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Site Acceptance Test Report


MiCOM P633
TEE2

P633

Bay Ref:
Substation:
REVISION
PAGES 0
1

SUMMARY
1

PURPOSE OF TESTS

REFERENCE DOCUMENT

SCOPE

RELAY TERMINLOGY

TEST EQUIPMENT

PRE-REQUISTES

PROCEDURES

RECORD TEST SHEET

10

8.1 RELAY INFORMATION


8.2 CT DATA:
8.3 PRODUCT CHECKS
8.4 MEASURMENT VALUE TEST:
8.5 DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION
8.6 BINARY INPUT TEST :
8.7 BINARY OUTPUT TEST:
8.8 FIXED LED INDICATIONS TEST:
8.9 LED INDICATIONS TEST: ( LEFT SIDE LED)
8.10

GOOSE CHANNEL TEST

8.11

FINAL CHECK

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PURPOSE OF TESTS

The purpose of the tests is to check the full functionality of the protection relay.
This procedure does not intend to check that all alarms and trips are correctly sent to the DCS or
SCADA level. This part is already developed into dedicated DCS or SCADA Commissioning
procedures.
This procedure does not intend to check all tripping matrix and PSL logic tests, this, when applicable, is
described into a separate document, dedicated to the specific substation and feeder type.
2

REFERENCE DOCUMENTS
DOCUMENT
REFERENCE

DOCUMENT

VERSION/
DATE

REMARKS

Protection Line Diagram


Schematic Drawing
Service Manual
Operation Manual
Protection Relay Coordination Principles
Relay setting Calculation
PSL logic Connections
LED Display Configuration

SCOPE

Substation Name :Diameter:


Bay :
Panel Number :
Relay Denomination in Scheme
Scheme to be Checked
4

Relay Functionality Test.

TERMINOLOGY
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P633
Code ( ANSI)
TEE2

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Terminology
TEE busbar Differential Protection

TEST EQUIPMENT USED

Sl No
1.

Description

Make

Equipment
Sl No.

Calibration
date

2.

Secondary
Injection Kit
Multimeter

3.

Laptop

NA

Setting software

Type
: MICOM S1 Studio
Version : 2.14

Calibration due
date

PRE - REQUISITES
PRE-REQUISITES

REMARKS

All Safety Condition Are Ok


All Competent Personnel Available For The Test
Ac & Dc Supply Availability And Security
PPE Safety Available.
All Other Relevant Safety Instructions Been Followed
Coordination With Other Parties ( GIS, Transformer, Etc..)

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TEST PROCEDURES
The following procedures are written for demonstrating the main protection functions of the P633
relay using an Omicron test set or similar. The tests do not test the boundaries of all available function
characteristics. They do test that the function is operating at a point on one chosen characteristic. This
document is to be referred to when performing commissioning tests in association with the
commissioning section of the service manual.

NOTE :
All the Test are performed in the Test Switch.
Omicron CMC156 Test Equipment or Any Equivalent To Be Used ..

7.1 Differential protection


Following parameters define differential characteristics :
Menu
Para/Funct/PSS1/Diff

Data point
Idiff>
M1
M2
IR, m2

Setting in our example


0.2 Iref
0.3
0.7
4.0 Iref

7.1.1 Checking of first section :


Objective : To test threshold Idiff >
Test method :
Inject balanced currents in all phases. ( one by one) (say 0.150 A for our example)
Gradually increase currents till relay operation. Note down the value.
Pass criteria :
The operating current should be within +/- 5% of { Idiff> / Kam,a}.
7.1.2 Checking of second section :
Objective : To check slope m1.
Test method : Simulate differential and restraining currents such that they lie in the region over and
under the curve.
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Restraining current Ir = 0.5 * { |Ia| + |Ib| }


