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Typical or model
- Purpose of defining a model: for comparison and to give an overview
- Rural family 80%
- Christian
Ethnologic groups
- Tagalog, Pampango , Pangasinan, Ilocano, Bicol, Hiligaynon, Cebuano,
Urban/Rural differences
a. Urban Definition
- Cities / province capitals or municipalities with a population density of
at least 1,000 persons per square kilometre.
- Poblaciones / barrio contiguous to the poblacion with at least 1,000
persons / sq. Km. If city and municipalities with population density of
500/ sq. Km.
- All poblaciones / barrios with 2,500 inhabitants if city population at
least 20,000 persons.
- Poblaciones with population of at least 2,500 persons.
Differences – occupation, environment, size, density of population,
heterogeneity, homogeneity of culture, social differentiation and
stratification, mobility and system of interaction.



b. Rural
- Occupation: farming, fishing, food gathering, cottage industries,
cultural back, wardness, poverty, ignorance, drabness, monotony and
open service.
Basic Characteristics
- Solid / stable
- Christian
- Rural
- Large – ave. 6
- Extended Bilateral
- Emphasis on consanguinity
- Children centered
- Authority: age and sex
- Low socio - economic conditions
- Emphasis on obedience and kinship obligations therefore submissive
a. Reproduction: the family regulates sexual behaviour and is the unit
for reproduction. Within the marriage bond, sex expression is socially
recognized. It is an important function because it enables the
continuity of society. It is the only recognized institution for
- Implication: Filipinos value children greatly. But if function is left
unchecked, the dependency ratio would increase resulting in greater
basic needs including health.

church etc. The behaviour. They till the soil (producer) eat the produce (consumer) and sell whatever excess they have (distributor). the best hospitals or to buy essential medicines. He draws security.Relation to Health: Behaviour is related to status. self sufficiency is possible. The family continually exerts pressure to make the members conform . This function is shared by other agencies like school. Socialization: the family is the chief agency in socializing the child. Life chances of the poor are impaired because they can’t go to the best doctors. Conferment of status: the family gives its members status. . He has doting parents and relations to see him through crises and difficult times. They look after his physical and material needs. different types of occupational hazards have to be contended with. affection and guidance from the primary group.Implications on health: Since most of the members of the family have to go out and earn a living. learns tenderness. Economic welfare: the family is an important economic unit. In the rural areas it is more difficult to change one’s status because everybody knows everybody. the economic function of the family is mostly confined to consumption. In Urban area. Affectional or function of biologic maintenance: infant is born helpless and the parents fill the roles of protectors. providers and guardians.Implication on health: The Filipino is never alone in their misery. In urban communities. e. Thus. One born to a poor family would have to make do with the limited resources available to him. d. But Filipinos are status conscious. f. c.b. In rural families. the origin is difficult to trace and one is taken for his own value. . consumption and distribution unit. and understanding and generalized love. the family remains the major agency. teaching or indoctrination. its pattern ways of living through example. the physically incompetent. The family transmits the culture of the group. A child is born into a family which gives him a name and lineage. Protective. . It is an important production. aspirations and expectations of the family become part of his personality even regarding health and health practices. Production and distribution is taken over by industries. The family is an important mechanism for social control. It is a workgroup characterized by cooperation and distribution of labour. The child imbibes the value systems of the society and internalizes the values. The family is called the nursery of human nature. In the Philippines however. The child is dependent on the family for support. the unemployed and the widowed. To which he belongs affects attitude and values. giving him sustenance. sympathy. The family is also the group responsible for the care of the aged. nourishment and protection. it is said that he has no need for a psychiatrist.

k. loyalty and cooperation carry over to the political activity of the larger society. etiquette and type of livelihood. Video machines: eye and ear strains. . there has been a shift to commercialized recreation and the members have divergent interests. appreciations and values to its members. the family transmits knowledge. h. Health. attitude. The family takes on the role of educator when it starts the socialization process on the child. Education. exchanging news and pleasantry and telling stories. g. i. - Implication on health: Religious beliefs affect health. Superstitious beliefs are actually religious revivals. control of sex drive. In an informal manner. the parent’s view are also the children’s view. The family used to spend leisure together. Political.Implication on health: the acquisition of knowledge modifies traditional belief regarding health which is undesirable. The Filipino family is overprotective. . beliefs in faith healer and miracle cures are related to what the family perceives as desirable behaviour. skills. decision making. Religious. Aspects of the family like authority. The sees to it that members are taken cared of when they are sick or disabled.Implication on health: The need to supervise commercialized recreation rendered by agencies in relation to its ill effect on health. Although the church is the specialized institution performing the religious function. It keeps its members within the bounds in their relations with their fellowmen. With the change in society. The type of health seeking however is related to all of the above functions. Recreation. j. The child acquires the religion of the parents and gets the basic moral precepts and norm which guide behaviour. trauma etc. disco-accidents. It is the family that first introduces the child to religion. . morals.

.Submitted by: Jose D. Amaro Jr.