-

Network current
Independent bar
Icc min
Iload max
Iload min
I bias max (1Bar)
Biggest PW

Value

Feeder name

8.5 Settings :
8.5.1 CU setting:

Differential phase fault : Actived

KCZ
IDCZ>2
K2
ID>2
ID>1

=
=
=
=
=

%
A
%
A
A
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P740
K1
=
ID>1 Timer =

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%
Sec

Differential earth fault : not actived

8.5.2. PU Setting:

Dead Zone Protection : Actived

I>DZ =
I>DZ Time =

A
Sec

8.6 CT parameters :
Measurement of loop resistance:
The CT secondary are wired like following schematic:

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PUs

BURDEN RESISTANCE
Ran

PUs

Ratio

Rbn

Class

RBph
/ RBN

Rcn

Rab

Standard
input

CT SECONDARY
RESISTANCE
RA
RB
RC

Rated
burden

KSCC
or Vk

RCT

Eff
burden

Eff. burden : Its the highest of the 3 loop resistances Rba, RBb and RBc, multiplied by 1.25 for taking
into account the high temperature.
RBph / RBn : Its the ratio between the highest of the 3 loop resistances Rba, RBb and RBc and the
loop resistance Rab.
RCT : Its the highest of the 3 secondary resistances of the CT.

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LOW IMPEDANCE BB PROETCTION
Substation:

Relay Characteristics:

Idiff
ID>2
Idiff
Idiff
ID>1
IDCZ>2

Point C

8.7. BB Protection Tests :


8.7.1 Measurements :
Injected secondary current = 1A
PUs

CT ratio

Idiff
Idiff
K2*Ibais
s> ID>1
KCZ*Ibais
K1*Ibais
than the
current )
.mer,,
,,,,,
,,,,,
,,,,,
,,,,,
,,,,,
,,,,,
,,,,,
,,,,,
,,,,,
,,,,,
,,,,,
,,,,,
,,,,,
,,,,,
,,,,,
,,,,,
,,,,, Current measured by the relay
IY
IB
,,,,,IR
,Point
A
B

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Site Acceptance Test Report
Bay Ref:
LOW IMPEDANCE BB PROETCTION
Substation:

P740

8.7.2 Checking of 87BB current threshold :


8.7.2.1. ID>1 threshold (circuitry fault current) :
PUs

8.7.3

CT ratio

Time delay
Sec

I3

ID>2 threshold (tripping current):

PUs

CT ratio

8.7.3

I1

Current measured
I2

I1
In A

ID>2 , IDCZ>2 and tripping time measured


Trip.
I2
Trip. Time
I3
Trip. Time
Time
In A
In (ms)
In A
In (ms)
In (ms)

Slope Test :

Phase

PU@7-Q01

PU@8-Q02

CT Ratio

2000/1

2000/1

BAIS

DIFFERENTIAL

SLOPE

PH-R
PH-Y
PH-B

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Substation:

Phase

PU@7-Q01

PU@8-Q02

CT Ratio

2000/1

2000/1

Phase

PU@7-Q02

PU@8-Q03

CT Ratio

2000/1

2000/1

Phase

PU@7-Q03

PU@8-Q04

CT Ratio

2000/1

2000/1

Phase

PU@7-Q04

PU@8-Q05

CT Ratio

2000/1

2000/1

BAIS

DIFFERENTIAL

SLOPE

BAIS

DIFFERENTIAL

SLOPE

BAIS

DIFFERENTIAL

SLOPE

BAIS

DIFFERENTIAL

SLOPE

PH-R
PH-Y
PH-B

PH-R
PH-Y
PH-B

PH-R
PH-Y
PH-B

PH-R
PH-Y
PH-B
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Substation:

8.7.3 Topology Test :


Case 1:Circuit

PU Add.

Q01

Q02

Q03

Q04

10

Q05

11

CB Status

Fault Loc.

TRIP

NO TRIP

TRIP

NO TRIP

TRIP

NO TRIP

HERE

C = Close, O = Open, Y = Yes, N = No


Case 2:Circuit

PU Add.

Q01

Q02

Q03

Q04

10

Q05

11

CB Status

Fault Loc.
HERE

C = Close, O = Open, Y = Yes, N = No


Case 3:Circuit

PU Add.

Q01

Q02

Q03

Q04

10

Q05

11

CB Status

Fault Loc.

HERE

C = Close, O = Open, Y = Yes, N = No


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Circuit

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PU Add.

Q01

Q02

Q03

Q04

10

Q05

11

CB Status

Fault Loc.

TRIP

NO TRIP

TRIP

NO TRIP

HERE

C = Close, O = Open, Y = Yes, N = No


Case 5:Circuit

PU Add.

Q01

Q02

Q03

Q04

10

Q05

11

CB Status

Fault Loc.

HERE

C = Close, O = Open, Y = Yes, N = No


8.7.3 Dead Zone Fault :
PUs

CT ratio

I1

Current measured
I2

Time delay
Sec

I3

8.8 FINAL CHECKS


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Item

Description

Result

All test equipment, leads, shorts and test block removed safely?

Disturbed customer wiring re-checked?

All commissioning tests disabled?

Circuit breaker operations counter reset?

Current counters reset?

Event records reset?

Fault records reset?

Disturbance records reset?

Alarms reset?

10

LEDs reset?

11

Secondary front cover replaced? (If applicable)

REMARKS

END OF REPORT

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