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This text is a rough draft outline for a new constitutional government for

America. It is parlimentary in nature, and eliminates state and municipal
governments, whose functions would be absorbed into the new national
government. This should equalize services throughout the country.
Nationalization of the union removes needs for a Senate. It postulates two
classes of peoples: Voting citizens who enjoy complete social welfare benefits
and pay taxes, and residents, who do not receive more than the benefits of
military defense and police protection from crime (not tort) because they fail
to vote and participate in the democracy. Also, they don't pay taxes.
Juveniles are protected as if voting citizens. A voting citizen or juvenile will
never be homeless or hungry or denied medical care. The government will
not protect rights of residents in issues such as commerce. So, if one chooses
to not vote or pay taxes, and conduct commerce with others and find they
are swindled or cheated, they have no legal protection. There is no
prohibition to private alliances for commerce, education, banking, insurance,
or other enterprises, but they are not protected, nor are they necessary for
the voting citizen. Pathways for return to rights of voting citizens are given
should failure to vote result in resident status. Revenue is proposed via
consumption tax rather than income, as money not spent is of no value to
the economy. Investment would be considered expenditure, and therefore
taxed. As voting citizen banking is regulated, wealth accumulation is not
prohibited, but of little value to residents because voting citizens would
demand transactions through only regulated banking. No voting citizen
would accept payment for a mansion or yacht drawn against an extragovernmental bank, as there would be no protection against fraud. They
could accept cash and be afforded governmental protection. The
superwealthy could weigh their options, but would have no recourse to tort
or criminal justice unless they were voting citizens and their transactions
were restricted to other voting citizens. In other words, a resident corporation
raiding another, doing hostile takeovers, or monopolizing a market would not
be prohibited unless it affects a voting citizen directly. No sensible voting
citizen would accept employment in a resident corporation for that reason
unless guaranteed private extra-governmental security. Many of the issues of
justice are specified directly in the document, removing inequalities in
dispensation of justice. Corporations are not individuals, and only protected
by government if completely staffed and owned by voting citizens. Details of
governmental conduct and succession are specified, including legislation,
judicial, and executive functions. A bill of rights is included.
We the people of America, in order to form a more perfect union, establish
justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense,
promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves
and our posterity, do ordain and establish this New Constitution for America.

We acknowledge our differences have made us great, but our federal
government as currently constituted has slowed national reaction to timely
issues. Partisanship and factitious action in the name of representation has
delayed resolution on issues of national concern and temper. The interplay of
the three branches has left questions of morality dividing cooperation to
govern. The separation of religion from government action has not been
In opposition to a theocratic state, we again affirm the principals of our
founders, and propose a newly constituted body of action that preserves the
individuals rights to freedom of religion. For those whose religion is theistic,
deistic, or commercial, the government so constituted will not infringe upon,
nor will it materially protect such beliefs other than to enforce the
individuals’ rights to those beliefs and prevent discrimination against the
individual for holding those beliefs.
Functions of government include 1) to establish and enforce laws for the
common welfare, 2) to achieve projects of scope beyond capacities of
individuals and smaller pluralities that will provide for the common welfare,
3) to protect the commons from conquest, sedition, or damage,
environmental, moral, or legal, 4) to provide for justice and its' dispensation,
5) to engage in relations of commerce, treaty, or war with other
governments, and 6) other stuff. Though not exclusive from the reach of a
government so constituted, government is only necessary to achieve that
which can not be accomplished within the scope of shared values of the
commons by individuals or groups lesser than such a government.
Necessary to perform these functions are institutions for legislation,
enforcement or execution of those laws, for defense of the commons, and for
judicial dispensation and correction of legislation found contrary to the
interests of the commons.
Shared values embraced in large democratic systems include proportional
representation in the institutions of government, equality of opportunity to
participate in all parts of the commons, equal dispensation of justice, and
equal protection from harm or injustice of all citizens represented by that
government. Toward this end shall be agreed a bill of rights to all citizens.
We the people agree to a government constituted toward these functions,
institutions, and values as follows.

Citizens - So is proposed a unified nation of factious individuals, who will be
participatory in government and the benefits thereof as voting citizens, or