Differential current Id = | Ia + Ib |
Inject 1 A balanced currents in HV and LV windings.
Gradually increase HV current till relay operation. Note down value.
Pass criteria :
Characteristic equation for the range (0.5 Idiff >) < (Ir) <(Ir m2)
Id = (m1*Ir ) + Idiff> * (1- 0.5*m1)
In our case , m1
= 0.3
Idiff> = 0.2
Please note that Id and Ir are derived by the relay after amplitude and vector group matching.
Hence, we have to multiply injected currents by amplitude matching factors for calculation of Id and
Ir , then we substitute this value of Ir into characteristic equation, To find Theoretical value of
Id.then compare with measure value of Id .
7.1.3 Checking of third section :
Objective : To check slope m2 and threshold IR m2.
Test method : Simulate differential and restraining currents such that they lie in this region over and
under the curve
Restraining current Ir = 0.5 * { |Ia| + |Ib| }
Differential current Id = | Ia + Ib |
Inject 5 A balanced currents in HV and LV windings. (
Gradually increase HV current till relay operation. Note down value.
Pass criteria :
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Characteristic equation for the range Ir m2 < Ir


Id = (m2*Ir ) + Idiff> * (1- 0.5*m1) + Ir m2 * (m1-m2)
In our case , m1 =
M2
Idiff>
Ir m2

0.3
= 0.7
= 0.2
= 4.0

Please note that Id and Ir are derived by the relay after amplitude and vector group matching.
Hence, we have to multiply injected currents by amplitude matching factors for calculation of Id and
Ir, then we substitute this value of Ir into characteristic equation, To find Theoretical value of
Id.then compare with measure value of Id .
7.1.4 Checking of harmonic blocking :
Following settings affect the second harmonic blocking
Menu
Para/Funct/PSS1/Diff

Data point
Rush I(2f0)/I (f0) PS1

Setting in our example


20%

Objective : To check the set threshold for second harmonic blocking


Test method :
Test module DIFFERENTIAL
Use harmonic tab.
Select second harmonic injection
Set
Idiff = 1.0 I/In
Ixf = <20% , say 19%, observe that DIFFERENTIAL element of relay trips.
Ixf = >20% , say 21%, observe that DIFF. Element doesnt trip
Pass criteria : Measured second harmonic threshold for blocking of differential element should be +/10% of set value.
7.1.5 Checking of Idiff >> :
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Following setting is used for rapid (high-set) differential protection function.


Menu
Para/Funct/PSS1/Diff

Data point
Idiff >> PS1

Setting in our example


6.0 Iref

Test method :
Test module DIFFERENTIAL
Use harmonic tab.
Select second harmonic injection ( to insure only Idif>> is operational)
Set
Idiff = say, 5.0 I/In
Ixf = >20% , say 25%, observe that DIFFERENTIAL element of relay trips.
If injected Idiff exceeds 6.0 Iref, then the relay trips irrespective of second harmonic content.
Pass criteria :
Actual differential current can be seen from relay measurement menu
Menu
Oper/Cyclic meas/Meas op.
Data/Diff

Data point
Diff current 1

Reading
This should be within +/10% of 6.0

7.2 Testing of Binary Inputs :


Apply nominal Voltage on respective Relay terminal and Check the Healthiness of Binary Inputs in the
System Manu Relay input status. ( 0 or 1 ) Note : if the BI is used in the scheme the BI will be tested
along with scheme.
Caution : please make sure of Nominal voltage and Polarity of Terminal before apply the voltage to
relay.
The status of each opto-isolated input can be viewed in the Measurements + Tests subheading in the
menu, under Measurements/I.O Status Monitor, example cell for opto input U2001 [153.086:
Measurements + Tests/Measurements/I.O. Status Monitor/INP, State U 2001]. A de-energized input is
indicated by the display Low, and when an input is energized the display should read High.
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7.3 Testing of Binary Outputs :


