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Name: _____________________________________________________________________

MODS: _________________________

UNIT 3 - ATOMIC THEORY


Date

Agenda

Homework

Mon
10/1

Introduce Atomic Structure

read p 107-112
do # 1-3 p 108 and #4-6 p
112
Poster Project

Tues
10/2

Quiz Symbols 1-20


+ne
Valence Electrons/Dot Diagrams

Work on Posters
read p 113-119
worksheet

Wed
10/3

Review basic atomic structure


make atomic structure cards

Work on Posters

Thurs
10/4

Quiz -basic atomic structure


poster presentations
Introduce ions

Ions - worksheet

Fri
10/5

Go over quiz
Review ions
Introduce Isotopes

Read p 115-120
do # 18-26 p 121

Mon
10/8

Lab - Beanium

study for test


read

Tues
10/9

Go Over lab
Weighted average atomic mass calculations
Review for test

Study for the test

Wed
10/10

1/2 day
Review for test

Thurs
10/11

Test - Chapter 3

CHEMISTRY SYMBOLS TO KNOW


ALUMINUM

ANTIMONY

ARGON

ARSENIC

BARIUM

BISMUTH

BORON

BROMINE

CADMIUM

CALCIUM

CARBON

CESIUM

CHLORINE

CHROMIUM

COBALT

COPPER

FLUORINE

FRANCIUM

GOLD

HELIUM

HYDROGEN

IODINE

IRON

KRYPTON

LEAD

LITHIUM

MAGNESIUM

MANGANESE

MERCURY

NEON

NICKEL

NITROGEN

OXYGEN

PHOSPHORUS

PLATINUM

POTASSIUM

RADIUM

RADON

SILICON

SILVER

SODIUM

STRONTIUM

SULFUR

TIN

TITANIUM

TUNGSTEN

URANIUM

XENON

ZINC

BERYLLIUM
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SYMBOLS POSTER
Each student will be assigned an element to research. The posters will be due on THURSDAY
OCTOBER 4TH and will be presented to the class on that day. The posters will count as a lab grade.
Make sure to include the following:
Name of element
Symbol of element
Atomic number of element
Atomic mass of element
o Number of protons
o Number of electrons
o Number of neutrons
Five interesting facts about the element
On colored 8 by 11 paper
Use at least 3 different colors
Name on BACK of poster
Neatness and creativity count!!
These posters will be displayed around the room for everyone to viewdo an awesome job!!!

Rubric:
Category
Name of element
Symbol of element.
Atomic number of element
Atomic mass of element
Five interesting facts about the element.
On colored 8 by 11 paper..
Use at least 3 different colors
Name on BACK of poster.
Neatness and creativity count!!..........................................
Total Points Earned: ______________
Total Points Available: 43

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Points Possible
3
3
3
3
# x 2= ___
3
2
4
6
2
4
7
10

Name ____________________________________________ Date ________________

ATOMIC STRUCTURE

WORKSHEET #1
DEFINITIONS
Atomic Number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom of an element
Atomic Mass
The weighted average of the masses of the isotopes of an element
Mass Number
The total number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom

FILL IN THE TABLE BELOW


Element

Atomic
Number

Atomic
Mass

Mass
Number

Aluminum

27
19
20
40
11
35
127
24
65

9
Calcium
5
Iodine
12

# of
Protons

10

17

30

# of
Electrons

# of
Neutron
s

Name ____________________________________________ Date ________________

Worksheet #2: IONS

Name

Symbo
l

Atomi
c
Mass

Atomic

Mass

Numbe
r

Numbe
r

Charge

Proton
s

Neutron
s

Na+1

12

17

36

-1

39

Argon

Electrons

19

18

40

18

Name ____________________________________________ Date ________________

Worksheet #3: Isotopes


Percent abundance
1. The mass of element X has a 78.99% abundance for isotope 23.9850, 10.00% for isotope
24.9858, and 11.01% for isotope 25.9826 . What is the atomic mass of the element? What
element is it?

DO NOWCHECK ANSWERS IN PACKET


2. An element is a mixture of two isotopes. One isotope of the element has an atomic mass
of 34.96885 and has an abundance of 75.53%. The other isotope has an atomic mass of
36.96590. Calculate the average atomic mass and identify the element.

3.

An element consists of 1.40% of an isotope with mass 203.973, 24.10% of an isotope with
mass 205.9745, 22.10% of an isotope with mass 206.9750, and 52.40% of an isotope with
mass 207.9766. Calculate the average atomic mass and identify the element.

Name ____________________________________________ Date ________________

Lab: BEANIUM
Terminology:
Define ELEMENT-

Define ISOTOPE-

Lab:
Researchers have identified a new element, beanium. All atoms of the element beanium are very large.
Therefore, sorting the isotopes of this element should be accomplished with very little difficulty.
Obtain a container of beanium atoms. The difference between the isotopes of this element can be easily see.
Each different type of bean represents a different isotope.
Data:
Part A: Straight Percent Calculation
Total mass of all beans:
__________g
Total number of all beans
__________
Average mass of a beanium atom:

total mass
total number

Part B: Weighted Average Calculation


Separate the isotopes:
Isotope

Total mass

Average
Mass

Number

1
2
3
4
5
**Average mass of each isotope:

total mass of isotope


number of atoms of the isotope

**Percent Abundance of Each Isotope:

number of atoms of isotope


total number of beanium atoms

Percent
Abundance

Isotope

Average Mass

Percent Abundance

Weighted Atomic Mass

1
2
3
4
5

Compare the value for the straightforward average with the weighted average
(**hint they should be the same)

Problems: Average Atomic Mass


What is the atomic mass of silicon if 92.21% of its atoms have a mass of 27.977 u, 4.70% have mass 28.976 u
and 3.09% have mass 29.974 u?

Find the average atomic mass of silver if 51.83% of the silver atoms occurring in nature have mass 106.905 u
and 48.17% of the atoms have mass 108.905 u.

Name ____________________________________________ Date ________________

Worksheet #4 ~ Review

ATOMIC STRUCTURE
You may use the following answers more than once:
a. isotope
b. atomic number
c. atomic mass number
e. electron
f. neutron
g. nucleus

d. proton
h. ion

_____1. Has a positive charge


_____2. Where the proton is found
_____3. Is the sum of the neutrons and the protons
_____4. An element with different number of neutrons
_____5. Has no charge
_____6. Where the neutron is found
_____7. Is the lightest particle
_____8. Has a charge of 1
_____9. Elements with different number of electrons
_____10. The number of protons in an element
_____11. Particle that distinguishes the elements from one another
_____12. Particle found outside the nucleus

Fill in the table:


Name

Symbo
l

Proton
s

Neutrons

Electron
s

Nitrogen

10
19
Mg+2

18

20
12

10

Charge

Atomic
Mass
Number

-3

31
11
14

Atomic
Number
15

Representing Atomic Structure:


Draw the picture that represents the atom 39K.

Atomic number =
Atomic mass =
Mass number =
# of protons =
# of electrons =
# of neutrons =
Draw the dot diagram:

Would you expect

Would you expect

If you expect

K to be stable or reactive? Give reasons why and explain the octet rule.

39

K to become ion? Why?

39

K to become an ion, would it become positive or negative? Why?

39

Calculate the average atomic mass for oxygen to the thousandth place:

16
18
17

O-16

O-17

O-18

Average mass
of isotope

15.995

16.995

17.999

% abundance

99.759 %

0.037%

.207%

What is the average atomic mass for oxygen? _____________________________

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