not, as residents, as so they desire. The citizen and resident of America may
hourly choose which faction to endorse given their behavioral inclination,
and participate fully in either or both factions. Biannual census coincidental
with compulsory voting for citizens shall be required for acceptance of most
benefits bestowed by the government. Failure to vote shall surrender all
rights and benefits reserved for voting citizens for the subsequent two years.
No member of the Legislature, Executive, or Judiciary can be elected or
appointed who is not a voting citizen with no lapses to residency, therefore
by default at least twenty years of age.
Legislation - house of commons with representatives elected by
geographically aggregated citizens in proportion to populace. Passage of
laws by majority vote within such a body. All pieces of legislation shall be
limited to one subject and one ammendment during debate. Power of the
purse and to lay taxes. The legislature shall have power to lay and collect
taxes on expenditures of voting citizens, but not upon holdings, nor upon
inheritance, from whatever source derived. Budgets shall be balanced
annually. Power of a treasury to establish money. Charge for execution of all
public works by passing laws to complete these. Power and charge to
regulate foreign commerce, natural monopolies and communications and
common carriers, and domestic banking institutions for the protection of
citizens. Power and charge to provide for education of all juveniles. Power to
determine conditions for immigration, naturalization, and deportation of
people within the union. Approval of all treaties proposed by the Executive,
by majority vote. Power and charge to provide for a military. Power to declare
war which shall require approval by 3/4ths of the legislators, including the
stipulation that all budgets must be balanced annually including those
needed for war. Power to establish continuing departments of government,
such as state, military, treasury, education, public works, utilities, waste
management, and others that shall perform duties of government, but
appointment of personnel to administer those departments shall be the
charge of the Executive. Congresses shall be for two years. Limits in tenure
of service to five terms so that entrenched incumbancy does not prevent
representatives from reflecting popular values of the times.
Executive - a leader elected at regular intervals of five years by popular
vote of the majority of citizens, charged with enforcement of laws within the
Union, and proposal and execution of treaties, commerce, and warfare with
other governments. Executive shall serve as commander for armed forces
abroad, police functions within the Union, and enforcement of all laws. The
Executive shall have the power to appoint deputies to act in proxy to fulfill
these charges, and shall petition the legislature for funds required to achieve
such administration.
Executive shall provide for lesser courts of necessity for the adjudication of
civil and criminal cases lesser than those of the high court and shall appoint

all judges thereto, but trial shall be by jury of 9 citizens. Appeals shall be
allowed to higher courts that have determined standing of the plaintiff(s) in
the case. All uses of deadly force by those charged with domestic policing
shall be subject to jury trial with the police officer as defendant against the
charge of attempting to deprive the citizen of right to life. Plea bargaining
shall not be allowed in any circumstance. Appointment to these courts shall
be of the similar process as for the high court, with delay for five years, and
rotation out of such an appointment following one election interval for the
Executive. In the event of inability to begin service on the court five years
following appointment thereto, or retirement from service of a judge, the
Executive shall appoint an immediate replacement. The Executive shall
provide for all needs of incarceration. The Executive shall petition the
legislature for funds required to achieve such administration of the lesser
courts, enforcement of all laws, providing for domestic policing, and
incarceration, and the legislature shall not restrain any funding requests
requisite to the timely maintenance of the common welfare at risk of their
removal from office with immediate citizen vote for replacement. The
Executive shall have the power of legislative veto, but all such veto shall be
immediatly heard and adjudicated in the highest court of the judicial branch.
Judicial - a high court of five to adjudicate questions of law thought contrary
to the public welfare or interests of the commons. Appointment to such a
court shall be chosen by a caucus of the largest plurality in the legislative
body lesser than the majority caucus, and shall occur in the legislative
congress following the appointment, therefore two years following. Service in
the high court shall therefore be limited to the length of a rotation until the
set number of court members has been gone through, that is, 10 years. In
the event of inability to begin service on the court two years following
appointment thereto, or retirement from service of a judge, the Executive
shall appoint an immediate replacement. The high court shall have the only
power of pardon, which shall be by vote.
Amendment to this constitution shall require 3/4ths vote of the legislature.
Constitutional convention to replace constitution shall require 3/4ths vote of
the citizens.

Bill of rights
All peoples shall have the rights of life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness. All
juveniles shall be provided with education.
All peoples shall enjoy freedoms of speech, press, peaceful assembly, and to
petition government for redress of greivances.

All peoples accused of crime shall be presumed innocent until proven guilty
by jury trial. Speedy and public trial by jury, in no case delayed by a period
greater than one month from filing of charges. Accused shall be arraigned
and charged within 3 days of arrest.
Rights of Residents Are Not As Extensive as Rights of Voting Citizens.
Corporations Are Not Recognized as Individuals. Determination of status as a
voting citizen will require evidence of voting in the most previous legislative
election. While a resident or voting citizen may conduct commerce with other
residents, voting citizens, or foreign concerns, the Government of America
will not be concerned with, regulate, nor interfere in such commerce except
between voting citizens; Nor will it defend commercial interests of residents.
No corporation will be recognized as having the rights of either a voting
citizen or a resident in the eyes of the Government of America unless the
following is true. Alliances for commercial enterprise will be afforded
protection extended to voting citizens if all of the employees and all of the
investors in such enterprise are voting citizens. Likewise, these enterprises
will be regulated and taxed as for voting citizens. No multinational enterprise
will receive these protections unless it meets these criteria.
Social Welfare for Voting Citizens. A voting citizen and all juveniles shall be
guaranteed sustenance, dwelling, clothing, and necessary medical attention
to arrest malady from conception through burial. Additionally all juveniles
shall be provided a free education. The Government of America shall levy all
necessary taxes upon voting citizens to support these programs. Non-voting
residents shall not be directly taxed. Residents will not receive social welfare
support services for a period equal to half the time period of not voting since
coming of voting age (which shall be eighteen years) and their return to
participatory democracy. (A 45-year-old voting for the first time would
receive no social welfare support until 14 years later of consecutive voting,
at the age of 59.)
Defense for All Voting Citizens and Residents. By virtue of residency, nonvoting peoples of the United States of America shall also enjoy the benefits
of military protection of its territories.
Citizenship Rights. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and
subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of America, until of voting age
they may choose to be voting citizen or resident.