This test checks that all the output relays are functioning correctly. It can also be used to verify that
output contact wiring is routed to the correct location, via the panel/cubicle wiring.
Connect a continuity tester across the terminals corresponding to the output relay being tested, as given
in the external connection diagram.
Output contacts will be operated by manual commands - ensure that contact operation is permitted,
without dangerous/unwanted consequences. For example, operation of contacts assigned to trip or close
duties should only be undertaken if the CB is locked for no operation, or if operation is permitted.
The output relays should be energized one at a time. The means of operating contacts is within the
Control and Testing sub-heading in the menu, via the heading Measurements + Tests. The user first
selects which contact should be operated, at cell [003.042: Measurements + Tests/Control +
Testing/OUTP, Relay Assign. f.Test]. The contact to be operated is selected by scrolling down the list
and selecting Configure.
Once configured, stepping down to the next cell in the menu [003.043: /OUTP, Relay Test] allows the
user to apply the test by selecting Execute. With default settings, the selected contact will be operated
for 1 second. Operation will be confirmed by the continuity tester operating for a normally open contact
and ceasing to operate for a normally closed contact.
Note: It should be ensured that thermal ratings of anything connected to the output relays during the
contact test procedure is not exceeded by the associated output relay being operated for too long. It is
therefore advised that the time between application and removal of contact test is kept to the minimum.
Note : If the Outputs are assigned for function this will be tested along with Functional test of
relays.

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RECORD TEST SHEET

8.1 RELAY INFORMATION


Type No.:

P633

Designation :
Nominal Current :

Model No :
Serial Number
Firmware Version :

Nominal Voltage` :
Aux. Volts :

8.2 CT DATA:
CTs
SIDE 1
CTs
SIDE 2
CTs
SIDE 3

CT rated primary current set as


CT rated secondary current set as
Ignd-CT rated primary current set as
Ignd-CT rated secondary current set as
CT rated primary current set as
CT rated secondary current set as
Ignd-CT rated primary current set as
Ignd-CT rated secondary current set as
CT rated primary current set as
CT rated secondary current set as
Ignd-CT rated primary current set as
Ignd-CT rated secondary current set as

8.3 PRODUCT CHECKS


Relay damaged?
Rating information correct for installation?
Case earth installed?
External wiring checked against diagram?
Test block connections checked?
Measured auxiliary supply
Value measured between terminals 8 and 9
LCD front panel display
Clock set to local time?
Time maintained when aux. supply removed?

V dc
V dc

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8.4 MEASURMENT VALUE TEST:


8.4.1 CT 1 Current Measurement
Current
Phase
Secondary Current read on relay
injected
injected
display (A)
(Amps)
PH-N
IR
IY
IB
IN
L1-E

1.0

L2-E

1.0

L3-E

1.0

L1-L2-L3

1.0

Primary Current read on relay display


(A)
IR

0
0

IY

IB

0
0

8.4.2 CT2 Current Measurement


Current
Phase
Secondary Current read on relay
injected
injected
display (A)
(Amps)
PH-N
IR
IY
IB
IN
L1-E

1.0

L2-E

1.0

L3-E

1.0

L1-L2-L3

1.0

Primary Current read on relay display


(A)
IR

0
0

IY

IB

L1-E

1.0

L2-E

1.0

L3-E

1.0

L1-L2-L3

1.0

IN

0
0

8.4.3 CT 3 Current Measurement


Current
Phase
Secondary Current read on relay
injected
injected
display (A)
(Amps)
PH-N
IR
IY
IB
IN

IN

Primary Current read on relay display


(A)
IR

0
0

IY

IB

0
0

0
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8.5 DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION


Settings:
Winding a amplitude matching factor Kam,a
Winding b amplitude matching factor Kam,b
Winding c amplitude matching factor Kam,b
Vector group reference ( a-b)
Vector group reference (a-c )
Zero sequence filter on winding a
Zero sequence filter on winding b
Zero sequence filter on winding c
Idiff>
M1
M2
IR, m2

8.5.1 Checking the first section of tripping characteristics & the Operating Time.
Expected operating current = (Idiff>*Inom)/(Kam,a*Ks,1,a) =
Expected Operating Time < 40 ms
Test

(R phase)

(Y phase)

(B phase)

Winding

Expected
operating
current

Measured
current

Injected
current

Side a

1.0 A

Side b

1.0 A

Side c

1.0 A

Side a

1.0 A

Side b

1.0 A

Side c

1.0 A

Side a

1.0 A

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Side b

1.0 A

Side c

1.0 A

8.5.2 Checking of second/third section of tripping characteristic (Between sides a & b) :


Test method : 1 phase currents injected in winding a and b.
Vector group ends a-b:
PHASE

(R phase)
(Y phase)
(B phase)

Section of
tripping
char.
Under test
Second
Third
Second
Third
Second
Third

kam,a:
Winding
a
Injected
Current

Winding
b
Injected
Current

kam,b:
Restrain
current
Measured

Differential current
Calculated

Measured

8.5.3 Checking of second/third section of tripping characteristic (Between sides a & c) :


Test method : 1 phase currents injected in winding a and c.
Vector group ends a-c:
PHASE

(R phase)
(Y phase)
(B phase)

Section of
tripping
char.
Under test
Second
Third
Second
Third
Second
Third

kam,a:
Winding
a
Injected
Current

Winding
c
Injected
Current

kam,c:
Restrain
current
Measured

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Differential current
Calculated

Measured

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8.5.4 Checking of Magnetizing Inrush Restraint :


Harmonic Blocking Setting: %
Applied Phase

Injected Current

Pick up % 2nd Harmonic

Side a
(R phase)

Side b
Side c
Side a

(Y phase)

Side b
Side c
Side a

(B phase)

Side b
Side c

8.6 BINARY INPUT TEST :


Input No.
Terminal No.

Active

Function Assigned

sheet

U901

19X118-19X119

High

SPARE*

212

U902

19X120-19X121

High

SPARE*

212

U903

19X122-19X124

High

NOT USED**

U904

19X123-19X124

High

NOT USED**

Result

* SPARE: wired up to terminal blocks.


** NOT USED: Not wired.
8.7 BINARY OUTPUT TEST:
Output No.

Terminal No.

Type

Function Assigned
(Aux relay operated)

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19X101-19X102

NO

DTT-B SEND

211

19X103-19X104

NO

3 PHASE TRIP TO 86CB

212

19X105-19X107

NC

NOT USED**

19X106-19X107

NO

K903

19X108-19X109

NO

NOT USED**

K904

19X110-19X111

NO

NOT USED**

K905

19X110-19X112

NO

NOT USED**

K906

19X110-19X113

NO

NOT USED**

K907

19X110-19X114

NO

NOT USED**

K908

19X115-19X117

NC

NOT USED**

19X116-19X117

NO

NOT USED**

K901
K902

* SPARE: wired up to terminal blocks.


** NOT USED: Not wired.
8.8 FIXED LED INDICATIONS TEST:
LED No.
LED Label

Color

Result

Color

Result

LED H1
LED H2
LED H3
LED H4

8.9 LED INDICATIONS TEST: ( LEFT SIDE LED)


LED No.
LED Label
LED H5
LED H6
LED H7
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LED H8
LED H9
LED H10
LED H11
LED H12
LED H13
LED H14
LED H15
LED H16

8.10

GOOSE CHANNEL TEST ( IF APPLICABLE)

Channel Receive Test


Channel No Function Assigned

8.11

Channel Send Test


Result

Channel No Function Assigned

Result

FINAL CHECKS

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Item

Description

Result

All test equipment, leads, shorts and test block removed safely?

Disturbed customer wiring re-checked?

All commissioning tests disabled?

Circuit breaker operations counter reset?

Current counters reset?

Event records reset?

Fault records reset?

Disturbance records reset?

Alarms reset?

10

LEDs reset?

11

Secondary front cover replaced? (If applicable)

REMARKS

END OF REPORT

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